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Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2 PUBLIKACIJE VETERINARSKOG FAKULTETA                ...
Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2Tahiroviæ Vildana, Pobriæ Hazima, Arnautoviæ        ...
Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2Kustura Aida, Gagiæ A., Rešidbegoviæ Emina,Kavazoviæ...
Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/izmir/Desktop/...
Goveđa spongiformna encefalopatija (BSE)   -Veterinarski, javnozdravstveni i gospodarstveni problem-                      ...
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)    - The Veterinary, Public Health and Economy Problem -                           ...
Signal-prenosni putevi i njihova modulacija lijekovima                               Hadžović S.     Kratak sadržaj - Sign...
Signal-transduction pathwaysand their modulation by drugs                              Hadzovic S.    Summary - Signal-tra...
Ispitivanje raširenosti infekcije virusom infektivne anemije         konja na širem području sjeveroistočne Bosne         ...
Investigation of the incidence rate of infectious anemia causedby virus in horses on the broader area of North-Eastern Bos...
Efekat serotonina na izoliranu glatku muskulaturu rumena                             goveda  Muminović M., Hadžović S., Ab...
The effect of serotonin on the isolated smooth muscles of the                         bovine rumen   Muminovic M., Hadzovi...
Histomonijaza kod jedinki roditeljskog jata Lohmann Brown                        provenijence  Goletić T., Šatrović E., Ku...
Histomoniasis in the parent flock birds of Lohmann Brown                         provenience  Goletic T., Satrovic E., Kus...
Neke karakteristike kornjača sa posebnim osvrtom na Testudo              Hermani (Hermanova kornjača)  Tahirović Vildana, ...
Some characteristics of the turtles,with special regard to             Testudo Hermani (Hermans turtle)  Tahirovic Vildana...
Naša iskustva u eradikaciji trihofitije goveda - vakcinacija  Ožegović L., Zahirović A., Adilović E., Ćutuk R., Filipović ...
Our experience in erradication of bovine Trichophytiosis by                        vaccination  Ozegovic L., Zahirovic A.,...
Porijeklo spontanih kontrakcija glatke muskulature crijeva                            svinjaMuminović M., Velić R., Hadžov...
Spontaneous contractions of the smooth muscle of swine                          intestinesMuminovic M., Velic R., Hadzovic...
Osjetljivost izolata E.Ccoli iz pilića prema hemioterapeuticima         Rešidbegović Emina, Gagić A., Kavazović Aida    Kr...
Sensitivity to chemiotherapeutics of E. Coli isolates from                            chickens         Residbegovic Emina,...
Kolonizacija probavnog i respirtornog trakta pilića E. Coli u                 podnom sistemu smještajaRešidbegović Emina, ...
E. Coli colonization of digestive and respiratory tract in        chickens housed in the floor system of keepingResidbegov...
Seroprevelenca Q - groznice kod preživara na širem području          Bosne i Hercegovine tokom 2000. godineVelić R., Bajro...
Seroprevalence of Q-fever in ruminants in the area of Bosnia-               Herzegovina in the year 2000Velic R., Bajrovic...
Nalaz bakterija iz roda Staphylococcus u karantenskom     materijalu u periodu 1982-1988. u Bosni i Hercegovini         Re...
Findings of bacteria of Staphylococcus genus in the animals    kept in quarantine over the years 1982-1988 in Bosnia-     ...
Zoofilni dermatofiti kao uzročnici dermatomikoza životinja i                             ljudi      Ožegović L., Babić Mir...
Zoophylic dermatophytes as the aethiological agents of         dermatomycoses in animals and humans      Ozegovic L., Babi...
Efekat zeolita na utrošak vode kod nesilica   Kustura Aida, Gagić A. , Rešidbegović Emina, Kavazović                    Ai...
The effect of zeolite on the water consumption by laying hens   Kustura Aida, Gagic A. , Residbegovic Emina, Kavazovic    ...
Maligni mezoteliom kod goveda                Prašović S., Šatrović E., Beširović H.    Kratak sadržaj - U ovom radu autori...
Malignant mesothelioma in cattle               Prasovic S., Satrovic E., Besirovic H.    Summary - In this article the aut...
Osvrt na introdukciju muflona u lovišta južne Hercegovine         Ibrović M., Ćutuk R., Kunovac S., Mrkulić M.    Kratak s...
A historical perspective on the introduction of mouflons into           the hunting areas of South Herzegovina         Ibr...
Kako normalizirati poremećenu mikropopulaciju u                     probavnom sistemu                                Hadžo...
How to return to normalcy a disturbed micropopulation in the                     alimentary system                        ...
Zoohigijenski aspekti borbe protiv BSE, slinavke i šapa,                    bruceloze i Q-groznice                        ...
Zoo-hygienic aspects of the fight against BSE, Foot-and-mouth               disease, Brucellosis and Q-fever              ...
Zdravstveni aspekti korištenja animalnih komponenti u industrijskoj                             stočnoj hrani             ...
Health aspects of utilization of animal components in                        industrial feeds                Gagic A., Ali...
Značaj pravilnog uzimanja i transporta uzoraka za mikrobiološku                           dijagnostiku                    ...
The importance of proper collecting and transport of samples               for microbiologic diagnostics                  ...
"Lekovi" lijekovi za upotrebu u veterinarstvu registrirani u F                            BiH                             ...
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V49 1 2-00

  1. 1. Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2 PUBLIKACIJE VETERINARSKOG FAKULTETA ÈASOPIS VETERINARIA U SARAJEVU "VETERINARIA" Vol 49 Broj 1-2/00 Vol. 49, Broj 1-2 SADRŽAJ - CONTESTU povodu imenovanja odgovornog urednika i nove redakcijske strukture 1èasopisa Veterinaria AKTUELNE TEME - ACTUAL PAPERSMilanoviæ A.Goveða spongiformna encefalopatija (BSE) - Veterinarski,javnozdravstveni i gospodarstveni problem - 3Bovine spongiform encephalophaty (BSE) - The Veterinary, PublicHealth and Economy Problem -Hadžoviæ S.Signal-prenosni putevi i njihova modulacija lijekovima 19Signal-transduction pathways and their modulation by drugs ORIGINALNI RADOVI - ORIGINAL PAPERS VETERINARIA ZBORNIK RADOVA IZ OBLASTIPaprikiæ N. ANIMALNE PROIZVODNJEIspitivanje raširenosti infekcije virusom infektivne anemije konja na širem PERIODICAL ON THE ANIMALpodruèju sjeveroistoène Bosne 51 PRODUCTIONInvestigation of the incidence rate of infectious anemia caused by virusin horses on the broader area of North-Eastern Bosnia Izdavaè:Muminoviæ M., Hadžoviæ S., Abdagiæ Indira, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u SarajevuSmajloviæ A. Udruženja veterinara i veterinarskih tehnièaraEfekat serotonina na izoliranu glatku muskulaturu rumena goveda 65 BiHThe effect of serotonin on the isolated smooth muscles of the bovinerumen Odgovorni urednik: Gagiæ AbdulahGoletiæ T., Šatroviæ E., Kustura Aida, PrašoviæS., Beširoviæ H., Rešidbegoviæ Emina, Nogiæ Izvršni urednik:Ermina 79 Tahiroviæ NijazHistomonijaza kod jedinki roditeljskog jata Lohmann Brown provenijenceHistomoniasis in the parent flock birds of Lohmann Brown provenience Redakcioni Kolegij: Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira, Èakovica Faruk, Gagiæ Abdulah, Kadiæ Muhamed, Muminoviæfile:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/izmir/Desktop/BACKUP_weba%202008/veterinaria/v49_1_2_00.shtml (1 of 4)30.12.2008 9:28:03
