Paludiculture: Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands

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By Jan Peters, Michael Succow Foundation, Greifswald / Germany, www.succow-stiftung.de. This presentation was held at the side event of Wetlands International at the UNFCCC Climate conference in Doha in December 2012. See www.wetlands.org/doha

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Paludiculture: Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands

  1. 1. COP18 / CMP8 Side Event ‘Ecosystems-based mitigation: from incentives to practice’ Doha, 6th December 2012 Paludiculture Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Jan Peters Peatlands & Climate Change Michael Succow Foundation, Greifswald (Germany)Foto: W. Thiel C. Schöder W. Wichtmann J. Peters C. Schröder
  2. 2. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Paludiculture in FAO Decision Support Tree
  3. 3. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Introduction to Paludiculture „palus“ – lat.: swamp, marsh + „cultura“ – lat.: care, cultivation Sustainable land use of wet peatlands Preservation of the peat body Reduction of GHG emissions Production of renewable biomass Maintainance of ecosystem services Conservation of biodiversity Peatland conservation by sustainable land use
  4. 4. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands GHG emission balance of land use types 60 Drainage based land use 50 40 t CO2-eq ha-1 yr-1 30 20 Paludiculture CH4 10 GWP 0 CO2 -10 -20 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0 20 water table [cm] Hooijer & Couwenberg, 2012 Croplands, common grasslands Low intensity pasture Nature conservation grasslands Reed canary grass Alder Reed
  5. 5. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands GHG emission balance of land use types 60 Drainage based land use 50 40 t CO2-eq ha-1 yr-1 30 20 Paludiculture CH4 10 GWP 0 CO2 -10 Reduction of >30 t/ha CO2-eq! -20 -100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0 20 water table [cm] Hooijer & Couwenberg, 2012 Croplands, common grasslands Low intensity pasture Nature conservation grasslands Reed canary grass Alder Reed
  6. 6. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Potential value chains of paludiculture
  7. 7. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Harvesting and collecting of biomassC. Schröder W. Wichtmann S. Wichmann C. Schröder
  8. 8. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Processing of raw materialsS. Wichmann F. Tanneberger www.typhatechnik.com
  9. 9. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Sphagnum farmingS. Wichmann S. Wichmann S. Wichmann S. Wichmann A. Prager
  10. 10. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Paludi-biomass in the tropicsR. Dommain R. Dommain greatbasinbasketmakers.org
  11. 11. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Biomass as fuel for energyL. Lachmann T. Dahms W. Wichtmann W. Wichtmann
  12. 12. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands PALUDICULTURE IS FEASIBLE! F. Tanneberger C. Schröder www.typhatechnik.com L. LachmannA. Prager S. Wichmann G. Gaudig W. Wichtmann L. Lachmann
  13. 13. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Comparison of GHG avoidance costs $/t CO2-eqPaludiculture „Reed“ 0Paludiculture „Alder“ 0-2.5Hydro & Wind power 25-50„Bio natural gas“ 67-502„Bio fuel“ 250-750www.co2-emissionen-vergleichen.de/Vermeidungskosten/Vergleich-CO2-Vermeidungskosten.htmlWiss. Beirat Agrarpolitik beim BMELV 2007; Nutzung von Biomasse zur Energiegewinnung Paludiculture is a low-hanging fruit for climate change mitigation
  14. 14. Paludiculture - Business opportunities for rewetted peatlands Future perspectivesPaludiculture is an innovative, climate-smart alternative!In future we have to: Adapt concept to multitude of climatic zones and common agricultural practices Large-scale implementation on potential paludiculture sites worldwide Benefit from GHG emission accounting under new KP LULUCF activity ‘Wetland Drainage and Rewetting’ or on the voluntary carbon market (VCS-WRC) Cut dissent subsidies for agriculture on drained peatlands (EU-CAP) Identify potential paludiculture crops DPPP = “Database of Potential Paludiculture Plants” collectsinformation of economically productive wetland plants, will be availablesoon
  15. 15. For the climate, for the people, for biodiversity!General recommendations:1. Conserve undrained peatlands2. Rewet/restore drained/degraded peatlands3. Adapt management of peatlands S. Schmidt Paludiculture as climate-smart agriculture
  16. 16. COP18 / CMP8 Side Event‘Ecosystems-based mitigation: from incentives to practice’ Doha, 6th December 2012 Check our new brochure: Paludiculture Sustainable productive utilisation of rewetted peatlands Now available!
  17. 17. COP18 / CMP8 Side Event ‘Ecosystems-based mitigation: from incentives to practice’ Doha, 6th December 2012 Thank you! Visit www.paludiculture.orgJan PetersMichael Succow FoundationGreifswald / Germany Supported by:jan.peters@succow-stiftung.dewww.succow-stiftung.de

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