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  1. 1. We the student’s of St. Xavier’s College of Patna, feel honoured to give our ideas on one of the most burning challenges which Indian Women are facing today. Ensuring Safety and Empowerment 100 Percent We have choosen the theme Walk to Equality: “Ensuring safety and empowerment of women” because we have been seen and observing from quite long time that female gender is used or treated like an object. They have always been lagging behind in every work of life and this intrigued us to such an event that we decided to walorize them so that they could come into clame their space which they have been dipprive.
  2. 2. WHO IS MOST LIKELY TO BE VICTIMISED VIOLENT CRIME? Women are less likely to be victimised by violent crime than men, though or some crimes and among some groups of women victimisation is higher than men.(Such as victims of ill –treatments,humilation,torture,exploitation ,rape,murder,abortion etc.) Violence against women is not a new phenomenon in India. Problems Faced by Women in India  Increasing crime against women Crimes includes violence against women, rape, molestation, dowry harrasment, wife-battering, kidnapping female children to be sold into brothel homes, forcible embracement, forcible religious conversion, cheating young women with a promise to marry them or fetch them a job and various types of sexual harrasment and abuse of women including eve teasing As per the report 1994 of the Crime Record Bureau of the Central Home Ministry, crimes against women is increased to a great extent in the year 1993-94. As per this this report in India on an average- i. Every day for every 6 minutes 1 attocity is committed against woman. ii. For every 44 minutes a woman is kidnapped . iii. For every 47 minutes a woman is raped. iv. Every day 17 dowry deaths take place.
  3. 3. In the same report says that crime against women is increased two times in last 10 yrs, instances of rape by 400% in last two decades, instances of kidnapping and blackmailing women by 30% between 1974 -1993. In 1993 alone about 82,818 instances of crime against women were registered . Many cases are not registered, it is said that only 10% of the rape cases are reported . In a male dominated society like India violence against women are unfortunately increasing at an alarming rate. such as-  Domestic Violence :- Women are often subjected to violence within the family, a place which is expected to protect their dignity and assure their safety. Social Violence :- Compelling women for abortion and to undergo tubectomy operation, kidnapping of girls of pre-matured is and forcing them to marry, sexual harassment of women employees in workplace, immoral trafficking in women & girls are forced for prostitution, mutilating the organs (such as hands,legs,ears,nose etc.) of female children to use them for the purpose of begging, throwing acid at the faces of girls who refuses to marry, the police & the jail personnel committing sexual crime against female prisoners and so on. Gender Discrimination :- In India, mothers show preferences for male children. They give them importance because- males are wanted during their old age to offer protection. The abuse of advanced technology used for sophisticated scanning and supersonographic equipments are to find out the sex being missused of the child, this lead to abortion if the child is found to be an unwanted female child. (BETWEEN 1978 & 1982 MORE THAN 78,000 WERE KILLED MAILNLY BECAUSE OF THESE MEDICAL TEST)  Women’s health is ignored :- Women suffers from distinctive health problems for which man are free. Women have to undergo through the biological process of pregnancy or child caring or rearing etc. The use of contraceptives, Copper-T, streilisation,abortion and harmonal drugs has an adverse affect on health. Those who make use of them suffers from problems such as bodily weakness,bloodlessness,high bleeding, fatness,chronic backpain etc.
  4. 4. Decline in the Female Population :-Normally, in the population of any country, male- female ratio remains more or less the same, i.e, 50:50. In India as the Census reports reveal female population has been steadily declining ever since 1901. According to 2001 Census, there is a deficit of 35million in 1901. For every 1000 men, we have only 933 women at present as against 972 women in 1901. The male preferences has led to the abuse of technology. Thousand of “unwanted female” children are killed at the stage of fetus itself. In India, out of 12million female children born every year, around 25% them die before they attain the age of 15. Of the children which die every year in India, the 6th child dies due to gender discrimination. Problems of Female Education  It is found that girls are being discouraged to go for higher education and also for professional and technical education.  There are regional imbalances also. In states like Kerala, Maharashtra, female education is encouraged and given almost equal importance. Where as in states like Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh etc. education of girls is neglected even today.  Increasing drop-out of female children from schools is another problem. Though female children are getting admitted to primary, middle & high schools in a substantial number, many of them drop-out of the school in the middle without completing the course. For example, as per the data furnished by the Ministry of Education[New Delhi], in 1984-85 the number of female children enrolled at primary school level the enrolment crossed 9.2 million. More than 74% of these female children between the age-groups of 6-14 yrs, quit schools and lapsed into ignorance. • Admission to Schools: Even in the matter of admitting children to schools at elementary levels, female children are discriminated against male children. For example, in 1984-85, the admission of male children to school was around 90%, the percentage of female children was only 66.2%. It means complete awareness is not there among people regarding female education. • Our Proposed Idea for education problem:  Basic safety measures: Self help classes introduced at education institution. e.g. Self defence classes  Laws on women and their rights should be known to all the girls and women making them aware at school level & rural uneducated women through governmental programme by having awareness camps at the villages.