  2. 2. Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2Tahiroviæ Vildana, Pobriæ Hazima, Arnautoviæ Mehmed, Pašiæ Šemso, Saraèeviæ Lejla,I., Avdiæ R. Tahiroviæ Nijaz - svi Veterinarski fakultet,Neke karakteristike kornjaèa sa posebnim osvrtom na Testudo Hermani Sarajevo, Andrijaniæ Milan, Veterinarski zavod, 91(Hermanova kornjaèa) Mostar, Boguèanin Hamid, PoljoprivredniSome characteristics of the turtles, with special regard to Testudo fakultet, Sarajevo, Ferizbegoviæ Jasmin,Hermani (Hermans turtle) Veterinarska stanica,Tuzla, Šariæ Milenko, Veterinarski institut, Banja Luka, Telaloviæ Amir, Kantonalna veterinarska inspekcija, BihaæOžegoviæ L., Zahiroviæ A., Adiloviæ E., ÆutukR., Filipoviæ Selma, Halilbašiæ A. 107 Ureðivaèki savjet:Naša iskustva u eradikaciji trihofitije goveda - vakcinacijaOur experience in erradication of bovine Trichophytiosis by vaccination Arnautoviæ Ibrahim, Džuviæ Abdulah, Hadžiomeroviæ Zijad, Hadžoviæ Safet, Hamamdžiæ Muhidin, Lokvanèiæ Hamdo,Muminoviæ M., Veliæ R., Hadžoviæ S., Abdagiæ Milanoviæ Ante, Muteveliæ Ahmed, NevjestiæIndira, Kotle Z. Ante, Ožegoviæ Ladislav, Rukavina Ljubomir, 115Porijeklo spontanih kontrakcija glatke muskulature crijeva svinja Taliæ Alija - svi Veterinarski fakultet, Sarajevo,Spontaneous contractions of the smooth muscle of swine intestines Likar Rade, Veterinarska stanica, Bosanski Novi, Omanoviæ Hilmo, Cazin, Selak Vjekoslav, Poljoprivredni fakultet, SarajevoRešidbegoviæ Emina, Gagiæ A., Kavazoviæ AidaOsjetljivost izolata E. Coli iz piliæa prema hemioterapeuticima 123Sensitivity to chemiotherapeutics of E. Coli isolates from chickens Lektori: Hrnjeviæ Subhija, prof. za bosanski jezik Murga Bahrija, prof. za engleski jezikRešidbegoviæ Emina, Gagiæ A., KavazoviæAida, Kustura Aida, Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira Vol. 49, Broj 1-2, Str. 1-242Kolonizacija probavnog i respiratornog trakta piliæa E. Coli u podnom Sarajevo, 2000. 129sistemu smještajaE. Coli colonization of digestive and respiratory tract in chickens housed Štampa:in the floor system of keeping Grafièki atelje "Largo" - Sarajevo STRUÈNI RADOVI - PROFESSIONAL PAPERSVeliæ R., Bajroviæ T., Arapoviæ Lejla, DukiæBehija, Rukavina Lj.Seroprevelenca Q-groznice kod preživara na širem podruèju Bosne i 137Hercegovine tokom 2000. godineSeroprevalence of Q-fever in ruminants in the area of Bosnia-Herzegovina in the year 2000Rešidbegoviæ Emina, Kavazoviæ Aida, Gagiæ A.Nalaz bakterija iz roda Staphylococcus u karantenskom materijalu uperiodu 1982-1988. u Bosni i Hecegovini 147Findings of bacteria of Staphylococcus genus in the animals kept inquarantine over the years 1982-1988 in Bosnia-HerzegovinaOžegoviæ L., Babiæ Mirela, Adiloviæ E.,Zahiroviæ A.Zoofilni dermatofiti kao uzroènici dermatomikoza životinja i ljudi 153Zoophylic dermatophytes as the aethiological agents of dermatomycosesin animals and humansfile:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/izmir/Desktop/BACKUP_weba%202008/veterinaria/v49_1_2_00.shtml (2 of 4)30.12.2008 9:28:03
  3. 3. Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2Kustura Aida, Gagiæ A., Rešidbegoviæ Emina,Kavazoviæ Aida, Mulamekiæ N. 161Efekat zeolita na utrošak vode kod nesilicaThe effect of zeolite on the water consumption by laying hensPrašoviæ S., Šatroviæ E., Beširoviæ H.Maligni mezoteliom kod goveda 171Malignant mesothelioma in cattleIbroviæ M., Æutuk R., Kunovac S., Mrkuliæ M.Osvrt na introdukciju muflona u lovišta južne Hercegovine 179A historical perspective on the introduction of mouflons into the huntingareas of South Herzegovina IZ PRAKSE - ZA PRAKSUHadžoviæ S.Kako normalizirati poremeæenu mikropopulaciju u probavnom sistemu 189How to return to normalcy a disturbed micropopulation in the alimentarysystemGagiæ A.Zoohigijenski aspekti borbe protiv BSE, slinavke i šapa, bruceloze i Q-groznice 197Zoo-hygienic aspects of the fight against BSE, Foot-and-mouth disease,Brucellosis and Q-feverGagiæ A., Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ FahiraZdravstveni aspekti korištenja animalnih komponenti u industrijskoj 211stoènoj hraniHealth aspects of utilization of animal components in industrial feedsRifatbegoviæ M., Veliæ R.Znaèaj pravilnog uzimanja i transporta uzoraka za mikrobiološkudijagnostiku 217The importance of proper collecting and transport of samples formicrobiologic diagnosticsHadžoviæ S. 225"Lekovi" lijekovi za upotrebu u veterinarstvu registrirani u F BiHNovo trgovaèko društvo "Veterina" d.o.o. u proizvodnji veterinarskih 239lijekovaIspravke 242file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/izmir/Desktop/BACKUP_weba%202008/veterinaria/v49_1_2_00.shtml (3 of 4)30.12.2008 9:28:03
  4. 4. Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 49, Broj 1-2file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/izmir/Desktop/BACKUP_weba%202008/veterinaria/v49_1_2_00.shtml (4 of 4)30.12.2008 9:28:03
  5. 5. Goveđa spongiformna encefalopatija (BSE) -Veterinarski, javnozdravstveni i gospodarstveni problem- Milanović A. Kratak sadržaj - Goveđa spongiformna encefalopatija (BSE) - "bolestludih krava" prvi puta je prepoznata i dijagnosticirana u Engleskoj 1985/86.g. Do kraja 2000.g u Engleskoj i u drugim zemljama ukupno je prijavljenocca 182.000 slučajeva.BSE se pretežno javlja u stadima mliječnih krava, a dovodi se u vezu sahranidbom mesno-koštanim brašnom koje je pripremljeno izmjenjenimtehnološkim postupkom od leševa ovaca uginulih od grebeža (scrapie). Nijedokazan horizontalni, a postoji mogućnost vertikalnog prijenosa.Bolest spada u skupinu transmisivnih spongiformnih encefalopatija (TSE)koje se javljaju kod različitih domaćih i divljih životinja i čovjeka. Uzrokujuih nekonvencionalni veoma rezistentni uzročnici - prioni (proteinaceusinfectious particles - bjelančevinaste infektivne čestice), koji dovode dodegenerativnih promjena u mozgu. Inkubacija traje 3-5 i više godina, abolest zahvata centralni nervni sistem. Manifestira se, pored ostalog upromjenama u ponašanju, a krajnji ishod je smrt. Objektivna dijagnozapostavlja se patohistološkom pretragom mozga, zadnjeg dijela medule ilivratnog dijela kičmene moždine (mikrocistična vakuolacija i neprirodnifibrili), a u novije vrijeme razrađuju se brzi testovi.U posljednje vrijeme BSE je najznačajniji problem veterinarske struke, a uzto je i veliki javnozdravstveni i gospodarstveni problem, koji ima velikedirektne i indirektne ekonomske štete, koje se godišnje cijene na nekolikodesetina milijardi dolara. U rješavanju tog problema uključene su brojnedržavne i međudržavne organizacije i institucije (laboratorije, instituti,fakulteti, centri, ministarstva, komiteti, OIE u Parizu, WHO i dr.) koje krozstručne i zanstvene projekte i brojne (nekoliko stotina) pravilnike, naredbe,direktive, smjernice, preporuke i dr. nastoje da riješe aktuelni problem BSEu svijetu.
