THE WAY TO HAPPNESS

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THE WAY TO HAPPNESS

  1. 1. - GIiAlib A. MASRi & NATliif J. AdAM 6 .J I 52 II ~.J---b ] o I II «l.:>I6-Db u:uh.i 9 QJ-Ll-D .:>..o.:>i uJlJ: -- ~
  2. 2. THE WAY TO HAPPNESS THE WAY TO HAPPINESS based "Happiness on between based on "Happiness between Illusion Illusion and Reality"" by Dr. Nasser AI-Omar and Reality by Dr. Nasser Al-Omar and "Causes Happiness" Sheikh and "Causes of Happiness" by Sheikh by Abdur-Rahman Abdur-Rahman AI-Sa'adi. Al-Sa'adi. by by Ghalib Ahmad Masri Ghalib and and Nathif Jama Adam Jama Adam
  3. 3. o ( c ) Cooperative ,-,/ Office for Call a~d Cooperative Ollicefor CallandGuidance al-Batha,1995 Guidancein al-Batha,l99S in King Fahd National Library Cataloging-in Publication Data King Fahd Nationat Library Cataloging'in Publication Data Masri, Ghalib Ahmad Masri, Ghalib Ahmad The Way of happiness/Ghalib Ahmad Masri, Nathif lama The Way of happiness/GhalibAhmad Masri' Nathif Jama Adam.- Riyadh. Adam.- Riyadh. 112P.,12XJ7Cm I r 2 P . .l 2 X ! ? C m ISBN: 9960-798-22-4 ISBN: 1- Faith (Islamic creeds) l- Faith (Islamic creeds) 2- Happiness 2- Happiness 1- Adm, I- Nathif Jama (J.a.) Nathif Jama(J.a.) ll- II- Title 240dc 240dc 1619/166 1619i1 Legal Depositno. 1619/16 Legal Deposit no. 1619/16 ISBN: 9960-798-22-a ISBN: 9960-798-22-4
  4. 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT RCKNOTJLEDGEIlENT The present work has been written The present work has been written jointly by the two co-authors. Nathif jointly by the two co-authors. Nathif Jama Adam has contributed the section lama Adam has contributed the section on " Sources on "Sources of Happiness." Ghalib Happiness."Ghalib Ahmad Masri has written the other Ahmad Masri has written the other sections the book. sections of the book. The authorsgratefully acknowledge The authors gratefully acknowledge the the efforts that contributed the production efforts that contributed to the produciionof this booklet this booklet in its presentform, especially its present form, especially the valuable commentsof Dr. M6hamei the valuable comments Dr. Mohamed I.otfi Zlitni and other helpful commentson Lotfi and other helpful comments - the contentof this work. the content this work.
  5. 5. 3 CONTENTS CONTENTS Descriotion Description Acknowledgement Acknowledgement 2 2 a Contents Contents 3 J lntroduction Introduction 6 Definition Happiness Definition of Happiness 22 22 Sources Happiness Sources of Happiness 23 ZJ 1. Happiness Wealth 1. Happiness in Wealth 23 23 - Qarun - Qarun 25 25 - ChristinaOnassis - Christina Onassis 26 26 2. Happiness Rank and Position 2. Happiness in Rank and Position 30 30 - The Shah - The Shah of Iran 32 32 - FerdinandMarcos - Ferdinand Marcos 32 32 - JeanBedelBokassa - Jean Bedel Bokassa Aa 42 +.t - NicolaeCeausescu - Nicolae Ceausescu 33 33 - Rajiv Gandhi - Rajiv Gandhi -a 33 JJ .A 3. EducationalAchievements 3. Educational Achievements 34 J+ 4. Happiness Farne 4. Happiness in Fame 38 38 - Sporting - Sporting 39 39 - Acting - Acting 44 44 Articles (Excerpts) Two Articles (Excerpts) 49 49 Barriers Real Happiness to Barriers to Real Happiness 56 56 1. Disbelief in Allah and Lack of True 1. Disbelief and Lack True 56 56 Faith Faith 2. Sin and Crime 2. and Crime 51 57 3. Envy and Jealousy 3. Envy andjealousy 57 57 4. Ill-will 4. 57 57
  6. 6. 4 5. Anger 5. Anger 58 58 6. lejustice 6. Injustice 58 58 7 Fear Worldlv Power 7.. Fear of Worldly Power 60 60 8. Pessimism 8. Pessimism 61 61 9. Suspicion 9. Suspicion 61 61 10. Arrogance 10. Arrogance 62 62 11. Devotionto otherthanAllah 11. Devotion to other than Allah 62 62 12. Alcohol, Drugs and Drug Addiction 12. Alcohol, Drugs and Drug Addiction 63 63 Landmarks on the Landmarks on the Way to Happy Life to Happy 64 64 (Factorsand Pre-requisites Happiness) (Factors and Pre-requisites of Happiness) 1. SoundBelief 1. Sound Belief 64 64 2. Worship and Devotion to 2. Worship and Devotion to Allah 69 69 3. Remembrance 3. Remembrance of Allah 75 75 4. Goodness Kindness Others 4. Goodness and Kindness to Others and to 77 77 5. Renunciation Too-Long Term 5. Renunciation of Too-Long Term 79 79 Hopesand Griefs the Past Hopes and Griefs of the Past 6. Forgetting 6. Forgetting About People with People 85 85 Higher Standard Higher Standard of Living 7. Building Better Understanding 7. Building of Better Understanding 87 87 of Things and Getting Rid of Misconc- Things and Getting Rid Misconc- eptionsand Superstitions eptions and Superstitions 8. Achieving Harmony 8. Achieving Harmony within 87 87 Oneself and with the Outward World Oneselfand the Outward 9. Good Health,Time, Affluenceand 9. Good Health, Time, Affluence and 88 88 Sound Reasoning SoundReasoning 10. . Social Solidarity 1 0 SocialSolidarity 89 89 11. . Stability of the HumanPersonality 1 1 Stability the Human Personality 91 9l
  7. 7. 5 ) 12. The Feeling Peaceand Security 12. The Feeling of Peace and Security 94 94 13. Repentance 13. Repentance 96 96 14. teaming and Pursuit Knowledge 14. Learning and Pursuit of Knowledge 97 97 15. Selection Friends 15. Selection of Friends 99 99 16. Strong 16. Strong Will and Self-Confidence and Self-Confidence 100 100 17. Being on Good Termswith Family 17. Being on Good Terms with Family,, 100 100 Friendsand Colleagues Friends and Colleagues CONCLUSION CONCLUSION 101r l0
  8. 8. 6 thename Allah, Most Gracious, In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Most Merciful. Merciful. INTRODUCTION suqprise,he returnedfrom the rich dinner To my surprise, he returned from the rich dinner very unhappy. wanted the reason. He very unhappy. I wanted to know the reason. He explained to me: "If you had seenthe explained to me: "If only you had seen the luxury they are living in - a splendid villa, rich luxury they are a splendidvilla, rich food, luxurious fumiture, servantsand a fleet food, luxurious furniture, servants and a fleet of cars! makesme feel extremelymiserable". cars! It makes me feel extremely miserable". "But, is he enjoying his life?" I asked, "Is he "But, is he enjoying his life?" asked,"Is he really happy?" really happy?" "As far as know", he replied, a little "As far as I know", he replied, a little pacified," he is not enjoying the luxuries his pacified," he is not enjoying the luxuries of his life. He wisheshe could eat ordinarvfood. even life. He wishes he could eat ordinary food, even bread,eventhoughhe loses his bread, even though he loses all his wealth." wealth." "So you are much richer and happierthan he "So you are much richer and happier than he is", said."Your health is a greater is", I said. "Your health is a greater wealth than wealththan thoseluxuries have madeyou so depressed. those luxuries which have made you so depressed. Wealth alone doesnot give happiness.You Wealth alone does not give happiness. You will not sell one finger eye yours your appetite not sell one finger or eye of yours or your appetite for his riches cars!" for all his riches or cars!" saw the tears satisfaction sratefulness I saw the tears of satisfaction and gratefulness and
  9. 9. 7I shine his eyes. shine in his eyes. "ThankAllah! ThankAllah!", He said. "Thank Allah! Thank Allah!", He said. Very often man meets incidentsand situa- Very often man meets with incidents and situa- his that make tions in his life that make him unhappy. Later, tions unhappy.Later, when.he recovershis consciousness reflects when. he recovers his consciousness and reflects and on such incidents and situations,he finds that his on such incidents and situations, he finds that his unhappiness was simply a reaction,and that man unhappiness was simply a reaction, and that man can reactdifferently, achievingtherebya higher a can react differently, achieving thereby a higher a degree stability and toleranceif he is able to degree of stability and tolerance if he is able to cope cope with the situation. the situation. neighbour the well-known GermanPhiloso- A neighbour of the well-known German Philoso- pher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)had a cock pher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) had a cock whose crowing annoyed whose crowing annoyed him and distracted him and distracted from his work. When he got fed up from his work. When he got fed up with the cock, the cock, he senthis servantto buy and slaughter he sent his servant to buy it and slaughter it for his meal. He invited a friend his to the meal his meal. He invited a friend of his to the meal and both them sat waiting luch. He talked and both of them sat waiting for luch. He talked to his friend about the cock and the annoyance to his friend about the cock and the annoyance it usedto causeand described peaceand happi- used to cause and described the peace and happi- the nesshe was enjoying after he had got ness he was enjoying after he had got rid of the the brought the cock's crowing. When the servant brought in the cock'scrowing. When the servant food he explainedthat their neighbourrefusedto food he explained that their neighbour refused to sell his cock and so he purchased one from the sell his cock and so he purchased one from the conscious the market. Kant became suddenly conscious of the market. Kant becamesuddenly fact the the cock was still crowing. fact the the cock was still crowing. Thinking of this Thinking this rvell-known philospher, well-known philospher, I
