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Κλασική εποχή (480-323 π.Χ.)

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Ερωτήσεις για την Ιστορία Α Λυκείου στο κεφάλαιο Κλασική Εποχή, σελ. 98-105.

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Κλασική εποχή (480-323 π.Χ.)

  1. 1. ΓΕΛ ΑΓΙΑΣ ΤΡΙΑΔΑΣ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ Α ΓΥΜΝΑΣΙΟΥ ΤΜΗΜΑ: Α…. ΣΧ. ΕΤΟΣ: 2013-14 2.3. Κλαςικι εποχι (480-323 π.Χ.) ΗΜΕΡΟΜ.:…./12/13 Παρατθριςεισ: 1. Ποια ιςτορικά γεγονότα οριοκετοφν χρονικά τθν κλαςικι εποχι; Ποφ οφείλεται ο χαρακτθριςμόσ τθσ; ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2. Γιατί οι νικθφόροι περςικοί πόλεμοι προετοίμαςαν τθν κλαςικι εποχι; ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 3. Ποια ιταν τα αίτια του Πελοποννθςιακοφ πολζμου; .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4. Ποια ιςτορικά γεγονότα δεςπόηουν τον 4ο αιϊνα π.Χ.; .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5. Τι ιταν θ Δθλιακι (Αϋ Ακθναϊκι) ςυμμαχία; (ζδρα, ταμείο, ςχζςεισ μελϊν). .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6. Πϊσ χρθςιμοποίθςαν οι Ακθναίοι τθ Δθλιακι ςυμμαχία; .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7. Ποιοσ ιταν ο ρόλοσ του Κίμωνα ςτθν εδραίωςθ τθσ ακθναϊκισ δφναμθσ; Γιατί εξοςτρακίςτθκε; .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8. Ποια ιταν θ ςυνειςφορά του Εφιάλτθ ςτθν ενίςχυςθ του δθμοκρατικοφ πολιτεφματοσ τθσ Ακινασ; (βλ. πθγι 13) .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9. Πϊσ γίνεται θ μεταβολι τθσ ακθναϊκισ ςυμμαχίασ ςε θγεμονία; Ποιεσ οι ενζργειεσ του Κίμωνα μετά τθν επάνοδό του από τθν εξορία; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... .....................................................................................................................................................................................
  2. 2. 10. Εξθγιςτε με ςυντομία τι ιταν θ «Καλλίειοσ» ςυνκικθ και τι οι «τριακοντοφτεισ ςπονδαί»; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 11. Γιατί ο πζμπτοσ αιϊνασ ονομάςτθκε «χρυςοφσ αιϊν του Περικλζουσ»; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 12. Πϊσ περιγράφει ο Θουκυδίδθσ το πολιτικό κακεςτϊσ τθν εποχι του Περικλι; Ποια ιταν τα χαρίςματα του Περικλι; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 13. Περιγράψτε τισ πολιτικζσ ενζργειεσ του Περικλι: α) για τθν ενίςχυςθ του δθμοκρατικοφ πολιτεφματοσ, β) για εκπαίδευςθ των πολιτϊν, γ) για τθν ενίςχυςθ τθσ εμπορικισ επιρροισ τθσ Ακινασ. ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 14. Εξθγιςτε τα ζςοδα του ακθναϊκοφ κράτουσ: α) από τθν εκμετάλλευςθ των μεταλλείων, β) από τθν άμεςθ και ζμμεςθ φορολογία, γ) από τθ φορολόγθςθ των ςυμμάχων. ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 15. Ποιεσ ιταν οι ζκτακτεσ ειςφορζσ; Περιγράψτε 3 βαςικζσ λειτουργίεσ. ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 16. Αναφζρατε τρεισ αιτίεσ τθσ αντιπαράκεςθσ Ακινασ - Σπάρτθσ. ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 17. Ποιεσ είναι οι ιςτορικοί του Πελοποννθςιακοφ πολζμου και ποιεσ οι περίοδοί του; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... .....................................................................................................................................................................................
  3. 3. 18. Γιατί ο Θουκυδίδθσ κεωρεί τον Πελοποννθςιακό πόλεμο ωσ τον ςθμαντικότερο από τουσ προθγοφμενουσ (βλ. πθγι 15); ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 19. Αναφζρατε επιγραμματικά τισ ςυνζπειεσ του Πελοποννθςιακοφ πολζμου. ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 20. Ποια προβλιματα αντιμετϊπιηαν οι πόλεισ κράτθ τον 4ο αιϊνα π.Χ.; Ποια θ ευκφνθ των Περςϊν; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 21. Τι ιταν ο Βοιωτικόσ ι Κορινκιακόσ πόλεμοσ; Ποιοσ ο ρόλοσ των Περςϊν; (βλ. πθγι 16). ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 22. Τι προζβλεπε θ Βαςίλειοσ ι Ανταλκίδειοσ ειρινθ; Ποιοσ ο ρόλοσ των Σπαρτιατϊν; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 23. Ποιεσ μάχεσ οριοκετοφν τθ Θθβαϊκι θγεμονία; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 24. Πϊσ γεννικθκε θ πανελλινια ιδζα, τι πρζςβευε και από ποιουσ υποςτθρίχκθκε; ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... .....................................................................................................................................................................................

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