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Getting to Accessible Publishing
at the University of Michigan
Press
Jonathan McGlone
Michigan Publishing
jmcglone@umich.e...
Goals for the next 20 minutes
Offer a path for presses to follow
Lessons learned from U-M Press’s adventures
Follow Slides...
Accessibility Initiatives prior to 2015-16
Conducted audits on U-M Press website for WCAG 2.0 AA
conformance
Provide servi...
U-M Press Accessibility Roadmap
March
Update Author’s
Guide
Create samples
2016
May
Add image
descriptions to
one book
Req...
accessible
publishing
Task Force
Audit
Author’s Guide
Image
Description
Guidelines
Production
Guidelines
a11y
Statement
E-Book Accessibility Task Force
Included representatives from all Michigan Publishing units and the
Library’s Accessibilit...
accessible
publishing
Task Force
Audit
Author’s Guide
Image
Description
Guidelines
Production
Guidelines
a11y
Statement
E-Book Accessibility Audit
1-2 titles from each discipline/list
Foreign language
Heavy image use
Mathematics/equations
Not...
E-Book Accessibility Audit
Already Doing
Tables not used for layout
Data tables not images
Structurally-significant conten...
accessible
publishing
Task Force
Audit
Author’s
Guide
Image
Description
Guidelines
Production
Guidelines
a11y
Statement
For every image, in addition to the
caption, an author must also provide
alternative text and description.
Fig. 10 Detail of New York University Child Study Center’s
(2007) “Ransom Notes” campaign umbrella advertisement.
Photogra...
accessible
publishing
Task Force
Audit
Author’s Guide
Image
Description
Guidelines
Production
Guidelines
a11y
Statement
Surrounding Text
Field of Our Dreams
Field of Our Dreams is a mobile produce market serving the
Eastside of Detroit. The m...
Caption
[None]
Alt Text
Photograph of Field of Our Dreams produce stand with staff
working at a residential sidewalk corne...
Description
Three staff people working at a Field of Our Dreams produce
stand. The stand consists of a folding table set u...
accessible
publishing
Task Force
Audit
Author’s Guide
Image
Description
Guidelines
Production
Guidelines
a11y
Statement
Accessibility Production Guidelines
Criteria for book cover a11y
Steps for adding in alt text, image descriptions, and mar...
Accessibility Production Guidelines
Data tables should never be converted into images
Decorative images should have empty ...
accessible
publishing
Task Force
Audit
Author’s Guide
Image
Description
Guidelines
Production
Guidelines
a11y
Statement
Accessibility Statement
Short information page that is available from every page on your
website
Present clear information...
http://www.press.umich.edu/about#accessibility
What doesn’t work?
What doesn’t work?
Reviewing EPUBs on all devices -- instead use epubtest.org
Scope creep
Hand editing EPUBs
What works?
What works?
Making it an iterative process - start small, iterate often
Collaborating with campus experts and resources
Le...
Additional Resources
Slides - https://goo.gl/ZaEkgC
IDPF EPUB3 Accessibility Guidelines
BISG Quick Start Guide to Accessib...
AAUP 2016: Getting to Accessible Publishing at the University of Michigan Press (J. McGlone)
AAUP 2016: Getting to Accessible Publishing at the University of Michigan Press (J. McGlone)
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AAUP 2016: Getting to Accessible Publishing at the University of Michigan Press (J. McGlone)

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These slides are from Jonathan McGlone as part of the "Accessibility is Accessible" pre-meeting workshop at AAUP 2016 in Philadelphia, PA.

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AAUP 2016: Getting to Accessible Publishing at the University of Michigan Press (J. McGlone)

