Eurasia Partnership Foundation Armenia


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  • 95% of the interviewed migrants reported having sent remittances to only one household, on average remittances are sent every 4 to 6 months. We believe that the amount of remittances sent and savings brought to Armenia tend to be underreported. Thus the average presented here might be somewhat lower than in reality. (present Minimum maximum, mean). We notice a slight increase in the amount during the last trip, but that can be associated in the increase in cost of living.
  • Figures for the results of media monitoring in Armenia are very much alike the figures that the monitoring exposed in Azerbaijan.
  • "The Minister and the Mining Sector" , started as an attempt to clarify why the country’s Environment Ministry was seemingly disinterested in tackling the looming ecological challenges facing the country in particular in regards to the rapidly expanding mining sector. Eight months later Baghdasaryan had discovered that the Minister of the Environment had been very busy awarding exploration licenses to 15 members of his family as well as his office assistants in violation of several statutes. As a result of these stories a study was begun into the mining industry and changes were made to create a public tender process and competitive bidding. A few months later the Environment Minister lost his job. This story showed the impact that can be made by collecting the documentation and using it in the story.
  • Eurasia Partnership Foundation Armenia

    1. 1. EPF: Past and Future Yerevan, 2009
    2. 7. History <ul><li>1992 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eurasia Foundation (EF) is founded and incorporated as a non-profit in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington, DC. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1993 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First grants from Washington, DC office benefiting local organizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1995 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offices in Armenia and Georgia begin operations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Azerbaijan office opens. Bill Maines as a key figure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South Caucasus Cooperation Program SCCP is established to increase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cooperation between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 8. History cont’d <ul><li>2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With funding from Carnegie Corporation of New York, EF establishes the Caucasus Research Resource Centers CRRC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2007 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eurasia Partnership Foundation EPF is launched </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eurasia Foundation Network is established </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPF Armenia becomes a leader in Armenia-Turkey civil society confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>building work. Co-funded by Norway </li></ul></ul>
    4. 9. <ul><li>To empower people to effect change through hands-on programs, helping them to improve their communities and their lives. </li></ul>
    5. 10. Equip. Enable. Empower. <ul><li>From the time of its establishment until the registration of EPF as local foundation in 2007, </li></ul><ul><li>EF invested nearly $70 million in the South Caucasus </li></ul><ul><li>more than 1,700 grants </li></ul>
    6. 11. GIND Printing House 1997 <ul><li>A profitable company responsible for 50 percent of </li></ul><ul><li>the newspapers circulated in Armenia. It has effectively </li></ul><ul><li>introduced competition to the newspaper printing </li></ul><ul><li>market in the country </li></ul><ul><li>EF purchased a four-color printing press </li></ul><ul><li>By 2005, GIND repaid the loan $350,000 to EF </li></ul><ul><li>Cafesjian Family Foundation donated additional </li></ul><ul><li>pre press equipment and software, and a computer- </li></ul><ul><li>to-plate system through EF to Gind </li></ul>
    7. 12. Izmirlian-Eurasia Universal Credit <ul><li>1995 Small Business Loan Program launched </li></ul><ul><li>1999 Additional funding from Izmirlian Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>2004 Eurasia and Izmirlian Foundations established Izmirlian Eurasia Universal Credit Organization UCO to provide medium term financing directly to small businesses </li></ul><ul><li>In its first two months of existence UCO approved loans to 10 businesses for a total of $580,000 </li></ul><ul><li>July, 2004 Central Bank of Armenia issued a credit organization license </li></ul><ul><li>August, 2004 UCO had disbursed $10.4 million to 294 businesses. </li></ul>