  6. 6. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) - The Veterinary, Public Health and Economy Problem - Milanovic A. Summary - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) - "the mad cowdisease" was first recognized and diagnosed in England in the year 1985/86.Until the end of the year 2000 in England and some other countries 182,000cases were reported.BSE outbreaks occur in the dairy herds, and are associated with bone-mealfeeds prepared by adapted technology methods using carcases of sheep,death of which was caused by scrapie. Horizontal transmission of the diseasehas not been proved, while the vertical passing is considered possible.The disease belongs to the group of transmissible spongiform encelopathies(TSE) affecting various species of domestic and wild animals, and humans.They are caused by non-conventional highly resistant causative agents:prions (proteinaceus infectious particles) leading to degenerative changes inthe brain. Incubation lasts 3 to 5 and more days, and the disease affects thecentral nervous system. It is manifested, besides other signs, by changes inbehaviour, and it is terminal. An objective diagnosis is made bypathohistological examination of brain, the posterior part of the medulla orthe neck part of the spinal chord (microcystic vacuolation and unnaturalfibrils). In the recent time quick tests are developed.As of late, BSE is the most important problem of veterinary profession,representing at the same time a major public health and economy problemcausing huge direct and indirect economic damages, estimated to reachannually tens of billions of dollars. In trying to solve the problem involvedare many national and inter-state agencies and institutions (laboratories,institutes, faculties, centers, ministries, comittees, OIE in Paris, WHO, etc.)committed to finding the way through professional and research projects and(several hundred) regulations, decrees, directives, guidelines,recommendations, etc. to resolve the current BSE problem accross theworld.
  7. 7. Signal-prenosni putevi i njihova modulacija lijekovima Hadžović S. Kratak sadržaj - Signal-prenosni putevi su fiziološki putevi (sistemi) uorganizmu koji svoju funkciju počinju onog momenta kada se neki ligand(neurotransmitor, hormon, autakoid) veže za receptor lociran u ćelijskojmembrani, a završavaju na efektornoj ćeliji ili preciznije na efektornomproteinu u obliku ispoljavanja efekta (kontrakcije poprečnoprugaste, srčane,glatkomišićne ćelije ili pojačanim ili smanjenim lučenjem žljezdanih ćelija isl.). U tim, često složenim i kompliciranim, putevima učestvuje veći ilimanji broj činilaca (faktora) odgovornih za njihovo normalnofunkcioniranje. U svrhu upoznavanja često komliciranih procesa koji seodvijaju od momenta nastanka ligand-receptor kompleksa do ispoljavanjaefekta, u radu su prvo opisani svi mogući "učesnici" u tim procesima(receptori, neurotransmitori i neurotransmisija, ligandi /prvostepeniglasnici/, G-proteini, drugostepeni /drugi/ glasnici, protein kinaze i proteinfosfataze), a zatim redom cjelovitost poznatih signal-prenosnih puteva, da bina kraju bilo govora o mogućnosti modulacije (korekcije) njihove(poremećene) funkcije aplikacijom lijekova u cilju terapije bolesnih stanjanastalih (izazvanih) upravo njihovom poremećenom funkcijom.
  8. 8. Signal-transduction pathwaysand their modulation by drugs Hadzovic S. Summary - Signal-transduction pathways are physiologicalpathways (system) in an organism, which start to function at themoment when a ligand (neurotransmitter, hormone, autacoid) is boundto the receptor located in the cell membrane, and end on the effectorcell, or more precisely: on effector protein, in the form of manifestingthe effect (contraction of striated, heart, smooth muscle cells, eitherincrease or decrease of glandular secretion, etc.). In these, oftencomplex and complicated, pathways a smaller or larger number offactors, responsible for their functioning, take part. For the purpose ofunderstanding these processes which are developing from the momentof the emergence of the ligand-receptor complex to the manifestation ofthe effect, in the first part of the present paper there is a description ofall "participants" in these processes (receptors, neurotransmitters andneutotransmission, legend /first messengers/, G-proteins, secondmessengers, protein kinaze and protein phosphataze), and then followsa methodical presentation of the known signal-transduction pathways intheir entirety, ending with a discussion on the possibility of modulation(correction) of their disturbed function by applying drugs for thetherapy of unhealthy conditions caused by exactly this disturbedfunction.
  9. 9. Ispitivanje raširenosti infekcije virusom infektivne anemije konja na širem području sjeveroistočne Bosne (Izvod iz magistarskog rada) Paprikić N. Kratak sadržaj - Infektivna anemija konja i druge zarazne bolestikopitara, određene zakonom, dosta su često utvrđivane na epizootiološkompodručju Bosne i Hercegovine. Prisustvo infektivne anemije konjakonstantno je evidentirano posljednih 20 godina. Kako stanje i kretanje ovezarazne bolesti nije praćeno u ratnim i poratnim godinama naepizootiološkom području Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine, istaknuta jepotreba utvrđivanja stvarnog stanja prisustva i raširenosti infekcije narelativno velikom, širem području sjeveroistočne Bosne.Epizootiološka i serološka istraživanja vršena su 1997., 1998. i 1999.godinena području 22 općine šireg područja sjeveroistočne Bosne, kao i nakontrolnom području 4 općine ostalog dijela Bosne i Hercegovine.Epizootiološki su analizirane geografske, klimatske i druge karakteristikeistraživanog područja, stanje konjarstva u regionu i stanje infektivne anemijekonja u Bosni i Hercegovini do1992.godine. Serološki su ispitani krvniserumi 906 konja, od čega 57,40% uzoraka potiče sa užeg područjasjeveroistočne Bosne, 32,45% sa susjednog područja i 10,15% sa ostalihpodručja.U toku seroloških ispitivanja korištena je propisana, prema standardimaO.I.E. određena dijagnostička tehnika IAK tj. AGID test. Utvrđeno je 3,31%pozitivnih reaktora i to 3,85% na užem području sjeveroistočne Bosne, a3,40% na području susjednih općina. Dobijeni rezultati su od značajnognaučnog i praktičnog interesa, posebno u odnosu na lociranje zaraze, puteveprenošenja virusa, oblika pojavljivanja bolesti i mjera za otkrivanje isuzbijanje infekcije u Bosni i Hercegovini.
  10. 10. Investigation of the incidence rate of infectious anemia causedby virus in horses on the broader area of North-Eastern Bosnia (Excerpt from the Thesis for M.Sc.Degree) Paprikic N. Summary - Infectious anemia in horses and other infectious diseases inhoofed animals, as defined in the Regulations, have been quite oftendetected on the area of Bosnia-Herzegovina. All over the course of the last20 years infectious anemia has been constantly reported. The lack ofinformation on this infectious disease, due to the war and the years in theaftermath of it, is evident and the necessary steps have to be undertaken toascertain the present state regarding this disease on a large area of the North-Eastern Bosnia.In the years of 1997, 1998 and 1999 epizootiologic and serologic researchwas carried out in 22 communities in the North-Eastern Bosnia, and in the 4communities in the other parts of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Epizootiologic studyinvolved geographic, climatic and other features of the area underinvestigation, horse husbandry in the region, and data sources of infectiousanemia until the year 1992. Serologic tests were made from 906 horses, ofwhich 57.40% samples were from the narrower area of the North-EasternBosnia, 32.45% from the neighbouring area and 10.15% from other areas.Serologic tests were performed in accordance with the standards of O.I.E.;the diagnostic technique IAk, ie AGID test was used. Positive reactors were3.31%; in the narrower area of the North-Eastern Bosnia: 3.85%, and in theneighbouring communities: 3.40%. The obtained results are considered to beboth of scientific and practical significance, especially with regard to thesources of infection, routes of transmission of the virus and the control ofthe infection in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  11. 11. Efekat serotonina na izoliranu glatku muskulaturu rumena goveda Muminović M., Hadžović S., Abdagić Indira, Smajlović A. Kratak sadržaj - Serotonin (5-HT) je jedan od autakoida (tkivnihhormona) koji se normalno nalazi i stvara u organizmu. Ovaj biogeni aminregulira neke centralne (san, tjelesnu temperaturu, senzorne percepcije,apetit i dr.) i periferne (motilitet krvnih sudova, probavnih organa i dr.)funkcije preko više tipova specifičnih serotonergičnih (5-HT) receptora.Pošto postoje samo djelomični podaci o djelovanju serotonina in vitro naglatku muskulaturu rumena goveda, smatrali smo interesantnim provjeritiefekat samog serotonina i serotonina u prisustvu metizergida (blokator5-HT1, 5-HT2A i 5-HT2C receptora) na glatku muskulaturu rumena govedai tako potvrditi eventualno prisustvo 5-HT1, 5-HT2A i/ili 5-HT2C receptora.Ispitivanje je vršeno na izoliranim glatkim mišićima cirkularnog ilongitudinalnog sloja glatke muskulature dorzalne i ventralne vreće rumenagoveda (strip 3-4 mm x 2 cm). Mišićni strip je postavljen u kupatilo zaizolirane organe, a izazvane kontrakcije su registrovane na dva jednokanalnapisača izometrijskim transdjuserima. Nakon provjere vitalnosti mišićnogstripa dodavanjem acetilholina, u kupatilo za izolirane organe je dodavanserotonin u koncentracijama od 10-7 do 10-3. Kao antagonist korišten jemetizergid u koncentracijama od 10-7 do 10-5, koji je dodavan u kupatilo 3-4 minute prije serotonina.Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata može se zaključiti da je serotonin jedna odefikasnijih supstancija na glatku muskulaturu rumena goveda, čiji se efekatispoljavao u vidu kontrakcije. Ovaj efekat je uspješno antagoniziraometizergid, što govori da su u ovoj muskulaturi zastupljeni 5-HT2A i/ili 5-HT2C i 5-HT1 receptori.
