Sports Coaching Pedagogy
Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes.
A literature review
● Team Sports- 27 million youth
● Organised Athletics- 60 million youth
● Participate in more then 1 sport- 44 million
● Sports are not limited to a given season.
● Increase in Competitive Participation rates
● Increase in injuries
Youth- Immature Musculoskeletal system.
● Sport specialisation- Intensive all year round in a single sport.
● Early sport specialisation- Overuse injuries and Burnout?
● Delayed sport specialisation- Benefical?
‘‘Young athletes who specialize in just one sport may be denied the benefits of
varied activity while facing additional physical, physiologic, and psychologic
demands from intense training and competition’’. The American Academy of Pediatrics
● In theory- Sport specialisation increases risk for repetitive microtrauma
● Evidence-based research- little?
● Overuse injuries versus acute injuries
● Specific Sports?
● Females versus Males
● Competition level?
● Overuse injuries
– Time loss?
– Self treating?
● Unique overuse injuries applied to Youth (Apophyseal and Physeal)
“some overuse injuries have the potential to negatively affect future
participation, and may result in long-term health consequences.” American
● Personal Interest
– Multiple overuse injuries
– Previous injuries → higher risk (current injury may be a re-injury)
American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. (2014). Overuse Injuries and Burnout in Youth Sports: A Position Statement from
the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 24 (1), p3-20.
Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. (2000). . Intensive raining and sports specialization in young athletes. American
Academy of Pediatrics. 106 (Pediatrics), p154-157
Johnson, J. (2008). Overuse Injuries in Young Athletes: Cause and Prevention. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 30 (2), p27-31
● McLeod, T., Decoster, L., Loud, K., Micheli, L., Parker, T., Sandrey, M., & White, C. (2011). National Athletic Trainers' Association
Position Statement: Prevention of Pediatric Overuse Injuries. Journal of Athletic Training. 46 (2), p206-221.
Merkel, D., & Molony, J. (2012). RECOGNITION AND MANAGEMENT OF TRAUMATIC SPORTS INJURIES IN THE SKELETALLY
IMMATURE ATHLETE.. International Journal of Sports Physical Therap. 7 (6), p691-705.
Murgia, C. (2013). Overuse, Tissue Fatigue, and Injuries. Journal of Dance Medicine & Science. 17 (3), p92-101
Stracciolini, A., Casciano, R., Friedman, H., Stein, C., Meehan, W., & Micheli, L. (2014). Pediatric Sports Injuries A Comparison of
Males Versus Females. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 42 (4), p965-972.
Yang, J., Tibbetts, A., Covassin, T., Cheng, G., Nayar, S., & Heiden, E. (2012). Epidemiology of Overuse and Acute Injuries Among
Competitive Collegiate Athletes.. Journal of Athletic Training . 47 (2), p198-205.