  10. 10. 8 found that he miserablebecause the cock's found that he felt miserable because of the cock's cry, and he also felt happy althoughthe cock was cry, and he also felt happy although the cock was still crowing. Nothing had changed;the change still crowing. Nothing had changed; the change was inside himself. was the inner man, not the was inside himself. It was the inner man, not the cock, that made happy unhappy! cock, that made him happy or unhappy! sleep house,not disturbed the I sleep in my house, not disturbed by the rol- noise cars and their horns the street ling noise of cars and their horns in the street nor salesmen's loud voices. Yet, the sound a by salesmen's loud voices. Yet, the sound of a footstepor a whisper inside my bedroom would footstep a whisper inside bedroom would wake me. If sleep the train, even the wake me. If I sleep in the train, even the talk of thosesittingnext to me those sitting next to me will not disturb my sleep. not disturb sleep. What makes me endure the rumbling noises What makes me endure the rumbling noises of cars and salesmen, the train, though a whisper cars and salesmen, or the train, though a whisper footstepwould rouseme from or footstep would rouse me from my sleep? sleep? is becausesensation like a is which, It is because sensation is like a light which, when on, makesthings aroundyou visible whether when on, makes things around you visible whether they are pleasing displeasing you, and when they are pleasing or displeasing to you, and when to is you to hear the noises it is off you fail to hear the noises in the street the street thoughthey are louder. fact, you heardthe though they are louder. In fact, you heard the low whisper your bedroombecause you directed whisper in your bedroom because you directed your sensationand attention to while you your sensation and attention to it; while you missedothersounds you missed other sounds because you kept them out of because kept them out your perception despite your perception despite their loudness, so they dis- their loudness, they dis- so appear as do big things in darkness. appearas do things darkness. Why not divert your attention and sensation not divert your attentionand sensation from from all discomforts of life? Not all discomforts discomforts life? discomforts penetrate your heart. Only what YOU allow penetrate into your heart. Only what into allow
  11. 11. 9 into your heart enter, a king into your heart willingly will enter, like a king who allows the enemy into his fortress leaving who allows the enemy into his fortress by leaving a hole its walls. So not strengthen and a hole in its walls. So why not strengthen and ourselves against pains and discomforts? fortify ourselves against pains and discomforts? men equal physical strengthmay cary Two men of equal physical strength may carry the sameload: the may complain as if he the same load: the first may complain as if he carried double weight; while the carried double weight; while the othermay laugh and sing as if he carriednothing. other may laugh and sing as if he carried nothing. men similar physiquemay suffer from Two men of similar physique may suffer from the sameillness:one may reactpessimistically the same illness: one may react pessimistically and and alwaysimaginedeath, thereby increasing illness: always imagine death, thereby increasing illness: while the other may endure patiently, feel while the other may endure patiently, feel optimistic and expect soonerrecovery,thereby optimistic and expect sooner recovery, thereby expeditinggood health. expediting good health. Bismark,the man iron and blood, genius Bismark, the man of iron and blood, genius of war andpeace, could not give up smoking one war and peace, could not give up smoking for one moment;he usedto moment; he used to light one cigarette from anoth- one cigarettefrom anoth- the day. smoking, he was not able er all the day. Without smoking, he was not able to think, plan take appropriate to think, plan or take appropriate action. Once, action. Once, while war, he found while in war, he found only one cigarette in one cigarette his pocket, so he put his pocket, so he put off smoking it to the time smoking to the time hardship. He waited week without hardship. He waited for a full week without a smoking,entertaining hope usingthis cigar- smoking, entertaining the hope of using this cigar- the ette time. He realizedthat he was able to do ette in time. He realized that he was able to do without smokingall this time. He decided stop without smoking all this time. He decided to stop to smoking good because did not want his smoking for good because he did not want his he happiness be dependent a singlecigarette. happiness to be dependent on a single cigarette. to on
  12. 12. 10 10 Imagine a man whosebody was exhausted Imagine a man whose body was exhausted with illness, and that suddenly he noticed a snake illness, and that suddenly he noticed a snake crawling. towardshim and at oncejumped out crawling towards him and at once jumped out of his bed as he were his bed as if he were full of health and vigour... or health and vigour...or a man who returnedhome exhausted a man who returned home exhausted with hunger hunger and a chair to rest on when he and looking only for a chair to rest on when he receiveda a dear person saying he was received a call from a dear person saying he was coming, an urgent letter coming, or an urgent letter from the Minister call- the ing the news promotion,he would feel ing him with the news of promotion, he would feel light-hearted light-hearted and full up and would hurry up to the and up and would hurry up to the station the former to the Minister's office station in the former or to the Minister's office in the latter. the latter. Suchpowersarethe source happiness! Such powers are the source of happiness! Dear readers! are rich, but you do not Dear readers! You are rich, but you do not realize wealthy you are. Some may suffer realize how wealthy you are. Some may suffer from headache, toothache colic. which makes from headache, toothache or colic, which makes them feel that is dark. them feel that life is dark. Why did they not see they not see the side when they were healthy? If the bright side of life when they were healthy? If someone goeson a diet, he long someone goes on a diet, he will long for a mouth- a mouth- bread meat and envy those who enjoy ful of bread or meat and envy those who enjoy variousfoods. dicihe not valuethe pleasures various foods. Why did he not value the pleasures food before his iilness'i of food before his illness? Why does man recog- doesman recog- nize the value of boonsand bountiesonly when he nize the value boons and bounties when he loses them? Why does an old man lament the loses them? does an man lament the passing his youth, while the young man fails to passing of his youth, while the youngman fails to smile at his vouth? smileat his youth?
  13. 13. 11 11 Why are we aware of happinessonly when it is Why are aware of happiness only when it is us? far from us? Almost everybody is lamenting and yearning everybody lamenting and yearning to past! his past! Why not think about the about the present before it becomespart of the past? present before becomes part of the past? *** {< d< {< We may ttrink that richness can be attained think richness can be attained by possession money alone. What can money possession of money alone. What can money alone give to man? You may have heard of the alone give man? may have heard the sick king who was brought the most delicious sick was brought the most delicious meals, but he was unable to eat any of them. meals, he was unable eat any them. Once, he was looking through a window Once, he was looking through a window of his his palace, when his eyes caught a palace, when his eyes caught a farmer farmer eating eating black olives: pushing one brown bread with black olives: pushing one brown bread into his mouth, taking a second his mouthful into his mouth, taking a second in his mouthful hand, and settinghis eyes on a third. The king hand, and setting his eyes on a third. The king wishedhe had been a farmer and enjoyedsuch an wished he had been a farmer and enjoyed such an appetite. appetite. don't you recognizethe value health? Why don't you recognize the value of health? Is there no vaiue health? Who would agreeto Is there no value for health? Who would agree to give up his sight for a hundredthousanddollars, give up his sight for a hundred thousand dollars, or part his nose for the riches a millionaire? or part of his nose for the riches of a millionaire? Gold and money cannotgive life and happiness Gold and money cannot give life and happiness to to every man. Rothschildenterecl large safe,and his every man. Rothschild entered his large safe, and he was inside,its door bangedand he died while he was inside, its door banged and he died while in a sea of gold. Why are we seeking gold in a sea of gold. Why are we seeking gold
  14. 14. I2 12 anxiouslythoughwe possess ample gold? Isn't anxiously though we possess ample gold? Isn't sight as precious as gold? And health.... sight as precious as gold? And health.....and .and time...and the human mind, too,....all time... and the human mind, too, ....all these these are treasures.Why don't we make the best of our are treasures. Why don't we make the best of our time?.... Why don'twe recognize valueof life? time? ... Why don't we recognize the value of life? the Why don't we make the best use of our minds? Why don't we makethe bestuseof our minds? Health, time and mind are an invaluablewealth Health, time and mind are an invaluable wealth that may lead man to happiness he takes the that may lead man to happiness if he takes the right way. right ,< :r ,< *** But what is the right way to that goal which is what is the right way to rhat goal which is pursued by man everywhereand at all times pursued by man everywhere and at all times throughouthistory? throughout history? *There are several trendsthat describe *There are several trends that describe the the reality reality of happiness and the way leading to its happiness and the way leading its attainmentby man. The major trends can be attainment man. The major trends can be summedup asfollows: summed up as follows: 1. Spiritualistic 1. Spiritualistic School, in which philosophers School, which philosophers and theosophistsbelieve that real happiness and theosophists believe that real happiness consists consists essentially spirituallife. essentially in spiritual 2. Materialistic 2. Materialistic Schoolor theory,which upholds School theory, which upholds that real happiness in materialism. that real happiness lies materialism. lies 3. RationaiisticSchool,in which rationalists Rationalistic School, which rationalists believe that happinesscan be attainedonly by believe that happiness can be attained only by reasonand logic. reason and logic.