  12. 12. The effect of serotonin on the isolated smooth muscles of the bovine rumen Muminovic M., Hadzovic S., Abdagic Indira, Smajlovic A. Summary - Serotonin (5-HT) is one of autacoids (tissue hormones)normally found and formed in an organism. This biogenic amin regulatessome central (sleep, body temperature, sensory perceptions, etc.) andperipherial (motility of blood vessels, digestive organs, etc.) functionsthrough several types of specific serotonergic (5-HT) receptors. Since onlypartial informations on the action of serotonin in vitro on the smoothmuscles of bovine rumen are available, we considered it could be interestingto test the effect of serotonin alone, and serotonin in the presence ofmethysergide (antogonist of the 5-HT1, 5-HT2A, and 5-HT2C receptors) onthe smooth muscles of bovine rumen, and in this way confirm possiblepresence of 5-HT1, 5-HT2A, and/or 5-HT2C receptors.The testing was performed on the isolated smooth muscles of circular andlongitudinal layer of smooth muscles of dorsal and ventral sac of bovinerumen (strip 3-4 mm x 2 cm). The muscle strip was placed into the bath forisolated organs, and the induced contractions were registered on the twosingle-channel printers by isometric transducers. After the vitality of themuscle strip had been evaluated by adding acetylcholine, serotonin inconcentrations of 10-7 to 10-3 was added to the bath for isolated organs.Methysergide, as antagonist, in concentrations of 10-7 to 10-5 was added tothe bath 3-4 minutes before serotonin.On the basis of the obtained results it can be concluded that serotonin is oneof the more effective substances on the smooth muscles of bovine rumen,expressed through contractions. This effect successfully antagonizedmethysergide, which is an indicator that in this musculature receptors 5-HT1, 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C are present.
  13. 13. Histomonijaza kod jedinki roditeljskog jata Lohmann Brown provenijence Goletić T., Šatrović E., Kustura Aida, Prašović S., Beširović H., Rešidbegović Emina, Nogić Ermina Kratak sadržaj - Opisana je pojava Histomonijaze na jednoj farmi uBiH kod jedinki roditeljskog jata provenijencije Lohmann Brown. Izbijanjebolesti, njen tok i karakteristike pratili smo kroz period od 19 nedjelja. Unavedenom periodu patoanatomski je ukupno obrađena 171 jedinka. Od togbroja kod njih 103 (60,2 %), utvrdili smo markantne promjenekarakteristične za ovu bolest.Osim patoanatomski, različitim dijagnostičkim metodama je ukupnopretraženo 26 leševa različite dobi kod uginuća. Patoanatomskidijagnosticirana bolest Histomonijaza potvrđena je patohistološki, nalazomtrofozoita histomonasa u isječcima tkiva jetre. Time smo dokazali da sebolest kod kokoški može javiti i u dobi preko 6 mjeseci. Obzirom na prvidokaz Histomonijaze kod kokoški u BiH, detaljno smo opisalipatoanatomske i patohistološke promjene i ukazali na potrebuepizootiološkog prosuđivanja njene raširenosti i značaja u patologijiintenzivno držane peradi kod nas.
  14. 14. Histomoniasis in the parent flock birds of Lohmann Brown provenience Goletic T., Satrovic E., Kustura Aida, Prasovic S., Besirovic H., Residbegovic Emina, Nogic Ermina Summary - The paper is a report on an outbrake of Histomoniasis on afarm in Bosnia-Herzegovina in Lohmann Brown parent flock. The incidenceof the disease, its progress and the characteristics of it were observed overthe period of 19 weeks. During that period patho-anatomic examination of171 birds was conducted. Out of that number, in 103 (60.2%) animalsmarked changes characteristic for the disease were discovered.The bodies of 26 birds that died at various age were, besides patho-anatomicexamination, subjected to diagnostic examination by a number of methods.The Histomoniasis disease, by examining anatomy pathology was confirmedby patho-histologic analysis, which produced finding of HistomonasTrophozite in the excisions of the liver tissue. This has been the proof thathens aged over six months can be affected by the disease. Having in viewthat it was the first time that the disease was diagnosed in hens in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the report is provided with a detailed description of patho-anatomic and patho-histologic changes caused by it. The importance ofepizootiological studies related to the incidence rate of the disease inintensive poultry farming in this country is stressed, as well.
  15. 15. Neke karakteristike kornjača sa posebnim osvrtom na Testudo Hermani (Hermanova kornjača) Tahirović Vildana, Pobrić Hazima, Arnautović I., Avdić R. Kratak sadržaj - U raspoloživoj literaturi o anatomiji, fiziologiji,patologiji, a posebno terapiji, te držanju i ishrani kornjača nema dovoljnoinformacija. U radu su izloženi pojedini sustavi životinje (kostur,respiratorni sustav, dio kardiovaskularnog, probavni i urogenitalni sustav, tečula).Osim toga, navedena je sistematizacija kornjača, njihova geografskarasprostranjenost, način ishrane kao i optimalni uslovi držanja u zatvorenomprostoru
  16. 16. Some characteristics of the turtles,with special regard to Testudo Hermani (Hermans turtle) Tahirovic Vildana, Pobric Hazima, Arnautovic I., Avdic R. Summary - In the available literature there is not enough informationabout Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology and the Therapy, in particular, ofthese animals. The informations about Husbandry, Nutrition and Feeding arevery poor, too.Some parts of the turtles body (skeletal, respiratory, part of circulatory,digestive, reproductive, urinary and sensory systems) were studied.Moreover, a practical guide for feeding and housing in captivity,geographical presence and systematic division are given.
  17. 17. Naša iskustva u eradikaciji trihofitije goveda - vakcinacija Ožegović L., Zahirović A., Adilović E., Ćutuk R., Filipović Selma, Halilbašić A. Kratak sadržaj - Vakcinacijom oboljele i eksponirane teladi na jednojfarmi goveda, na kojoj trihofitija goveda traje već 5 godina, uspješno jeizliječena skupina oboljele teladi u roku od 15-30 dana i uspješno zaštićenaod zaražavanja druga skupina teladi koja je kohabitirala sa bolesnom teladi.Kontrolne životinje, koje su bile oboljele, nisu pokazale nikakva odstupanjaod normalnog toka bolesti.
  18. 18. Our experience in erradication of bovine Trichophytiosis by vaccination Ozegovic L., Zahirovic A., Adilovic E., Cutuk R., Filipovic Selma, Halilbasic A. Summary - By vaccination of affected and exposed calves on a farmwhere trichophytiosis has been present for 5 years (ever since the importedcattle arrived) a group of affected calves has been successfully cured in atime period of 15 to 30 days, while another group of animals, thatcohabitated with those affected, has been effectively protected frominfection. The control animals did not show any change in regular course oftrichophytiosis.
