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SignWriting in Unicode Next



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SignWriting in Unicode Next

  1. 1. SignWriting in Unicode Next Updated for UTC # 156 (Late 2018) a Unicode Technical Committee meeting by Stephen E Slevinski Jr in association with the Center for Sutton Movement Writing Version 4
  2. 2. The Big Umbrella of the Center for Sutton Movement Writing All sign languages supported right now. 5+ years of stable and free standards. Many implementations from separate groups. Various hand writing styles. Formal SignWriting (FSW) specification
  3. 3. “a worldwide character standard” The Unicode Standard Principles of the Unicode Standard • Universal repertoire • Logical order • Efficiency • Unification • Characters, not glyphs • Dynamic composition • Semantics • Stability • Plain Text • Convertibility “used for representation of text for computer processing.” “addresses only the encoding and semantics of text.” “The Unicode Standard groups characters together by scripts in blocks. A script is any system of related characters.”
  4. 4. 672 Unicode characters have been officially accepted in the Sutton SignWriting block. a complex script with a wide variety of processing available Sutton SignWriting 17 additional control characters are proposed.
  5. 5. Sutton SignWriting Characters since Unicode version 8 Description Base Characters Fill Modifiers 2 to 6 Rotation Modifiers 2 to 16 Unicode Range U+1D800 to U+1DA8B U+1DA9B to U+1DA9F U+1DAA1 to U+1DAAF 672 characters already accepted.
  6. 6. The Center for Sutton Movement Writing Proposal for Full Unicode 17 new characters for full script support. Description Fill Modifier 1 Rotation Modifier 1 Numbers 0 to 9 Sequence Marker (A) SignBox Marker (B) Left Lane Marker (L) Middle Lane Marker (M) Right Lane Marker (R) Proposed Unicode U+1DA9A U+1DAA0 U+1DAB0 to U+1DAB9 U+1DABA U+1DABB U+1DABC U+1DABD U+1DABE
  7. 7. Fix Sorting and Simplify Processing Under the triadic symbol definition, each symbol is written as 3 Unicode characters of a base, a fill, and a rotation. “The standard retains the order of characters in a source set where possible. When the characters of a script are traditionally arranged in a certain order—alphabetic order, for example—the Unicode Standard arranges them in its codespace using the same order whenever possible.” Fill Modifier 1 Rotation Modifier 1 U+1DA9A U+1DAA0 Using a binary string comparison, efficient sorting is available for all programming languages and applications.
  8. 8. Number Characters for Distance Numbers 0 to 9 U+1DAB0 to U+1DAB9 Distance is fundamental to the meaning of a sign. Formatting CAT C A T C A T Meaning
  9. 9. Sequence Marker Supports multiple theories Not formatting nor style Meaning that can not be derived from main string Rendered in dictionary A = U+1DABA Marks the start of the temporal prefix Temporal Prefix
  10. 10. SignBox Marker B = U+1DABB Marks the start of the SignBox cluster Lane Markers Left = U+1DABC Middle = U+1DABD Right = U+1DABE Marks the lane of the SignBox for vertical writing
  11. 11. Complex Script Support with the Universal Shaping Engine Full Script Encoding MicroSoft Volt TrueType Font Import Using characters for structural markers and numbers Utilizing the GPOS feature with cartesian coordinates
  12. 12. Formal SignWriting Regular Expressions Query Strings SVGUnicode TrueType Font 10% to 50% reduction 15 to 50 times expansion process million of characters per second search results 15 times expansioncharacters for symbols CSS style text JS Isomorphic Unicode 6 KB zipped 16-bit SignWriting Server SVG Shapes paths without Unicode text and fonts Remote Website Open Type Font Targeting MS’s Universal Shaping Engine Formatting style text
  13. 13. Discussion Ideas 2-Color Fonts SignWriting relies on a 2-color font. Currently, SignWriting mimics a 2-color font by using 2 TrueType Fonts: one for the line and another for the filling. If you have any experience with 2-color fonts, let’s discuss the possibilities. Glyphs with 2 Types of Space SignWriting creates signs as 2-dimensional arrangements of symbols. The glyphs for the SignWriting symbols have 2 types of space: a positive space and a negative space. The positive space is visible and reveals the line or shape of the glyph. The negative space is set to a background color or made transparent. When 2 symbols overlap, the symbols are placed in order on a 2- dimensional canvas. The negative space of the top symbol will overwrite the positive space of the symbol underneath. Current software uses a background color for the negative space. MicroSoft has a solution for making the negative space transparent and still overwriting the positive space of the symbol underneath.
  14. 14. SignWriting Design, With Three Examples and Their Representation
  15. 15. SignWriting in Unicode Next by Stephen E Slevinski Jr