  15. 15. 13 13 4. Islamic Trend, which statesthat the threetypes Islamic Trend, states that the three types of life: the spiritual, the material and the rational the spiritual, the material and the rational are together essential elementsof happy life if are together essential elements happy if they are ruled by the Islamic belief, practice and they are ruled the Islamic belief, practice and values. That is because man is a combinationof values. That is because man is combination those very threeingredients:the body, mind and those very three ingredients: the body, mind and food and drink, spirit: the body is nourishedby food and drink, spirit: the body is nourished the mind by knowledge and experiments, and the the knowledge and experiments, the and spirit faith and goodness....But is soundfaith spirit by faith and goodness....But it is sound faith that builds up a healthy spirit and gives a realistic that builds up a healthy spirit and gives a realistic explanation man'sposition this and truthful explanation of man's position in this and universe, Divine Reality and the basic concept of universe,Divine Reality and the basicconcept and Perfect Attributes God, and the Oneness and Perfect Attributes of God, and the Oneness here we are going to use the name "Allah" for here we are going to use the name God as it is not associated with any distortions God as is not associated with any distortions added upholders idolatry,polytheism, trinity added by upholders of idolatry, polytheism, trinity and otherworshippers falsegods. and other worshippers of false gods. Let us consider the crimes and evils of modem Let us considerthe crimesand evils modern murders,suicides,rapes,drug abuse, societies: murders, suicides, rapes, drug abuse, societies: robberies, thefts,and sexual, neurological, psycho- robberies, thefts, and sexual, neurological, psycho- logical,juvenile andmany otherabnormalities and logical, juvenile and many other abnonnalities and the void man suffersbecause the disorders... the void man suffers because of the disorders... true faith that springsfrom human absence of true faith that springs from human absence natureand doesnot conflict with logic, reason and nature and does not conflict with logic, reason and lack aware- established facts of science ....the lack of aware- established facts science....the ness the real aim behindman'sexistence this in ness of the real aim behind man's existence in this
  16. 16. I4 14 universe,i.e., to build and establishan ideal and universe, i.e., to build and establish an ideal and sound society controlledby the instructionsand sound society controlled by the instructions and injunctions his Merciful and Wise Creatorso as injunctions of his Merciful and Wise Creator so as to free man from destructivedrives and inclina- to free man from destructive drives and inclina- tions, and the world from injusticeand tyranny.... tions, and the world from injustice and tyranny.... In fact,Islam,and only Islam,is the true Saviour In fact, Islam, and only Islam, is the true Saviour humanity and the answer to all problems and of humanity and the answer to all problems and questions facedOt -ur; questions faced by man. * * *** The happiness Islam achieves man has two The happiness Islam achieves for man has two major domains: major domains: 1. This wordly life, both on the individual l v l i fe , b o th o n th e i n dividual and collective levels.Itseeksto give man a happy and collective levels.It seeks to give man a happy free cares and evils, characterized life free of cares and evils, characterized by sound faith. is a sound faith. It is a life in which every thing which every rhing shouldbe placedat the service man: should be placed at the service of man: "And He (Allah) has subjected you, asfrom "And He (Allah) has subjected to you, as from to Him, all that is in the heavens and on earth: that is the heavens and on earth: behold,in that are Signs indeedfor thosewho behold, that are Signs indeed those who (Qur'an 45:13) reflect." (Qur'an 45:13) reflect." Everythingin natureis madeavailable by Al- Everything nature is made available lah for the useof man throughthe geniusand fa- lah the use man through the genius and fa- cultiesAllah hasgiven to man. culties has given to man. Yet, many peoplebehaveadverselyas if they Yet, many people behave adversely as if they were createdto serye wealth and be slaves to were created serve wealth and be slaves the pleasures the pleasures and luxuries of life, iosing thereby and luxuries losing thereby their freedom of will and becomine servants their freedom of will and becoming servants of of
  17. 17. 155 1 transienttrivialities instea d of being servan ts of transient trivialities insteadof being servantsof-the their Beneficent Sustainerand Cf,erister, their Benef icent Susta iner and Cheri sher, the Eternaland Almighry Allah. Eternal and Almighty Allah. As for the Collectiveaspect, As for the Collective aspect, Islam embraces all Islamembraces all rules and principles contributingto a happy rules and principles contributing to a happy society,whether. a family, a nation on furg., society, wheth er a family, a nation or on larger scale, i.e.,on the international scale, i.e., on the intem ationa llevel . level. 2. The Eternal Life after Death: 2. Eternal Life Death: The The Life after death is a demonstration of after deathis a demonsrration Divine Justice. That day is a must Divin e Justic e. That day is a must for the the achievement retributivejuitice and settlement achievement of retributive justice and settlement of- all injustices and outstanding of all injustices and outstanding accounts, and accounts, and at the sametime at the same time for the generous ieward of good the generous reward good acts. Sincewe believe that Allah is the One-and acts. Since we believe that Allah is the One and Orly God with perfec t attributes, would be Only God with perfect attributes, it would be illogical to entertain notion that He illogical to entertain the notion that He will leave the leave justice unfulfilled. This life - so full of justic e unfulfilled. This iife so wrongs, *.o"gr, crimes,inconveniences, crimes, incon venien ces, good deeds unrewarrCed, good deedsunrewarded, and many human affairs unsettled is in fact just and many huma n affairs unsettled _ is - fact luii an introdu an introductory chapter which prepares ctory chapter which prepares for the the book of eternallife in which .lustice ,.i,or.A book eterna l life which justic e i, restored is gd u personmeerswith his (or her)just deserts. and a person meets his her) deserts. The rvrong-doers The wrong-doers who havepersisteii their sins who have persisted in their sins and wrong-doingand failed io repentand give up and wrong-doing and failed to repent and give up -punishmlnr soundconduct wiil go to endless punishment i; sound conducr will go endless in Hell. While rhose with good recordsand Hell. those good records and
  18. 18. 16 16 reward and righteous deed,s will receive generous reward and righteousdeedswill receivegenerous uttiin real and eternalhappiness attain real and eternal happin ess in the Heaven the Heaven Allah, Paradise the Garden Eden'That of Allah, in Paradise or the Garden of Eden. That is the abode of perfec t bliss, which deserves to is the abode perfect bliss, which deserves be sincer ely and indus trious ly sough t by man. be sincerelyand industriouslysought man' There may be some difficulties and handicaps on There may be some difficulties and handicapson the road to this exalte d goal of wise and faithful the road to this exalted goal wise and faithful peopl e, as stated by the Proph et Muha mmad people, as stated the Prophet Muhammad ngs be upon him) that "Hell is be upon him) ttrat is tp.i." e and blessi (Peac and blessingj whims and watondesires, surrounded with whims and waton desire iunounded while s, while the Garden surrounded the Garde hardships'" Such n is surrounded with hardships." Such hardships will serve as a hardships serve as a test of man's goodly test man'sgoodly nature and of his truthful insistence on the attain- natureind truthful insistence the attain- on ment of Allah ment 's pleasu re and reward. A trader Allah's pleasureand reward' trader may spend sleepless nights and may spend sleeplessnights and put up with put up-with arduo us effort s in order to win a gainfu l deal. ardlous efforts order a gainful deal' However, the eterna However,the etemal l life in the abode of happiness the abode happiness is the biggest deal which man has ever competed is the biggest dealwhich man hasevercompeted or striven to attain. But what is Paradise like? or strivento attain. But what is Paradise like? be found The answer can only be found The answercan in the word of Al- the word lah lah in His Glorious Qur'an or in the words of His His GloriousQur'an the words His Graci ous Proph et (Peac GraciousProphet e and blessings upol (Peaceand blessings be uponbe him), who is ihe genuine Authority him), who is the genuineAuthority on the af- on, the- af- fairs of the seen and unseen in general and the fairs the seen ind unseen general and the Hereafter in particular, as he learnt about such re- Hereafter particular,as he leamt aboutsuchre- alities through Revelation received from the All- -All-a*u.e, received alities throughRevelation from the Ail- knowing, All-aware, knowing, Absolute Allah. The Absolute Allah' the