    8. 13. Innovator, Project Piloting <ul><li>1. Municipal Information Analytical Centers (EF) LG (USAID) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1997 EF funded 2 pilot projects to Ashtarak and Charentsavan Municipalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal: To establish a municipal database system to facilitate decision-making and public service. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After these two pilots USAID announced competition to create MIAC’s all over Armenia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently MIAC’s are established and functioning in 19 municipalities of Armenia. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Creation and Support to Business Associations (EF) CAPS (USAID) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seed grants (up to $3,000) to establish Business Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starter grants (up to $7,000) to start up activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development grants (up to $35,000) to develop institutional capacities of BA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spheres : Tourism, IT, Transportation and Freight forwarding, Winemaking, Flour producing, Book publishing, UMBA, Honey producing, Herbal tea producing, Building and Construction </li></ul></ul>
    9. 14. EPF Governance <ul><li>Horton Beebe-Center Eurasia Foundation Director </li></ul><ul><li>Dieter Boden Ambassador </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Coxshall KPMG Tbilisi </li></ul><ul><li>Sabine Freizer International Crisis Group Europe Director Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>David Lawrence Lee MagtiCom Tbilisi </li></ul><ul><li>Danielle del Marmol Ambassador ret. istanbul </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Matthews Baker and McKenzie Baku </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Richardson IRS Commissioner ret. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Sheehan International Organization for Migration Tbilisi </li></ul><ul><li>Roy Southworth World Bank Tbilisi ret. </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Tarschys President of Council of Europe ret. </li></ul><ul><li>Kenneth Yalowitz Ambassador ret. </li></ul>
    10. 15. EF Network <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1993 Eurasia Foundation and the network invested $365 million </li></ul>
    11. 16. EF Network <ul><li>Novaya Evrazia Foundation organized the meeting of President Obama with Civil Society in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of Youth Bank project through Network Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, </li></ul><ul><li>Kirgizistan, Kazakhstan </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Partnership: Towards Civil Society Forum, Prague, May 09: Policy Recommendations Developed </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Social Invetsment Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li> “ Through the work that you do, you underscore what I believe is a fundamental truth in the 21 st century: that strong, vibrant nations include strong, vibrant civil societies.” </li></ul><ul><li>President Barack Obama speaking at Civil Society Summit in Moscow. </li></ul><ul><li>July 7, 2009 </li></ul>
    12. 17. Newspaper Distribution Network 2006 <ul><li>Alternative distribution in 7 regions Shirak, Lori, Kotayk, Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Tavush. 2 suburbs South-West Block and Nork Block in Yerevan </li></ul><ul><li>Successful campaign against the </li></ul><ul><li>adoption of a Law on Post and Postal </li></ul><ul><li>Services 14 Dec., 2004. The Law would </li></ul><ul><li>have required distribution agencies to </li></ul><ul><li>file for a license for $15,000 and to be </li></ul><ul><li>subjected to regular monitoring by the state </li></ul><ul><li>Blitz Media initiated creation of an association of distributors in Armenia </li></ul><ul><li>Still a long way to go… </li></ul>
    13. 18. Regional Media 2007 <ul><li>‘ Banugorts’ added </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>function to its website </li></ul><ul><li>and became the </li></ul><ul><li>major source for </li></ul><ul><li>regional information </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Shrjapat’ </li></ul><ul><li>Publishes thematic national inserts </li></ul>
    14. 19. Regional Media 2007 <ul><li>25 regional newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>empowered i n </li></ul><ul><li>management, </li></ul><ul><li>advertisement, design, </li></ul><ul><li>editing, journalism </li></ul><ul><li>and photojournalism. </li></ul>
    15. 20. Regional Media 2007 3 newspaper websites created and sustained ‘Banugorts’ ,‘Syunyats Yerkir’ in Syunik ‘Shrjapat’ in Shirak
    16. 21. Anticorruption 2008 <ul><li>Series of talk shows on corruption </li></ul><ul><li>in army education healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>elections Lori TV </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly reports on municipal </li></ul><ul><li>transparency Hetkh. Publication of </li></ul><ul><li>municipal agenda/decisions/budgets </li></ul><ul><li>on the visible place before the municipalities 12 cases </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Information law Implementation campaign: overwhelming municipalities and state agencies with information requests Asparez in Gyumri and FOICA . </li></ul><ul><li>Driving license transparency reform Achilles. License exams in transparent halls with glass walls with NGO monitoring. Complaints through the Achilles hot line decreased to “0” by January 2009. </li></ul>
