The Space Age


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The wonder of Space! Let's learn about it!

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The Space Age

  1. 1. The Space Age aR a c e To
  2. 2.  This all minds was first created by the Rocket scientist of Adolf Hitler, Wernher von Braun. He was credited as the ―Father of Rocket Science‖ for his invention that could change aerospace forever, The V-2 rocket.
  3. 3. V-2 RocketThis was the first knownhuman artifact to reachand enter outer space. Itwas the progenitor of allmodern rockets, includingthose used by the UnitedStates and Soviet Unionspace programs. This ledto an eclectic array ofexperiments that flew on  This photo was taken from aV-2s and paved the way V-2 launched by U.S Scientistsfor Americanmanned space on 24 October 1946.exploration.
  4. 4. • It was the first artificial Earth satellite It was a 585 mm (23 in) diameter shiny metal sphere, with four external radio antennae to broadcast radio pulses. It was launched by the Soviet Union on October 4, 1957.
  5. 5. • The NASA was formed on July 29, 1958. From 1946, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) had been experimenting with rocket planes such as the supersonic Bell X-1.In the early 1950s, there was challenge to launch an artificial satellite for the International Geophysical Year (1957–58). After the Soviet launch of the worlds first artificial satellite (Sputnik I) on October 4, 1957, the attention of the United States turned toward its own fledgling space efforts. 1958 Current
  6. 6. The Formation of NASA On July29, 1958, Eisenhowersigned the NationalAeronautics and SpaceAct, establishing NASA.When it began operations onOctober 1, 1958, NASAabsorbed the 46-year-oldNACA intact; its 8,000employees, an annualbudget ofUS$100 million, three majorresearch laboratories • President Dwight Eisenhower(Langley AeronauticalLaboratory, Ames signed the NationalAeronautical Aeronautics and Space Act.Laboratory, and Lewis FlightPropulsion Laboratory) andtwo small test facilities.
  7. 7. Laika was a Soviet space dog thatbecame the first animal to orbit theEarth. As little was known about theimpact of spaceflight on livingcreatures at the time of Laikasmission, and the technology to de-orbithad not yet been developed, there wasno expectation of Laikas survival. It’sliving on outer space paves the wayfor human spaceflight.Unfortunately, Over five monthslater, after 2,570 orbits, Sputnik IIdisintegrated—along with Laikas The photograph ofremains—during re-entry on April Laika14, 1958.
  8. 8. Yuri Gagarin and the Vostok Spacecraft• The Vostok was the first spaceflight in the Vostok program and the first human spaceflight in history. The Vostok 3KA spacecraft was launched on April 12, 1961. The flight marked the first time that a human entered outer space, as well as the first orbital flight of a manned vehicle. Yuri Gagarin was the only crew member of Vostok I. The Vostok spacecraft were designed to carry a single cosmonaut.
  9. 9. “I could have gone on flying through space forever.”Vostok I Spacecraft photo Yuri Gagarin
  10. 10. Yuri Gagarin and the Vostok Spacecraft• Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961. Gagarin later became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre outside Moscow, which was later named after him. Gagarin died in 1968 when the MiG 15 training jet he was piloting crashed.
  11. 11. American Astronauts• Alan Shepard - First American to be in space. - He became the fifth person to walk on the Moon, and the only astronaut of the Mercury Seven to walk on the Moon. - Shepard commanded the Apollo 14 mission, piloting the lander to the most accurate landing of the Apollo missions.
  12. 12. American Astronauts• John Glenn - He was the first American to orbit the Earth and the third American in space. - He flew the Friendship 7 mission on February 20, 1962. In 1965, Glenn retired from the military and resigned from NASA so he could be eligible to stand for election to public office.
  13. 13. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin• Neil Alden Armstrong was an American astronaut and the first person to walk on the Moon. Edwin Eugene ―Buzz‖ Aldrin is an American astronaut, and the second person to walk on the Moon. About 20 minutes after the first step, Aldrin joined Armstrong on the surface and became the second human to set foot on the Moon, and the duo began their tasks of investigating how easily a person could operate on the lunar surface.
