Changing the Ratio
of OpenStreetMap
Alyssa Wright
@alyssapwright
I believe
Where are we?
Who are we?
Maps as Tools of Empathy
OpenStreetMap
“The Best Map in the Galaxy.”
It empowers people,
but it also disenfranchises.
It not enough that
"anyone" can contribute to
OpenStreetMap.
power to the missing
#changetheratio
@alyssapwright
street cred
women studies
feminist in womb| academic training 2000
apw217
OSM since Summer 2007
ART
tools of empathy
MIT graduate research
OPENGEO
apwright
OSM again March 2013
Hello World
The map is the journey
I
Community is the destination.
II
Who is this community?
interactive session
Team America bias
seeking: international statistics
% of women in US geo industry?
40%Census 2000 and 2009 American Community Survey
female graduates from geo programs?
34%National GIS Academic Program Survey 2012
female computer science graduates?
25%National GIS Academic Program Survey 2012
% of women who have heard of OSM?
international study
23%Stephens 2013
% of women speakers at this conference?
international study
10%33% keynotes
% of women OSM contributors?
international studies
3%Budhathoki et al 2010 | Stark 2011 | Lechner 2011
% of women in open source?
international studies
1%Ghosh et al. 2002
How did this happen?
Good question.
“Maybe girls just don’t like
ice cream,
or computers,
or maps,
or open stuff.”
(paraphrased mansplaining)
“Maybe OSM
is a man’s field,
like construction work
or firefighting.”
(paraphrased from OSGeo)
(was that uncomfortable?)
Research suggests otherwise.
Inertia.
This was a community started
with a particular ideology.
Judd Atkin, 2012
Award Structure.
Groups of people
relate differently to
incentive and motivation.
Judd Atkin, 2012
Communication.
Current conversation styles
may not be accessible. 
Judd Atkin, 2012
Active Hostility. 
Wikipedia
Reagle, 2013
Open Source.
Few restrictions on how
people treat each creates
permission for discrimination.
Why should you care?
Not ethics.
The success of OSM.
What do we risk?
01
Maps are biased by
the norms, traditions,
assumptions, and political
biases of the map maker.
J.B Harley 1989
01
play tag
care tag
tag=amenity=kindergarten
Monica Stephens 2013
tag=amenity=baby_hatch
Monica Stephens 2013
proposed feature=childcare
Monica Stephens 2013
Monica Stephens 2013
J.B Harley 1989
02
“Open source communities
serve as models for
civic engagement.”
02
Alyssa Wright 2013
Open Source Transplant
03
“The beauty of open source is
that people who dislike each
other can produce code for
the same product.”
03
The collective intelligence
of diversity
Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
not only expands the reach of our maps
Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
The collective intelligence
of diversity
but the sustainability of our tools.
Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
In case you were sleeping:
Without diversity we risk
stagnation and irrelevance.
Like this slide.
Life’s a disaster!
What can we do?
Introducing
The Diversity Cocktail.
Our Three-Step Diet to Explosive OSM Success.
01
Step 1
Stop Talking
01
Step 1
Start Mediating
01
Step 1
Online and Off
Stop the
temper
tantrums.
Start working
with those you
dislike.
Stop jousting
for technical
supremacy.
Start
measuring
supremacy by
teaching.
Stop the
condescension
to newbies.
Start from “new
to OSM” means
expert in
something else.
Stop the
apathy towards
engagement.
Start making
diversity central
to the OSM
mission.
01
Step 2
Collect Data
01
Step 2
Measure Hypotheses
Community is the destination.
II
Community is messy.
OSM mailing lists are messy.
So messy, I can’t even read this slide.
OpenThreads
OSM DEV
TALK OSM
TALK US
HOT OSM
Gender of Participants
100%50%0
Messages by Gender
100%50%0
Female
Male
Unknown
01
Step 3
....
(the most explosive step yet)
(can you handle it?)
Target Women
Publicly.
Targeted outreach to women
increases overall diversity.
Seen it with my own eyes.
GNOME
Internship for GNOME project
10 OSS project involved
Success
Address women directly.
Accept non-students and non-coders.
Connect women with mentors.
Require a contribution
No pressure...
Etsy
GNOME
attracted 500% more female engineers
Success
GNOME
Invest
trained junior women for hiring
Partner
alliances with other organizations
Make a Public Stand
success breeds...
SOTM US
I just like squids.
