Introduction• Emily Boyles• Senior at Capital High School• Part time student at South Puget Sound Community College o Credits towards High School Credit and Associates Degree o English, Political Science, History, Sociology, Psychology and Abnormal Psychology
Why I chose this Topic...• Interested in Psychology o Psychology Classes• Career in Criminal Psychology o 1 in 20 crimes due to Mental Illness o 1 in 7 prisoners have Mental Illness More mental illness patients in prisons than the general public• Discover more information o Education
My Plan for This Project• Explain the definition of Mental Illness• Criminal Psychology: o Education/Schools o Job Outlook• Mental Illness Patients: o Daily Life o Treatment o Additional Services o Life Expectancy o Myths
Education NeededBachelor’s Degree o 4 YearsDoctoral Degree o 4-5 YearsOn-The-Job Training o Residency o 4 yearsPass Licensing Exam o Licensing exam By the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN)Sub-Field (Criminal Psychology) o 1-2 Years
SchoolsSouth Puget Sound Community College o 2011 Mottman Road, SW Olympia, WA o Associate in Arts98512-6292 Alliant International University o 10455 Pomerado RoadSan Diego State University San Diego, CA 92131-1799 o 5500 Campanile Drive o Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) and Psy.D. (Doctor of San Diego, CA 92182 Psychology) in Clinical o Bachelors Degree in General Psychology Forensic Psychology Doctoral DegreeWestern Oregon University o 345 North Monmouth Avenue Monmouth, OR 97361 o Psychology Major
Job OutlookThe Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts employment for psychology jobs is expected to grow faster than average over the next ten years. (22%) Job Openings depend on education: o Most job opportunities with Doctoral Degree and Ph.D. o More demand for psychological services
What is Mental Illness?• A Medical Condition that disrupts an individuals thoughts, feelings, moods, and ability to function daily.• Mental Conditions: o Autism Spectrum Disorders- • Brain development and function disorder. o Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder- • Inability to pay attention/concentrate. Hyperactivity and Compulsions. o Bipolar Disorder- • Dramatic shifts in mood. Mania/Depression. o Borderline Personality Disorder- • Unstable mood. Interpersonal relationships/ personal identity conflicts.
Mental Conditions:o Dissociative Disorders- • Removes oneself from their body/memories/history o Multiple distinct personalitieso Substance Abuse Disorder- • Addiction to Drugs/Alcohol results in Mental Disorder. o Roughly 50 percent of individuals with severe mental disorders are affected by substance abuse.o Eating Disorders- • Abnormal eating habits. Disorder usually originates from concern about body image o Anorexia Nervosa/ Bulimia/ Binge Eatingo Major Depression (Suicide)- • Severe depression that affects daily life. o Persistent feelings of hopelessness, anxiety, sadness, irritability, fatigue, and thoughts of suicide.
Mental Conditionso Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)- • Need to think/perform routines and rituals repeatedly. o Frequent thoughts to check something are called Obsessions. o The urge to repeat routines are called Compulsions.o Panic Disorder- • Uncontrollable repeated attacks from anxiety and fear even when there is no danger.o Posttraumatic Stress Disorder- • Anxiety from witnessing/living through something dangerous and traumatic. • "Fight or Flight" response changed or damaged o Feel afraid even when danger is gone.o Schizophrenia- • Severe, disabling brain illness. • May hear voices, experience paranoia, and make illogical
Mental Illness: Life With Schizophrenia•• Depression, irritability, anxiety, mental confusion, and sleep issues. • Assortments of medications to control symptoms, and medication side effects. "Navane made my eyes terribly tense and my head hurt from it. Valium took away much of my fears and made me brave enough to face my irritability and depression. As a result I was violent and unpredictable. Ceretol gave me a small measure of self control, but didnt relieve anything else. Anafranil made me gentle and gave me slight relief to depression. Fluphenazine, Neuleptil, and Procyclidine were taken together. I became suicidal, feeling-less, violent, and very• antisocial." -Journal Of Orthomolecular Psychiatry • Avoid foods that react with brain allergies "Peas made me very tense and I couldnt talk to people... White Fish made my mind race and I couldnt hold on to thoughts. Poultry made me antisocial and I couldnt sleep." -Journal Of Orthomolecular• Psychiatry Exercise, movement, reading, music, and a positive attitude helps keep the mind• off the illness. Therapy and treatments to learn how to cope
Treatment: Therapy• Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: o Psychotherapy focuses on talking. How the patient acts, and thinks. Change unhealthy behaviors.• Interpersonal Therapy: o Focus is on social roles and relationships in the patients life. Find conflicts within the relationships of family/friends that cause serious life changes. Then solve these conflicts. o Short term treatment About 20 sessions (1 hr. each)• Other Therapies: • Family Focused Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy,
Treatment: MedicationCommon Medication: o Typical Antipsychotic Medications: • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)- Chronic Psychoses • Haloperidol (Haldol)- Delirium and Schizophrenia • Perphenazine- Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder • Fluphenazine- Schizophrenia and Bipolar DisorderAll Medications have side effects: • Drowsiness, Dizziness, Blurred vision, Rapid heartbeat, Sensitivity to the sun, Skin rashes, Persistent muscle spasms, Tremors, Restlessness.
