Final introduction to political science presentation

702 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
702
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Final introduction to political science presentation

  1. 1. How different is the role of religion in Malaysia and Thailand’s political scene? Our names Josephine Wang Isabelle Quek Desiree Lim 1 Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  2. 2. Presentation Outline 1 2 3 4 BACKGROUND OF BUDDHISM IN THAILAND, ISLAM IN MALAYSIA RELIGIOUS ROLE IN CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY DOMESTIC POLICY’S ROLE IN RELIGION CLASH CONCLUSION 2 STRUCTURAL SIMILARITY 5Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  3. 3. Islam in Malaysia 61.4%: Muslims Sunni Islam 1. BACKGROUND 1. Belief 4. Fasting during Ramadan 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca 2. Worship 3. Charitable giving 5PillarsofIslam 3 Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  4. 4. Buddhism in Thailand 95%: Buddhists Karma Noble Eightfold Path Rebirth Concepts Nirvana Mediation Influences Theravada School of Buddhism - Sri Lanka Hindu beliefs - Cambodia (Sukhothai period) Folk religion 4 1. BACKGROUND Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  5. 5. Structural similarities 5 2. STRUCTURAL Malaysia Thailand Official: Islam Buddhism State religion Constitutional monarchy Sultanate Recognized as religion of Thai tradition with most adherents Kingship Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  6. 6. Constitutional Monarchy Japan Australia 6 State religion Malaysia Thailand Israel Bangladesh Democratic nations UK Structural similarities 2. STRUCTURAL Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  7. 7. Religion & Monarchy Malaysia Requirement: Monarch must be religious i.e. Must be Muslim / Buddhist Thailand Similarities 7 3. MONARCHY Ceremonial religious role Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  8. 8. Similarities in Thailand & Malaysia Monarchy Malaysia Thailand Succession 8 Yang di-Pertuan Agong Bhumibol Adulyadej Monarchy Constitutional role Head of Malaysia Head of Thailand 3. MONARCHY Hereditary, elective Hereditary Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  9. 9. Kingship: Accumulation of abundance of merit in former lives (Notion of reincarnation) Religious role of Monarchy Malaysia Islam Buddhism Thailand Patron/ Head of religion 9 Other religions Religion supporting legitimacy/ concept of Kingship Proof-texts for concepts of malakiyya- “Monarchy, kingship, royalty” 3. MONARCHY Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  10. 10. Religion influences constitutional monarchy in Thailand and Malaysia 10 Role of religion Constitutional monarchy As a legitimizing agent As a qualifier for monarchy Monarch doubles as head of religion & state 3. MONARCHY Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  11. 11. Malaysia Discriminatory Policy / Event Bumiputra Coerced registration of muslim religious Thailand 4. DOMESTIC POLICY11 National education policy Effect of Policy “Sons of the Soil” Special rights for Malays Ethnic discriminatory policy Puttani separatism Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  12. 12. 12 Malaysia Bumiputra Effect of Policy Thailand Puttani separatism Discriminatory Policy Fall in Indian civil workers Indian university students < 5% Demolition of Hindu temples Muslim community under control of central government Thai eliteʼs control of Islamic practice Ethnic discriminatory policy 4. DOMESTIC POLICY Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  13. 13. 3,500 fatalities Resultant religion clash Result of Clash Religion clash Demonstrations Tak Bai Incident 13 Malaysia Thailand Usage of batons, tear gas, water cannon No fatalities Assassinations, explosive detonations, ambushes, raids 4. DOMESTIC POLICY Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  14. 14. Evaluation Malaysia Nature of policy Populist Elitist Thailand 14 Elevate economical & educational status of ethnic Malays Delegitimize alternative sources of authority i.e. Minority religious leaders to support continued rule 4. DOMESTIC POLICY Objective of discriminatory policy Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  15. 