Myths & facts


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Myths & facts

  1. 1. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health By Nimisha Clinical Psychologist; Counsellor & Trainer Soningra Polyclinic; Mazgaon, Mumbai – 400 010 Contact: +91 9619303902 • Understanding Mental Health • Understanding Myths & Facts
  2. 2. "Mental illness is likeMYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health any other physical illness and is treatable. Early intervention leads to better outcomes and can prevent people from reaching the crisis point" Understanding Mental Illnesses : Any of various psychiatric conditions, usually characterized by impairment of an individuals normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by physiological or psychosocial factors. Also called mental disease, mental disorder The term “Psychiatric Disability” is used when mental illness significantly interferes with the performance of major life activities such as learning, working, communicating, among others.
  3. 3. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Severe Mental Disorders• Anxiety/ Phobias• Eating Disorder • Schizophrenia• Stress • Bipolar disorder• Depression (Manic depression) • Clinical depression • Suicidal tendency Common Mental Disorders • Personality disorder
  4. 4. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth # 1:Psychiatric disordersare not true medical illnesses like heart Fact:disease and diabetes. Brain disorders, like heart disease and People who have a diabetes, are legitimate medical illnesses. Research shows there are genetic andmental illness are just biological causes for psychiatric disorders, and "crazy." they can be treated effectively.
  5. 5. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth #2: People with a severemental illness, such as Fact: schizophrenia, are Statistics show that the incidence of violenceusually dangerous and in people who have a brain disorder is not violent. much higher than it is in the general population. Those suffering from a psychosis such as schizophrenia are more often frightened, confused and despairing than violent.
  6. 6. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth #3: Fact: Mental illness is the Most experts agree that a geneticresult of bad parenting susceptibility, combined with other risk or bad character. factors, leads to a psychiatric disorder. In other words, mental illnesses have a physical cause. A serious mental illness cannot be willed away. Ignoring the problem does not make it go away, either. It takes courage to seek professional help.
  7. 7. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth #4: Depression results from a personality weakness or character Fact: flaw, and people who Depression has nothing to do with being lazy are depressed could or weak. It results from changes in brain chemistry or brain function, and medication just snap out of it if and/or psychotherapy often help people tothey tried hard enough. recover.
  8. 8. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth # 1: Fact: Myth #5: Schizophrenia is often confused with multipleSchizophrenia means personality disorder. Actually, schizophrenia issplit personality, and a brain disorder that robs people of their there is no way to ability to think clearly and logically. The estimated 2.5 million Americans with control it. schizophrenia have symptoms ranging from social withdrawal to hallucinations and delusions. Medication has helped many of these individuals to lead fulfilling, productive lives.
  9. 9. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth # 1: Fact: Myth #6: It is not normal for older adults to beDepression is a normal depressed. Signs of depression in older people part of the aging include a loss of interest in activities, sleep process. disturbances and lethargy. Depression in the elderly is often undiagnosed, and it is important for seniors and their family members to recognize the problem and seek professional help.
  10. 10. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth # 1: Myth #7: Depression and other Fact: illnesses, such as Children and adolescents can develop severe anxiety disorders, do mental illnesses. In the United States, one in not affect children or ten children and adolescents has a mental adolescents. Any disorder severe enough to cause impairment. However, only about 20 percent of theseproblems they have are children receive needed treatment. Left just a part of growing untreated, these problems can get worse. up. Anyone talking about suicide should be taken very seriously.
  11. 11. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth # 1: Myth #8: If you have a mental illness, you can will itaway. Being treated for Fact: a psychiatric disorder A serious mental illness cannot be willed means an individual away. Ignoring the problem does not make it has in some way go away, either. It takes courage to seek "failed" or is weak. professional help.
  12. 12. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth # 1: Myth #9: Addiction is a lifestylechoice and shows a lack of willpower. People Fact:with a substance abuse Addiction is a disease that generally results problem are morally from changes in brain chemistry. It has weak or "bad". nothing to do with being a "bad" person.
  13. 13. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Myth # 1: Myth #10: Fact: Electroconvulsive ECT has given a new lease on life to manytherapy (ECT), formerly people who suffer from severe and known as "shock debilitating depression. It is used when other treatment," is painful treatments such as psychotherapy or and barbaric. medication fail or cannot be used. Patients who receive ECT are asleep and under anaesthesia, so they do not feel anything.
  14. 14. MYTHS & FACTS ‘bout Mental Health Fact: You can do a lot, starting with how you act and speak. You can create an environment that builds on peoples Myth # 1: strengths and promotes understanding. For example:The Biggest Myth of ALL Dont label people with words like "crazy," "wacko," or "loony" or define them by their diagnosis. Instead of # ##: saying someone is "a schizophrenic," say he or she "hasI cant do anything schizophrenia." Dont say "a schizophrenic person," say "a person with schizophrenia." This is called "people- for a person with first" language, and its important to make a distinction between the person and the illness. mental illness. Learn the facts about mental health and share them with others, especially if you hear something that isnt true. Treat people with mental illnesses with respect and dignity, just as you would anybody else. OFTEN PEOPLE ::: • ISOLATE PEOPLE • DON’T INCLUDE THEM IN DAY TO DAY ACTIVITIES • STOP PEOPLE GETTING & KEEPING JOBS • PREVENT PEOPLE SEEKING HELP • HAVE A –TIVE IMPACT ON PHYSICAL HEALTH • DELAY TREATMENT IMPAIR RECOVERY .
  15. 15. PLEASE!! “Respect the rights of people with mental illnesses and dont discriminate againstthem when it comes to housing, employment, or education. Like other people with disabilities, people with mental health problems are protected under federal and state laws” MIND – LIFE Consultants Nimisha Clinical Psychologist; Counsellor & Leadership Trainer; Motivation Expert Mumbai – 400 010 Contact: +91 9619303902