Chapter 15Consumer Fraud by Rachel


Published on

Chapter 15

Published in: Business
  • Learning a profitable trading strategy is possible, This GEORGESEPROVITZ COM is perfect for anyone. Even if you have absolutely no trading experience! I often warn newbie traders not to dive into trading Binary Options thinking that you will be able to earn an incredible amount of profits on your own! Whenever you try something for the first time you are bound to make mistakes and mistakes in trading means that you are losing money! That is why having Option Navigator software is what you need!
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Binary Options is very interesting in my own opinion and I know most traders would agree to that. See ANDY LANK METHOD . I am using this product since 3 weeks and i am getting good profit.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • I have personally used this before. But i loose my money trading on this. Now i'm satisfied with ANDY LANK CASH FLOW.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • <object width="425" height="344"><param name="movie" value=""></param><embed src="" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowfullscreen="true" width="425" height="344"></embed></object> 0:30 – 4:09
  • Chapter 15Consumer Fraud by Rachel

    1. 1. Chapter 15 Consumer Fraud
    2. 2. Learning Objectives • Define what consumer fraud is and understand its seriousness • Understand identity theft • Classify the various types of investment and consumer frauds
    3. 3. Consumer Fraud • Any fraud that targets a consumer or an individual as its victim. (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012) • Two types of consumer fraud • Identity Theft • Consumer Scams • With advancements in technology consumer fraud has become much more common than it used to be.
    4. 4. Identity Theft • Identity theft is using the identity information of another person to pretend to be them. (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012)
    5. 5. Identity Crime in New Zealand Identity Crime in New Zealand •Costs the New Zealand economy approximately $209 million every year. •133,000 New Zealanders are victims of identity theft annually. New Zealanders tend to be trusting people which makes New Zealand appear to be an easy target. (Department of Internal Affairs, 2013)
    6. 6. Identity Theft Cycle Stage 1: Discovery 1. Gain Information 2. Verify Information Stage 2: Action 1. Accumulating Documentation 2. Cover-up Actions Stage 3: Trial 1. 1st Dimensional 2. 2nd Dimensional 3. 3rd Dimensional (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012)
    7. 7. Methods of Identity Theft • Posing as an employee or representative of an organisation • Shoulder surfing • Dumpster diving • Skimming • Phishing • Stealing wallets • Theft of mail • Social engineering (Department of Internal Affairs, 2013) & (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012)
    8. 8. Identity Theft – RFID Scanning
    9. 9. How Fraudsters Benefit from Identity Theft • Buy large ticket items • Take out car, home or other loans • Establish phone or wireless service in the victims name • Opening a new bank account • Filing for bankruptcy under the victims name • Reporting a victim’s name to the police in lieu of their own • Opening new credit card accounts • Changing victim’s mailing address (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012)
    10. 10. How to Minimise the Risks of Identity Theft • Keep key documents (e.g. birth certificate and passport) in a safe place • Shred or burn mail with your name and address on it. • Be careful when publishing information in public places • Do not log onto internet banking from a shared or public computers. • Remove all personal information from computers before you dispose of them. • Be suspicious of any unexpected events • Request an access register report from Births, Deaths and Marriages • Request a credit report from Dun & Bradstreet or Veda. (Department of Internal Affairs, 2011)
    11. 11. Recent NZ Examples of Identity Theft
    12. 12. Other Types of Consumer Scams • Fraudsters use various schemes to earn a consumer’s confidence and then use that confidence to get the consumer to pay or invest money or provide personal information. (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012)
    13. 13. Other Consumer Scams Foreign Advance-Fee Scams •Nigerian money offers •Clearinghouse scam •Purchase of real estate scam •Sale of crude oil at below market price •Disbursement of money from wills
    14. 14. Other Consumer Scams Work-at-Home Schemes •Multilevel marketing •Chain letters, mail stuffing, product testing, craft assembly Bogus Mystery Shopping Scams Telemarketing Fraud
    15. 15. Scams in New Zealand • Increasing number of people being ripped off through simple scams in New Zealand • Complaints are being made almost daily • Scams would continue until public became more savvy about how the frauds work (Leask, 2013) • New Zealanders reported $4 million lost in scams last year, although the government estimates that scams could cost the country up to half a billion dollars every year. (Wannan, 2013)
    16. 16. How to Detect Scams • it's addressed to 'My Dear' or something generic • there are many grammatical or spelling errors in the email • the email address is a public service domain like Gmail / Yahoo / Livemail • a bank that you don't have an account with contacts you • you are urged to visit a website to update your account information or fill in a form with personal information • you're advised to act fast to claim money or some other prize in a lottery or competition that you never entered • you inherit money or possessions from someone you've never heard of • you receive a request from a stranger who needs your help (usually to send money) • someone on a social networking site asks you to send them money so they can pay debts or so that they can visit you. (The Department of Internal Affairs, 2013)
    17. 17. Example Consumer Scam Dear Alsemgeest , Please forgive my using this means to reach you but I can't think of any other way of letting you know of this urgent matter at hand. I am Barrister Davidson Paul Kingsley ,an Attorney at law and the Personal lawyer to(late)Engineer D. Alsemgeest , who dwelt and worked here for more than twenty years as a major contractor and businessman. On the 21st of june 2005, my client,his wife and their only daugther were involved in an automobile accident and It was unfortunate my client and his family all lost their lives and leaving some huge amount of money, Eight Million Five hundred thousand united state dollars ($8.5 )in a security finance firm. I shall detail you on the confirmation of your genuinty to work this out with me. use your personal email address and contact me directly through this my private email address for more details. Thanks Davidson Paul Kingsley  (Esq) Email:
    18. 18. Scams Targeting the Elderly and Uneducated • Those who are the most susceptible to consumer fraud are the elderly and the uneducated. • Elderly are more susceptible to telemarketing fraud than any other type of fraud. (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012) • “old folk are being targeted by scammers” • “People in the senior age group might have more money to invest or be seeking online business opportunities” • Grey Power Wanganui President seniors would probably be too embarrassed to say they had been conned. (Karauria, 2013)
    19. 19. Five Worst Scams in NZ • Dating and romance scams • Investment Scams • Upfront money scams • Online auction and trading scams • Online products, advertising and computer hacking (Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment’s Consumer Affairs Team, 2013)
    20. 20. Recent NZ Consumer Fraud Examples
    21. 21. Investment Scams • Any fraud which is related to stocks, bonds, commodities, limited partnerships, real estate, or other types of investments. (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012) • Perpetrators usually make fraudulent promises or mis-statements to induce people to make investments Example • Ponzi Scheme
    22. 22. Investment Fraud – Red Flags • Unreasonably high or guaranteed rates of return • Investments that do not make sound business sense or lack detail • Pressure to make the investment early • A business with a history of scandals • Unaudited financial reports or adverse opinions • Luxurious lifestyles of principals • Investment success that is dependent on someone’s “unique expertise” • Inability to pull out or liquidate the investment (Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, & Zimbleman, 2012)
    23. 23. Conclusion • Consumer fraud is any type of fraud that targets consumers as its victims. • Any offer that sounds too good to be true probably is. • Scams operate in a manner which aim to gain an individual’s confidence and then use that confidence to defraud the consumer. • Advances in technology have made consumer fraud much easier for perpetrators to commit.