• Is a procedure moving a victim from a
dangerous to safe place.
• The procedure of moving a victim from a safe
place to a safer place is called Emergency
Indication for Emergency Rescue
Danger of fire and explosion.
Danger of toxic gases or asphyxia.
Serious traffic hazard
Danger of electrocution
Danger of collapsing wall
Exposure to cold or intense weather condition
Risk of drowning
Basic Principles of Emergency Rescue
and Transfer Rescue
1. Ensure or maintenance of an open airway.
2. Control of severe bleeding.
3. Moving victim as one unit and in proper body
4. Methods of ERT should be safe, comfortable
5. Check victim's condition regularly before,
during and after the ERT.
6. Immobilization of injured body parts before
extrication and transfer
7. Taller first aider must stay at the head part of
Criteria for Selection of Methodsof
Transfer of Transfer
Nature and severity of the Injury.
Size of the victim.
Physical capabilities of rescuer.
Availability of equipment.
Distance of the place where the victim will be
Two-man assist to walk
Two-man carry by extremities
Two-man fireman’s carry with assistant
Two-man hand as litter
two-man four hand seat
1. Bearer’s along side
2. Hammock carry
2. Use of stretcher
1. Improvise stretcher
2. Military stretcher
3. Ambulance stretcher
3. Use of long spinal board
4. To load and unload in an ambulance
Things to consider
1. Move only the victim if his ABC’s are stable.
2. As much as possible, let the victim move on
3. Always ask the permission of the victim and
keep him informed.
4. Observe ergonomics in lifting and transfer.