Mahnaz Afkhami
Founder and President of
Women's Learning Partnership (WLP)
PRACTICAL
STEPS TO
ENSURE
WOMEN’S
NEED ARE
MET AND
WOMEN
HUMAN
RIGHTS ARE
RESPECTED
& PROTECTED
PRESENTED
BY
This presentation is based on the earthquake, which
stroked in Northern Pakistan and Azad Jammu &
Kashmir in October 2005
...
“Women and men experience the same hardships in a
disaster”
Kofi Anan – Press Conference I Jakarta 2005
 A lot of people ...
 Malnourished infants because their malnourished
mothers cannot breast feed them
 women giving birth in unsafe condition...
Loss of family members
Loss of home – living in camps
Cultural values may even hinder women’s
rescue as males may not b...
 Housing
Transportation
Income & employment
Dependant care
Physical & mental health
Violence
Access to relief resou...
Move forward from ‘Gender Blindness’ to
‘Gender Sensitivity’ in helping the victims
of natural disaster.
Gender perspectiv...
FUNDAMENTAL
PRINCIPLES
GENDER SENSITIVE DISASTER
MANAGMENT
EQUALITY of women and men
• Women’s rights are human rights
Non...
STEPS TO BE TAKEN DURING
RELIEF WORK
 Women’s reliable and regular access to the food and
clean water
 Adequate shelter ...
Access to adequate food
 Ensure that women have easy and reliable access to food
and drinking water
 Quantity of the foo...
Women should be include in aid/relief
team
 distribution of sanitary napkins and under
garments should be by women
 Wom...
Adequate Shelter
Many cases were reported of women harassment
during their stay in camps and shelter houses.
Reasons:
 La...
Adequate Shelter
 Tents should be comfortable and habitable
(as women stay inside most of the time)
 There should be ade...
Adequate Toilet and Bathing
Facilities
 Access to sufficient and regular supply of water for both
drinking, cooking and p...
Health Care Services
 Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
1948, access to health services should be ...
Security Measures For Women
Safety
 ‘vigilance committees are formed in the communities consisting of
women to act as mon...
Security and Safety of Women
 Accessible counseling services for women victims of violence and other abuses
 That free l...
References taken from:
Report on earthquake by Pakistan Press Foundation
ERRA – report on gender equality during disaster
...
THANK YOU
Practical Steps To Ensure Women’S Need Are Met And Women Human Rights Are Respected  & Protected
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Practical Steps To Ensure Women’S Need Are Met And Women Human Rights Are Respected & Protected

  1. 1. Mahnaz Afkhami Founder and President of Women's Learning Partnership (WLP)
  2. 2. PRACTICAL STEPS TO ENSURE WOMEN’S NEED ARE MET AND WOMEN HUMAN RIGHTS ARE RESPECTED & PROTECTED
  3. 3. PRESENTED BY
  4. 4. This presentation is based on the earthquake, which stroked in Northern Pakistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir in October 2005  73,000 people died  More than 70,000 people injured  Around 400,000 houses damaged  33,0000 people became homeless  UNFPA – women affected (age 15 to 49) 80,000
  5. 5. “Women and men experience the same hardships in a disaster” Kofi Anan – Press Conference I Jakarta 2005  A lot of people around the world including aid workers believe that disaster such as earthquake in Pakistan, affect everyone equally – and there is no need to focus on vulnerable groups.
