Trinidad and Tobago- 50 Years of Independence, but 500 years of Diaspora
Where are we? Trinidad and Tobago Diaspora in South-North context The composition of the Caribbean’s people is not the result of chance, but the product of over 400 years of high politics and strategic economic decision-making. By dint of the Caribbean’s difficult and historic relationship with the advance of the major industrial countries (G8) – Canada, United States, United Kingdom, France… the Trinidad and Tobago Diaspora has come to be positioned in some of the preeminent global cities of the first world.
Where are we from? Trinidad and Tobago Diaspora in South-South context The colonial history of the Caribbean has brought populations from several of the major centres of wealth and over the course of the 20 th and early 21 st century, these centres of power have begun to see a reassertion of their historical preeminence in world affairs: China, Nigeria, Ghana, old Ottoman Empire, India.
Establishment of Diaspora Unit at Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including the establishment of a diaspora database; Establishment of Migration Management Unit to coordinate the mainstreaming of migration into planning and the coordination of migration management among key ministries; Development of professional training programme on mainstreaming of migration for both staff of proposed units, relevant government institutions and relevant civil society and private sectors institutions; Support to civil society actions relating to information on human trafficking and social services to mobile populations, including returnees, asylum seekers (esp. from African continent), and irregular migrants
Harnessing Our Global Energy- Workshop on Diaspora and Diaspora PolicyMMU Concept
“Harnessing our Global Energy”
Understanding Diaspora What is Diaspora? Migration + Strategic Relationships“Diaspora is a Greek word for Empire”
Definition of Diaspora• Definition of Diaspora?• Further to a lacuna identified in the inaugural inter-regional workshop (Observatory, April 2011), discussions at both national and regional levels should include the adoption/advancement of a clear definition of diaspora in ACP Caribbean (perhaps in cooperation with India, China and AU).
Where are we? Trinidad and Tobago in South-North context•A difficult and historical relationship with theadvance of the major industrial countries (G8) –Canada, United States, United Kingdom•The Trinidad and Tobago Diaspora has come tobe positioned in some of the preeminent globalcities of the first world.
Where are we from? Trinidad and Tobago in South-South context•The colonial history of the West Indies hasbrought populations from several of the majorworld centres of wealth.•Over the course of the 20th/21st century, thesecentres have begun to reassert their historicalpreeminence in world affairs: China, Nigeria,Ghana, old Ottoman Empire, India.
Seven Pillars: Innovation for Lasting Prosperity• Good governance – migration and diaspora affects social and economic health of Trinidad and Tobago• Foreign Policy – a new aspect of soft power
Diaspora StakeholdersThe Diaspora-Development nexus comprises a number ofinterconnected relationships among seven (7) sectors:1) Community Members: Migrants’ households in origin and destinationcountries2) Civil Society Organisations in Countries of Origin3) Civil Society Organisations in Countries of Destination4) Relevant Government Institutions in Countries of Origin5) Relevant Governments Institutions in Countries of Destination6) Private Sector/Commercial Sector in Countries of Origin7) Private Sector/Commercial Sector in Countries of Destination
Stakeholders = Data Sources • Civil Society • Communities • Social Media • Universities • Private Sector • Regional Institutions • International Organisations • Schools
Diaspora Data Needs1.The (relative) status of the country of origin and the country of destination2. Relationship between diaspora and home country (remittances, imports,tourism, financial services)3. The demographic composition of the diaspora/transnational families4. The nature and level of commercial and NGO activity5. Local and International Infrastructure (cost of diasporic relations)Inter-national or Inter-state Relations: existing international legal agreementson migrant rights/decent work; data sharing among states at regional andinternational level
ACP and Diaspora• ACP Observatory • Establishment of Interregional Workshop Diaspora Policy and on Diaspora Diaspora Unit at Ministry of Foreign• ACP itself as a space of Affairs and African and Asian Communications, including the diasporas worldwide establishment of a (African continent, Fiji, diaspora database Seychelles in Pacific, Caribbean)
Professional Training + P3 • Development of professional training curriculum on M&D mainstreaming • Government, civil society and private sector institutions (P3 secondments)