  5. 5.  Camps for labourers  Women cells at all levels and safety cells at all level offices and organizations. Cherishes at all organization for women and children so that they can work in a tension free environment. Awareness documentary event for educated high strata people to improve the status of domestic helpers and strict law made if female domestic servants are harassed.  People made aware about PIL (Public Interest Litigation).
  7. 7. Our Proposed Idea on Women Problems Paper Motivation Idea : We will publish motivational speech/articles in newspapers/magazines twice in a week which will be based on women importance in our life and our surroundings,this will increase the respect for women in our society. This may lead to increase more opportunities to build their status in the society.  Our proposed idea on Self Defence : Blue Print of Self Defence Plan Our proposed idea on Women Safety at their workplace :  Against Sexual Harrasment: Work Place should be notified,published and circulated in appropriate ways.  Relating to conduct and discipline: Discipline should include rules/regulations on prohibiting sexual harassment and provide for appropriate penalties in such rules against the offender.  As regards private employers, steps should be taken to include the aforesaid prohibitions in the standing orders under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.
  8. 8. Disciplinary Action : Where such conduct amounts to misconduct in employment as defined by the relevant service rules, appropriate disciplinary action should be initiated by the employer in accordance with those rules. Complaint Mechanism: Whether or not such conduct constitutes an offence under law or a breach of the service rules, an appropriate complaint mechanism should be created in the employer’s organisation for redress of the complaint made by the victim. Such complaint mechanism should ensure time bound treatment of complaints. Complaints Committee :The complaint mechanism, referred to above, should be adequate to provide, where necessary, a Complaints Committee, a special counsellor or other support service, including the maintenance of confidentiality. The Complaints Committee should be headed by a woman and not less than half of its member should be women. Further, to prevent the possibility of any undue pressure or influence from senior levels, such Complaints Committee should involve a third party, either NGO or other body who is familiar with the issue of sexual harassment. The Complaints Committee must make an annual report to the Government department concerned of the complaints and action taken by them. The employers and person in charge will also report on the compliance with the aforesaid guidelines including on the reports of the Complaints Committee to the Government department. Worker’s Initiative: Employees should be allowed to raise issues of sexual harassment at a workers’ meeting and in other appropriate forum and it should be affirmatively discussed in Employer-Employee Meetings. Awareness : Awareness of the rights of female employees in this regard should be created in particular by prominently notifying the guidelines (and appropriate legislation when enacted on the subject) in a suitable manner. Third Party Harassment : Where sexual harassment occurs as a result of an act or omission by any third party or outsider, the employer and person in charge will take all steps necessary and reasonable to assist the affected person in terms of support and preventive action.
  9. 9. Demerits of our ideas  If self defense plan not follow strictly.  Violence decreases but not arrived at 0 Women become literate but not 100% Merits of our ideas  Training in self defense helps women develop more confidence in themselves and surroundings. It will help women learn to more aware of your surroundings and to be prepared for unexpected situation at any time. Self defense classes give women an opportunity to gather with peers, meet new peoples and develop new friendship Women who are educated are more able to influence their future. Women who are educated reduce poverty. Women who are educated reduce the risk of mortality. Women who are educated are less likely to become victims of domestic or sexual abuse. Women who are educated see the potential and need to promote education in others. 5
  10. 10. CONCLUSION OF OUR PPT I would like to summarise all the problems of women empowerment at their safety:  Domestic Violence Women Literacy  Social Violence Gender Discrimination. Women Health  Decline the population of women.