  19. 19. n 17 righteoussoul of a good believer returns righteous soul of a good believ er returns to its to its ..L:.d-'we.llpleased well pleasing,,: Lord "well please d and well pleasing": and "(To.the.righteous will be said:) "(To the righte ous soul will bL said:i soul "O (thou)soul,in (complete) and "0 (thou) soul, in (comp lete) rest and rest satisfaction! satisfaction! "Come back thou to thy Lord, well_pleased "Com e back thou to thy Lord, well-pleased (thyself),and well-pleasing (thyself), and well-p leasin g unto Him! unto Him! "Enterthou,then,among-y Devotees! "Ente r thou, then, amon g my Devotees! "Yea,enterthou "Yea, enter thou My Heave n!" Heaven!" (Qur'an, Bg:Zl -i0) (Qur'an, 89:27 -30) The abovepassage The above passag e refers to the state of freedo m refersto the state freedom and ease,to the final and everlasting ,rug. and ease, to the final and everla sting stage of o1 human bliss, when the righteoussoul huma n bliss, when the righte ous soul of the the righteous believer,at peacJwith its Lord, certain righte ous believ er, at peace with its Lord, certain of its way and fate, is welcomedamon g those its way and fate, is welco med amongthose servants Allah chosento enjoy this Divin e servan ts of AIIah chose n ro enjoy this bir,,ine graceand to receive Allah's mercy andprotection. grace and to receiveAllah'sme.cy and protection. "Every soul shall have taste of death: - "Ever y soul shall have a taite of^death: and and only on-the Day of Jud_gment on the Day Judgm ent shall you U. puiJ shall you be paid your fullrecompense.Only he whols .uu.d^ your full recom pense . Only he who is saved fu. far rrom the tstreand admittedto the Gardenwill have from the Fire and admit ted the Garde n will have succeeded:for the life of this world is but gooAi succe eded: the this world is goods andchattels deception."(Holy and chattels of deception. "(Holy eur'an,f :tfS) of Qur'an, 3:185) The blessings paradise The blessi ngs of Paradise cannot be concei,ved of canno t be conceived
  20. 20. 18 18 * this life, and are not, therefore,things of this in life, and are therefore, things of world: world: "Now no personknows what delightsof the perso n knows what delights the eye are hidde n reserve) them as a eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them as their (good) Deeds." rewardfor their (good)Deeds"' reward n, 32:17) (Qur'an,32:t7) (Qur'a explanation this ^ given the Prophet's An explanationof this is given in the Prophet's (p.uce anO blessings be upon him) tradition (Peace and blessings be upon tradition Bukhari's mentioned in Imam bukhari's menti oned compilation of compilation Hadith Hadith: - : i'Ailuh says: have prepared "Allah says: I have prepared for my righteous righteous servants that which no eye has ever seen'no servants that which no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever hsard, and no man'smind has ever ear has ever heard, and no man's mind has ever conceived. " conceived." the Glorious Qur'an about the We read in the Glorious Qur'an about the read Garden Gardens everlasting blisspassages Garden or Gardens of everlasting bliss passages the meaning of which runs as the meaning which runs as follows: follows: "Allah hath promisecl llelievers' men and "Aliah hath promised to Believers, men and to women,Gardensunderwhich rivers f1ow,to dwell women, Gardens under which rivers f1ow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in Gardens of therein, and beautiful mansionsin Gardens everlasting stay. But the greatest bliss is the Good everlasting stay. But the greatest bliss is the Good Pleasure of God: Pleasure God: That is the supreme felicity." (Qur'an, 9:72) That is the supreme feiicity." (Qur'an, 9:72) "My devotees! No "My devotees!No fear shallbe on you today fear shall be on you today nor shall ye grieve" nor shall Ye grieve"
  21. 21. 19 t9 "Those who have believed our Siens and "Those who have believed in our Signs and submitted (to Us)." (to submitted Us)." "Enter ye the Garden,ye and your wives, "Ente r ye the Garden, ye and your wives, in ._ (beautyand) rejoicing. (beauty and) rejoicing. "To them "To them will be passed round, dishes and be passed round, dishesand goblets goblets of gold: there will be there all that gold: there wiil be there that the souls could desire, all that the eyes could the souls could desire,all that the eyes could delight in: and ye shall abide therein (for aye). delight in: and ye shall abiderherein aye). "Such "Such will be the Garden of which ye are made be the Garden which ye are'made heirsfor your (good)deeds life). heirs for your (good) deeds (in life). (in "Ye shall have therein abundance of fruit, from shall have thereinabundance fruit. from which ye shall eat." (Qur'an, 43:68-73) which ye shalleat." (Qur'an, 43:6g-73) What What for sinners and disobedient criminals? sinnersand disobedient criminals? "The Sinnerswill the punishment Hell. to "The Sinners will in the Punishment of Hell, to dwell therein (for aye): dwell therein aye): "Nowise will the (punishment) lightened "Nowise will the (punishment) be lightened for be them, and in despa ir will they be there over- them, and despair they be there over_ whelmed. whelmed. "Nowise shall We be unjust to them: but is "Nowise shall We be unjust to them: but it is they who havebeenunjustthemselves." they who have been unjust themselves." (Qur'an,43:74-76) (Qur'an, 43:74-76) ****** ******
  22. 22. 20 2A The need to discussthis subjectof "happiness" The need to discuss this subject of "happiness" has arisen as a result of various reasons some has arisen as a result of various reasonssome of which may be summedas follows : of which may be summed as follows: (1) People could belong to different religious (l) People could belong to different religious denominations,or schools of thought, could denominations, schools of thought, have different feelings,wishes and aspirations, have different feelings, wishes and aspirations, yet they are apparently in total agreementabout are apparently in agreement about ihe puisuit of one goal in their life : that is the pursuit one goal their life: that happiness. happiness. This is true of all persons- believersand true persons - believers and non-believers, rulers and ruled, rich and poor, non-believers, rulers and ruled, rich and poor, to achievehappiness. they all toil to achieve happiness. they (2) Notwithstandingthe consensus all human (2) Notwithstanding the consensus of all human beings on seeking happiness, is however, beings on seeking happiness, it is however, surprising surylsing different individuals and how different individuals and people have chosen and different groups of people have chosen and different- groups defined foi themselves differing ways and defined for themselves differing ways and avenuesto achieve this commongo,al. And in so avenues to achieve this common gO,al. And in so doing a large number of them seem to have doing a large number of them seem to have missed the proper avenues to this goal and missed the proper avenues to this goal and achieve any have consequently failed to achieve any have consequently failed to happiness throughout happiness throughout their lives but only their lives but only have succeeded attaining what can be termed have succeeded in attaining what can be termed ln happiness as as "illusory" and "transitory" happiness as as "illusory" and "transitory"
  23. 23. 211 2 opposed to "real" and "permanent"happiness. opposed to "real" and "pennanent" happiness. Hence, the attempt Hence, the attempt in this book to re-direct this book r-e_direct thesepeopleto the proper course action to be these people to the prope r course of action to be able to achievethe sought-after able to achieve the sought-after happiness. happiness. The above,as _ The above ,as well as many other reasons, as many other reasons, have led to our discussion have led to our discussion of this important this importani subject subject with a sincere hope that this treatise a sincere hope that this ireatise would prove would prove of help to many who are earnestly help to many who are earnestly searching for real happiness. searching real happiness.