  1. 1. Getting to Accessible Publishing at the University of Michigan Press Jonathan McGlone Michigan Publishing jmcglone@umich.edu AAUP 2016 Annual Meeting Accessibility is Accessible: AAUP Design & Production Workshop June 16 2016
  2. 2. Goals for the next 20 minutes Offer a path for presses to follow Lessons learned from U-M Press’s adventures Follow Slides at https://goo.gl/ZaEkgC
  3. 3. Accessibility Initiatives prior to 2015-16 Conducted audits on U-M Press website for WCAG 2.0 AA conformance Provide services for users with print disabilities LoC National Library Service Direct fulfillment Bookshare
  4. 4. U-M Press Accessibility Roadmap March Update Author’s Guide Create samples 2016 May Add image descriptions to one book Require descriptions for select books June Enable sales of EPUB3 Develop QA protocol Improve image samples July - August Create guide for EPUB creation Train production staff on new technical requirements September Add A11Y metadata to ONIX feeds Gather user feedback November Improve HTML5 output in conversion workflow Refine QA protocol December Revise Author’s Guide Review EPUB creation guide Establish A11Y Baseline 2017 July Require descriptions for all books All books conform to A11Y baseline
  5. 5. accessible publishing Task Force Audit Author’s Guide Image Description Guidelines Production Guidelines a11y Statement
  6. 6. E-Book Accessibility Task Force Included representatives from all Michigan Publishing units and the Library’s Accessibility Specialist. Collectively educated each other on a11y -- researched best practices in accessible publishing, sought training, and consulted with a11y experts on campus and elsewhere. Task Force was a sub-team to a pre-existing “Operations Group” that met regularly, so we had a channel to communicate our progress
  7. 7. accessible publishing Task Force Audit Author’s Guide Image Description Guidelines Production Guidelines a11y Statement
  8. 8. E-Book Accessibility Audit 1-2 titles from each discipline/list Foreign language Heavy image use Mathematics/equations Notes/endnotes Tables Audit EPUB3 using IDPF a11y QA Checklist
  9. 9. E-Book Accessibility Audit Already Doing Tables not used for layout Data tables not images Structurally-significant content grouped in <section> elements Print page break locations TOC includes the full structure Numbered headings reflect document Needing Serious Work Images lack alt text or descriptions Not using <fig> or <figcaption> for images CSS properties sometimes defined with style attribute epub:type attribute not being used Better use of semantic markup
  10. 10. accessible publishing Task Force Audit Author’s Guide Image Description Guidelines Production Guidelines a11y Statement
  11. 11. For every image, in addition to the caption, an author must also provide alternative text and description.
  12. 12. Fig. 10 Detail of New York University Child Study Center’s (2007) “Ransom Notes” campaign umbrella advertisement. Photograph by Eduardo Trejos. Reprinted with artist’s permission. <figure class="fig"> <img src="images/Fig10.jpg" aria- describedby="Fig10-desc" alt="Photograph of Ransom Notes campaign billboard." width="600" height="375" /> <figcaption class="figcap"> <a data-locator="p153" class="page"></a> <span class="fighn">Fig. 10</span> Detail of New York University Child Study Center’s (2007) “Ransom Notes” campaign umbrella advertisement. Photograph by Eduardo Trejos. Reprinted with artist’s permission. <aside class="hidden" id="Fig10-desc"> <p>This image is of a towering billboard. The text on the billboard appears composed of words and letters cut out from a variety of different print sources and pasted together. The text reads:“12 million kids are held hostage by a psychiatric disorder.”</p> </aside> </figcaption> </figure>
  13. 13. accessible publishing Task Force Audit Author’s Guide Image Description Guidelines Production Guidelines a11y Statement
  14. 14. Surrounding Text Field of Our Dreams Field of Our Dreams is a mobile produce market serving the Eastside of Detroit. The market emerged from conversations at the Capuchin Soup Kitchen between artist Nick Tobier and Keith Love and Warren Thomas, local residents and patrons of the kitchen. Once a week, via a converted pickup truck, the market roams through Eastside neighborhoods that are underserved or unserved by grocery stores and that as a result have constrained access to fresh fruits and vegetables. Most of the market’s produce is purchased from wholesale produce distributors using proceeds from previous sales; the market also sells produce from Earthworks’ Youth Garden, which receives all proceeds from these sales. ...From Andrew Herscher, Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit (2012)
  15. 15. Caption [None] Alt Text Photograph of Field of Our Dreams produce stand with staff working at a residential sidewalk corner. From Andrew Herscher, Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit (2012)
  16. 16. Description Three staff people working at a Field of Our Dreams produce stand. The stand consists of a folding table set up on a residential sidewalk, piled with different size baskets of greens, fruit, and vegetables. One staff worker, a middle-aged Black man in an apron, adjusts a pineapple on the table; a second worker, a Black man, speaks through a megaphone; a third worker, a white woman, looks on and listens. In the background are residential houses of a Detroit neighborhood and cars parked along the street. Note: In certain cases the author may wish to highlight other elements of the photograph, identify the people pictured, or provide greater context. From Andrew Herscher, Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit (2012)
  17. 17. accessible publishing Task Force Audit Author’s Guide Image Description Guidelines Production Guidelines a11y Statement
  18. 18. Accessibility Production Guidelines Criteria for book cover a11y Steps for adding in alt text, image descriptions, and markup Changes to Scribe tagging procedures or tags to utilize Custom a11y QA checklist for alt text and descriptions List of desired to changes to make in the future
  19. 19. Accessibility Production Guidelines Data tables should never be converted into images Decorative images should have empty alt text Define languages <span xml:lang="fr" lang="fr">rue Saint-Andre-des-Arts</span> Define the content of each tag <dl epub:type="glossary"> Include navigation to the smallest heading level Add accessibility metadata so others know your content is accessible and search engines can
  20. 20. accessible publishing Task Force Audit Author’s Guide Image Description Guidelines Production Guidelines a11y Statement
  21. 21. Accessibility Statement Short information page that is available from every page on your website Present clear information about target level of a11y What are your initiatives? What are you working on now? What are your known a11y problems and how do you plan to address them? Statement of commitment to a11y
  22. 22. http://www.press.umich.edu/about#accessibility
  23. 23. What doesn’t work?
  24. 24. What doesn’t work? Reviewing EPUBs on all devices -- instead use epubtest.org Scope creep Hand editing EPUBs
  25. 25. What works?
  26. 26. What works? Making it an iterative process - start small, iterate often Collaborating with campus experts and resources Leaning on authors for descriptive and alt text
  27. 27. Additional Resources Slides - https://goo.gl/ZaEkgC IDPF EPUB3 Accessibility Guidelines BISG Quick Start Guide to Accessible Publishing DIAGRAM Center Image Description Guidelines U-M Press Accessibility Statement umpress.accessibility@umich.edu jmcglone@umich.edu

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