Mental Illness: Life Expectancy• Serious Mental Illness can take up to 14 years off a persons life Vs. someone without a Mental Illness. Suicide, cancer, accidents, liver disease, and septicemia• More than 90% of suicides are due to Mental Illness• Greater risk for medical illnesses and complications• More likely to engage in dangerous behaviors, smoke, and not take medications• Antipsychotics can increase risk of diabetes and heart disease.
Field Expert Biography• Rachel DeLateur o Licensed Mental Health Counselor o Providence St. Peter Hospital • I chose Rachel because she has a similar job that I want, she has also been in the psychology field for 10 years so I can learn a lot from her.What I learned:
Field Expert Interview• What type of education did you obtain before becoming a Psychologist?• What school did you attend?• Why did you choose psychology?• What is the most common mental illness do you see?• Can you prescribe medication? What is the most common medication?• What type of therapy do you offer? (Cognitive, Interpersonal, Family, and/or psychodynamic?)
Field Expert Interview• What additional services are people with mental illness offered?• What are some myths regarding mental illness?
BibliographyCareer Cruising. "Education." Careercruising. Anaca Technologies, 2008. Web. 19 Mar. 2012. <https://www.careercruising.com/Careers/ JobDetails.aspx?LoginID=29a039b2-9537-421f-87e6-0f55d355348f-0&OccNumber=357&fiel d=Education>. Web page source created to inform students about education and training needed to be a psychologist. The source includes information about schooling, qualifications, and becoming licensed. The information is credible because Career Cruising it is used by school and requires a paid account to access information. The source was useful for reliable information regarding education and training details. Information is up-to-date, updated within the last five years.Fazel, Seena, and Martin Grann. "The Population Impact of Severe Mental Illness on Violent Crime." The American Journal of Psychiatry 163 (Aug. 2006): n. pag. American Journal of Psychiatry. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.<http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleid=96905>. Article from an online psychology journal. The authors purpose for writing this article is to inform the reader about the impact the mentally ill have on violent crime. The target audience is students and other people interested in psychology and mental illness. The article contains research, statistics, and other information regarding violent crime and the mentally ill. The information is credible and because the article comes from a peer reviewed journal. The article is six years old, but the information is still valid.
BibliographyJones, Jessica Ward. "Life Expectancy in Mental Illness." Psych Central. N.p., 13 July 2010. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://psychcentral.com/news/2010/07/ 13/life-expectancy-in-mental-illness/15502.html>. A website source intended to inform the general public about the life expectancy for the mentally ill. The article talks about the amount of years a mental condition can take off ones life, as well as factors that shorten the life of a mental illness patient. The information is credible because it comes from a well known website that posts informative articles about psychology. This source was useful for the life expectancy slide of my presentation. The publication was two years ago, but the information remains the same."Mental Illness by Illness." NAMI. N.p., 2011. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.<http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=By_Illness>. Web page source created to inform the public about individual mental illnesses. The page includes all the mental conditions and information regarding treatment, symptoms, medications, and a description of each mental illness. The information is credible because the website, National Alliance of Mental Illness is the largest mental health organization. This source was extremely useful to obtain knowledge about every illness individually. The information was last updated a year ago, so it is still accurate.
Bibliography"Mental Health Information." NIMH. The National Inst. of Mental Health, 17 Apr. 2012. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://www.nacbt.org/whatiscbt.htm>. Website source created to inform people affected by mental illness and the general public about mental health. The page includes information about every mental illness, treatment, and medication. The author is credible because the website is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The website was last updated almost daily therefore the information is valid."Living with Schizophrenia." Orthomolecular 14: 39-41. OrthomolecularPsychiatry. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://orthomolecular.org/library/ jom/1985/pdf/1985-v14n01-p039.pdf>. Journal source written to inform psychology professionals about patients with schizophrenia. The source includes information about a patients early years, treatment, and where they are now. The author is credible because his story was published by a journal professionals use. This source was useful for describing the daily life of a schizophrenic.
Bibliography"Psychologists." Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 29 Mar. 2012. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://www.bls.gov/ooh/ Life-Physical-and-Social-Science/Psychologists.htm>. Website source created to inform people going into the profession of psychology. The website shows facts regarding the psychologist job outlook. This source is credible because the Bureau of Labor Statistics is a government website. This source was useful to find the job outlook and what psychologist do. This website was last updated less than a month ago, therefore the information is up to date.