eMargin: a collaborative textual annotation tool  rdues.bcu.ac.uk Research & Development Unit for English Studies Andrew K...
<ul><li>Study of a collection of electronic texts to discover new facts about the language. </li></ul><ul><li>Determining ...
ICT Aspects of Our Work <ul><li>Building own large-scale search engine for linguistic study </li></ul><ul><li>10 billion w...
New Audiences <ul><li>Bringing Corpus Linguistic techniques and software tools to new audiences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eng...
AHRC Knowledge Transfer Fellowship Introducing A-Level English Language students to empirical text study using the WebCorp...
 
 
Christmas fax
 
Issue: English Literature Study How do you study a printed text? ‘ Close Reading’:  detailed study of short text extracts ...
<ul><li>(re-)read the text  </li></ul><ul><li>underline important words </li></ul><ul><li>make notes in margin  </li></ul>...
Limitations of Traditional Model <ul><li>Annotations tied to printed copy of text </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to share / c...
Increasing emphasis on e-texts but surprising lack of software to support close reading. Difficult to annotate (‘sticky no...
<ul><li>‘ Book Lovers Fear Dim Future for Notes in the Margins’,  New York Times,  Feb 20 2011: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>writ...
Our Solution <ul><li>Web-based collaborative annotation system operating down to  word level . </li></ul><ul><li>Initial i...
Project <ul><li>£50k JISC Learning & Teaching Innovation grant </li></ul><ul><li>June 2011 – May 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Bu...
Demonstration of Features
Proposed Features: Wiki
<ul><li>Annotation search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text in c...
<ul><li>Uploader controls the text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which users/groups have access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roles can b...
Proposed Features: Text Selection / Uploading Ctrl-C http://www.website.com/text
Beyond English & Beyond HE <ul><li>English Literature in first instance but transferable to any text-type and text-based d...
Extra Content
An Established Tradition <ul><li>Origins in study of religious texts dating back to Middle Ages. </li></ul>Martin Luther: ...
Pilot Study <ul><li>Structured feedback collected from 25 Leicester students across 3 modules (2 BA, 1 MA). </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Testing Intuitions: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dickens is known for a rich range of writing styles-indignant, ironical, m...
 
 
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eMargin Presentation given to Skills Funding Agency

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Presentation on the eMargin collaborative text annotation tool given to the Skills Funding Agency. Also contains description of AHRC Knowledge Transfer Fellowship project, working with A Level English Language students.

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  • eMargin Presentation given to Skills Funding Agency

