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LINCOLN SMITHFORESTGARDENS
SUCCESSION: FOREST ECOSYSTEM
SUCCESSION: ANNUAL CROPS
SUCCESSION: FOREST GARDEN
“[This special report]looks at ways to boostyields of the maincrops……the reaction againstintensive farming is aluxury of t...
Swamp White OakQuercus bicolorphoto sourceNative Trees for North American Landscapesby Sternberg and Wilson
SOURCES1900 Wheat USDA Wheat Data Yearbook Tables1950 Wheat USDA Wheat Data Yearbook Tables2011 Wheat USDA Wheat Data Year...
ACORNS
ACORNS
ACORNS
What Is a Forest Garden?PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHYPOLYCULTURALSELF-FERTILE
“soils…act as the principalmedium for plant growth, regulatewater supplies, modify theatmosphere, recycle raw materialsand...
Photo source:ApiosInstitute.orgPERENNIALLAYERED
PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
Photo source:National Agroforestry Center PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
Central Rocky MountainPermaculture InstitutePhoto source: apios.orgPERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHYPOLYCULTURAL
Diagram source:The Nature and Propertiesof Soils by Brady and WeilImage source:Plant Biologyby Graham, Grahamand WilcoxNit...
PawpawPecanBayberryNITROGENDEPLETIONNITROGENFIXATIONCROPHARVESTPERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHYPOLYCULTURALSELF-FERTILE
FOREST GARDEN DESIGN:CHOOSING PLANTS
ANALYZE SITEWater – Soil – Wind – Slope
ANALYZE SITE
AlreadyHere:AMERICANPERSIMMONImprovedVariety:‘WONDERFUL’AMERICANPERSIMMONRelatedPlant:KAKIPERSIMMON
AlreadyHere:BLACKWALNUTImprovedVariety:‘SAUBER’BLACKWALNUTRelatedPlant:BUTTERNUT
Already HereHOW TO CHOOSE FOREST GARDEN PLANTSImproved VarietiesRelated To / Associated WithFit ConditionsCreate Conditions
YIELD GOALS
YIELD GOALS
PAWPAW
PAWPAW CUSTARD PIE
FOREST GARDEN DESIGN:POLYCULTURES
LAYERS AND NICHESWhat spaces are available for planting?
SYSTEM PLANTSInclude fertility plants and bug plants to support producersNo Yes
ROOM TO GROWLeave room for mature plantsNo Yes
30-YEAR-OLDWILLOW OAK
SUNLIGHT ACCESSTaller plants to the northNo Yes
SHORT RUNNERS, TALL CLUMPERSGroup species that will not overwhelm each otherNo Yes
POSITION FOR USEPlants for harvesting are accessibleNo Yes
PHASING / SUCCESSIONPlan for changing niches as plants growNo Yes
FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNSOUTH
FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTSOUTH
FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBSOUTH
FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERSOUTH
FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINERSOUTH
FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINERBUGSSOUTH
PawpawPecanStrawberryFRUIT/NUT
PawpawPecanStrawberryNoddingOnionFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERB
PawpawPecanWildBlueIndigoStrawberryNoddingOnionFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXER
PawpawPecanWildBlueIndigoStrawberryNoddingOnionCom-freyFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINER
PawpawPecanWildBlueIndigoStrawberryAniseHyssopNoddingOnionCom-frey Green& GoldFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINERBUGS
ELDERBERRY
CLOVE CURRANT
www.forested.us
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening
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Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening

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Replenishing Ecosystems: Forest Gardening