  19. 19. Porijeklo spontanih kontrakcija glatke muskulature crijeva svinjaMuminović M., Velić R., Hadžović S., Abdagić Indira, Kotle Z. Kratak sadržaj - Prilikom in vitro ispitivanja djelovanja nekihsupstancija na izolirani strip glatke muskulature različitih dijelova crijevasvinja, često se (u oko 10% slučajeva) u fazi adaptacije stripa u posudi zaizolirane organe dešava da izolirani mišić ispoljava spontane kontrakcije bezikakve vanjske stimulacije. Ovi stripovi se ne mogu koristiti za eksperimenteu kojima se ispituje odgovor izoliranog mišića (kontrakcija, relaksacija) nadodate supstancije, jer ga spontane kontrakcije zasjenjuju.Stoga je bilo interesantno ustanoviti koja je od fizioloških supstancija, kojeučestvuju u regulaciji motiliteta crijeva, odgovorna za nastanak spontanihkontrakcija, a time i mogućnost njihovog blokiranja.Ispitivanja su vršena na izoliranom longitudinalnom sloju glatkemuskulature ileuma svinja (strip 3-4 mm x 2 cm), smještenog u kupatilo zaizolirane organe sa Krebsovom otopinom, a eventualne spontane kontrakcijesu registrirane na jednokanalnom pisaču sa izometrijskim transdjuserom. Uslučajevima kad su registrovane spontane kontrakcije, u kupatilo sudodavani odvojeno u određenim vremenskim intervalima antagonistiacetilholina, histamina, serotonina i prostaglandina, u cilju blokiranjaspontanih kontrakcija.Dobiveni rezultati govore da su spontane kontrakcije blokirane u najvećembroju slučajeva (91,66%) mepiraminom (antagonista H1), na osnovu čega semože zaključiti da su one posljedica djelovanja histamina i da su samo umanjem broju slučajeva spontane kontrakcije rezultat djelovanja serotoninaili acetilholina.
  20. 20. Spontaneous contractions of the smooth muscle of swine intestinesMuminovic M., Velic R., Hadzovic S., Abdagic Indira, Kotle Z. Summary - The in vitro study of the effect of certain substances onthe isolated strip of smooth muscles from different parts of swineintestines revealed that quite often (in about 10% cases) during the stripadaptation in the bath for isolated organs, an isolated muscle displaysspontaneous contractions without any external stimulation. These stripsare not suitable for experiments with testing the response of the isolatedmuscle (contractions, relaxation) to added substances, as it isovershadowed by spontaneous contractions.It appeared worth while to try to establish which of the physiologicsubstances, taking part in the intestines motility regulation, areresponsible for the occurrence of spontaneous contractions, and at thesame time to assess the possibility of blocking them.Investigation was performed on isolated longitudinal layer of smoothmuscles of swine ileum (strip 3-4 cm x 2 cm) placed in the bath forisolated organs with Krebs solution. Spontaneous contractions wererecorded on one channel printer by isometric transducer. At themoments when spontaneous contractions were recorded, in order toblock them, antagonists of acetycholine, histamine and someprostaglandins were separately added to the bath.The obtained results indicate that spontaneous contractions wereblocked in the majority of cases (91.66%) by mepyramine (H1antagonist), which can be the basis for drawing a conclusion that theyare the result of action of histamine, and that only in a smaller numberof cases spontanious
  21. 21. Osjetljivost izolata E.Ccoli iz pilića prema hemioterapeuticima Rešidbegović Emina, Gagić A., Kavazović Aida Kratak sadržaj - Autori su testirali osjetljivost 165 izolata E.coli,izoliranih iz pilića, prema 14 različitih hemioterapeutika i to: linco-spectin(100 mcg); nalidinska kiselina (30 mcg); amuril (15 IJ); cefalosporin (30IJ); trimetoprim (5 mcg); karbencilin (100 mcg); cefotaxim (30 mcg);eritromicin (15i.j.); amikacin (30 mcg); gentamicin (30 IJ); furazolidon(100 mcg); flumequin (30 mcg); sulfonamid (200 mcg); ampivet (30 mcg).Svi testirani izolati bili su multirezistentni na najmanje dva, a najviše na14 preparata. Veću osjetljivost su pokazivali prema: linco-spectinu 91%;flumequinu 65% i gentamicinu 53%, dok su neosjetljivi bili napolusintetske penciline, sulfonamide i trimetoprim. Niti jedanantimikrobni preparat nije bio 100% efikasan protiv izoliranih sojevaE.coli, što predstavlja poseban problem u terapiji oboljenja uzrokovanihpatogenim sojevima E.coli. Antimikrobna sredstva bi trebalo koristitiisključivo u terapijski indiciranim slučajevima uz prethodno utvrđivanjenjihove djelotvornosti testom rezistencije. U nutritivne i preventivne svrhetreba koristiti isključivo probiotski tretman.
  22. 22. Sensitivity to chemiotherapeutics of E. Coli isolates from chickens Residbegovic Emina, Gagic A., Kavazovic Aida Summary - The authors tested the sensitivity of 165 E.coli isolates fromchickens to 14 chemiotherapeutics: linco-spectin (100 mcg), nalidin acid(30 mcg), amuril (15 IJ), cephalosporin (30 IJ), trimetoprim (5 mcg),karbencilin (100 mcg), cephotaxim (30 mcg), erytromycin (15 IJ),amikacin (30 mcg), gentamicin (30 IJ), furazolidon (100 mcg), flumequine(30 mcg), sulphonamide (200 mcg), ampivet (30 mcg).All the tested isolates were multiresistant, from those resistant to only twosubstances to those resistant to all 14 substances. Higher sensitivity wasshown to: linco-spectin: 91%; flumequin: 65%; and gentamycin: 53%. Nosensitivity was displayed to semi-synthetic penicillins, sulphonamides, andtrimetoprim. None of the anti-microbial substances was 100% effectiveagainst the isolated E.coli isolates, what represents special problem in thetherapy of diseases caused by pathogenic strains of E.coli. The anti-microbial substances should be used only when indicated for therapyprocedure, in case they have been tested for resistance. For nutritive andpreventive purposes only probiotic treatment should be applied.
  23. 23. Kolonizacija probavnog i respirtornog trakta pilića E. Coli u podnom sistemu smještajaRešidbegović Emina, Gagić A., Kavazović Aida, Kustura Aida, Alibegović-Zečić Fahira Kratak sadržaj - Kao najučestaliji pratilac u patologiji svih dobnih iproizvodnih kategorija peradi dijagnosticirana je Escherichia coli(E.coli). Obzirom da koli infekcije predstavljaju naročit problem upilića prvih sedmica života, ispitan je stepen kolonizacije probavnog irespiratornog trakta pilića E.coli, u uslovima podnog sistema smještajau prvih trideset dana života. Kolonizacija probavnog i respiratornogtrakta pilića E.coli u podnom sistemu uslijedila je u dobi od 3. i trajalaje do 23.dana. Prvi izolat bio je iz traheje i fecesa, što ukazuje namogućnost istovremene infekcije. Podni sistem smještaja rizičan je zaživotinje, pošto direktan kontakt sa steljom olakšava kolonizacijuprobavnog i respiratornog trakta pilića. Kavezni način smještaja,higijenski ispravna hrana (peletirana), temeljna sanitacija i biološkiodmor objekta, te isključen vertikalni način transmisije uzročnika supreduslovi u prevenciji rane kolonizacije probavnog i respiratornogtrakta pilića u prvim danima života.
