Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Final project presentation


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Final project presentation

  1. 1. Critical Analysis of How HIV and AIDS is Affecting African Americans in Urban Cities and Communities in America   Ashley Hill CAS 892 Final Project/Option A Due: May 5, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>The global HIV/AIDS epidemic is an unprecedented crisis that requires an unprecedented response. In particular it requires solidarity—between the healthy and the sick, between the rich and poor, and above all, between richer and poorer nations. We have 30 million orphans already. How many more do we have to get, to wake up? </li></ul><ul><li>― Kofi Annan </li></ul>
  3. 3. According to the 2000 census, blacks make up approximately 13% of the U.S. population. The graph to the right represents Race/Ethnicity of persons including children living with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2005. Blacks accredited for 18,121 (49%) of the estimated 37,331 new HIV/AIDS diagnoses in the United States.
  4. 4. <ul><li>The rate of AIDS diagnoses was 10 times the rate for whites and nearly 3 times the rate for Hispanics. </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of AIDS diagnoses for Black women nearly 23 times the rate for white women. </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of AIDS diagnoses for Black men was 8 times the rate for white men. </li></ul><ul><li>Black women account for 64% of all women with HIV, and in 2005 served as the leading cause of death among black women. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>During my analysis, I plan to specifically focus on African Americans that have been affected with HIV/AIDS who reside in: </li></ul><ul><li>Detroit </li></ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>District of Columbia </li></ul><ul><li>These cities have some of the largest amounts of African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>reported to be living with HIV/AIDS. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>What are some leading factors that can explain why AIDS/HIV has had such a devastating impact on the African American community? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some common misconceptions that surround this disease amongst African Americans? </li></ul><ul><li>Lastly, what is being done to fight HIV/AIDS in large urban cities where African Americans are being affected in high numbers? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>African Americans make up 14% of Michigan’s general population, yet 58% of those are currently living with HIV or AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Metro Detroit area, the rate of infection among African Americans is 705 per 100,000 population, almost 8 times higher than the rate among whites, 92 per 100,000 population. </li></ul><ul><li>The Metro Detroit area I found that, 1 out of 240 African American females may be infected by HIV compared to 1 out of 4,160 white females. </li></ul><ul><li>Equally 1 out of 90 African American males compared to 1 out of 530 white males </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Poverty- </li></ul><ul><li>Historically, poverty amid African Americans can be traced back to slavery, and the legacy of racism, deprivation, disenfranchisement, and a lack of education. An average black American is approximately eight times poorer than its white counterpart. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000, Detroit had an estimate black population of 81.6%. Sadly 1 in 3 Detroiters live in poverty, and an estimated 47.8% of Detroit children under 18 live below the poverty line. </li></ul><ul><li>Children in poverty have a more difficult time learning, which could slow the increase in the number of students who seek college degrees </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>CDC study found that black high school age students were more likely to have had sex by the time they graduated; 68% of black students said they had engaged in sexual intercourse by the age of 18, compared to 51% of Hispanics and 43% of white students. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who had sex were also more likely to have had four or more sexual partners, and African American girls were more likely to have had partners that were significantly older than them. </li></ul><ul><li>In a survey done by the Kaiser Family Foundation every two years, the results consistently show significant levels of ignorance about AIDS and how the disease is transmitted. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Knowledge is a critical first step for stopping the spread of HIV, there are too many African Americans that do not have accurate information about how HIV is transmitted or can be prevented. </li></ul><ul><li>There needs to be expanded HIV prevention education programs, to promote the early identification of HIV through voluntary, routine testing and connect those in need to treatment and care as early as possible. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>More than 100,000 New Yorkers are living with HIV, but many are unaware that they are infected. </li></ul><ul><li>New York City has the highest AIDS case rates in the country, with more AIDS cases than Los Angeles, San Francisco, Miami, and Washington D.C. combined. </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans account for 80% of the new diagnoses and deaths in New York in addition to currently serving as the leading cause of death for those below the age of 65. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Majority of the people living with HIV/AIDS reside in selected, largely African American/Latino neighborhoods of NYC. </li></ul><ul><li>New York City is said to have some of the most racially segregated communities in the nation. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS prevalence in Select NYC neighborhoods </li></ul>Population Diagnosed with HIV % Bronx 1.2 Crotona-Tremont Morrisania Mott Haven 2.1 2.4 2.3 Brooklyn 1.0 Bedford-Stuyvesant East New York 1.8 1.4 Manhattan 2.0 Central Harlem East Harlem 2.6 2.6
