Gianluca Salvatori: Building Research Capacity : A perspective from Europe


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Gianluca Salvatori, Euricse at the International Co-operative Alliance Global Conference in Cape Town, November 2013.

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  • On the other side, academic quality must be at highest standard.
    On-line International
    Peer Reviewed Journal
    multi-disciplinary approach
    focus on cooperative and social enterprise studies
    open access model
    involvement of leading scholars
    innovative interpretation of cooperatives and social enterprises proposed
  • Beyond academic approach: Policy and Advocacy Work
    “From Words to Action” Appeal to the European Commission
    420 signatures, presented to 2 European Commissioners and approximately 100 European representatives and SEC practitioners
    Single Market Act Response
    Document on behalf of the European scientific community on the draft SMA proposed by the Commission, partly included in the final version of the SMA document
    Joint document with EMES and CIRIEC on the Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation Funding
    Participation as invited experts to the working sessions on Social Innovation and Social Business organized by the European Commission
  • Just an example of a larger task.
    The goal is to set up and maintain databanks with indicators measuring the , financial situation, economic and social performance, legislative structure and attitudinal background across the different countries.
  • Gianluca Salvatori: Building Research Capacity : A perspective from Europe

    1. 1. Building Research Capacity A perspective from Europe Gianluca Salvatori ICA - Global Conference Cape Town, 3 Nov 2013
    2. 2. An Open Space for Knowledge The European Research Area is composed of all research and development activities, programs and policies in Europe which involve a transnational perspective. Together, they enable researchers, research institutions and businesses to increasingly circulate, compete and co-operate across borders. The aim is to give them access to a Europe-wide open space for knowledge and technologies in which transnational synergies and complementarities are fully exploited.
    3. 3. Obstacles From the very beginning this European flagship program was limited by the same three main obstacles that were the real ERA’s raison d'être: 1.Low level of investment and human resources. 2.Fragmentation and poor coordination (among MS and single institutions). 3.Difficulty in knowledge application (research rarely comes to be applied in real situation). Facing these resistances European Parliament today is calling for a true Maastricht for research: a route to convergence and a binding common framework.
    4. 4. The Shift in Priorities Since its inception in 2000 ERA has not paid much attention to studies on social economy and cooperatives. Socio-economic research was monopolized by mainstream approaches. But the economic downturn has stimulated a search for organizational and economic models that are different from those that predominated in recent decades, which were essentially based on market fundamentalism. Today’s priority number one is changing existing rules on economic governance to better anticipate and address employment and social challenges.
    5. 5. The Change of Climate Ageing societies, a shrinking working-age population, unemployment, inactivity, lack of skills, and poverty are a source of structural imbalances in Europe, impacting on growth and quality of life. One in five jobs in Europe is a low-quality job. These jobs pay little, and are characterised by poor working conditions and limited prospects. The social dimension of any new economic governance in Europe must focus on redressing these imbalances. Compared to other parts of the world, Europe still has high levels of spending on public services and social policy in general. It is unlikely that more money will be allocated in the current economic circumstances. We have to do more and better with the limited resources available.
    6. 6. The New Approach is Based on: 1. increasing inability of the two-poles paradigm (State and Market) to respond to growing and diversified needs arising in society; 2. progressive recognition of a need for different forms of enterprises (evidence shows that cooperatives survive crises better than other types of business, also in very competitive economies, and are relevant in several countries and sectors).
    7. 7. For a New Interpretative Framework 1. the shortcomings of the predominant model of economic organization shows the importance of entrepreneurial and organizational diversity; 2. enterprises differ according to the ownership structure, aim pursued, social orientation and incentive mix; 3. market exchanges are just one among the existing coordination mechanisms generating collective benefits.
    8. 8. Cooperative Competitive Advantages On the economic side: • • • • reducing market failures and strengthening the competitiveness of markets keeping the production of goods and services close to the needs of people long-term perspective more fair distribution of income On the social side: • • • • • addressing problems affecting local communities or stakeholders in need strongly rooted in a “collective awareness” enhancing social capital involving disadvantaged people solving problems that would be otherwise in charge of public sector
    9. 9. Translating into a Research Agenda 1. The socio-economic role of cooperatives: theoretical interpretations and empirical analyses 2. Size and characteristics of the cooperative sector 3. The impact of cooperatives on economic development and on the accumulation of social capital 4. Legal forms and policies supporting the development of coops 5. International models of cooperative enterprises 6. Management and governance for cooperative enterprises
    10. 10. Research with academic standard
    11. 11. Research with policy impact
    12. 12. Research with collaborative approach
    13. 13. The Toolbox: Mobility and Networking 1. Joint research projects 2. Joint PhD program 3. International networks of scholars (see Emes, Ciriec) 4. Study visits, mobility programs (see Marie-Curie) 5. Shared resources (databases, case-studies, …)
    14. 14. New Global300
    15. 15. And Finally… Because of the increasing collaborative nature of research, we need a contact language, based on a translational approach. Overcoming verticalized organizations, our effort of collaboration should benefit from the knowledge’s developments in the various sectors of specialization. Research on cooperative should be more cooperative than ever…
    16. 16. Thank you for your attention! 29