Rehabilitation and Sustainable Managment of Peatlands in South East Asia


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By Mr Faizal Parish, Global Environment Centre, Work on Peatlands in South East Asia / Networking

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Rehabilitation and Sustainable Managment of Peatlands in South East Asia

  1. 1. ASEAN Peatland Forests Project (APFP) Regional Collaboration for fire prevention andsustainable management of peatlands in SE Asia Faizal Parish, Chee Tong Yiew, and Chin Sing Yun APFP Regional Project Executing Agency International Conference on Wetland Forests Brunei 22-23 March 2012 Regional Project Executing Agency
  2. 2. PresentationPeatlands in Se AsiaFire and hazeBrunei issuesASEAN responsesFire prediction and warningBest management practicesCollaboration
  3. 3. Peat Swamp Forest is the main wetland type in Se Asia Kampar Sumatra
  4. 4. Peatlands cover 25 million ha in Se Asia Source: SarvisionRPEA ASEAN Peatland Forests Project (APFP):
  5. 5. Peatlands provide water and prevent floods
  6. 6. Peatlands have high Biodiversity
  7. 7. Peatlands Feed People in Peat swamp Forest in Pahang communitiesFishing, Pahang, Malaysia Source: UNDP-GEF PSF Project
  8. 8. Peatlands support communitiesJelutong - Chewing Gum tree, Indonesia
  9. 9. Peatlands regulate climate CO2 CH4 CO2 CH4ГВ N2O
  10. 10. .Peatlands in SE asia store 70 billion tonnes of carbontwice as much as all forest biomass
  11. 11. Peatland degradation and fires lead to GHG emissions and haze
  12. 12. Peatland fires lead to transboundary Smoke haze MODIS image June 2005 - Red dots: fires Courtesy MODIS Rapid Response Team
  13. 13. Smoke Haze is the most serious regionalenvironment problem in ASEAN 1000 km © NASA TOMS
  14. 14. Badas pipeline road, Brunei
  15. 15. Sand mining in peat - Seria Bypass
  16. 16. Transboundary Peatland
  17. 17. Institutional Frameworksdeveloped by ASEAN Member States ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze ASEAN Peatland Management Initiative (APMI) & ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy (APMS) 2006-2020 National Action Plans on Peatland (NAP) APMS identifies key actions related to integrated peatland management, fire prevention, maintaining carbon stores and minimizing GHG emissions.
  18. 18. ASEAN Peatland Forest ProjectSupport implementation of ASEAN PeatlandManagement Strategy 2006-2020 and NAPsFinance: IFAD-GEF, co-funding Governments, EUDevelopment of pilot projects in 4 ASEAN countries –Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Viet Nam;Brunei, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia andLao PDR involved in regional activitiesIdentification and promotion of BMP for peatlandPeatland Fire Prediction and warning systemPromoting and demonstrating BMPsImplemented 2009-2014
  19. 19. Development of the ASEAN Peatland Fire Prediction & Warning System (Southern ASEAN Region) Fire Danger Rating System – operated by Malaysian Meteorological Department oOverlay of FDRS maps on peatlands Regional Peat Fire oOverlay of Maps of peat areas Prediction & Warning Hotspot maps and fire-prone System on peatlands peat areas oAlert System Hotspot Monitoring – operated by ASEAN Specialised Meteorological Centre oWeb oEmail Disseminate to oSMS etc end users RPEA ASEAN Peatland Forests Project (APFP) :
  20. 20. Daily Operational FDRS Weather data system 300 stations Existing FDRS configuration WEATHER OBSERVATION Bawil I Medan Satellite Real time Weather data Decode 16.00 LST Geostationary Satellite (GMS) Polar Orbiting Satellite (NOAA) Aircraft Aerosonde Radiosonde Bawil II Satellite Ciputat Seawatch Buoy CMSS MAIN DATA SERVER MaritimeShiping observation observation Bawil III BMG VSAT Denpasar Link Satellite dis h CCU1 CCU2 STRATUS CUMULUS Weather Radar Rainfall station Bawil IV Surface observation Ujung Pandang station Automatic weather Satellite Control Router Station (AWS) Station Cisco 2611 Bawil V Switch 100 mbps BMG LAN Jayapura Modem DOV BACKBONE Router Cisco 2509 DATA ENTRY Computer 1 Computer 4 Computer 2 Computer 3 Indosat - British Telecom Frame Relay Telephone Meteorological Center Climate & Air Quality Center RDBMS FDRS & GIS NMC RMC processing Melbourne Singapore Internet Multimedia Studio Fire Danger Fire Danger Fire Danger Long Term Forecast Short Term Forecast Daily Information Monthly and Yearly Weekly synopsis Seasonal External Agencies Forestry Dept, Agriculture & Web Web Web, Monthly Report Plantation Dept, LAPAN, BPPT, Seasonal Publication Environtment Dept, NGO,TV media, etc FDRS maps processing (16.15 LST)
  21. 21. FDRS INTERPRETATION FIRE WEATHER INDEX CLASS FIRE FIRE CHARACTERISTIC SUPPRESSION S DIFFICULTY LOW Creeping surface No control problems fires unless fire is deep burning MODERATE Surface fires may Fire can be spread vigorously controlled by direct or with moderate attack with hand fire intensity* tools and water HIGH Fast spreading or Fire control requires moderate to high power pumps and/or intensity fire fire break construction using mechanized line- building tools EXTREME Fast spreading or Very difficult to high intensity fire control. Indirect attack using drip torches from control lines may work National Scale
  22. 22. Increase station number from 39 to 168 39 station Peninsular - 26 East Malaysia - 13 168 station Peninsular - 132 East Malaysia - 36
  23. 23. Pilot Project the State of Selangor, Malaysia10 June 2011Risk of fire in drained peat inNorth and south SelangorRegional ProjectExecuting Agency
  24. 24.● Zoom to Peninsular & East Malaysia● Google Map● Peatland area
  25. 25. Danger rating used to guide preventive measuresand allocation of resources and facilitate patolling andwarning action
  26. 26. Cooperation with plantation sector to prevent fires
  27. 27. Promote BMPs eg Good water management .
  28. 28. WATER RETENTION ALONG COLLECTIONDRAINS (one weir for every 20 cm difference in water level)
  29. 29. Avoid impacts on adjacent peatlands
  30. 30. Block Abandoned drains
  31. 31. Community fire prevention and control
  32. 32. Peatland Nursery TechniqueWilding From seed
  33. 33. Rehabilitate degraded sites
  34. 34. ConclusionsPeatland degradation and haze is a common problem in ASEANcountriesBy working together countries can develop common solutionsCoordination and exchange can enhance effectiveness andlearningEngagement of communities, private sector and localgovernment is key to changing actions on the groundCommon approaches and standards as well as joint action canlead to rapid progressBrunei should enhance its involvement in the implementation ofthe ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy including fireprevention and rehabilitation and transboundary cooperation.
  35. 35. Thank you