  24. 24. 22 22 DEFINITION OF HAPPINESS DEFINITION OF HAPPINESS WHAT IS HAPPINESS? WHAT IS HAPPINESS? According 'Webster's Rccorditg to 'Webster's Third New International New International Dictionary',happinessis a state of well-being Dictionary', happiness state of well-being characteri2edbyielative perrnanence, domi- characterized by relative pennanence, by nantly agreeable emotion rangingin value from nantly agreeable emotion ranging value deep and intense joy mere contentment to deep and intensejoy in mere contentment living, and by a naturaldesirefor its continuation. and natural desire continuation. this term and its "In tle distinctionbetween this tenn and its the distinction between synonyms (i.e., felicity, beatitude, blessedness synonyms (i.e., felicity, beatitude, blessedness, HAPPINESS"' as the general bliss), it defines HAPPINESS" , as the general Uiiss), defines or pleasureable tenn denoting enjoyment of or pleasureable term denoting enjoyment satisfaction well-being,security,or fulfillment satisfaction in well-being, security, or fulfillment in wishes.FELICITY, a more bookishor elevated of wishes. FELICITY, a more bookish or elevated word, may denote a higher, more lasting, or word, may denote a higher, more lasting, or BEATITUDE refers in more perfect happiness. BEATITUDE refers in more perfect happiness. this sense the hlghesthappiness, felicity of the this sense to the highest happiness, the felicity of to the blessed.BLESSEDNESS suggests the blessed. BLESSEDNESS suggests the deep the deep joy of pure or of acceptanceby joy ofpure affection or of acceptance by affection God. God. BLISS may apply to a completeand assured BLISS may apply to a complete and assured felicity." felicity." Somestudents education psychology and define Some students of education and psychology define of continuedfeeling or stateof HAPPINESS as the continued feeling or state of HAPPINESSas the delight,contentment, joy emanatingfrom the delight, contentment, and joy emanating from the and
  25. 25. 23 23 perrnanent pennanent sense of self-goodness, goodness of life sense self-goodness, goodness life and goodness man'sdestiny. and goodness of man's destiny. SOURCES HAPPINESS SOUR CES OF HAPP INESS OF Differentindividuals and groups peoplemay Differ ent individuals and groups of peopl e may have differenr ideas wirh .egaid to the best have different ideas with regard to the best ways achievinghappiness.However,there are ways of achieving happiness. However, there are several theories and speculations several theories and speculations which many a which manv a people share as constitutingthe main sources people share as constituting the main sources of happiness. happiness. These may be classified as follow s:: Thesemay be clasiifiedasfollows (1) Wealth (1) Wealt h (2) Rankandposition. (2) Rank and position. (3) Educational (3) Educational achiev ement s achievements (Academic (Acad emic and Hono rary Degrees). and HonoraryDegrees). (4) Fame(i.e., politics,aits,sporrs, (4) Fame (i.e., in politics, arts, sports, science, science, etc.). etc.). (1) HAPPINESS WEALTH (1) HAPP INESS IN WEA LTH Wealth is, probably, the element mostly asso_ Wealt h if, proba bly, the eleme nt mostly asso- ciated, ciated , if not synon ymou s, with happi ness as _not synonymous, with happiness as manypeoplethink. This understand so deep_ many peopl e think. This understand ing so deep- ing rooted rooted in the hearts of so many , to the extent the hearts so many,toihe extent that almos t every where people are engrossed in almost.everywhere e are engrossed peopl tut the acquisition wealth. ih.y the acquis ition of wealth.They look towards look towards wealth.as prima l constituent wealth as the primal consti tuent of happiness the happiness to to the point that for them the two are entwined. the point that them the two are entwined.
  26. 26. 24 24 How happy are those men and women who own How happy are those men and women who own ^empires, business empires, wide expansesof land and business wide expanses of land and estates, large bank deposits, etc? estates, largebank dePosits, etc? Many indeedare thosepeoplewho own millions Many indeed are those people who own millions or even billions but are sufferingfrom an almost but are suffering from an almost "u"t pernanent lack of peaceof mind as a result of permanent of peace of as of the fear they have over their wealth the fear tire have wealth the fear of, say, political turmoils,marketmovements, say, political turmoils, market movements, wars, plunders, theft, etc. And not only doessuch wars, piund^ers, theft, etc. does such fear lead sleepless nights for these people but fear lead to sleepless nights these people evep tensions,mental anguish,heart attacks and eve1t tensions, mental anguish, heart attacks and often one comesacrossreports the deaths. Very often one comes across reports in the deaths. media such as the following : media such as the * Fortunes lost and lives follow in financial Fortuneslost and lives financial market crash..... ! marketcrash.....! * A Tokyo trader shot himself after appa rently Tokyo tradershot himself after apparently losing money in the stockmarket--! losing money in the stock market..! * Australia's richestman was rushedto * Australia's richest man was rushed to condition,Sunday' hospital in serious condition, Sunday, hospital in serious after suffering a heart attack. ... ! aftersufferinga heartattack....! that happiness Understanding and accepting that happiness has Understandingand accepting has nothing to do with amassment of nothing to do with amassment wealth is of wealth is perhaps most liberatingrealizationwe can ever perhaps the most liberating realization we can ever the come to. cometo. Ample materialis readilyavailablefrom the lives Ample material is readily available from the lives
  27. 27. 25 25 many people to prove our dictum"wealth of many peopl e to prove our dictum "weal th is is not equal to happin ess". equal happiness". QAAR UN OAARUN Qarun's (Kora) Qarun's (Kora ) story serves as a typical story serves as a typica l ex^-ample ex-am ple of opule nt peopl e whose wealth opulent people whose wialth - infused them infused them with pride and pride and arrogance and arrogance and madethem forget the role wealth inhan's life. made them forget the role of wealth in man's life. Wealth shouldbe used Wealt h should be used for the achiev ement of the achievement the welfare man and his society the welfa re of man and his societ y in accor- accor_ dance with the dance with the will and comm andme nts of Al- and commandments Al_ mighty Allah, Who has granredman his exis_ might y Allah, Who has grante d man his exis- tence, tence, faculties, power s, susten ance and facult ies, powers, sustenance and resources. resources. His story is told in the His story is told in the Holy Qur'an: eur'an: "......Suchwere the treasure We had bestow ed " Such were the treasureWe had bestowed on him, that their very keys would have been on him, that their very keys would havebeen a burden to a body a burde n to a body of strong men. Behol d, his strongmen. Behold, his people saidto him: Exult not, people said to him: Exult not, for Allah loveth Allah loveth not those who exult (in riches)."(eur'an, 2g:76) not those who exult (in riches)." (Qur'an, 28:76) Then, Then, "So he went forth among his people the "So he went forth amon g his people in the (pride (pride of his wordly) glitter". (Qur'a n,28:7 9) his wordly) glitter;. (eur'an, 2g:79) When he was When he was in the hey-d ay of his glory, rhe hey-day his glory, worldly peopleenviedhim and thoughtnow nap_ worldly peopl e envied him and thoug ht how hap- py they would be if only they werein his place. py they would be if only they were in his place.
  28. 28. 26 26 But wise peoplewere not dazzledby Qaarun's But wise people were not dazzled by Qaarun's fabulous wealth, becausethey realizedthe tran- fabulous wealth, because they realized the tran- sient nature of worldly treasuresand they were sient nature of worldly treasures and they were certain that the true wealth is the reward of Al- certain that the true wealth is the reward of Al- lah (in the Hereafter) for lah (in the Hereafter) for those who be- those who be- and work rightesousness. lieve and work rightesousness. (Vide the Qur'an, Qur'an, 28:80) 28:80) ostentatiously and appeared to Qaarun lived ostentatiously and appeared Qaarun *uny of his people "a lord of mighty good many his people of mighty good gloriousappearance fortune." They admiredhis glorious appearance fortune." They admired his 'illusory this was but forgot his reality. All this was 'illusory but forgot his reality. happines' or, at least, transient happiness, just like happineJ' at least,transient or, happiness, like just a dream or a movie. a dream a movie. What was the end? What happenedto What was the end? What happened to all that that pomp, wealth, Pride and ^ arrogance? pomp, wealth, pride and arrogance? "Then, We caused the earth to swallow up him "T'hen.We causedthe earth to swallow up and his house;and he had not (the leastlittle) par- and his house; and he had not (the least little) par- ty to help him againstAllah, nor could he defend ty to help him against Allah, nor could he defend himself." (Qur'an 28:81) himself."(Qur'an28:81) CHRISTINA ONASSIS CHRISTINA ONASSIS ti"J another eventful story which Here lies another eventful story H.t. which proved beyonddoubt that wealth, whateverthe proved beyond doubt that wealth, whatever the imount o.teholds, cannotby itself be the basisfor amount one holds, cannot by itself be the basis for the achievement real happiness! Here is the the achievement of real happiness! Here is the of the minds of story which for years dominated the minds of story which for years <iominated