  24. 24. E. Coli colonization of digestive and respiratory tract in chickens housed in the floor system of keepingResidbegovic Emina, Gagic A., Kavazovic Aida, Kustura Aida, Alibegovic-Zecic Fahira Summary - The pathology in poultry, irrespective of their age andproduction status, is most frequently associated with Escherihia coli (E.coli). As coli infections in chickens are of a major concern during thefirst weeks of their life, the paper deals with the study conducted toreveal the rate of colonization of the digestive and respiratory tract ofchickens during the first thirty days of their life in the floor system ofkeeping. Colonization by E. coli started at day 3 and lasted until day 23,and had two pathways. The first isolate was obtained from trachea andfrom feces, indicating the possibility of simultanious infection. The floorsystem of keeping bears more risk for E. coli infection of the digestiveand respiratory tract in chickens, due to the litter, which is a constantsource of infection. Proper housing, hygienically fit feed (pellets), athorough sanitation and biologic rest of the facility are prerequisites forthe prevention of an early colonization of the digestive and respiratorytract in chickens in their early days of life, provided that the verticalpathway of transmission of the causative agent is excluded.
  25. 25. Seroprevelenca Q - groznice kod preživara na širem području Bosne i Hercegovine tokom 2000. godineVelić R., Bajrović T., Arapović Lejla., Dukić Behija., Rukavina Lj. Kratak sadržaj - Tokom 2000. godine uz korištenje standardnihlaboratorijskih metoda ( ELISA i IFA ) pretraženo je ukupno 44.213uzoraka krvnih seruma goveda, ovaca i koza na prisustvo antitijela zaC. burnetii.Krv je uzorkovana uglavnom od domaćih goveda, sa farmi mliječnihkrava, mlađih plotkinja iz prethodnih uvoza, te od gravidnih junicakoje su bile trenutno smještene u karantinu. Uzorci su poticali iz 61općine sa šireg područja BiH, a pozitivni reaktori su utvrđeni u 40općina Federacije i 4 općine RS.Ovce i koze od kojih su uzeti uzorci bile su različitog zdravstvenog ireproduktivnog statusa, čak i sa eksplozijama pobačaja. Najveći broj,oko 32. 000 uzoraka, obrađen je tokom maja i juna u saradnji sastručnjacima CDC iz Atlante. Približno jednak broj ispitanih uzorakakrvnih seruma goveda i ovaca (22.120 i 20.990 ) rezultirao je sličnimprocentualnim vrijednostima ( 2,21 % i 1,90 % ) broja seropozitivnihživotinja. Obzirom na daleko manji broj ispitanih koza (1.103 ) iprocenat seropozitivnih (0,27 % ) nije realno poređenje ovih vrijednostii onih dobijenih kod druge dvije životinjske vrste.Rezultati su pokazali da je tehnika IFA specifičnija, a ELISA testosjetljiviji u dijagnostici ove bolesti.
  26. 26. Seroprevalence of Q-fever in ruminants in the area of Bosnia- Herzegovina in the year 2000Velic R., Bajrovic T., Arapovic Lejla., Dukic Behija., Rukavina Lj. Summary - During the year 2000, a total of 44,213 bovine, sheep andgoat blood sera was examined for antibodies to C. burnetii, usingstandard laboratory methods (ELISA and IFA).The samples were for the most part collected from domestic cattle fromdairy farms, from younger breeding cows originating from earlierimportation, kept in quarantine at the time. Collecting of samplescovered 61 communities in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Positive reactors weredetermined for 40 communities in the Federation and 4 communities inRS of Bosnia-Herzegovina.The sheep and goats from which samples were taken were in differenthealth and reproductive status; even an explosion of abortions occured.Most of the samples: about 32,000 of them, were processed during themonths of May and June, in cooperation with the professionals fromCDC, Atlanta. Similar number of the tested samples of blood sera fromcattle and sheep (22,120 and 20,990 respectively) was expressed insimilar percentages (2.21% and 1.90% respect.) of seropositive animals.As the number of examined goats (1,103) and the percentage of themfound positive is much smaller (0.27%), it is not appropriate to comparethese with the results obtained for the other two animal species.The results have shown that IFA technique is more specific, whileELISA test is a more viable technique for the diagnosticsof this disease.
  27. 27. Nalaz bakterija iz roda Staphylococcus u karantenskom materijalu u periodu 1982-1988. u Bosni i Hercegovini Rešidbegović Emina, Kavazović Aida, Gagić A. Kratak sadržaj - Intenzivna proizvodnja jaja i mesa peradi karakterizirase novim okolnostima u pogledu zdravstvenog stanja jedinki. Oboljenja suetiološki uglavnom mulitikauzalnog karaktera i u stručnoj terminologijioznačena su kao "sindromi". Kod teških hibrida peradi "sindrom bolesnihnogu" zauzima značajno mjesto. U etiologiji ovog sindroma stafilokokeimaju važnu ulogu. U akutnim i hroničnim slučajevima pomenutogsindroma promjene su, uglavnom, lokalizovane na zglobovima i tetivamanogu i krila, dok su perakutni slučajevi uglavnom povezani sa sepsom. Osimsmetnji u kretanju, stafilokokne infekcije dovode do povećanog mortaliteta,slabijeg prirasta, neujednačenog rasta, i što je najbitnije, transmisijeuzročnika preko rasplodnih jaja na jednodnevne piliće. Cilj istraživanja bioje da se u periodu od sedam godina ispita prisustvo stafilokoka, uimportovanom repromaterijalu jedinki lahkih i teških provenijencija peradi,uginulih u transportu i u prvih 21 dan života.Od ukupno10.783 bakteriološki pretražena uzorka suspektnogdijagnostičkog materijala stafilokoke su izolirane u 74,36% slučajeva. Kodteških hibrida bile su zastupljene u 87,29%, a kod lahkih u 58,10%slučajeva.
  28. 28. Findings of bacteria of Staphylococcus genus in the animals kept in quarantine over the years 1982-1988 in Bosnia- Herzegovina Residbegovic Emina, Kavazovic Aida, Gagic A. Summary - The health status of poultry in intensive production ofeggs and meat in the recent time has acquired some specific features.The diseases are mainly of multicausal character known under theprofessional name of "syndroms". In heavy hybrids of poultry "theunhealthy legs syndrom" occupies an important place. In ethiology ofthis syndrom staphylococcus bacteria play a major role. In acute andchronic cases of this syndrom the changes are generally localized onankles and tendons in legs and wings, while peracute cases are, mainly,associated with sepsis. In addition to impeded movement,staphylococcal infections cause increased mortality, inferior increment,uneven growth and, what is most significant, transmission of thecausative agent through breeder eggs to one-day-old chicks.The objective of our investigations was to examine over the seven yearsthe presence of staphylococcus in the imported reproduction light andheavy hybrids that died during transportation in their first 21 days oflife.Of the total of 10,783 bacteriologically examined samples from thesuspected material, bacteria of Staphylococcus genus were isolated in74.36% cases. In heavy hybrids they were present in 87.29%, and inlight hybrids in 58.10% cases.
  29. 29. Zoofilni dermatofiti kao uzročnici dermatomikoza životinja i ljudi Ožegović L., Babić Mirela, Adilović E., Zahirović A. Kratak sadržaj - Prikazan je spektar zoofilnih dermatofita kaouzročnika oboljenja ljudi i životinja, opisana epizootiologija pojedinihdermatofita s obzirom na infekciju ljudi i životinja. Posebno je istaknutavisoka frekfencija M.canis koji je postao najčešći uzročnik oboljenja ljudi usvijetu, kao i relativno visoko učešće T .mentagrophytesa i T.verrucosuma,kao i njihove biološke niše.
  30. 30. Zoophylic dermatophytes as the aethiological agents of dermatomycoses in animals and humans Ozegovic L., Babic Mirela, Adilovic E., Zahirovic A. Summary - In the paper presented is a spectrum of zoophylicdermatophytes as the most frequent agents of infections in humans, anddescribed is epizoothiology of individual dermatophytes with respect toinfections in humans and animals. Special attention is given to the veryhigh frequency of M.canis, which is currently the most frequent agent ofinfections accross the world, and a relativly high rate ofT.mentagrophytes and T.verrucosum, as well as their biological niches.