  14. 14. Neil Armstrong andBuzz AldrinAbout 20 minutes after thefirst step, Aldrin joinedArmstrong on the surface andbecame the second human toset foot on the Moon, and theduo began their tasks ofinvestigating how easily aperson could operate on thelunar surface. Early on, theyunveiled a plaquecommemorating theirflight, and also plantedthe flag of the United States.The flag used on this missionhad a metal rod to hold it • From left to right (Armstrong and Aldrinhorizontal from its pole. plants the U.S flag in moon. Armstrong took his space step and Aldrin joined him.)
  15. 15. • Photograph of Neil • Photograph of Buzz Armstrong Aldrin
  16. 16. Salyut I• Salyut I was the first space station of any kind, launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1971. At launch, the announced purpose of Salyut was to test the elements of the systems of a space station and to conduct scientific research and experiments. The craft was described as being 20 m in length, 4 m in maximum diameter, and 99 m³ in interior space with an on-orbit dry mass of 18,425 kg.
  17. 17. Salyut IThe station wasintentionallydestroyed by de-orbiting it after sixmonths inorbit, because it ranout of fuel before aredesigned Soyuzspacecraft could belaunched to it. The Salyut I photograph
  18. 18. Space Shuttle• The Space Shuttle was a crewed, partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Its official program name was Space Transportation System, taken from a 1969 plan for a system of reusable spacecraft of which it was the only item to be funded for development.
  19. 19. Space ShuttleMajor missions includedlaunching numeroussatellites, interplanetaryprobes, the Hubble SpaceTelescope(HST), conductingspace science experiments,and constructing andservicing the InternationalSpace Station. Majorcomponents includedthe orbiters, recoverableboosters, external tanks,payloads, and supportinginfrastructure. Five space-worthy orbiters were built;two were lost in mission The lifting of Discovery (left)accidentS. and Atlantis (Right)
  20. 20. Formation ofthe Skylab - Skylab was the first space stationof the NASA and the U.S.A thatorbited the Earth from 1973 to1979., and included a workshop, asolar observatory, and othersystems. After Skylabs demise, thefocus shifted to the reusableSpacelab module, an orbitalworkshop that could be deployedfrom the Space Shuttle andreturned to Earth. The nextAmerican space station project wasSpace Station Freedom which wasnever completed, although iteventually led to the construction ofthe US Orbital Segment of theInternational Space Station, starting The Picture of Skylabin 1998. Shuttle-Mir was anotherproject, and led to the U.S. fundingSpektr, Priroda, and the MirDocking Module in the 1990s.
  21. 21. Formation ofMirA space station that operated in lowEarth orbit from 1986 to 2001, at firstby the Soviet Union and then byRussia. Assembled in orbit from1986 to 1996, Mir was the firstmodular space station and had agreater mass than that of anyprevious spacecraft, holding therecord for the largest artificialsatellite orbiting the Earth until itsdeorbit on 21 March 2001 (a recordnow surpassed by the InternationalSpace Station). Mir served as amicrogravity research laboratory inwhich crews conducted experimentsin biology, humanbiology, physics, astronomy, meteorology and spacecraft systems in orderto develop technologies required forthe permanent occupation of space.
  22. 22. Formation of ISSThe International Space Station(ISS) is a habitable artificialsatellite in low Earth orbit. Itfollows the Salyut, Almaz, Skylaband Mir stations as the ninthspace station to be inhabited. TheISS is a modular structure whosefirst component was launched in1998Now the largest artificialbody in orbit, it can often be seenat the appropriate time with thenaked eye from Earth without anyspecial equipment.The ISSconsists of pressurisedmodules, external trusses, solararrays and other components. ISScomponents have been launchedby American Space Shuttles aswell as Russian Proton and Soyuzrockets
  23. 23. Satellite• An object which has been placed into orbit by human endeavor. Such objects are sometimes called artificial satellites to distinguish them from natural satellites such as the Moon.
  24. 24. Up to now, these incredible inventions anddiscoveries made possible to identify the trueMeaning of Space  Hope you like it!