15. Discriminatory policy: Onset of religion clash 15 Discriminatory policy Religion clash Thaiʼs education discriminatory policy Malaysiaʼs Bumiputera policy South Thailand insurgency Demonstrations 4. DOMESTIC POLICY Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  16. 16. Conclusion: Role/influence of religion is not very different in M’sia & Thai 1 2 5. CONCLUSION Structurally, Thailand and Malaysia are similar in the role of religion in constitutional monarchy & establishment of state religion 16 Religion divides remain a point of contention in Malaysia and Thailandʼs public policies Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  17. 17. Presentation Outline 1 2 3 4 BACKGROUND OF BUDDHISM IN THAILAND, ISLAM IN MALAYSIA RELIGIOUS ROLE IN CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY DOMESTIC POLICY’S ROLE IN RELIGION CLASH CONCLUSION 17 STRUCTURAL SIMILARITY 5Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  18. 18. References 18 Charles F. Keyes. (2013). Buddhism and National Integration in Thailand. Christopher Roberts. (2011). Region and Identity: The Many Faces of Southeast Asia. Asian Politics and Policy, Volume 3(3), 365 – 382. Darunee Tantiwiramanond. (1997). Changing Gender Relations in Thailand: A Historical and Cultural Analysis. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 4(167) DOI: 10.1177/097152159700400203 Dian Abdul Hamed Shah and Mohd Azizuddin Mohd San. (2011). Freedom o f Religion in Malaysia: A Tangled Web of Legal, Political, and Social Issues. Dilip Lahiri. (2008). Malaysian Indian Community: Victim of ‘Bumiputera’ Policy. ORF Issue Brief. Graham K. Brown. (2010). Legible Pluralism: The Politics of Ethnic and Religious Identification in Malaysia. Ethnopolitics, 9(1), 31-52. Ian Phau & Kor-Weai Chan. (2003). Targeting East Asian markets: A comparative study on national identity. Journal of Targeting, Measurement and Analysis for Marketing, 12(2), 157 – 172. Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  19. 19. References 19 Imtiyaz Yusuf. (2010). Islam and Buddhism Relations from Balkh to Bangkok and Tokyo. Jason P. Abbotta & Sophie Gregorios-Pippas. (2010). Islamization in Malaysia: processes and dynamics. Contemporary Politics, 16(2), 135-151. DOI: 10.1080/13569771003783851 John T. Sidel. (2012). The Fate of Nationalism in the New States: Southeast Asia in Comparative Historical Perspective. Comparative Studies in Society and History 2012; 54(1): 114-144. doi:10.1017/S001041751100061 Jon Carlson, Matt Englar-Carlson & Tipawadee Emavardhana. (2012). Individual Psychology in Thailand. The Journal of individuai Psychoiogy, 68(4). Joseph Liow Chin Yong. (2003). Deconstructing political Islam in Malaysia : UMNO's response to PAS' religio-political dialectic. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10220/4447 May Tan-Mullins. (2009). Armed Conflict and Resolutions in Southern Thailand. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 99(5), 922–931. M.R. Sukhumbhand Paribatra. (2003). Some Reflections on the Thai Monarchy. Southeast Asian Affairs, 291 – 309. Wednesday, April 3, 2013
  20. 20. References 20 M.R. Sukhumbhand Paribatra. (2003). Some Reflections on the Thai Monarchy. Southeast Asian Affairs, 291 – 309. Muhammad Haniff Bin Hassan. (2007). Explaining Islam’s Special Position and the Politic of Islam in Malaysia. The Muslim World, 97. Otto F. von Feigenblatt. (2009). The Thai Ethnocracy Unravels: A Critical Cultural Analysis of Thailand’s Socio-Political Unrest. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences 1(3), 583-611 Stithorn Thananithichot. (2011). Understanding Thai Nationalism and Ethnic Identity. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 46(3), 250 – 263. DOI: 10.1177/0021909611399735 Timothy Brook & Hy V. Luong. (1999). Culture and Economy: The Shaping of Capitalism in Eastern Asia. University of Michigan Press. Wednesday, April 3, 2013

×