It Ends With Nine Steps


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It Ends With Nine Steps

  1. 1. It Ends With Nine Steps Essential Questions: 1. What was Sputnik? 2. Who was Yuri Gagarin? 3. What was Project Mercury? 4. What was Project Gemini? 5. What was the Apollo Program? 6. Why was Apollo 11 important?
  2. 2. Sputnik and the Russians  Sputnik program was a series of robotic spacecraft missions launched by the Soviet Union  Sputnik 1, was the first human- made object to orbit the Earth  Took place on October 4, 1957  The surprise launch of Sputnik 1 shocked the United States  April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first human to travel into space  Launched to orbit aboard Vostok 1
  3. 3. America’s Turn  Project Mercury, initiated in 1958, started NASA down the path of human space exploration  Designed to discover simply if man could survive in space  Launched on May 5, 1961  The Mercury capsule was named Freedom 7  Performed a suborbital flight piloted by astronaut Alan Shepard  First American in space  Flight lasted less than 16 minutes  Unlike the earlier Soviet Vostok 1 flight, Sheppard did not orbit the earth  Simply went up and then down
  4. 4. Round and Round We Go  Part of Project Mercury  Spacecraft was named Friendship 7  Piloted by astronaut John Glenn  Made three earth orbits  Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth
  5. 5. Project Gemini  Project Gemini was initiated to conduct experiments  Also to work out issues relating to a moon mission  Gemini 3 was the first Gemini flight with astronauts on board  Nine missions followed and showed:  Long-duration human space flight was possible  Rendezvous and docking in space was possible
  6. 6. Apollo 11  Apollo 11 mission was the first manned mission to land on the Moon  Launched on July 16, 1969  Commander Neil Alden Armstrong  Lunar Module Pilot Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' Aldrin  Command Module Pilot Michael Collins  On July 20, Armstrong and Aldrin became the first humans to land on the Moon  The mission fulfilled President John F. Kennedy's goal of reaching the moon by the end of the 1960s
  7. 7. Launch and Lunar Landing Apollo 11 Lands on Moon (5:00)  Millions watched the event on television  President Richard Nixon viewed the events from the Oval Office  Buzz Aldrin spoke the first words from the LM on the lunar surface  Armstrong said the famous words, quot;Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed.”
  8. 8. On the Lunar Surface Nixon Talks to Apollo 11 (1:30)  July 20, 1969, Armstrong made his descent down the nine rungs of the LM ladder  quot;That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind” (Armstrong On Moon)  Astronauts planted a flag on the lunar surface and then spoke with Nixon  Nixon originally had a long speech prepared to read during the phone call  NASA liaison convinced Nixon to keep his words brief  He said to do this out of respect  Lunar landing was Kennedy's legacy