Migration Governance Framework & its applications by IOM

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The IOM Migration Governance Framework presents the essential elements for facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people through planned and well-managed migration policies. Its three main principles and three main objectives are presented here.

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Migration Governance Framework & its applications by IOM

  1. 1. The Migration Governance Framework and its Applications Strengthening Migration Governance: The role of Inter-institutional Coordination and evidence-based policy making 27-28 October 2016 – Tunis, Tunisia By: Karoline Popp, Regional Liaison and Policy Officer, IOM Funded by the European Union République Tunisienne Ministère des Affaires Etrangères
  2. 2. IOM Migration Governance Framework: The essential elements for facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people through planned and well-managed migration policies Migration Governance Framework
  3. 3. • Combat xenophobia, racism and discrimination • Adhere to the principles of equality and non-discrimination • Abide by humanitarian principles • Ensure early identification and support for migrants or displaced people in situations of vulnerability • Incorporate age considerations, and child-oriented and gender perspectives into policies and programmes • Provide access to timely status determination processes, justice and legal redress • Criminalize forced labour, trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants, decriminalize its victims • Enable a person to exercise his or her right to leave any country, including his or her own country, and to return to his or her own country, at any time Principle 1 – Elements
  4. 4. • Collect, analyse, use and disseminate credible sex- and age- disaggregated data on population and displacement movements • Include all ministries with responsibilities touching on the movement of people • Reflect in policies migration trends and links with e.g. climate change, crises and demographics • Include migration-related considerations in all relevant areas of policy Principle 2 – Elements
  5. 5. • With governments and authorities at the subnational level, including city authorities • With other partners at the national level: CSOs, non-governmental organizations, employers, unions, migrant associations, diaspora organizations, academia • With other countries, including: immediate neighbours; significant countries of origin, transit and destination for nationals or for arriving migrants; countries which are home to the diaspora; other countries in regional trading blocs • With international organizations whose mandates touch on migration and migration-related issues, including those providing humanitarian and development assistance Principle 3 – Elements
  6. 6. • Promote a variety of labour migration approaches, cross-border labour market matching and trade in services • Regulate for ethical recruitment practices • Implement regular lower-cost channels for remittance transfers, promote financial literacy among remittance-receiving households, and increase opportunities for diaspora investment in home communities • Maintain strong, results-focused integration, reintegration and social cohesion programmes • Facilitate international student migration • Facilitate family reunification • Ensure portability of social benefits Objective 1 – Elements
  7. 7. • Facilitate access to safety and protection for displaced and crisis-affected populations • Accept refugees and asylum-seekers, including through resettlement and other forms of humanitarian admission • Facilitate access to consular services and evacuation assistance for nationals abroad affected by crises • Allow unhindered access for humanitarian aid and workers • Register displaced persons and ensure access to services • Support early transition and post-crisis recovery efforts and access to livelihoods Objective 2 – Elements
  8. 8. • Promote stability and reduce drivers of forced migration • Provide access to adequate and regular channels for migration, mobility, residence and citizenship for all • Ensure access to efficient and well-operating visa, entry, stay and residency schemes and to identity and travel documents • Ensure identification and referral of those in need of assistance and protection • Maintain rights-based border management practices • Maintain effective identity management and responsible use of biometrics Objective 3 – Elements
  9. 9. Migration Governance Framework The first and only internationally agreed definition of good migration governance. Reference document for a coherent, comprehensive and balanced set of principles and objectives. Tool for gap analysis and initial country assessment of: institutional capacity, policy coherence, policy comprehensiveness. Tool to define policy priorities and establish the sequencing of initiatives, reforms, programmes. Basis for measuring progress on migration- related SDG targets (esp. 10.7).
  10. 10. Migration in the goal and target framework 5.2 TRAFFICKING (FOCUS ON WOMEN AND GIRLS) 8.7 TRAFFICKING 8.8 MIGRANT WORKER RIGHTS (ESP. WOMEN MIGRANTS) 10.7 WELL- MANAGED MIGRATION POLICIES 10.c REMITTANCES 16.2 TRAFFICKING 17.16 GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP 17.17 PUBLIC, PRIVATE AND CS PARTNERSHIPS 17.18 DATA DISAGGREGATION (INCLUDING BY MIGRATORY STATUS) 4.b SCHOLARSHIPS (STUDENT MOBILITY) 1.5 RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE EVENTS AND SOCIO ECONOMIC SHOCKS 11.B CITIES IMPLEMENTING INTEGRATED POLICIES 13.1-3 RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE HAZARDS AND NATURAL DISASTERS SpecificreferencesOtherentrypoints 3.8 ACCESS TO ESSENTIAL HEALTH-CARE SERVICIES Migration in the SDGs
  11. 11. Migration in the SDGs Target 10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well- managed migration policies Indicators 10.7.1 Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of yearly income earned in country of destination 10.7.2 Number of countries that have implemented well-managed migration policies
  12. 12.  Framework and methodology to assess country-specific migration governance structures  Framework and methodology to measure SDG progress Migration Governance Index (MGI)
  13. 13. Migration Governance Index: 5 domains of migration governance 73 sub- indicators Regional + international cooperation and other partnerships Institutional capacity Migrant rights Safe + orderly migration Labour migration management 23 indicators
  14. 14. Sub-indicators include: • A government migration strategy • Data gathering and information availability • Rights to basic social services and social security • Rights to long term residency and pathway to citizenship • Border control and enforcement • Measures to combat human trafficking and smuggling • Student migration regulation • Signature and ratification of international/regional/bilateral conventions
  15. 15. Migration Governance – Conclusions High time for a serious international discussion on migration governance… … SDG implementation and development of a Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration… …call for analytical assessment and practical tools for good migration governance… … IOM Migration Governance Framework is the first internationally agreed framework on well-governed migration.
  16. 16. Migration Governance – Resources IOM Migration Governance Framework (full text): English https://governingbodies.iom.int/system/files/en/council/106/C-106-40-Migration- Governance-Framework.pdf French https://governingbodies.iom.int/fr/system/files/fr/council/106/C-106-40-Cadre-de- gouvernance-des-migrations.pdf IOM Migration Governance Framework (brochure): English http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_en.pdf French http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_fr.pdf Arabic http://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_ar.pdf IOM – Economist Intelligence Unit Measuring well-governed migration: The 2016 Migration Governance Index http://publications.iom.int/books/measuring- well-governed-migration-2016-migration-governance-index
  17. 17. Thank you! Karoline POPP Regional Liaison and Policy Officer International Organization for Migration - MENA Regional Office 47C, Abou El-Feda St., Zamalek – Cairo, Egypt Email: kpopp@iom.int

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