Mental disorders


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  • Ask class members to fill in the blank before clicking the figure up.
  • Ask students to fill in the blank before clicking the figure. Explain that most people can experience relief from symptoms…by actively participating in an individualized treatment plan.
  • Mental disorders

    1. 1. Serious mental illness Good mental health Mental health problems
    2. 2.  Mental Disorder:  Illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of a person PREVENTING them from leading a happy, healthful productive life.
    3. 3. Serious mental illnessGood mental health Fill in the blank 1 in ___ teens has some type of mental health problem in any given year. 5 Mental health problems
    4. 4. Serious mental illnessGood mental health Fill in the blank 1 in ___ Americans suffer from serious mental illness. Good news!! Recovery is possible. Most people can experience relief from symptoms… Mental health problems 17
    5. 5.  finding little or no pleasure in life  feeling worthless or extremely guilty  crying a lot for no particular reason  withdrawing from other people  experiencing severe anxiety, panic, or fear
    6. 6.  having big mood swings  experiencing a change in eating or sleeping patterns  having very low energy  losing interest in hobbies and pleasurable activities
    7. 7.  having too much energy, having trouble concentrating or following through on plans  feeling easily irritated or angry  experiencing racing thoughts or agitation
    8. 8.  hearing voices or seeing images that other people do not experience  believing that others are plotting against you  wanting to harm yourself or someone else
    9. 9.  Stigma  A mark of shame or disapproval that results in an individual being shunned or rejected by others.
    10. 10. DIABETES MENTAL ILLNESS Pancreas Brain Pancreas produces little or no insulin affecting person’s blood levels. Brain produces too much or not enough of neurotransmitters. There is no cure yet but people can manage their illnesses through medication treatment, lifestyle changes, etc . There is no cure yet but a person can usually be treated effectively to reduce the symptoms and allow the person to function in work, school or socially. 18.2 million people When applied to 2004 Census estimate for 18 or older 57.7 million people. In the United States-6.3 percent of the population-have diabetes, a serious, lifelong condition. An estimated 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older — about one in four adults — suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.
    11. 11.  Medieval to Modern times Mental Illness has been associated with stigma.  Mental Illness once thought individuals were possessed with demons.  Today though we have in depth knowledge of Mental Illness some still view those as weak, dangerous or responsible for their situation.
    12. 12.  Insurance  Housing  Jobs  Getting the best treatment or treatment at all  Social  Self esteem
    13. 13.  Mental disorders are REAL  Mental Disorders areTREATABLE  Understanding builds compassion for those that suffer with mental disorders
    14. 14.  Autism Spectrum Disorders  Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  Bipolar Disorder  Borderline Personality Disorder  Dissociative Disorders  Dual Diagnosis and IntegratedTreatment of Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Disorder  Eating Disorders  Major Depression  Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)  Panic Disorder  Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder  Schizoaffective Disorder  Schizophrenia  SeasonalAffective Disorder  Suicide  Tourette's Syndrome
    15. 15. A Few Disorders in Depth
    16. 16.  a disorder characterized by a preoccupation with body functions and the interpretation of normal body sensations. Reassurance by physicians and others only serves to increase the hypochondriac's persistent anxiety about their health.
    17. 17.  real or imagined fears that are difficult to control 13% of children ages 9 and 17 experience an anxiety disorder each year.
    18. 18.  extreme mood changes, energy levels and behavior. Manic: extreme highs depressive: extreme lows.
    19. 19.  (OCD)  is an anxiety disorder and is characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors (compulsions). *Repetitive behaviors such as handwashing, counting, checking, or cleaning are often performed with the hope of preventing obsessive thoughts or making them go away. Performing these so-called "rituals," however, provides only temporary relief, and not performing them markedly increases anxiety *as good as it gets/HowieMandell Clip
    20. 20. Prolonged feelings of Helplessness, hopelessness and sadness. **Clinical Depression: 2 weeks or longer
    21. 21.  Major: intense can last for weeks or months  Mild: less severe can last for years  Adjustment disorder: reaction to a specific life event (divorce, break up, job loss etc.)
    22. 22.  Causes can be PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL reasons  Medical conditions  Traumatic events  Social or environmental factors such as: poverty physical/emotional harmful environments.
    23. 23.  Depression: Symptoms include: Persistent sad, anxious or "empty" feelings Feelings of hopelessness and/or pessimism Feelings of guilt, worthlessness and/or helplessness Irritability, restlessness Loss of interest in activities/hobbies that once were pleasurable Fatigue and decreased energy Difficulty concentrating, remembering details and making decisions Insomnia, early–morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping Overeating, or appetite loss Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts Persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps or digestive problems
    24. 24.  an uncontrollable panic response to ordinary, nonthreatening situations. symptoms during a panic attack: sweating; hot or cold flashes; choking or smothering sensations; racing heart; labored breathing; trembling; chest pains; faintness; numbness; nausea; disorientation; or feelings of dying, losing control, or losing one's mind. Panic attacks typically last about 10 minutes, but may be a few minutes shorter or longer. During the attack, the physical and emotional symptoms increase quickly in a crescendo-like way and then subside. A person may feel anxious and jittery for many hours after experiencing a panic attack.
    25. 25.  irrational, involuntary, and inappropriate fears of ordinary situations or things. People who have phobias can experience panic attacks when confronted with the situation or object about which they feel phobic  Phobias are usually chronic (long-term), distressing disorders that keep people from ordinary activities and places.They can lead to other serious problems, such as depression. In fact, at least half of those who suffer with phobias and panic disorders also have depression.Alcoholism, loss of productivity, secretiveness, and feelings of shame and low self-esteem also occur with this illness. Some people are unable to go anywhere or do anything outside their homes without the help of others they trust.
    26. 26.  an anxiety disorder that can occur after someone experiences a traumatic event that caused intense fear, helplessness, or horror. (e.g., rape, war, natural disasters, abuse, serious accidents, and captivity) ORfrom theWITNESSING or LEARNING of a violent or tragic event.
    27. 27.  Approximately 5.4 million children ages 4-17 have been diagnosed with ADHD.  Boys are more likely than girls to haveADHD but this ratio seems to even out by adulthood.  Children with a parent who suffers from ADHD is more likely to also have ADHD.  ADHD can be controlled through proper treatment.
    28. 28.  Mental Disorders can be very serious and debilitating BUT there is treatment.   Treating Disorders takesTIME, PERSISTENCE AND PATIENCE.
    29. 29.  a trusted adult to talk with  a healthy balance between work, play, and relaxation  good nutrition (food pyramid)  plenty of sleep (8 ½ to 9 hrs per night)  regular exercise  learning how to control stress  getting professional help if something is wrong
    30. 30.  Mental health is just as important as physical health!  Mental illnesses are real and deserve to be treated.  It’s not a person’s fault if he or she has a mental illness  Mental health problems are not something you can “just snap out of” even if you try.  It’s OK to ask for help and get it.  There is hope! People improve and recover with the help of treatment and they are able to enjoy happier, healthier lives.