Presentation on eMargin given to BCU Learning & Teaching Committee

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Presentation on eMargin given to BCU Learning & Teaching Committee

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  • Presentation on eMargin given to BCU Learning & Teaching Committee

    1. 1. A collaborative textual annotation tool rdues.bcu.ac.uk Research & Development Unit for English Studies Andrew Kehoe & Matt Gee JISC LEARNING & TEACHING INNOVATION GRANT
    2. 2. Background <ul><li>Harnessing power of the web as a linguistic resource </li></ul><ul><li>Building own search engine and 10 billion word web corpus </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing to A-Level students through AHRC KT Fellowship </li></ul><ul><li>www.webcorp.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Corpus Linguistics: Study of a collection of electronic texts to discover new facts about the language. </li></ul><ul><li>EPSRC-funded projects </li></ul><ul><li>Directed by Antoinette Renouf until 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Developing software to test hypotheses about language use </li></ul>Neologism Detection Document Similarity Semantic Relations Word Dispreference
    3. 3. Issue: English Literature Teaching <ul><li>Traditional mode: ‘close reading’ : detailed examination of short extracts down to individual word level. </li></ul><ul><li>Students (re-)read, underline important words, make notes in margin, colour-code, draw out themes/motifs. </li></ul><ul><li>Origins in exegesis of religious texts dating back to Middle Ages. </li></ul><ul><li>Literary text often hundreds of pages long but teacher must focus discussion on particular themes/passages. </li></ul>Luther: lectures on Romans (1515) glossae
    4. 4. Limitations of Traditional Model <ul><li>Student annotations tied to printed copy of text </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to share / combine in class. </li></ul><ul><li>Annotations not archivable or searchable. </li></ul><ul><li>Text quickly becomes cluttered with underlining/notes on each re-reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing emphasis on e-texts (e.g. LION, EEBO ) but surprising lack of software to support close reading. </li></ul>(Image: Cat Sidh, Flickr)
    5. 5. Other Available Tools <ul><li>Folksonomies like Delicious : keyword tagging at whole text or whole website level . </li></ul><ul><li>Websites and browser plug-ins offering basic highlighting and ‘sticky notes’ . </li></ul><ul><li>Digress.it : WordPress plug-in allowing paragraph-level comments – not fine-grained enough for academic close-reading . </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Book Lovers Fear Dim Future for Notes in the Margins’, New York Times, February 20 2011: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>writing comments alongside passages…is a rich literary pastime , sometimes regarded as a tool of literary archaeology, …but it has an uncertain fate in a digitalized world </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Our Solution <ul><li>Web-based collaborative annotation system operating down to word level . </li></ul><ul><li>Initial idea late-2007; basic prototype developed allowing simple text highlighting and commenting. </li></ul><ul><li>Trialled in English classes at BCU and University of Leicester. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Pilot Study <ul><li>Structured feedback collected from 25 Leicester students across 3 modules (2 BA, 1 MA). </li></ul><ul><li>96% found word-level commenting useful. </li></ul><ul><li>88% found highlighting useful. </li></ul><ul><li>92% agreed that “reading others’ comments helped me formulate my own ideas”. </li></ul><ul><li>96% found prototype ‘easy’ to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Leicester wishes to use full version with whole 1 st yr. </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot study suggested which features of most use. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Project <ul><li>£50k JISC Learning & Teaching Innovation grant </li></ul><ul><li>June 2011 – May 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Building a more robust, fully-functioning, open-source collaborative text annotation system </li></ul><ul><li>System to be developed iteratively, with classroom testing and student/teacher feedback </li></ul>
    9. 9. Demonstration of Features
    10. 10. Progress Installation & configuration of hardware Set up user account / log-in system Set up project website / blog Developed core features of tool Seeking further test users Documentation and reporting to JISC
    11. 11. Proposed Features: Wiki
    12. 12. <ul><li>Annotation search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text in comments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text in wiki entries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concordancing: word/phrase shown in context </li></ul>Proposed Features: Search MI5 was a Soviet mole . He also claims there have you got a mole on your left shoulder in love with the mole on your cheek which showed that a mole had passed them details summiteers ended atop a mole hill rather than a mountain apparently blind like a mole . The modern tank with raven and the Mafia mole , the anonymous letters and the talpa, the suspected mole who betrayed details of a mountain out of a mole hill . The House of Commons' committee could have been a mole within the KGB i tself,
    13. 13. User Levels Individual student Small group Class Teacher Community <ul><li>Teacher will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate student contributions. </li></ul><ul><li>Set text / annotation access privileges. </li></ul><ul><li>Share archived annotations with new groups. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Proposed Features: Text Selection / Uploading Ctrl-C http://www.website.com/text
    15. 15. Beyond English <ul><li>English Literature in first instance but transferable to any text-based discipline: Education, Law, Social Sciences, Theology, Languages… </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative research/editing tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with VLEs like Moodle. </li></ul><ul><li>e-assessment tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Outside HE: interest from AHRC KTF partners. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial potential: e-readers. </li></ul>http://emargin.bcu.ac.uk

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