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Accessibility
Standards from the
Inside Out
Madeleine Rothberg
National Center for Accessible Media at WGBH
June 16, 2016
So many standards!
 Web standards from W3C: WCAG, HTML, ARIA
 W3C DPUB Note and ARIA DPUB roles
 EPUB for Education
 E...
What is a digital book?
Words, images,
widgets...
Arranged with
structure
Wrapped in a
book format
Sold or offered
from an...
Standards guide accessibility in every layer 4
© 2016 WGBH
Words etc. in
accessible HTML
with ARIA
Arranged with
structure...
Words etc. in
accessible HTML
with ARIA
Arranged with
structure using ARIA
DPUB roles
Wrapped in a book
format using ePUB
...
W3C Accessibility Standards
 HTML5
 Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0
—Start with “Web Content Accessibility Guid...
ARIA and DPUB
 Accessible Rich Internet Applications 1.0 and soon 1.1
—adds accessibility semantics to a host language, i...
EPUB Standards
 EPUB 3.1 in progress
—3.0 added accessibility support
—3.1 new accessibility features
Metadata, audio for...
Accessibility Metadata
 ONIX
—extensive accessibility features list
—Code List 196
 Schema.org and a11ymetadata.org
—acc...
10
© 2016 WGBH
Accessibility Metadata in HTML 11
© 2016 WGBH
Resources for HTML and ARIA
Web Accessibility Initiative:
https://www.w3.org/WAI/
WCAG Overview:
https://www.w3.org/WAI/in...
Resources for EPUB
EPUB for Education :
Draft Specification 22 February 2016
http://www.idpf.org/epub/profiles/edu/spec/
E...
Resources for Accessibility Metadata
ONIX:
Download the specification and all code lists
http://www.editeur.org/93/Release...
Questions
Madeleine Rothberg
National Center for Accessible Media at WGBH
madeleine_rothberg@wgbh.org
15
© 2016 WGBH
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AAUP 2016: Accessibility Standards from the Inside Out (M. Rothberg)

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These slides are from Madeleine Rothberg as part of the "Accessibility is Accessible" pre-meeting workshop at AAUP 2016 in Philadelphia, PA.

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AAUP 2016: Accessibility Standards from the Inside Out (M. Rothberg)

  1. 1. Accessibility Standards from the Inside Out Madeleine Rothberg National Center for Accessible Media at WGBH June 16, 2016
  2. 2. So many standards!  Web standards from W3C: WCAG, HTML, ARIA  W3C DPUB Note and ARIA DPUB roles  EPUB for Education  EPUB Accessibility: Conformance and Discovery Requirements for EPUB Publications  Schema.org and ONIX metadata 2 © 2016 WGBH
  3. 3. What is a digital book? Words, images, widgets... Arranged with structure Wrapped in a book format Sold or offered from an online catalog 3 © 2016 WGBH
  4. 4. Standards guide accessibility in every layer 4 © 2016 WGBH Words etc. in accessible HTML with ARIA Arranged with structure using ARIA DPUB roles Wrapped in a book format using EPUB a11y standard Offered in an online catalog using Schema.org and ONIX metadata
  5. 5. Words etc. in accessible HTML with ARIA Arranged with structure using ARIA DPUB roles Wrapped in a book format using ePUB a11y standard Offered in an online catalog using Schema.org and ONIX metadata Not quite so neat 5 © 2016 WGBH
  6. 6. W3C Accessibility Standards  HTML5  Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 —Start with “Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) Overview” —Perceivable, Operable, Understandable and Robust —Success criteria —Specific techniques and code samples (HTML, CSS, PDF, ARIA, Flash, other technologies)  User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 —Ebook readers are user agents  Authoring Tools Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 6 © 2016 WGBH
  7. 7. ARIA and DPUB  Accessible Rich Internet Applications 1.0 and soon 1.1 —adds accessibility semantics to a host language, i.e. HTML or EPUB —always use native HTML or EPUB when that has semantics —layer on ARIA, but not too much  Digital Publishing Working Group (DPUB) documents in progress —Note offers overview and use cases —ARIA module offers roles, states and properties specific to the digital publishing industry 7 © 2016 WGBH
  8. 8. EPUB Standards  EPUB 3.1 in progress —3.0 added accessibility support —3.1 new accessibility features Metadata, audio formats  EPUB for Education (formerly EduPUB): profile of EPUB with rich educational semantics  EPUB Accessibility: Conformance and Discovery Requirements for EPUB Publications Editor's Draft 26 April 2016 – Please comment —Requirements doc —Techniques doc 8 © 2016 WGBH
  9. 9. Accessibility Metadata  ONIX —extensive accessibility features list —Code List 196  Schema.org and a11ymetadata.org —accessibility features, hazards, control, API —work in progress: access mode, access mode sufficient, accessibility summary, braille details  Work in progress: harmonize ONIX and Schema.org accessibility metadata 9 © 2016 WGBH
  10. 10. 10 © 2016 WGBH
  11. 11. Accessibility Metadata in HTML 11 © 2016 WGBH
  12. 12. Resources for HTML and ARIA Web Accessibility Initiative: https://www.w3.org/WAI/ WCAG Overview: https://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/wcag.php ARIA 1.1 W3C Working Draft 17 March 2016 https://www.w3.org/TR/wai-aria-1.1/ Digital Publishing and Accessibility in W3C Documents: W3C Interest Group Note 03 May 2016 https://www.w3.org/TR/dpub-accessibility/ Digital Publishing WAI-ARIA Module 1.0: W3C Working Draft 17 March 2016 https://www.w3.org/TR/dpub-aria-1.0/ 12 © 2016 WGBH
  13. 13. Resources for EPUB EPUB for Education : Draft Specification 22 February 2016 http://www.idpf.org/epub/profiles/edu/spec/ EPUB Accessibility Conformance and Discovery Requirements for EPUB Publications: Editor's Draft 26 April 2016 http://www.idpf.org/epub/a11y/accessibility.html EPUB Accessibility Techniques: Editor's Draft 26 April 2016 http://www.idpf.org/epub/a11y/techniques.html 13 © 2016 WGBH
  14. 14. Resources for Accessibility Metadata ONIX: Download the specification and all code lists http://www.editeur.org/93/Release-3.0-Downloads/#Specification Accessibility Metadata: Specification, examples, crosswalk, and more http://www.a11ymetadata.org/ Schema.org Metadata Integration Guide for EPUB 3: Advice on integrating schema.org metadata in the EPUB® package document By Matt Garrish, Michael Jay, and Madeleine Rothberg http://www.idpf.org/epub/guides/schema-org-integration/ 14 © 2016 WGBH
  15. 15. Questions Madeleine Rothberg National Center for Accessible Media at WGBH madeleine_rothberg@wgbh.org 15 © 2016 WGBH

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