  29. 29. 21 27 writers, reportersand newsmen,as well as the writers, reporters and newsmen, as well as the pagesof newspapers, books and magazines! pages of newspapers, books and magazines! - This is the storyof Christina Onassis daughter This is the story of Christina Onassis - daughter of the famous Greek tycoon,Aristotle Onassis, of the famous Greek tycoon, Aristotle Onassis, who owned fleets of ships and aeroplanes, who owned fleets of ships and aeroplanes, lakes and islands, real estates, lakes and islands, real estates, huge bank depos- hugebank depos- its, etc. Following the death of her father, its, etc. Following the death her farher, Christina was the only one lefr behind as the Christina was the only one left behind as the legal heiressto the vast resources her father legal heiress to the vast resources of her father besidesher late father's secondwife Jacqueline besides her late father's second wife Jacqueline Kennedy. The enornous liquid inheritances Kennedy. The enormous liquid inheritances were to the tune were to the tune of billions of dollars besides the billions dollarsbesides the immovable properties,the fleet immovable properties, the fleet of ships and ships and aeroplanes,lakes and islands, real estates, aeroplanes, lakes and islands, real estates, large large bank deposites, etc What an inheritance that bank deposites, What an inheritancethat etc was! Certainly, to the judgment,reasoning, was! Certainly, to the judgment, reasoning, feelings and standards most people, someon~ feelings and standards of most people, someore inheriting such a huge fortune should be the inheriting such huge fortune should be the happiest personon earth - but was this true for happiest person on earth - but was this true Christina? Christina? The answerto this question only be The answer to this question can only be can arrivedat after going throughthe following pages arrived at after going through the following pages which briefly explainthe known course.of which briefly explain the known course.of her her life. life. Christinagot marriedto an American duringher Christina got married an American during her father's lifetime; but only a lew months father's lifetime; only few months thereafter marriagebrokeup andendedup in thereafter the marriage broke the and ended divorce. After the death of her father,she got divorce. the death of her father, she got
  30. 30. 28 28 married to a Greek for the secondtime but married a Greek the second their marriage lasted only a few months,if not their marriage lasted months, if weeks, beforeit was all over! weeks, before was over! Christina stayed out of marriagefor quite some Christinh stayed out marriage quite some time apparently'looking for a happy life outside time apparently'looking happy outside the marriagebond. However, that happiness did the marriage bond. However,that happiness not materialize and, after a few yearshad elapsed, not materializeand, after a years had elapsed, she felt like trying to find a life of happiness she a happiness under under the marriage bond once again. This time her the marriage bond once again. time choice for a husband was from a completely choice a husband was a completely different camp from communist Russia! To many differentcamp from communistRussia! many who knew her free style western life, this step, who knew her free style westem this step, indeed, became an interesting, if not perturbingor indeed,becamean interesting,if perturbing excruciating experience. And when once asked excruciating experience. when once asked by a pressman this move, shehad a ready by a pressman of this move, she had a ready answerwhich was simple, short, frank: answer which was simple, short, but frank: "I am am for happiness." searching for happiness." searching Of course, her two previous marriages were course, her two previousmarriageswere with men from the West; and since they both with men from the West; and since they both failed, she thought that she could "discover" failed, she thought that she could "discover" some happiness the East.But here too shewas some happiness in the East. But here too she was only trying out her luck with no guarantees. only trying out her luck no guarantees. When pressmen interviewedher a secondtime When pressmen interviewed her for a second time her unchanged reply was: am searching her unchanged reply was: "I am searching for for · happiness..! h appmess... , But was she reaily happy about her marriage But was she really happy about her marriage in Russia? Never! She hardly remained with the Russia? Never! She hardlv remained the
  31. 31. 29 29 Russian for more than a year before sh~ Russian for more than a year before she eventually divorcedhim! eventually divorced him! Apparently, that was not the end of the marriage Apparently, that was not the end of the marriage "dilemma".Back in Europeshedecidedto give it "dilemma". Back in Europe she decided to give it one more final try this time with a French one more final try this time with a French industrialist, the fourth husbandfrom a fourth industrialist, the fourth husband from a fourth different country in hardly a period of two years! different country in hardly a period of two years! What a miserableand unsecured What a miserable and unsecured life it has been. It hasbeen. was during one those occasions at a party was during one of those occasions at a party relating to this last marriage that a pressman relating to this last marriage that a pressman askedher whether she was the richestwoman asked her whether she was the richest woman and her frank reply went as follows: "yes! am and her frank reply went as follows: "Yes! I am the richestwomanbut the unhappiest...." the richest woman but the unhappiest.. .." The marriage the French industrialistwent The marriage with the French industrialist went ahead plannedbut it took only a few months to ahead asas planned but took only a few monthsto existbefore was gone! exist beforeit was all gone! Havingfailed to achieve Having failed achieve happiness happiness undermarriage under marriage life, Christina vowed not to marry again and life, Christina vowed not marry again and endeavoured to achieve happiness"on her endeavoured achieve happiness "on her own". However, happinesswas impossiblefor own". However, happiness was impossible her even on her own and shespent the rest of even and she spent the rest her life in a desperate desperate manner full of frustrations manner full of frustrations and dissappointments and dissappointments and of frenzy travels and of frenzy travels betweenthe world'smajor citiesuntil, finally, she between the world's cities until, finally, she was found lying deadinsidea hotel in Argentina. was found dead inside hotel Argentina. Who killed her?She committedsuicide!Whar an Who killed her? She committed suicide! What an unhappy ending1bra very, very wealthylady! unhappy ending for a very, very wealthy lady!
  32. 32. 30 30 Was her wealth ableto buy her happiness? Was wealth able happiness? NEVER, INDEED!!!!! NE VE R ,I N D E E D !!!!! (2) HAPPINESSIN RANK ANpgOSITION (2) HAPPINESS RANK ANDPOSITION Could real happiness be attained through the Could real happiness attained through the acquirementof high rank or position in society? acquirement rank position society? To many the answer is in the affirmative. many the answer the affinnative. This is apparentlydue to lack of deep insight in This apparently due lack deep insight the natureof rank or position and the responsibili- the nature rank position and the responsibili- ties which they involve. In Islam, holding any ties which they involve. Islam, holding any and foremost position, rank or office is first and foremost position, rank a trust and, therefore, constitutes an regarded as a trust and, therefore, constitutes an regardedas as moral responsi- obligation, and a legal as well as moral responsi- obligation,and a legal as Therefore,those to be entrusted such bility. Therefore, those to be entrusted with such who are possessed roles could only be citizens who are possessed of rolescould only be citizens unquestionable competence, integrityand virtue. unquestionable competence, integrity and virtue. Only a righteous and competent personcan shoul- Only a righteous and competent person can shoul- der responsibility usehis positionor office for der responsibility and use his position or office for and public welfare. public welfare. Such a personwould be able to dispense justice Such a person would be able to dispense justice based on moral value and promote sound based on moral value and promote sound administration.He would promote and enhance administration. He would promote and enhance his people by handling their the well-being of his people by handling their the well-being a manner that is accordance affairs in a manner that is in accordance with affairs In return, he would eam his public interest. In return, he would earn his public interest. people's obedience, support, loyalty and coop- people's obedience, support, loyalty and coop- eration. Thus, he would love doing his job eration. Thus, he would love doing his job
  33. 33. 31l 3 because ultimately he would be blessed with because ultimately he would be blessed with joy, happiness,contentment satisfaction. joy, happiness,contentment and satisfaction. and However, any person who is entrusted However, any person who is entrusted with au-with au- thority over othersand doesnot conducthis affairs thority over others and does not conduct his affairs on the basisof justiceandmoral standards, on the basis of justice and moral standards, would would definitely be responsible maladministration. definitely be responsible for maladministration. for His positionwould only be a source miseryand His position would only be a source of misery and corruption with issues corruption with issues such as the following: suchas the following: *Loss of public confidence. *Loss of public confidence. *Rift betweenthe ruler and the ruled. *Rift between the ruler and the ruled. *Tension,fear and insecurity *Tension, fear and insecurity of life and and position on the part of the ruler. position on the part the ruler. *The ruler'sintemal restlessness *The ruler's internal restlessness and and agonies conscience. agonies of conscience. *Upsurge enemies *Upsurge of enemies and oppositions and oppositions from amongstthe ruled. from amongst the ruled. *Ruler goingto greatlengths protect *Ruler going to great lengths to protect his position - at timesat any cost, even his position - at times at any cost,even if that may mean the shedding of blood. if that may meanthe shedding blood. *Public revolt. *Public revolt. *Coupsd'etat. *Coups d'etat. *Assassinations. *Assassinations. Hardly does a year pass by around the world does year pass around the without closingwith the news of miserablefalls, without closing the news of miserable falls, overthrows and/orassassinations overthrows and/or assassinations of unwanted of unwanted