  6. 6.  Malnourished infants because their malnourished mothers cannot breast feed them  women giving birth in unsafe conditions  widows and women headed households are unable to access food and other aid supplies because of the restriction of their movements (like parda)  Sexual abuse of women
  7. 7. Loss of family members Loss of home – living in camps Cultural values may even hinder women’s rescue as males may not be allowed to touch women and rescue them. Access to information Cultural and religious obligations (e.g. women cannot see men other then her relatives)
  8. 8.  Housing Transportation Income & employment Dependant care Physical & mental health Violence Access to relief resources Full participation in disaster decision - making
  9. 9. Move forward from ‘Gender Blindness’ to ‘Gender Sensitivity’ in helping the victims of natural disaster. Gender perspective is included in all disaster management program All relief efforts are able to address women’s need and prevent violation of women’s human rights
  10. 10. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES GENDER SENSITIVE DISASTER MANAGMENT EQUALITY of women and men • Women’s rights are human rights Non discrimination against women
  11. 11. STEPS TO BE TAKEN DURING RELIEF WORK  Women’s reliable and regular access to the food and clean water  Adequate shelter and housing  Psycho- social consultation  Access to gynecological services by female health workers  Separate toilets and bathrooms for women  Special care of pregnant and breast feeding women and women with young children  Sanitary pads and under wears in relief supplies
  12. 12. Access to adequate food  Ensure that women have easy and reliable access to food and drinking water  Quantity of the food should be enough for a single human consumption  Ensure the good quality of the food  Basic food aid should include milk and sugar  Breast milk substitute should be included  Women should be consulted for necessary food items for distribution  Basic cooking facilities such as cooking utensils, stoves etc must be provided  Food distribution mechanism should respect dignity of disaster affected women without making them fight for it and feeling like baggers
  13. 13. Women should be include in aid/relief team  distribution of sanitary napkins and under garments should be by women  Women should distribute food to women on food distribution points  other relief packages should be delivered by women  female doctors and nurses should take care of affected women
  14. 14. Adequate Shelter Many cases were reported of women harassment during their stay in camps and shelter houses. Reasons:  Lack of privacy  No separate premises for women who were left alone  Common bathrooms and toilets
  15. 15. Adequate Shelter  Tents should be comfortable and habitable (as women stay inside most of the time)  There should be adequate privacy and space  Structure should be durable  Roofs must not leak during rain  Tents should not be very close to each other  Tents need to be designed with better secure fastenings so that it would provide a sense of security to women.  In tent distribution, priority should be given to widows, women headed households  Tents should have ventilation facility and should have proper cooling and heating systems
  16. 16. Adequate Toilet and Bathing Facilities  Access to sufficient and regular supply of water for both drinking, cooking and personal hygiene  water points should be located near to the camps  Provision of separate toilet for women  Toilets and bathrooms should be properly build to prevent men from making peep holes  Bathrooms and toilets should have proper locks  Pathways to and from camp should have proper lights  Bathrooms and toilets should not be far away from the camps  Private laundry areas should be available to women  arrangements should be made for sanitary disposal of solid waste.
  17. 17. Health Care Services  Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, access to health services should be provided to all disaster affected people  Pregnant women and women with young children should be provided with free medical post natal and maternity care  necessary vitamins and other supplements should be provided to pregnant and lactating mothers.  Free psycho- social counseling  a conducive, sanitary and safe environment is set up for childbirth purposes.  easy access to different forms of contraception is facilitated as soon as possible  female health workers are included in medical teams servicing camps and affected communities.
  18. 18. Security Measures For Women Safety  ‘vigilance committees are formed in the communities consisting of women to act as monitoring officers to ensure maximum security and safety for women  written and verbal safety guidelines are provided to be further developed by committees themselves against possible violations against women and children.  women are trained to raise immediate alarms against violations in the camp sites.  women police officers provide security in the camps.  women police officers are stationed within the camps to record and address safety complaints made by women in the camps and monitor women’s rights violations in the camps.  night security is maintained at camp sites.  security guards (male and female) should be trained to be sensitive to women’s apprehensions and problems in order to facilitate assistance seeking by women  Additional security measures need to be taken in camps and communities to prevent abductions of women and girls for forced prostitution, sex trafficking and trade in human internal organs.
  19. 19. Security and Safety of Women  Accessible counseling services for women victims of violence and other abuses  That free legal services are provided for women survivors of violence  Full protection of victims of violence and witnesses from reprisals  Accessible medical examinations on reporting of violence  Accessible reporting procedures when violence against women is committed  That women are made aware of their right to be free from physical, emotional and sexual violence  That women are made aware of the redress available when affected by violence (e.g. court process, police complaint, medical treatment, counseling, support groups)  That self help groups consisting of women are established within the camps to give emotional and other forms of support to women affected by violence  Protect Women from Violence and Abuse  That ‘vigilant’ groups consisting of men and women are set up to respond to violent incidents  That police, government officials and non governmental workers take women’s complaints of violence and harassment seriously and take measures to assist women access redress mechanisms  A ban on sale of alcohol within camp sites  Improve lighting and transport facilities to and from the camp to other community locations such as schools, bus stands, markets and shops.
  20. 20. References taken from: Report on earthquake by Pakistan Press Foundation ERRA – report on gender equality during disaster GUIDELINES FOR GENDER SENSITIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT by (APWLD)
  21. 21. THANK YOU

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