    1. 1. eMargin: a collaborative textual annotation tool rdues.bcu.ac.uk Research & Development Unit for English Studies Andrew Kehoe & Matt Gee
    2. 2. <ul><li>Study of a collection of electronic texts to discover new facts about the language. </li></ul><ul><li>Determining meaning by viewing a word/phrase in context: concordances / collocation </li></ul>Our Research: Corpus Linguistics MI5 was a Soviet mole . He also claims there have you got a mole on your left shoulder in love with the mole on your cheek which showed that a mole had passed them details summiteers ended atop a mole hill rather than a mountain apparently blind like a mole . The modern tank with raven and the Mafia mole , the anonymous letters and the talpa, the suspected mole who betrayed details of a mountain out of a mole hill . The House of Commons' committee could have been a mole within the KGB i tself,
    3. 3. ICT Aspects of Our Work <ul><li>Building own large-scale search engine for linguistic study </li></ul><ul><li>10 billion word collection of web texts </li></ul><ul><li>Extracting examples of real language use </li></ul><ul><li>www.webcorp.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Developing software to analyse large text collections: crawling, indexing, search, linguistic refinement </li></ul><ul><li>EPSRC-funded research projects with associated software: </li></ul>Classifying New Words Document Similarity Semantic Relations synonyms, antonyms Word Dispreference
    4. 4. New Audiences <ul><li>Bringing Corpus Linguistic techniques and software tools to new audiences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English Literature students and readers in general </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A-Level English Language students (AHRC Knowledge Transfer Fellowship) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. AHRC Knowledge Transfer Fellowship Introducing A-Level English Language students to empirical text study using the WebCorp Linguist's Search Engine <ul><li>Working with partner school (Stratford Grammar) to develop open learning resources </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting basic corpus linguistic principles, tailored to A-Level Assessment Objectives (AQA Syllabus B) </li></ul><ul><li>Series of ‘master classes’, supported by learning materials, interactive online quizzes and specially-designed search tools </li></ul><ul><li>Also improving digital literacy : using a Virtual Learning Environment; learning to search more effectively </li></ul>
    6. 8. Christmas fax
    7. 10. Issue: English Literature Study How do you study a printed text? ‘ Close Reading’: detailed study of short text extracts down to individual word level.
    8. 11. <ul><li>(re-)read the text </li></ul><ul><li>underline important words </li></ul><ul><li>make notes in margin </li></ul><ul><li>colour-code </li></ul><ul><li>draw out themes/motifs </li></ul>
    9. 12. Limitations of Traditional Model <ul><li>Annotations tied to printed copy of text </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to share / combine in class </li></ul><ul><li>Annotations not archivable / searchable </li></ul><ul><li>Text quickly becomes cluttered with underlining/notes on each re-reading. </li></ul>
    10. 13. Increasing emphasis on e-texts but surprising lack of software to support close reading. Difficult to annotate (‘sticky notes’) Difficult to search annotations Difficult to share annotations
    11. 14. <ul><li>‘ Book Lovers Fear Dim Future for Notes in the Margins’, New York Times, Feb 20 2011: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>writing comments alongside passages…is a rich literary pastime , sometimes regarded as a tool of literary archaeology, …but it has an uncertain fate in a digitalized world </li></ul></ul>Limitations of Traditional Model
    12. 15. Our Solution <ul><li>Web-based collaborative annotation system operating down to word level . </li></ul><ul><li>Initial idea late-2007; basic prototype developed allowing simple text highlighting and commenting. </li></ul><ul><li>Trialled in English classes at BCU. </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot study at University of Leicester suggested which features of most use in full version. </li></ul>
    13. 16. Project <ul><li>£50k JISC Learning & Teaching Innovation grant </li></ul><ul><li>June 2011 – May 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Building a more robust, fully-functioning, open-source collaborative text annotation system </li></ul><ul><li>System to be developed iteratively, with classroom testing and student/teacher feedback </li></ul>
    14. 17. Demonstration of Features
    15. 18. Proposed Features: Wiki
    16. 19. <ul><li>Annotation search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text in comments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text in wiki entries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concordancing: examples of a word / phrase shown in context </li></ul>Proposed Features: Search
    17. 20. <ul><li>Uploader controls the text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which users/groups have access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roles can be assigned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>contribute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>moderate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>alter access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Features can be enabled/disabled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>commenting, tags, wiki entries, look-up, search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>History of user activities is kept </li></ul>Proposed Features: Group Management & Moderation
    18. 21. Proposed Features: Text Selection / Uploading Ctrl-C http://www.website.com/text
    19. 22. Beyond English & Beyond HE <ul><li>English Literature in first instance but transferable to any text-type and text-based discipline: Law, Social Sciences, Theology, Languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative research/editing tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with existing VLEs (e.g. Moodle ); e-assessment tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with e-readers. </li></ul><ul><li>Outside HE: interest from AHRC KTF partners and other schools (inc. United World College of SE Asia) </li></ul>http://emargin.bcu.ac.uk
    20. 23. Extra Content
    21. 24. An Established Tradition <ul><li>Origins in study of religious texts dating back to Middle Ages. </li></ul>Martin Luther: Lectures on Romans (1515) Glossae: student’s notes in the margins
    22. 25. Pilot Study <ul><li>Structured feedback collected from 25 Leicester students across 3 modules (2 BA, 1 MA). </li></ul><ul><li>96% found word-level commenting useful. </li></ul><ul><li>88% found highlighting useful. </li></ul><ul><li>92% agreed that “reading others’ comments helped me formulate my own ideas”. </li></ul><ul><li>96% found prototype ‘easy’ to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Leicester wishes to use full version with whole 1 st yr. </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot study suggested which features of most use. </li></ul>
    23. 26. <ul><li>Testing Intuitions: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dickens is known for a rich range of writing styles-indignant, ironical, melodramatic, and sentimental, all of which appear in David Copperfield . To set the nostalgic tone for this novel, he also uses certain words like &quot;little&quot; and &quot;old&quot; more than usual , so his language seems especially sentimental.” ( Barron’s Book Notes: David Copperfield , 1985, p.32) </li></ul>Corpus Linguistic Tools

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