  34. 34. 32 32 rulers, kings, emperors, premiers,presidents, etc. rulers,kings, emperors, premiers, presidents,etc. Recent casesinclude the following: Recent cases include the following: The Shahof Iran Shah of The Shah of Iran who once organizedan interna- Shah of once organized an interna- tional ceremonyto commemorate passingof tional ceremony commemorate the passing of the 2500 years since the birth of the "Persianstate"! 2500 years since the of "Persian state"! But when the end came it was heavy. He was when the end came was heavy. was "chased" out of his country by a massivepublic "chased"out country massive public revolt and spent the rest of his life "wandering" revolt and spent the rest of "wandering" from one country to anotheruntil he eventually from one country another he eventually died a miserable death in Egypt as a result of a died a miserable death Egypt as result chronic cancer. chroniccancer. Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos The man who for 20 yearsliterally "owned" the The man who for 20 years literally "owned" the Philippines and ruled as were a "family Philippines and ruled it as if it were a "family enterprise", came to a terrible end. He was enterprise", came to a terrible end. He was "thrown"out of his countryby the massesand "thrown" out of his country by the masses and spent several yearsthereafter exile in various spent several years thereafter in exile in various "hide-orrts"under tight security "hide-outs" under tight security for fear of being for fear of being murdered. murdered. Jean Bedel Bokassa, the self-proclaimed Jean Bedel Bokassa, the self-proclaimed "Emperor"of the Republicof CentralAtiica. "Emperor" of the Republic of Central Africa. Here was a man who spent for his coronation Here was a man who spent for his coronation more than his country'stotal gross national more than his country's total gross national
  35. 35. 333 3 product. He was later toppled by his countrymen product. He was later toppledby his countrymen and at presenthe is serving a life-imprisonment and at present he is serving a life-imprisonment sentence. sentence. NicolaeCeausescu Nicolae Ceausescu The man dwelt in a palacebuilt in "puregold" for Theman dwelt in a palace built in "pure gold" for a period more than 20 yearsas the "owner" a period of more than 20 years as the "owner" of Romania! To suppress a public revolt he used Romania! To suppressa public revolt he used tanks and artillery so that tanks and artillery so that by the end of the the end the revolution 64,000 people were reportedto have revolution 64,000 people were reported to have been killed in the cities. He was later caught while been the cities. He was later caughtwhile trying to escapeout his country and was trying to escape out of his country and was "slaughtered" beforethe eyes the public! "slaughtered" before the eyes of the public! Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi He was assassinated public and closedthe chap- He was assassinated in public and closed the chap- ter of an unpopular ter an unpopular dynasty. dynasty. The list is inexhaustive. is a wonder.however. The is inexhaustive. It is wonder, however, how all evil men have much in common- but the how men have much common but the sureend of all evil is evil! sure end of is
  36. 36. 34 5+ (3) EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS EDUCATIONAL (ACADEMIC AND HONORARY DEGREES) AND DEGREES) Then, where is happiness? it in obtainingthe Then, where happiness? Is obtaining the highest level of education and in earningdoctorate highestlevel of education and earning doctorate degrees? degrees? true that Islam encourages but also It is true that Islam not only encourages also requiresman to seek knowledge and live in the requires man seek knowledge and the light of learning.Islam is a way learning. Islam is way of life basedon based knowledge and on superstition.Prophets are knowledgeand not on superstition. Prophetsare the sources divine knowledge, and the first the sources of divine knowledge,and the first di- vine revelationto ProphetMuhammad(peace vine revelation to Prophet Muhammad (peace be be upon him) beginswith the word upon him) begins with the word "IQRA" meaning meaning "READ". that samerevelation, Allah,(Glorybe "READ". In that same revelation, Allah,(Glory be tells mankindthat He (Allah) taughtman to Him) tells mankind that He (Allah) taught man to the pen" and taught man "what he did not "with the pen" and taught man "what he did not know". know". Much emphasisis placed in Islam on the need Much emphasis is placed in Islam on the need for excellent learning, that in the Holy for excellent learning, that in the Holy Qur'an, Allah, Glory be to Him, teaches Qur'an, Allah, Glory be to Him, teaches mankind the following supplications: mankindthe following supplications: ".....and say O my Lord, advance in knowl- me ".....and say 0 my Lord, advance me in knowl- edge". ". Q u r ' a n22:114)) e d g e (Qur'an, 2 2:l l 4 ( , In anotherverse of the holy Qur'an,Allah tells In another verse of the holy Qur'an, Allah tells mankind: mankind: ".....thosetruly fear Allah amongHis servants ".....those truly fear Allah among His servants (Qur'an, who have knowledge." (Qur'an, 35:28) who haveknowledge." 35:28)
  37. 37. 355 3 Yet, in another verse of the Holy Qur'an,Allah Yet, in another verse of the Holy Qur'an, Allah questions mankind: questions mankind: ".....are they equal,thosewho know and those ".....are they equal, those who know and those who do not know? (Qur'an,39:9) who do not know? (Qur'an, 39:9) ProphetMuhammad(peace upon him) alsoleft Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also left be behind many authenticsayingsand teachingsin behind many authentic sayings and teachings in this regard emphasizing the importance and this regard emphasizing the importance and superiority knowledge.In one thesesayings, superiority of knowledge.In one of these sayings, the Prophet(peace upon him) saidthat seeking be the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that seeking knowledge everyMuslim'sduty. is knowledge is every Muslim's duty. Suchis the concept of Islam with regard Such is the concept Islam with regard to leaming that leaves wide openall fields to learning that it leaves wide open all fields thought before the human intellect to penetrate of thought before the human intellect to penetrate as far as could reach. frees,and lays down no as far as it could reach. It frees, and lays down no restrictions against,the free-thinkerwho seeks restrictions against, the free-thinker who seeks knowledgeto widen his vision and broadenhis knowledge to widen his vision and broaden his mind. However,such intellectual mind. However, suchintellectual development is development is not and could not be pursued an absolute objec- not and could not be pursued as an absolute as objec- tive in itself. It could not be independent tive itself. could not be independent but but would remain throughout on the plane of faith would remain throughout on the plane faith with the moral valuesbasedon the true religionof the moral values based on the true religion Allah, that is Islam. Allah, that is Islam. It is only by doing so that a person's is only doing so that person's intellect intellect gets complete "nourishment" his intellectual getsa compiete "nourishment" andhis intellectual and life becomes enriched so as to be constructive becomes enriched so as be constructive an<iuseful.It is only by suchintegration the and useful. It such integration of the
  38. 38. 36 36 intellectual and the spiritual values that the intellectual and the spiritual values that the person'sinternal nature becomessound,healthy person's internal nature becomes sound, healthy andhappy.However,if knowledge and scientific and happy. However, if knowledge and scientific researchare taken as an end in themselves the research are taken as an end themselves at the costof faith, moral and spiritualvalues,theneven cost faith, moral and spiritual values, then even the most learned man would "unhappily"be the most learned man would "unhappily" be regressed "the lowest of the low" despiteany regressed to "the lowest of the despite any qualifications, degrees,credentialsand honours qualifications, degrees, credentials and. honours he may have possessed. While advancement in lie may have possessed.While advancement knowledge and science alone may work well knowledge and sciencealonemay when it comes to the treatment of matter, when comes the treatment matter, yet, could not be takenas conclusive. yet, it could not be taken as conclusive. Very frequently one comes across press Very frequently one comes across press reports such as the following:: reportssuchas the following collegePROFESSORwas jailed after he "A college PROFESSOR was jailed after he was accused kidnappinga woman and holding was accused of kidnapping a woman and holding her a closet two weeks for his pleas- her in a closet for two weeks for his pleas- chargecarriesa 10 to 99 year prison ure .....the charge carries a 10 to 99 year prison ure.....the sentence admitted the charge...." to he admitted to the charge " sentence......he StandardUniversity LECTURER fired for "A Standard University LECTURER fired for carrying drugs on campus, yet he said that he will carryingdrugson campus, he saidthat he yet fight his dismissal but would not changehis fight his dismissal but would not change his ways.He added;"that is my right as long as do ways. He added; "that is my right as long as I do not hurt anybody else...." not hurt anybodyelse...." "A male "A male top WashingtonLAWYER and top Washington LAWYER and his businessmanlover filed a potentialland-mark his businessman lover filed a potential land-mark lawsuit, lawsuit, trying trying to become to the first become the first
  39. 39. 37 37 homosexuals get married legally in the United to homosexuals to get married legally in the United States...." States...." "StanfordMedical SchoolPresident brought has "Stanford Medical School President has brought disciplinary charges sexual har-rassment and disciplinary charges of sexual har-rassment and professional misconduct against male cardiology a professional misconduct against a male cardiology PROFESSOR. The charges are based on com- PROFESSOR. The charges are based on com- plaints two femalemedicalstudents there...." plaints of two female medical students there...." "Two DOCTORSwere fined and given prison "Two DOCTORS were fined and given prison sentences yesterday performinga sentences yesterday for performing a sex-change operation on a patient.....He(the sex-change operation on a patient.. ...He (the sex-change victim) filed a complaint sex-change victim) filed a complaint in 1984 1984 asserting that the operation had not been asserting that the operation had not been successfuland that he was constantpain. Four successful and that he was in constant pain. Four years laterhe committed suicide......" years later he committed suicide " DOCTOR cries out saying: A WOMAN DOCTOR cries out saying: "Take away certificate and give me a hus- "Take away my certificate and give me a hus- band""Let us read what that poor woman doctor band". Let us read what that poor woman doctor writes "Every morning at writes in her own words: "Every morningat her own words: 7:00 o'clock, shed tears behind the chauffeur 7:00 o'clock, I shed tears behind the chauffeur who drived me in my car to my medical clinic who drived me car to medical clinic 'prison "Every 'prison cell' or 'grave'."She goeson saying: "Every cell' or'grave'."She goes on saying: time I reached destination, I found women time reached my destination, found women and children waiting for me. They looked at me and children waiting me. They looked at me with admirationand regarded white coat as if admiration and regarded my white coat as if it werea luxuriouskind of clothesmade of Persian were luxurious clothes made Persian silk, yet it was to my view - the'moumer's silk, yet was to view - the 'mourner's