  13. 13. <ul><li>Stabilizing housing is one of the most effective methods for reducing HIV-related morbidity and mortality. </li></ul><ul><li>Scarcity of affordable housing is often at the root of residential segregation, school failure for children, and a lack of access to health care. Families are spending too much of their income on rent and other housing needs </li></ul><ul><li>A study was done on people with HIV/AIDS receiving regular medical care showed that access to healthcare is heavily influenced by race and ethnicity. </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans that are living in poverty don’t have adequate access to the health education, prevention plans, and treatments available to those who are not impoverished. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Baltimore City has the highest HIV/AIDS infection rates in the state of Maryland in addition to having one of the highest rates in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Of the U.S. cities with a population of 100,000 or more, Baltimore City has the 6 th largest proportion of African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Intravenous Drug Use (IDU) in persons who are infected with HIV is said to be the critical link to the spread of this disease in Baltimore. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>In 2004 (IDUs) accounted for 17% of all AIDS cases among African in the U.S. Injecting drug use is the second leading cause of HIV infection in African American women and the third leading cause in African American men. </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland HIV/AIDS Epidemiological Profile (2002), intravenous drug use is an epidemic in the northeast and southeast corridors of the United States, where many underserved African Americans reside. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>A benefit of increasing the number of substance abuse programs in area similar to Baltimore City would be the accessibility of these programs to African Americans residing in the area where poverty, crime, and IDU are among the highest. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens in the community must also want to get involved and work with individuals that within the City government, City Council, and local non-governmental organizations to find funding for substance abuse programs. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>There are at least 3% of the District’s residents living with HIV/AIDS, this total far surpasses the 1% threshold that constitutes a “generalized and severe” epidemic. </li></ul><ul><li>Theses numbers translate into 2,984 per 100,000 residents being affected with HIV/AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Men having sex with men have remained the disease’s leading mode of transmission in D.C. and in other urban areas. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>“ On the Down Low” is where black men, who identify as straight and have a female partner, have sex with other men in secret. </li></ul><ul><li>Reports show that homosexuality is highly stigmatized in Black communities. </li></ul><ul><li>In a community that already experience discrimination among the general population, it makes it hard for black men to deal with being labeled gay. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>L.A. Lakers Magic Ervin Johnson have been living with HIV for the past 16 years. </li></ul><ul><li>He and his wife serve as Public features all over the country for HIV/AIDS prevention. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, Abbot Drug firm funded the “I Stand With Magic” Campaign a five year, $60 million grant. </li></ul><ul><li>Their main goal is to cut AIDS rates among black Americans by 50% </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The CDC currently funds several projects in the United States to aid in addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic that is affecting African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>They have a lot of rapid HIV testing events that take place at Historical Black Colleges and Universities. </li></ul><ul><li>The CDC is also in charge of running a series of HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns and ads all over the country targeted at African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>the CDC have reported to provide $35 million to facilitate HIV testing and improve early HIV diagnoses in areas with high levels of HIV within local black communities. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Join organizations that are in on the fight to end HIV/AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Devote and volunteer a small amount of your time to educate black youth at urban community centers. </li></ul><ul><li>Join social networking groups and blogs to help virally spread awareness. </li></ul><ul><li>Join efforts to fight for health policies in urban cities, and push for equal health care for all individuals in America. </li></ul>
  22. 22. THANK YOU