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Bullying and microaggression


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Dr. Myron Anderson, Metropolitan State University of Dever. Summer Seminar: Multicultural Education and Anti-Bullying Strategies, University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras

Published in: Education, Career
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Bullying and microaggression

  1. 1. Agenda
  2. 2. Organizational Climate The events, messages, symbols, core beliefs, feelings, and much more, which makes “our community” a welcoming, or not so welcoming environment (Virginia Tech)
  3. 3. What are Microaggressions?
  4. 4. Brief and commonplace indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostility or negative slights and insults that potentially have harmful or unpleasant psychological impact. (Solorzani, Ceja, & Yozzo, 2000; Sue, 2007)
  5. 5. Ism enacted 29% 2 5 6 3 15 5 6 6 18 1… 7 1
  6. 6. Role & Hierarchy Ac ons related to role 36% Change accepted behavior 10% Terminology 2% Valuing/ devaluing opinion 52% Role hierarchy themes
  7. 7. Microaggression Stress 1. Biological and physical effects - Accumulative small changes/stress could be additive--equal to the effect of a major catastrophic trauma. 2. Emotional effects - “Isms” affect emotional well-being, psychological adjustment, and mental health. 3. Cognitive effects - Try to make meaning of incidents - Disrupted cognitive processing (decreased focus and productivity) - Stereotype threat (identity/disengage from interests/under-perform) 4. Behavioral effects - Hypervigilance /skepticism (suspiciousness toward majority group) - Forced compliance (surviving or being co-opted) - Rage and anger - Fatigue and hopelessness - Adaptation to adversity (functional survival skills) From Sue, D. W. (2010). Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Race Gender and Sexual Orientation. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  8. 8. So What • Contribute to a hostile and invalidating campus and work climate • Devalue social group identities • Lower work productivity and educational learning • Perpetuate stereotype threat • Create physical health problems • Impact mental health by creating emotional turmoil, low self-esteem, and psychological energy depletion • Systemically: – Create disparities in health care, education, and employment because they are based upon a biased worldview that is manifested in hiring, retention, and promotion decisions in the workplace – May reduce the quality of education received by students of color – May result in lower quality of health care for certain groups From Sue, D. W. (2010). Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Race Gender and Sexual Orientation. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  9. 9. Well-intended
  10. 10. What are Microassaults?
  11. 11. Explicit derogations characterized primarily by a violent verbal or nonverbal attack meant to hurt the intended victim through name-calling, avoidant behavior or purposeful discriminatory action. From Sue, D. W. (2010). Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Race Gender and Sexual Orientation. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  12. 12. Intentional
  13. 13. What is Workplace Bullying?
  14. 14. Unwanted aggressive behavior, among school aged children, that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. This behavior is repeated or has the potential to be repeated over time. (
  15. 15. Bullying is a full bore systematic interpersonal campaign of destruction. (Dr. Gary Namie, interview, 2009)
  16. 16. Bully Types
  17. 17. The Screaming Mimi
  18. 18. The Constant Critic
  19. 19. The Two-Headed Snake
  20. 20. The Gatekeeper
  21. 21. Control
  22. 22. Role, Psychological Impact, Morale, Negative Climate, Work Interference, Create Physical Health Problems, Adverse Effect on Human Capital Intentional, Repetition Unintentional, One-time, Ism Intentional, One- time, Discriminatory Power, Control
  23. 23. Superbully
  24. 24. Group Activity
  25. 25. 1. Identify A. Microaggression B. Microassault C. Bullying 2. Explain A. Microaggression B. Microassault C. Bullying 3. Resolve A. Microaggression B. Microassault C. Bullying
  26. 26. So What
  27. 27. What Cost
  28. 28. So What
  29. 29. Psychological Influence
  30. 30. • Active listening • Knowledge and resources • Communication • Diplomacy • Advocacy • Interact with people different than you • Don’t be defensive • Be open to discussing your own biases • Recognize your own biases • Be an ally – stand against bias • Agreement to say “ouch” How to Remove Microaggressions Bullying • Recognize it • Do not engage in bullying antics • It is not about you, it is about them • Think through your options • Take action • Gather a record of negative actions • Review employee handbook, look for violations • Build a business case • Evaluate • Let go of the pain… make peace, coexist, or leave • File a complaint • Exposure
  31. 31. Thank You