  40. 40. 38 38 clothes'. And every time I reachedmy clinic, I clothes'. every time reached clinic, fixed the stethoscope, if it were a hangman's fixed the stethoscope, as if were hangman's as rope around rope tied aroundmy neck.neck. Now, I am in my thirties and I am very pessimistic am thirties and am very pessimistic aboutthe future." Then, shecries out! "Take away about the future." Then, she cries out! "Take away my certificate, my coats and my moneyand let me certificate, coatsand money and let me hearthe word MUM". Then she writes a few lines hear the MUM". Then shewrites lines her inner feelings: "People would call describing her innerfeelings: "People would call describing me a doctor, but what benefit do I get from hear- me doctor, what benefit do get hear- ing it? So, tell those people who considered me ing it? So, those people who considered me good example,that now am to be pitied. as a good example, that now I am to be pitied. as a All I want and hope for is to have my own child to All want and hope is have own child hug and caress. But, can buy hug and caress. But, can I buy it with all my ail Money?" Money?" Just look at what happens the woman doctor. Just look at what happens to the woman doctor. to her everydayagony and How she describes her everyday agony and How she describes her medicalas a prison cell how she thinks of her medical as a prison cell how she thinks and a grave. ln short,doesshe enjoy her profes- and a grave. In short, does she enjoy her profes- sion? Does she get any level of satisfaction and sion? Does she get any level satisfaction and contentment life? The answer is left to the contentment in life? The answer is left to the reader. .. reader... (4) HAPPINESS (4) HAPPINESS IN FAME There are two activitieswith which fame is There are two activities with which fame is usually associated: usuallyassociated: * Sporting * Sporting * Actine * Acting
  41. 41. 39 39 How much happiness the "famous" men and do How much happiness do the "famous" men and women activities enjoy? Let us take a brief women in activities enjoy? Let us take a brief look at each thesetwo activities turn. look at each of these two activities in tum. Sporting Sporting is gratifying to note that mosr It is gratifying to note that most of the the Islamic forms of worship, e.g. prayers, fasting Islamic forms worship, e.g. prayers,fasting andpilgrimage, displaysomesportingcharacteris- and pilgrimage, display some sporting characteris- tics, althoughthey are basicallyby nature meant tics, although they are basically by nature meant spiritual purposes.But who would deny the for spiritual purposes. But who would deny the constantinteraction between the physique and constant interaction between the physique and morale man? Yet, that is not all that Islam has morale of man? Yet, that is not all that Islam has to say on the subject sports and physical to say on the subject of sports and physical exercises. sportingactivity that promotes exercises. Any sporting activity that promotes sound thinking refreshes mind and revital- sound thinking or refreshes the mind and revital- the izes the body to keep man healthyshapeis izes the body to keep man in healthy shape is encouraged Islam.The generalIslamicprecept encouraged by Islam. The general Islamic precept this matter is the statement in this matter is the statement in which the which the Prophet Prophet (peace upon him) says: (peace be upon him) says: be "The strongbeliever is better than the weak "The strong believeris betterthan the weak one." (Reported Imam Ahmad, Muslim and one." (Reported by Imam Ahmad,Muslim and Ibn Majah on the authorityof Abu Huraira) Majah the authority Huraira) Physicai Physical exercises sporting exercises and sporting activities valu- and activities arevalu- are able things in themseh,es, able things themselves, but they should but they should
  42. 42. 40 40 only be takenfor what they are worth,i.e.,to pre- only be taken what they are worth,i.e., pre- pare our minds and bodies for the more serious pare minds and bodies the more serious matters They should be taken as an mattersof life. They should not be taken as an end in themselvesor be allowed to deflect away end themselves be allowed deflect away our minds or blur our visions to appreciate the our minds visions to appreciatethe more serious requirements of our inner lives.. more seriousrequirements our inner lives Sportinghas almostbecomea sort a "religion" Sporting has almost become a sort of a "religion" for sportsmen, "it runs in their blood"l for sportsmen, runs their blood"! Therefore, if spofrs are carried to such an ex- Therefore, if sports are carried to such an ex- to realize the treme, one could not fail to realize the kind of treme. one could "suffering" to such men and women lead "suffering" to which such men and women lead their lives. Thus: their lives.Thus: *The internal feelings and pressures to *The internal feelings and pressures to win over, say, a particular game - and at times at any over, say,a particulargame and at times at any cost,eventhatmay meantakingprohibited drugs. cost, even that may mean taking prohibited drugs. * The "big blow" upon losing a game; the * The "big blow" upon losing a game;the the agony, the despair, the embarrassment, the agony, the despair, the embarrassment, and the ridiculefrom the "fans". shame and the ridicule from the "fans". shame * The loss quitting from the team * The loss of job, quitting from the team losinga gameor, worse,beingfired! after losing a game or, worse, being fired! after Therefore, we need to ask the Therefore, we need to ask the question question whetheror not a life exposed to such physical whether or not a life exposed to such physical danger,ordeal and shortcomingsis a happy danger, ordeal and shortcomings is a happy one? TIle answer is left to you,the reader.. .. ! one?The answeris left to vou.thereader....!
  43. 43. 41 41 The sportsmedia is storiessuchas the The sports media is full of stories such as the fol- lowing: lowing: "Sports activities proved dangerous with "Sports activities proved dangerous basketball injuries aloneaccounting more than basketball injuries alone accounting for more than 640,000hospital visits lastyear,new U.S. safe- 640,000 hospital visits last year, new U.S. safe- figuresshow...." ty figures show...." "Three football playing veterans died "Three football playing veterans died of heart heart attacks during an intemational goldenoldies...." attacks during an international golden oldies...." "Liverpool'sMcmahonbroke his leg a tackle "Liverpool's Mcmahon broke his leg in a tackle duringthe F.A. cup clashyesterday..." during the F.A. cup clash yesterday..." "Cubanrunningstar,Ana Quirot,sayssheplans "Cuban running star, Ana Quirot, says she plans sports after the 1992 Barcelona to quit from sports after the 1992 Barcelona Olympics because she wants to become a Olympics because she wants to become a mother.....I've beenrunningfor 15 yearsand.....I mother. ....I've been running for 15 years and.... .1 wantto be a mothernow......" want to be a mother now " "Canadian sprinter, Ben Johnson, was stripped "Canadian sprinter,Ben Johnson, was stripped the Olympic 1OO-meter and world record of the Olympic 100-meter title and world record title in Seoulaftertestingpositive Steroiddrugs...." in Seoul after testing positive for Steroid drugs .... " "U.S. shot-putter, Jim Doehring, rankedthird "U.S. shot-putter, Jim Doehring, ranked third in the world, hasbeensuspended two years for in the world, has been suspended for two years from the field afterfailing a drug test......" from the field after failing a drug test.. .... " There are other storiessimilar to thesewhich we There are other stories similar to these which we could reproduce could reproduce here in support of our argument, here support our argument, but the sake time and spacelet us have a but for the sake of time and space let us have a look at just one more case without which I could look at just onemorecase withoutwhich could not have done justice to a subject discussing not have done justice to a subject discussing
  44. 44. 42 42 men,sports,fame and happiness. This was the men, sports, fame and happiness. This was the story Diego Maradona! For a time his name story of Diego Maradona! For a time his name was everywhere; all media and literally on all was everywhere; in all media and literally on all com- mercialproducts com- mercial products and advertisements. and advertisements. Football eamed "wealth" and "pride".His Football earned him "wealth" and "pride".His luxury carswere estimated the tune $1 to luxury cars were estimated to the tune of $1 mil- lion, includinga Ferrari F-40 worth $323,000 lion, including a Ferrari F-40 wor.th $323,000 besidesthe Rolls Roycesand the BMW's. besides the Rolls Royces and the BMW's. He was all that and evenmore! He was in all that and even more! But hardly did hardly did he complete years in that "fame","wealth" he complete 4 years in that "fame" ,"wealth" and "prominence" when the world had to reada and "prominence" when the world had to read a much more differentkind story abouthim! He much more different kind of story about him! He used cocaine an Italian leaguematch! What used cocaine for an Italian league match! What were the consequences? was wanted Italian were the consequences? He was wanted in Italian He courtsfor a relatedcase "cocaine possession": courts for a related case of "cocaine possession": and a few weeks after returning to his native and a few weeks after returning to his native homeland Argentina, he was arrested homeland of Argentina, he was arrested for another round cocaine possession for another round of cocaine possession and forand supplying the drug free to others and his supplying the drug free to others and his including the luxury cars, were put to treasure, including the luxury cars, were put to treasure, auction! What else?Blame,ridicule,shame, auction! What else? Blame, ridicule, shame, dis- dis- appointrnent and resentment from people appointment and resentment from people of all all walks, largely, frorn his "loyal fans" and walks, but largely, from his "loyal fans" and particulariy so, those in Italy whoseangerand particularly so, those in Italy whose anger and dismay was loud enough. one newspaper dismay was loud enough. In one newspaper report which accordingto a public opinionpoll, report which according to a public opinion poll,

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