  31. 31. Efekat zeolita na utrošak vode kod nesilica Kustura Aida, Gagić A. , Rešidbegović Emina, Kavazović Aida, Mulamekić N. Kratak sadržaj - U pokusu je ispitivano djelovanje 1% koncentracijezeolita (PET-zel-M) dodavanog u hranu na utrošak vode za piće 18 sedmicastarih pilenki. Prije početka samog pokusa izvršili smo probnu ponudu vodeu različitim količinama i to : 1500 , 2000 , i 2500 ml. Svrha je bila da seustanovi orijentaciona potrošnja vode po jednom danu, te se kaonajadekvatnija pokazala količina od 2 000 ml. Pokus je trajao 21 dan i u tomperiodu je vršeno svakodnevno mjerenje utroška vode u zeolitnoj ikontrolnoj grupi. Sedmični utrošak vode između ove dvije grupe bitno serazlikovao. U prvoj sedmici kontrolna grupa je popila 8.700 ml, u drugoj7.850 ml i u trećoj 9.150 ml, dok je "zeolitna" grupa kontrolisana u istimterminima, popila u prvoj nedjelji 11..300 ml, u drugoj 9.800 ml i u trećoj10.350 ml. Individualna potrošnja vode za prvu sedmicu kod kontrolnegrupe iznosila je 177,5 ml, u drugoj 160,2 ml,a u trećoj 186,7 ml. "Zeolitna"grupa je po nesilici u prvoj sedmici popila 230,6 ml, u drugoj 200 ml. i utrećoj i 211,3 ml. vode. "Zeolitna" grupa je u toku pokusa popila ukupno31.450 ml. ili 211,9 ml vode na dan dok je kontrolna u istom perioduutrošila 25.700 ml ili 174,8 ml. vode. Ustanovili smo i neujednačenu dnevnupotrošnju vode kod kontrolne grupe u znatno većoj mjeri nego kod zeolitne.
  32. 32. The effect of zeolite on the water consumption by laying hens Kustura Aida, Gagic A. , Residbegovic Emina, Kavazovic Aida, Mulamekic N. Summary - The experiment involved the study of the effect of 1%Zeolite concentration (PET-zel-M), added to the food, on drinking waterconsumption by 18-week-old pullets. Prior to the experiment we conductedtrial by making available various amounts of water, namely: 1500, 2000 and2500 ml, with the purpose of approximate determination of waterconsumption per day, which resulted in finding out that the amount of 2000ml of water was the best suited. The experiment lasted 21 days during whichthe water consumption was daily measured for Zeolite and for the controlgroup. The weekly consumption of water was different to a great extentbetween the groups. During the first week the control group consumed 8,700ml, in the second week 7,850 and in the third week 9,150 ml, while the"Zeolite" group consumed in the first week 11,300 ml, in the second week9,800 ml and in the third week 10,350 ml. Individual birds of the controlconsumed in the first week 177.5 ml, in the second week 160,2 ml and in thethird week 186.7 ml. The "Zeolite" group consumed per a bird in the firstweek 230.6 ml, in the second week 200 ml and in the third week 211.3 ml.The total consumption by the "Zeolite" group during the experiment was31,450 ml or 211.9 ml per day, while the control group during the sameperiod consumed 25,700 ml or 174.8 ml of water. Uneven dailyconsumption of water in the control group was much more evident than inthe "Zeolite" group.
  33. 33. Maligni mezoteliom kod goveda Prašović S., Šatrović E., Beširović H. Kratak sadržaj - U ovom radu autori opisuju slučaj malignogmezotelioma kod goveda u našoj zemlji. Uzimajući u obzir aktuelnusvjetsku problematiku kancerogenog dejstva azbesta, a obzirom da je upreko 70% slučajeva azbest uzrok ovog malignog oboljenja, cilj ovogprikaza je da se kolegama skrene pažnja, opisom našeg slučaja, na malignimezoteliom, tim prije što on podsjeća na TBC seroznih površina (perlsucht).U radu ističemo osnovne karakteristike ovog malignog oboljenja, kako bi seto imalo u vidu kod dijagnosticiranja ili barem postavljanja sumnje na tooboljenje. Od naročitog značaja je i podatak da je ovo oboljenje slabopoznato u javnosti, a da mu se u sadašnje vrijeme pridaje veliki značaj, kakou veterinarskoj, tako, posebno, u humanoj medicini, zbog učestale upotrebeazbesta kao građevinskog materijala tokom 70-ih i 80-ih godina a da sekulminacija negativnih efekata ovog materijala očekuje između 2000. i2010. godine ovog stoljeća.
  34. 34. Malignant mesothelioma in cattle Prasovic S., Satrovic E., Besirovic H. Summary - In this article the authors discuss a case of malignantmesothelioma in cattle. Considering relevant problems of carcinogeneffects of asbestos, and the fact that it is the cause in more than 70%cases of this malignant disease, the aim of this article is to attractattention of our colleagues, and give them basic information(characteristics) about this disease. Because the mesothelioma looks likea TB process on the serosa, the problem is the differential diagnosisbetween them. On the other side, the pathogenesis of the mesotheliomahas not been fully studied, in spite of its significance in both veterinaryand human medicine. Asbestos was used as a construction material inthe 70s and 80s, and its pathologic effects, we expect, will be much morewidespread and serious between 2000 and 2010 years.
  35. 35. Osvrt na introdukciju muflona u lovišta južne Hercegovine Ibrović M., Ćutuk R., Kunovac S., Mrkulić M. Kratak sadržaj - Naseljavanje muflona ima dugu istoriju. Prviprimjerci su doneseni u Evropu još u 18. vijeku. U južnu Hercegovinunaseljavanje je počelo 1975. godine, većinom u ograđene prostore. Uovom radu je iznijet kratak pregled dosadašnjeg naseljavanja muflonau južnu Hercegovinu. Uz korišćenje prethodnih iskustava i drugihautora, dati su osnovni principi introdukcije i uzgoja muflona kaoatraktivne i racionalne vrste, sa preporukama za eventualna budućanaseljavanja.Uspjeh introdukcije zavisi od niza faktora, od kojih su najznačajnijikvalitet i zdravstveno stanje grla, izbor i priprema staništa, te pravilneuzgajivačke mjere i tehnička rješenja prilikom podizanja objekata.Svakako, neophodno je osigurati dovoljno i stalno finansiranje, kako bise izbjegla svaka improvizacija.
  36. 36. A historical perspective on the introduction of mouflons into the hunting areas of South Herzegovina Ibrovic M., Cutuk R., Kunovac S., Mrkulic M. Summary - Introduction of mouflons has a long history. Firstspecimens were brought to Europe in 18th century. In the southHerzegovina mouflons were first inhabited, mostly in enclosures, in theyear 1975. The present paper contains a short review of mouflonpopulating in south Herzegovina. Experiences of other authors are alsotaken into account. Presented are basic principles of introduction andrearing of mouflons - as an attractive species for a rational wildlifemanagement, with recommendations in the event a new inhabiting isconsidered.A successful introduction depends on a number of factors, the mostimportant of wich are the health status of the animals, selection andpreparation of the habitat, and appropriate rearing measures, as well asproper design of the facilities. Financial resource is to be ensured on asafe and continued basis, in order to avoid makeshift solutions.
  37. 37. Kako normalizirati poremećenu mikropopulaciju u probavnom sistemu Hadžović S. Kratak sadržaj - Normalan odnos korisne i patogene mikropopulacije uprobavnom sistemu je izuzetno važan faktor u odvijanju procesa varenja.Između korisne i patogene mikroipopulacije u normalnim uslovima vladaskladan, ali osjetljiv i krhak balans. Stresna stanja, gladovanje, hladnoća iliiscrpljenost mogu u kratkom vremenskom periodu reducirati korisnumikropopulaciju. Svaka poremetnja u balansu mikropopulacije, naročito kodbiljojeda, dovodi do indigestije, a kod prevage patogene mikropopulacijedolazi do manifestnih infekcija sa svim svojim posljedicama. U takvimstanjima neophopdno je, pored ostalog, uspostaviti normalan balans, što se unovije vrijeme postiže, pored dobro provjerenog davanja svježeg buragovogsoka ili kvasca, još i primjenom probiotika, o čemu se u ovom člankugovori.
