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Basics to Tree ID:Basics to Tree ID:Greenbelt Forest StewardsGreenbelt Forest StewardsTim CulbrethTim CulbrethChesapeake W...
TopicsTopics• Why ID Trees?• What is a tree?• Different ways to identify trees• Tree names• Simple tree key
• Timber ProductsWhy Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?
• Wildlife HabitatWhy Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?
• Indicators ofSoil Types &ConditionsWhy IdentifyWhy IdentifyTrees?Trees?
Why Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?• Educated Land Use and LandManagement Decisions
Why Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?• For Your Own Satisfaction & Enjoyment
To Know What YouTo Know What You’’re Doing!re Doing!Executive Office of the Governor of MarylandExecutive Office of the Go...
What Is a Tree?What Is a Tree?•• ““A woody plant which atA woody plant which atmaturity is 20 feet or morematurity is 20 f...
Some Different WaysSome Different Waysto Identify Treesto Identify Trees
LeavesLeaves
BarkBark
TwigsTwigs
Form or ShapeForm or Shape
FlowersFlowers
ConesCones
FruitFruit
Fall ColorFall Color
Position in LandscapePosition in Landscape
WoodWood
TreeTreeNamesNames
What do these trees have inWhat do these trees have incommon?common?•• BlueBlue--beechbeech•• IronwoodIronwood•• Musclewoo...
Carpinus caroliniana
Dichotomous KeyDichotomous Key•• A series of choicesA series of choices•• Divided into two partsDivided into two partsor c...
Leaf KeyLeaf KeyLeaves: Broad or NeedleLeaves: Broad or Needle--like?like?
If Leaves Broad:Alternate or Opposite?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
If Leaves Opposite:If Leaves Opposite:MAD Horse!MAD Horse!Maple, Ash, Dogwood, Horse ChestnutMaple, Ash, Dogwood, Horse Ch...
Leaf KeyLeaf KeyIf Leaves Opposite:If Leaves Opposite:Simple or Compound?Simple or Compound?
If Leaves Alternate:Simple or Compound?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
If Leaves Simple:Smooth, Toothed or Lobed?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
If Leaves Needle-like:Single or Bundles?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
If Needles in Bundles:Groups of 2, 3 or 5?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
Scale-like leavesLeaf KeyLeaf Key
Awl-like leavesLeaf KeyLeaf Key
Red Oak GroupWhite Oak GroupOak LeavesOak Leaves
SugarMapleNorwayMapleRedMaple
Questions?Questions?Tim CulbrethTim Culbrethtculbreth@dnr.state.md.ustculbreth@dnr.state.md.us410410--260260--85898589
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation
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Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation

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Tim Culbreth: Tree ID Presentation

  1. 1. Basics to Tree ID:Basics to Tree ID:Greenbelt Forest StewardsGreenbelt Forest StewardsTim CulbrethTim CulbrethChesapeake Watershed ForesterChesapeake Watershed ForesterMaryland Forest ServiceMaryland Forest Servicetculbreth@dnr.state.md.ustculbreth@dnr.state.md.us
  2. 2. TopicsTopics• Why ID Trees?• What is a tree?• Different ways to identify trees• Tree names• Simple tree key
  3. 3. • Timber ProductsWhy Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?
  4. 4. • Wildlife HabitatWhy Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?
  5. 5. • Indicators ofSoil Types &ConditionsWhy IdentifyWhy IdentifyTrees?Trees?
  6. 6. Why Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?• Educated Land Use and LandManagement Decisions
  7. 7. Why Identify Trees?Why Identify Trees?• For Your Own Satisfaction & Enjoyment
  8. 8. To Know What YouTo Know What You’’re Doing!re Doing!Executive Office of the Governor of MarylandExecutive Office of the Governor of Maryland
  9. 9. What Is a Tree?What Is a Tree?•• ““A woody plant which atA woody plant which atmaturity is 20 feet or morematurity is 20 feet or morein height,with a singlein height,with a singletrunk , unbranched for attrunk , unbranched for atleast several feet aboveleast several feet abovethe ground, and havingthe ground, and havingmore or less a definitemore or less a definitecrown.crown.””
  10. 10. Some Different WaysSome Different Waysto Identify Treesto Identify Trees
  11. 11. LeavesLeaves
  12. 12. BarkBark
  13. 13. TwigsTwigs
  14. 14. Form or ShapeForm or Shape
  15. 15. FlowersFlowers
  16. 16. ConesCones
  17. 17. FruitFruit
  18. 18. Fall ColorFall Color
  19. 19. Position in LandscapePosition in Landscape
  20. 20. WoodWood
  21. 21. TreeTreeNamesNames
  22. 22. What do these trees have inWhat do these trees have incommon?common?•• BlueBlue--beechbeech•• IronwoodIronwood•• MusclewoodMusclewood•• WaterWater--beechbeech•• American hornbeamAmerican hornbeam
  23. 23. Carpinus caroliniana
  24. 24. Dichotomous KeyDichotomous Key•• A series of choicesA series of choices•• Divided into two partsDivided into two partsor classificationsor classifications•• If not (x), then (y)If not (x), then (y)
  25. 25. Leaf KeyLeaf KeyLeaves: Broad or NeedleLeaves: Broad or Needle--like?like?
  26. 26. If Leaves Broad:Alternate or Opposite?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
  27. 27. If Leaves Opposite:If Leaves Opposite:MAD Horse!MAD Horse!Maple, Ash, Dogwood, Horse ChestnutMaple, Ash, Dogwood, Horse ChestnutLeaf KeyLeaf Key
  28. 28. Leaf KeyLeaf KeyIf Leaves Opposite:If Leaves Opposite:Simple or Compound?Simple or Compound?
  29. 29. If Leaves Alternate:Simple or Compound?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
  30. 30. If Leaves Simple:Smooth, Toothed or Lobed?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
  31. 31. If Leaves Needle-like:Single or Bundles?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
  32. 32. If Needles in Bundles:Groups of 2, 3 or 5?Leaf KeyLeaf Key
  33. 33. Scale-like leavesLeaf KeyLeaf Key
  34. 34. Awl-like leavesLeaf KeyLeaf Key
  35. 35. Red Oak GroupWhite Oak GroupOak LeavesOak Leaves
  36. 36. SugarMapleNorwayMapleRedMaple
  37. 37. Questions?Questions?Tim CulbrethTim Culbrethtculbreth@dnr.state.md.ustculbreth@dnr.state.md.us410410--260260--85898589

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