What have we done
for you lately?
diversity-talk mailinglist
lists.openstreetmap.org/listinfo/diversity-talk
maptime
San Francisco | Portland | Cleveland | NYC
http://maptimesf.tumblr.com/
partnership meetings
monthly hangouts with wikipedia members
email for invite
wikimedia
The Wikimedia Diversity Conference
http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_Diversity_Conference
OSM with partners
code for america | open knowledge foundation
research
Gender Differences in Jinotega, Nicaragua | Michael Kozuch
http://www.slideshare.net/mikekoz/gender-diff-mapping
azimuth
team blog supporting diversity work
email to join the planning team
childcare
tag added in iDeditor!
conversations with JOSM and tagging list
representation
candidates in OSMF and OSM-US elections
including me ;)
talking here
We’re just starting
Help Change the Ratio
of OpenStreetMap
Alyssa Wright
@alyssapwright
Thank you
Thank you
Art
Micah Berger
Sergi Delgado
Robert Samuelhanson
Luke Bott
Mike Mcquade
Wikimedia
Siko Bouterse
iD editor help...
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Changing the Ratio

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OpenStreetMap exists with what Gabriella Coleman calls a collaborative ethical temperament--one that values transparency, accessibility, and openness for the purpose of participation. Vibrant and open dialogue is key in encouraging and facilitating this participation. But are the doors really open to anyone?
I investigate the structure and demographics of the OpenStreetMap community. Framed by established research on OpenStreetMap, specifically and open source, in general, I establish why a lack of gender and racial diversity poses significant challenges for the sustainability of our work. I then introduce OpenThreads, a toolset for the rhetorical analysis of open mailing lists. This research can serve as a guide for building future tools of interaction on our mailing lists and beyond. Scandalous photos included.

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Changing the Ratio

  1. 1. Changing the Ratio of OpenStreetMap
  2. 2. Alyssa Wright @alyssapwright
  3. 3. I believe
  4. 4. Where are we?
  5. 5. Who are we?
  6. 6. Maps as Tools of Empathy
  7. 7. OpenStreetMap “The Best Map in the Galaxy.”
  8. 8. It empowers people,
  9. 9. but it also disenfranchises.
  10. 10. It not enough that "anyone" can contribute to OpenStreetMap.
  11. 11. power to the missing
  12. 12. #changetheratio @alyssapwright
  13. 13. street cred
  14. 14. women studies feminist in womb| academic training 2000
  15. 15. apw217 OSM since Summer 2007
  16. 16. ART
  17. 17. tools of empathy MIT graduate research
  18. 18. OPENGEO
  19. 19. apwright OSM again March 2013
  20. 20. Hello World
  21. 21. The map is the journey I
  22. 22. Community is the destination. II
  23. 23. Who is this community?
  24. 24. interactive session
  25. 25. Team America bias seeking: international statistics
  26. 26. % of women in US geo industry?
  27. 27. 40%Census 2000 and 2009 American Community Survey
  28. 28. female graduates from geo programs?
  29. 29. 34%National GIS Academic Program Survey 2012
  30. 30. female computer science graduates?
  31. 31. 25%National GIS Academic Program Survey 2012
  32. 32. % of women who have heard of OSM? international study
  33. 33. 23%Stephens 2013
  34. 34. % of women speakers at this conference? international study
  35. 35. 10%33% keynotes
  36. 36. % of women OSM contributors? international studies
  37. 37. 3%Budhathoki et al 2010 | Stark 2011 | Lechner 2011
  38. 38. % of women in open source? international studies
  39. 39. 1%Ghosh et al. 2002
  40. 40. How did this happen?
  41. 41. Good question.
  42. 42. “Maybe girls just don’t like
  43. 43. ice cream,
  44. 44. or computers,
  45. 45. or maps,
  46. 46. or open stuff.” (paraphrased mansplaining)
  47. 47. “Maybe OSM
  48. 48. is a man’s field,
  49. 49. like construction work
  50. 50. or firefighting.” (paraphrased from OSGeo)
  51. 51. (was that uncomfortable?)
  52. 52. Research suggests otherwise.
  53. 53. Inertia. This was a community started with a particular ideology. Judd Atkin, 2012
  54. 54. Award Structure. Groups of people relate differently to incentive and motivation. Judd Atkin, 2012
  55. 55. Communication. Current conversation styles may not be accessible.  Judd Atkin, 2012
  56. 56. Active Hostility.  Wikipedia
  57. 57. Reagle, 2013 Open Source. Few restrictions on how people treat each creates permission for discrimination.
  58. 58. Why should you care?
  59. 59. Not ethics.
  60. 60. The success of OSM.
  61. 61. What do we risk?