  38. 38. How to return to normalcy a disturbed micropopulation in the alimentary system Hadzovic S. Summary - Normal ratio of beneficial and pathogenicmicropopulation in the intestinal tract is a factor of extraordinaryimportance for the process of digestion. Under normal conditions, aharmonious but vulnerable and fragile balance exists between beneficialand pathogenic micropopulation. Stress situations, hunger, cold orexhaustion can in a short time period reduce the beneficialmicropopulation. Any disturbance in the micropopulation balance,especially in herbivores, causes indigestion, and when pathogensprevail, infections are strongly manifested, followed by all the usualconsequences. Such situations necessiate establishing the normalbalance, which is effected in the recent time, in addition toadministering fresh ruminal fluid or yeast as a proven efficaciousmeans, by applying probiotics, which is the subject discussed in thepresent paper.
  39. 39. Zoohigijenski aspekti borbe protiv BSE, slinavke i šapa, bruceloze i Q-groznice Gagić A. Kratak sadržaj - Zoohigijenske mjere u procesu suzbijanja uzročnikabolesti određene su stepenom njihove infektivnosti, načinom prenošenja istepenom otpornosti na uslove vanjske sredine. Sa stanovišta struke topodrazumijeva maksimalno poznavanje bioloških karakteristika datihuzročnika i, adekvatno tome, prilagođenu organizaciju rada službe nadležneza poslove zaštite zdravlja životinja na širem i užem planu. Uz to osnovu zapreduzimanje i provođenje svih preventivnih i profilaktičkih mjera činizakonska regulativa uspostavljena od strane zvanične državne administracijei, u postupku realizacije, kontrolisana organizovanom, a to znači:materijalno, tehnički i finansijski obezbjeđenom državnom službom.Naravno, izuzetno značajnu ulogu u svemu tome čini interes i motiviranostvlasnika stoke kao i oblik njihove saradnje sa zvaničnom stručnom službom.U radu je predstavljena paleta biosigurnosnih mjera sa akcentom napojedinosti i način njihove realizacije u datim uslovima. Posebno sunaglašeni i hronološki izloženi postupci u domenu date biosigurnosne mjere,zatim neophodna sredstva rada i odgovarajuća oprema kao i mjere zaštitestručnog i pomoćnog osoblja, postupci bezbjednog uklanjanja upotrebljenihsredstava zaštite, neškodljivog uklanjanja uginulih životinja, potpunog ilidjelimičnog korištenja određenih proizvoda (koža i vuna), recikliranjestajnjaka i sl.Istaknuta je neophodnost cjelovitog provođenja biosigurnosnih mjera,naročito prilikom importa stoke i stočarskih proizvoda.Stečena iskustva nedvosmisleno su pokazala da improvizacije, praktično,samo odlažu pojavu bolesti koja kasnije ugrožava ne samo importirana grla igrla u njihovoj neposrednoj okolini, nego i cjelokupan stočni fond zemlje, ato ima nesagledive epozootiološke i ekonomske posljedice.
  40. 40. Zoo-hygienic aspects of the fight against BSE, Foot-and-mouth disease, Brucellosis and Q-fever Gagic A. Summary - In the process of controlling the causative agents of thediseases, the zoo-hygienic measures are determined by theirinfectiousness, the pathways of transmission and by the resistancepower to the outer environment.From the professional standpoint, it requires expert knowledge ofbiologic character of the causative agents and an adequate organizationof work of the Service in charge of animal health protection in anarrower and a broader scope of activity. Besides, all prevention andprophylactic measures should be based on regulations laid down by thestate administration and followed by an organized, well equipped andfinancially supported state services. Also, the interest and motivation ofthe owners of animals to cooperate with official professional services isof an enormous importance.In the paper presented is a series of bio-safety measures with detaileddescription of them and the manner of their application, depending onthe existing conditions. The procedures in chronological order arepresented for each bio-safety measure, and the required supplies,materials and equipment, measures for protection of professional andsupporting workers, procedure of the safe removal of the usedprotective means, safe removal of the dead animals, complete or partialutilization of the material (skin and hair), recycling of manure, etc.Attention is drawn to the necessity of a full scale application of bio-safety measures, especially at importation of animals and animalproducts.The experience has shown that improvised solutions have effect only byway of postponing the incidence of diseases, which may, in a laterperiod, affect not only imported animals and those in theirneighbourhood, but also the entire stock of a country, which may haveincalculable epizootiologic and economic effects.
  41. 41. Zdravstveni aspekti korištenja animalnih komponenti u industrijskoj stočnoj hrani Gagić A., Alibegović-Zečić Fahira Kratak sadržaj - U okvirima Evropske unije pitanje: sakupljanja,transporta, obrade i korištenja animalnog otpada kao komponenti uindustrijskoj stočnoj hrani, regulisano je Osnovnim zakonom. Istim aktompropisani su i standardi za izgradnju kafilerija, kontrolu proizvodnje iproizvoda i standardi za korištenje kafilerijskom obradom dobivenihproizvoda kao dodatka stočnoj hrani. U našoj zemlji ovo pitanje još uvijeknije cjelovito sagledano. Neusaglašena su određena pitanja, kako sastručnog, tako i sa organizacionog stanovišta. Otuda proizilazi i niznesuglasica, bilo da je riječ o stavljanju u promet komponenti stočne hraneanimalnog porijekla, bilo samih stočarskih proizvoda.U radu su izložena osnovna načela i principi prikupljanja (Shema 1.) iobrade (Shema 2.) kafilerijskog otpada, kao i principi kontrole. Izložena su isuprostavljena gledišta zagovornika i protivnika korištenja kafilerijskihproizvoda kao komponenti u stočnoj hrani sa aspekta visokorizičnog ispecifično rizičnog otpadnog materijala.U zaključku je izloženo da i u našoj zemlji, po uzoru na zemlje Evropskeunije, hitno i odgovorno pristupiti rješavanju ovoga pitanja adekvatnomzakonskom regulativom.
  42. 42. Health aspects of utilization of animal components in industrial feeds Gagic A., Alibegovic-Zecic Fahira Summary - In the countries of European Union, the issues ofcollecting, transportation, processing and using the animal waste ascomponents in industrially produced feeds are regulated by the BasicAct. It also regulates the standards for setting up pounds, control ofproduction process and the products, as well as the standards forutilization of products from pounds for addition to feeds. In thiscountry these issues have not been comprehensively considered. Thereare discrepancies between the professional and organizational viewsregarding not only distribution of the animal components for feeds, butthe animal products as well.In the paper set forth are the basic principles and rules for collecting(Diagram 1.) and processing (Diagram 2.) of waste from pounds, as wellas the principles of the control.The opposing views of those in favour and those against using of poundproducts for addition to animal feeds with regard to the high risk andtheir specific risk character as waste material are discussed.In the conclusion it is put forward that there is an urgent need forregulating these issues through adequate legislation, like it has beendone in the countries of European Union.
  43. 43. Značaj pravilnog uzimanja i transporta uzoraka za mikrobiološku dijagnostiku Rifatbegović M., Velić R. Kratak sadržaj - Pravilno uzimanje i transport uzoraka od velikog suznačaja za adekvatnu mikrobiološku pretragu. S obzirom da u određenimslučajevima postoje odstupanja koja znatno otežavaju ili potpunoonemogućavaju mikrobiološku obradu dostavljenih uzoraka, autori su učlanku naveli osnovna pravila koja je potrebno poštivati da bi semikrobiološka pretraga obavila na adekvatan način.
  44. 44. The importance of proper collecting and transport of samples for microbiologic diagnostics Rifatbegovic M., Velic R. Summary - Proper collecting and transport of samples are of a greatimportance for reliable microbiological tests. In some cases improperhandling techniques made it difficult or even impossible to carry outmicrobiological examination of the samples. This situation promptedthe authors to provide the paper with a set of rules to be followed inorder to ensure adequate microbiological tests.
  45. 45. "Lekovi" lijekovi za upotrebu u veterinarstvu registrirani u F BiH Hadžović S. Tvornica lijekova "LEK" iz Ljubljane je odmah nakon uspostavljanja mirapodnijela zahtjev za registraciju jednog broja svojih lijekova na području FBiH. Registracija je obavljena i ovom prilikom želimo upoznati veterinarena terenu o kojim se lijekovima radi, iznoseći njihove najosnovnije podatke,kako bi na taj način proširili terapijske mogućnosti.

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