  1. 1. LINCOLN SMITHFORESTGARDENS
  2. 2. SUCCESSION: FOREST ECOSYSTEM
  3. 3. SUCCESSION: ANNUAL CROPS
  4. 4. SUCCESSION: FOREST GARDEN
  5. 5. “[This special report]looks at ways to boostyields of the maincrops……the reaction againstintensive farming is aluxury of the rich.Traditional and organicfarming…cannot feedthe world”The EconomistFebruary 2011
  6. 6. Swamp White OakQuercus bicolorphoto sourceNative Trees for North American Landscapesby Sternberg and Wilson
  7. 7. SOURCES1900 Wheat USDA Wheat Data Yearbook Tables1950 Wheat USDA Wheat Data Yearbook Tables2011 Wheat USDA Wheat Data Yearbook TablesAcorns UCR David A. Bainbridge Use of Acorns for Food in California: Past, Present, FutureAcorns FK Forrest Keeling Nursery - 200lbs averge yield 35 canopy Kimberley OakNote: Acorns assumed to contain 45% nut meatfrom Sean B. Dunham Nuts About Acorns: A Pilot Study on Acorn Use in Woodland Period Subsistence inthe Eastern Upper Peninsula of MI050010001500200025003000350040001900 Wheat 1950 Wheat 2011 Wheat Acorns UCR Acorns FKFlour Yield: Pounds/Acre/Year
  8. 8. ACORNS
  9. 9. ACORNS
  10. 10. ACORNS
  11. 11. What Is a Forest Garden?PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHYPOLYCULTURALSELF-FERTILE
  12. 12. “soils…act as the principalmedium for plant growth, regulatewater supplies, modify theatmosphere, recycle raw materialsand waste products, providehabitat for many kinds oforganisms….soil is a majorecosystem in its own right”Quotation and graphic fromThe Nature and Properties of Soilsby Brady and WeilPERENNIAL
  13. 13. Photo source:ApiosInstitute.orgPERENNIALLAYERED
  14. 14. PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
  15. 15. PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
  16. 16. PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
  17. 17. Photo source:National Agroforestry Center PERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHY
  18. 18. Central Rocky MountainPermaculture InstitutePhoto source: apios.orgPERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHYPOLYCULTURAL
  19. 19. Diagram source:The Nature and Propertiesof Soils by Brady and WeilImage source:Plant Biologyby Graham, Grahamand WilcoxNitrogen-FixingBacteriaRoot NodulesxImagesource:Plant BiologybyGraham, Graham andWilcoxMycorrhizaePERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHYPOLY-CULTURAL
  20. 20. PawpawPecanBayberryNITROGENDEPLETIONNITROGENFIXATIONCROPHARVESTPERENNIALLAYEREDPATCHYPOLYCULTURALSELF-FERTILE
  21. 21. FOREST GARDEN DESIGN:CHOOSING PLANTS
  22. 22. ANALYZE SITEWater – Soil – Wind – Slope
  23. 23. ANALYZE SITE
  24. 24. AlreadyHere:AMERICANPERSIMMONImprovedVariety:‘WONDERFUL’AMERICANPERSIMMONRelatedPlant:KAKIPERSIMMON
  25. 25. AlreadyHere:BLACKWALNUTImprovedVariety:‘SAUBER’BLACKWALNUTRelatedPlant:BUTTERNUT
  26. 26. Already HereHOW TO CHOOSE FOREST GARDEN PLANTSImproved VarietiesRelated To / Associated WithFit ConditionsCreate Conditions
  27. 27. YIELD GOALS
  28. 28. YIELD GOALS
  29. 29. PAWPAW
  30. 30. PAWPAW CUSTARD PIE
  31. 31. FOREST GARDEN DESIGN:POLYCULTURES
  32. 32. LAYERS AND NICHESWhat spaces are available for planting?
  33. 33. SYSTEM PLANTSInclude fertility plants and bug plants to support producersNo Yes
  34. 34. ROOM TO GROWLeave room for mature plantsNo Yes
  35. 35. 30-YEAR-OLDWILLOW OAK
  36. 36. SUNLIGHT ACCESSTaller plants to the northNo Yes
  37. 37. SHORT RUNNERS, TALL CLUMPERSGroup species that will not overwhelm each otherNo Yes
  38. 38. POSITION FOR USEPlants for harvesting are accessibleNo Yes
  39. 39. PHASING / SUCCESSIONPlan for changing niches as plants growNo Yes
  40. 40. FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNSOUTH
  41. 41. FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTSOUTH
  42. 42. FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBSOUTH
  43. 43. FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERSOUTH
  44. 44. FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINERSOUTH
  45. 45. FOREST GARDEN POLYCULTURE DESIGNFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINERBUGSSOUTH
  46. 46. PawpawPecanStrawberryFRUIT/NUT
  47. 47. PawpawPecanStrawberryNoddingOnionFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERB
  48. 48. PawpawPecanWildBlueIndigoStrawberryNoddingOnionFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXER
  49. 49. PawpawPecanWildBlueIndigoStrawberryNoddingOnionCom-freyFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINER
  50. 50. PawpawPecanWildBlueIndigoStrawberryAniseHyssopNoddingOnionCom-frey Green& GoldFRUIT/NUTVEG/HERBN-FIXERMINERBUGS
  51. 51. ELDERBERRY
  52. 52. CLOVE CURRANT
  53. 53. www.forested.us

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