    17. 22. Anticorruption 2008 Lessons learned <ul><li>Focus on procurement procedures by local government </li></ul><ul><li>Address the lack of competent and motivated information officers , </li></ul><ul><li>coupled with a lack of public awareness about their right for freedom of </li></ul><ul><li>information </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the “legal conscience” of the public </li></ul><ul><li>by promoting wider access to court </li></ul><ul><li>decisions, publication of success stories </li></ul><ul><li>and best practices </li></ul><ul><li>The public should be better educated on </li></ul><ul><li>means of recourse and appeal for victims </li></ul><ul><li>of corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Close cooperation between civil society and Ombudsman in </li></ul><ul><li>addressing public complaints </li></ul>
    18. 24. EPF Armenia 2007-2008 <ul><li>Armenia-Turkey cross-border </li></ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Anticorruption UNDEF </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Print Media </li></ul><ul><li>CSI Corporate Social Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Youth Bank </li></ul><ul><li>CRRC Caucasus Resource Research Centers </li></ul><ul><li>DOC Development of Organizational Capacities </li></ul><ul><li>RCCD Resource Centers for Community Development </li></ul>
    19. 25. EPF Armenia 2008-2009 <ul><li>Crossing Borders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Armenia-Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armenia-Azerbaijan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Youth Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Media & Anti-Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>CSI </li></ul><ul><li>CRRC </li></ul>
    20. 26. EPF Armenia 2009-2010 <ul><li>Crossing Borders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Armenia-Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armenia-Azerbaijan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Expression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CRRC </li></ul></ul>
    21. 27. EPF Armenia Advisors <ul><li>Nouneh Sarkissyan, Internews Armenia </li></ul><ul><li>Artashes Terzyan, Investment Banker </li></ul><ul><li>Margarit Piliposyan, Fund for Armenian Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Ara Hamazaspyan, Izmirlian Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Eliza Minasyan, Jinishian Memorial Fund </li></ul><ul><li>David Hovhanissyan , Center of Civilization and Cultural Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Giragosian , Armenian Center for National and International Studies </li></ul>
    22. 28. Youth Bank <ul><li>500 proposals </li></ul><ul><li>21 projects implemented </li></ul><ul><li>47 projects in the pipeline </li></ul><ul><li>50 villages benefitted </li></ul><ul><li>250 young people involved in </li></ul><ul><li>community projects </li></ul><ul><li>$25 000 USD fundraised with </li></ul><ul><li>Jinishyan Memorial Fund </li></ul>
    23. 29. Youth Bank <ul><li>Decision-makers from disadvantaged </li></ul><ul><li>communities </li></ul><ul><li>Empowered to decide which projects to support </li></ul><ul><li>Respected in their communities </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>They: </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t want to leave </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the responsibility of </li></ul><ul><li>decision-making and grant-making </li></ul><ul><li>Care for the community’s development rather than only for their own career </li></ul><ul><li>Other communities, donors and young people are </li></ul><ul><li>‘ infected’ with this format of work </li></ul>
    24. 30. Youth Bank
    25. 31. Migrants 2008 Remittances sent per migrant family Savings brought back per migrant family <ul><li>95% of seasonal labor migrants sent remittances to only one household. </li></ul><ul><li>On average the frequency of sending remittances is every 4-6 months. </li></ul>Trip Number of unsuccessful migrants USD Number of successful migrants Minimum Maximum Mean (USD) First 23 (8%) 0 254 (92%) 100 17000 1921 Last 13 (6%) 0 196 (94%) 7 12000 2802 Trip Number of unsuccessful migrants USD Number of successful migrants Minimum Maximum Mean (USD) First 33 (11%) 0 247 (89%) 10 1000 270 Last 17 (7%) 0 192 (93%) 20 1000 345
    26. 34. Armenian Migrants in Turkey <ul><li>95% of all the illegal Armenian workers in Turkey are women workers; </li></ul><ul><li>most of the Armenian immigrant men don’t work and come to Turkey to </li></ul><ul><li>stay with their wives and keep them safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Both Turkish and Armenian people think that the moral values of Turkish </li></ul><ul><li>and Armenian people are similar. The behavior of Turkish men vis-a-vis </li></ul><ul><li>Armenian and Russian immigrant women differ. </li></ul><ul><li>Schoolchildren with Armenian citizenship cannot go to school. </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish schools admit only children of legally residing parents or citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>There are special schools for diplomats but those are very expensive </li></ul><ul><li>When a child of an illegal Armenian couple is born </li></ul><ul><li>in Turkey, the parents can’t apply for the citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>for their child. They can’t go back to Armenia, so the </li></ul><ul><li>child cannot receive an Armenian passport either. </li></ul><ul><li>They were full of mistrust to Turks </li></ul><ul><li>before they came to Turkey. Their attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>drastically change shortly after they arrive. </li></ul>