  62. 62. 01
  63. 63. Maps are biased by the norms, traditions, assumptions, and political biases of the map maker. J.B Harley 1989 01
  64. 64. play tag
  65. 65. care tag
  66. 66. tag=amenity=kindergarten Monica Stephens 2013
  67. 67. tag=amenity=baby_hatch Monica Stephens 2013
  68. 68. proposed feature=childcare Monica Stephens 2013
  69. 69. Monica Stephens 2013
  70. 70. J.B Harley 1989
  71. 71. 02
  72. 72. “Open source communities serve as models for civic engagement.” 02 Alyssa Wright 2013
  73. 73. Open Source Transplant
  74. 74. 03
  75. 75. “The beauty of open source is that people who dislike each other can produce code for the same product.” 03
  76. 76. The collective intelligence of diversity Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
  77. 77. not only expands the reach of our maps Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011 The collective intelligence of diversity
  78. 78. but the sustainability of our tools. Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
  79. 79. In case you were sleeping:
  80. 80. Without diversity we risk stagnation and irrelevance.
  81. 81. Like this slide.
  82. 82. Life’s a disaster! What can we do?
  83. 83. Introducing
  84. 84. The Diversity Cocktail.
  85. 85. Our Three-Step Diet to Explosive OSM Success.
  86. 86. 01 Step 1 Stop Talking
  87. 87. 01 Step 1 Start Mediating
  88. 88. 01 Step 1 Online and Off
  89. 89. Stop the temper tantrums. Start working with those you dislike.
  90. 90. Stop jousting for technical supremacy. Start measuring supremacy by teaching.
  91. 91. Stop the condescension to newbies. Start from “new to OSM” means expert in something else.
  92. 92. Stop the apathy towards engagement. Start making diversity central to the OSM mission.
  93. 93. 01 Step 2 Collect Data
  94. 94. 01 Step 2 Measure Hypotheses
  95. 95. Community is the destination. II
  96. 96. Community is messy.
  97. 97. OSM mailing lists are messy. So messy, I can’t even read this slide.
  98. 98. OpenThreads
  99. 99. OSM DEV TALK OSM TALK US HOT OSM Gender of Participants 100%50%0 Messages by Gender 100%50%0 Female Male Unknown
  100. 100. 01 Step 3 ....
  101. 101. (the most explosive step yet)
  102. 102. (can you handle it?)
  103. 103. Target Women
  104. 104. Publicly.
  105. 105. Targeted outreach to women increases overall diversity.
  106. 106. Seen it with my own eyes.
  107. 107. GNOME
  108. 108. Internship for GNOME project 10 OSS project involved Success
  109. 109. Address women directly. Accept non-students and non-coders. Connect women with mentors. Require a contribution No pressure for really ambitious projects. Approach
  110. 110. Etsy
  111. 111. GNOME attracted 500% more female engineers Success
  112. 112. GNOME Invest trained junior women for hiring Partner alliances with other organizations Make a Public Stand success breeds success Approach
  113. 113. SOTM US I just like squids.
  114. 114. What have we done for you lately?
  115. 115. diversity-talk mailinglist lists.openstreetmap.org/listinfo/diversity-talk
  116. 116. maptime San Francisco | Portland | Cleveland | NYC http://maptimesf.tumblr.com/
  117. 117. partnership meetings monthly hangouts with wikipedia members email for invite
  118. 118. wikimedia The Wikimedia Diversity Conference http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_Diversity_Conference
  119. 119. OSM with partners code for america | open knowledge foundation
  120. 120. research Gender Differences in Jinotega, Nicaragua | Michael Kozuch http://www.slideshare.net/mikekoz/gender-diff-mapping
  121. 121. azimuth team blog supporting diversity work email to join the planning team
  122. 122. childcare tag added in iDeditor! conversations with JOSM and tagging list
  123. 123. representation candidates in OSMF and OSM-US elections including me ;)
  124. 124. talking here
  125. 125. We’re just starting
  126. 126. Help Change the Ratio of OpenStreetMap
  127. 127. Alyssa Wright @alyssapwright Thank you
  128. 128. Thank you Art Micah Berger Sergi Delgado Robert Samuelhanson Luke Bott Mike Mcquade Wikimedia Siko Bouterse iD editor help Tom MacWright John Firebaugh NYC-OSM Initiatives Ian Villeda Beth Schecter Alan McConchie Clifford Snow Darrell Furhriman Manuela Schmidt Michael Kozuch Noel Hidalgo #changetheratio Rachel Sklar SOTM Rob Nickerson

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