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If, When and How Blockchain Technologies Can Provide Civic Change

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Early findings from our Blockchange: Blockchain for Social Change initiative. More at https://blockchan.ge/

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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If, When and How Blockchain Technologies Can Provide Civic Change

  1. 1. BLOCKCHANGE BLOCKCHAIN FOR SOCIAL CHANGE Stefaan G. Verhulst Andrew Young
  2. 2. 2 BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS EMERGING BLOCKCHAIN ECOSYSTEM
  3. 3. 3 BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES OPTIONAL ATTRIBUTES What are the design attributes of all emerging Blockchain or Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLT) that could be leveraged to create Civic Change? Blockchains and DLTs are not a monolith, and different types (e.g., private permissioned vs. public blockchains) possess different, optional attributes IMMUTABILITY DISINTERMEDIATION (GUARANTEED) INTEGRITY TRANSPARENCY DISTRIBUTED RESILIENCE ACCESSIBILITY BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS
  4. 4. 4 SMART CONTRACTINGIDENTITY BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS TRACK & TRACE BLOCKCHANGE USE CASES Blockchange experiments are largely taking place across three types of use case:
  5. 5. 5 FOCUS ON IDENTITY THE FOUNDATIONAL USE CASE IDENTITY’S KEY ROLE IN CREATING SOCIAL CHANGE BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS Access to public,financial and commercial services KYC requirements Being entitled to certain rights Human, economic, social, political rights (i.e., voting) Trusted identification is requirement for: IDENTITY UNDERPINS OTHER BLOCKCHANGE APPLICATIONS FOCUSED ON TRACK AND TRACE OR SMARTER CONTRACTING IDENTITY IS OFTEN DESCRIBED AS THE “MISSING PROTOCOL” OF THE INTERNET (WEB 3.0?)
  6. 6. 6 IDENTITY LIFECYCLE Beyond a set of attributes BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS PROVISIONING Current Challenge(s) Lack of identity/ attributes (unequal access) DLT Promise Universal access ADMINISTRATION Current Challenge(s) Control of Identifiers DLT Promise User Control AUDITING / MONITORING Current Challenge(s) Opacity of Identity DLT Promise Transparency AUTHENTICATION Current Challenge(s) Quality and trusted identifiers DLT Promise Integrity AUTHORIZATION Current Challenge(s) Fragmentation of requirements DLT Promise Interoperability
  7. 7. 7 BLOCKCHANGE CASE STUDIES World Food Programme Building Blocks Self-Sovereign Identity on the Blockchain in Zug, Switzerland Swedish Blockchain Land Registry Illinois secure digital birth certificates Blockchain for education in South Africa Blockchain for voting at Tufts and in the Massachusetts Democratic Party Convention Blockchain and national elections in Sierra Leone MIT Digital Diplomas BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS
  8. 8. 8 ID Lifecycle Stage Current Pilots Tech and Ecosystem Provisioning ID2020 Maturity: Low Authentication Decentralized Trusted ID: World Food Programme Building Blocks Maturity: Medium Administration Self-Sovereign Identity: Zug, Switzerland Maturity: Medium Authorization MIT Digital Diplomas Maturity: High Auditing / Monitoring Swedish Blockchain Land Registry Maturity: High MATURITY OF INNOVATION The use of Blockchain is not equally mature across the ID lifecycle BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS
  9. 9. 9 ECOSYSTEMDATA & TECHPROBLEM BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS Operational conditions for Identity-focused Blockchange solutions... There is a clear problem definition; Information) asymmetries and high transaction costs incentivize change. (“The Market of Lemons” problem) There is already availability of (high quality) digital records; No availability of credible and alternative disclosure technologies; Deficiency (or efficiency) of (trusted) intermediaries in the space.
  10. 10. 10 DESIGN PRINCIPLES Despite challenges related to governance structures, interoperability, and user experience, Blockchain technologies can promote positive social change in the Identity space. Be “GUARDED” BLOCKCHANGE ATTRIBUTES USE CASES FOCUS ON IDENTITY CONDITIONS USER ACCESSIBILITY GOVERNANCE LEGITIMACY AGENCY OF PARTICIPATION (Beyond Vendor Lock-in) RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH DIGNITY OF ESTABLISHING A RECORD ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT DO-NO-HARM to Already Vulnerable Populations G R U D A E D
  11. 11. QUESTIONS 11
  12. 12. THANK YOU STEFAAN G. VERHULST & ANDREW YOUNG blockchan.ge | thegovlab.org 12

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