    27. 35. Armenian-Turkish Program <ul><li>An assessment of best practices in Armenian-Turkish Track Two Diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>initiatives by ICHD </li></ul><ul><li>Two researches on consequences of a border opening on the Armenian and </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish economies and the capacities of local government authorities to respond to a border opening by AIPRG. </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue between the analytical communities of the two countries on issues of mutual concern including European integration and global/regional challenges and threats. </li></ul><ul><li>Improving mutual media coverage of issues pertinent to the whole range of Armenian-Turkish relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the amount of accurate and unbiased reporting of the bilateral relationship between Armenia and Turkey </li></ul>
    28. 36. Kardes Turkuler concert in Yerevan December 2008 <ul><li>100 people from Turkey arrived, </li></ul><ul><li>more than for Football Game </li></ul><ul><li>900 people attended the concert which </li></ul><ul><li>shows the multiethnic culture of Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish Film Makers at Golden Apricot </li></ul><ul><li>and Turkish-Armenian </li></ul><ul><li>Filmmakers Forum </li></ul><ul><li>negotiated 8 project ideas </li></ul><ul><li>which they are looking for funding </li></ul>
    29. 37. Armenia-Azerbaijan Media Bias Reduction <ul><li>Journalists transparently recruited from all regions </li></ul><ul><li>20 from each country </li></ul><ul><li>Media monitoring and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Training on conflict sensitive reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence-building workshop in Tbilisi March 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Major areas for future </li></ul><ul><li>bi-lateral cooperation: </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-lateral news web-site </li></ul><ul><li>2 bi-lateral documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>about the victims of the </li></ul><ul><li>conflict, and </li></ul><ul><li>a series of bi-lateral articles </li></ul><ul><li>about the conflict and the </li></ul><ul><li>adjacent topics. </li></ul><ul><li>Report on public attitude toward and trust in media </li></ul><ul><li>... Ongoing </li></ul>
    30. 38. Europe Program <ul><li>Lose Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing Armenia-Europe relations, </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting discourse on the European dimension, aiming at full communication and cooperation between EU, Armenian Government, and European and Armenian civil society in light of the values and spirit of Eastern Partnership. </li></ul><ul><li>Partners </li></ul><ul><li>EPF </li></ul><ul><li>Armenian Center for National and International </li></ul><ul><li>Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Center of Civilization and Cultural Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Yerevan Press Club </li></ul><ul><li>Open Society Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency International </li></ul><ul><li>International Center for Human Development </li></ul><ul><li>Manual </li></ul><ul><li>To introduce basic information about the EU and Armenia-EU relations to children and general public in the provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the process of the reform in higher educational system in Armenia in light of the EaP and the Bologna process with Yerevan State Linguistics University </li></ul>
    31. 39. Hetq Investigative Journalists <ul><li>The “Global Shining Light Award”, </li></ul><ul><li>Lillehammer, Norway, 11-14 </li></ul><ul><li>September, 2008 </li></ul>
    32. 40. CRRC Data Initiative
    33. 41. Research on Freedom o f Expression and Censorship <ul><li>FoE is defined as an absence of f ear, psychological pressure, or punishment </li></ul><ul><li>FoE is valued when there are certain restrictions on it </li></ul><ul><li>FoE is equated to the ineffectiveness and lack of success of speech and actions in personal lives </li></ul><ul><li>FoE is perceived as a “fairy tale” which never occurs in real life </li></ul>
    34. 42. Article 27 Talk Show <ul><li>6 films produced </li></ul><ul><li>3 films acquired internationally </li></ul><ul><li>8 talk shows run </li></ul><ul><li>1 film banned </li></ul><ul><li>Shows repeated via Hamaspyur network on regional TVs </li></ul><ul><li>3000 viewership per broadcast, </li></ul><ul><li>total 5,000 TV clicks only in Yerevan, detailed viewership distribution available </li></ul><ul><li>Research on FoE produced </li></ul><ul><li>A package to teach a FoE course negotiated with Bryusov University </li></ul>
    35. 43. Freedom of Expression <ul><li>Checking and challenging the boundaries of </li></ul><ul><li>what is ‘acceptable’ to be discussed on TV </li></ul><ul><li>Giving a chance to ‘opposition’ film-makers to </li></ul><ul><li>express themselves </li></ul><ul><li>New faces and new talking heads on TV </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting the issues of corruption; tradition; </li></ul><ul><li>democratic values; government’s irresponsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Service to the Government: Armenia is not as </li></ul><ul><li>closed a society as it may seem </li></ul><ul><li>Making people learn how to be protagonists </li></ul><ul><li>and entrepreneurs of FoE </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging entire Armenia in public discussions via feedback and Hamaspyur </li></ul><ul><li>Attuned to the need of reacting to possible draconian changes in the law—in coalition </li></ul>
    36. 48. Funding
    37. 49. Programs vs Funding
    38. 50. Programs 2009-2010 <ul><li>Crossing Borders </li></ul><ul><li>Work with migrants and returnees </li></ul><ul><li>Promote normal relations with neighboring countries </li></ul><ul><li>Public Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Through Youth bank, EPF Armenia supports youth leadership locally and also engages in youth leadership across regional borders </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>EPF Armenia supports public participation via media </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>CRRC Armenia provides background research for EPF Armenia programs & policies </li></ul><ul><li>EPF works with CRRC Armenia to set its research agenda </li></ul>
    39. 51. <ul><li>IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>??!! </li></ul>
    40. 59. New Strategy <ul><li>The only South Caucasus entity with united strategy and collegial offices in Yerevan, (Tbilisi) and Baku </li></ul><ul><li>Gap analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence-based </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Thought Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding funding base </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency in grantmaking </li></ul><ul><li>Attuned to the needs of Armenia and the larger region </li></ul><ul><li>Conduit between local and international values </li></ul>
    41. 60. Constantly Innovating Methods <ul><li>1. Strategic Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Europe Program Turkey Program </li></ul><ul><li>Media Program Armenia-Azerbaijan Program </li></ul><ul><li>2. Impact: Visible and Invisible </li></ul><ul><li>Social Capital and Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting leaders with institutional capacity rather than institutions </li></ul><ul><li>4. Externalities sometimes more important than the target; soft impact </li></ul>
    42. 61. Criteria <ul><li>Replicable pilot projects with </li></ul><ul><li>potential to be expanded or </li></ul><ul><li>repeated </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative experiments with </li></ul><ul><li>courageous and fresh </li></ul><ul><li>strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Catalysts for larger change </li></ul><ul><li>which demonstrate multiplier effect </li></ul>
    43. 62. Criteria <ul><li>Timely: rapid response </li></ul><ul><li>Do not duplicate the duties of State, efforts of other donors or NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage funds and strategic commitment (strategic partnerships) </li></ul>
    44. 63. Open Door: A1+ <ul><li>To increase public access to </li></ul><ul><li>alternative media in Armenia. </li></ul><ul><li>A1+ will upgrade its popular website, </li></ul><ul><li>add video to articles, interactive </li></ul><ul><li>polls, a search engine, a news </li></ul><ul><li>ticker with breaking news, </li></ul><ul><li>and a blog which invites </li></ul><ul><li>comments from users. </li></ul><ul><li>+ SMS video news </li></ul>
    45. 64. Rapid Response Economic Crisis: Internships <ul><li>A ‘Multidisciplinary’ ‘Holistic’ Approach: </li></ul><ul><li>To improve mechanisms of employment through internship programs . </li></ul><ul><li>Yerevan State Linguistic University will establish a model </li></ul><ul><li>internship program that will be replicated by other Universities </li></ul><ul><li>in the future. CSI + Education Reform </li></ul><ul><li>August 7 th , 2009: Agreement with VIVA Cell to employ interns from YSLU and YSU signed </li></ul>
    46. 65. … Core Values <ul><li>Building Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Across the Borders </li></ul><ul><li>Thought Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Expression </li></ul><ul><li>Philanthropy </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion and </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society Sustainability </li></ul>
    47. 66. Work on Core Values <ul><li>Draft Endowment Law </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation to set up a regional fund for supporting confidence-building initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations re Higher Education reform in light of the Bologna process </li></ul>
    48. 68. Armenian-Turkish Strategy <ul><li>Break Through </li></ul><ul><li>Freezing </li></ul><ul><li>Mild Optimism </li></ul>
    49. 69. <ul><li>Let us work together </li></ul><ul><li>Set agendas </li></ul><ul><li>Get expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on impact </li></ul><ul><li>Let us learn together </li></ul>