SATN Conference 2010 - Dr Phil Mjwara

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  • C:Documents and SettingsvelaphimDesktopDesktopInnovationLitReviewKnowledge based economy
  • SATN Conference 2010 - Dr Phil Mjwara

    1. 1. DST Recent policy developments Dr. Phil Mjwara Director – General: Department of Science and Technology Presented to the SATN 1 October 2010
    2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Recent Policy Developments </li></ul><ul><li>Illustration of the implementation of the 10 year innovation plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Advanced Manufacturring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Global Change Grand Challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Policy trajectory since 1994 Strategic mapping OECD Review of SA NSI NSI SWOT Benchmarked NR&D Strategy S&T missions <ul><li>Public S&T missions, HCD… </li></ul><ul><li>Biotechnology, ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Alleviation, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth creation </li></ul>10Yr Innovation Plan <ul><li>Knowledge-based economy </li></ul><ul><li>Grand challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Human capital development, etc. </li></ul>ST&I investment plan based on strategic priorities S&T White Paper 1996 2002 ‘ 04 2007 ‘ 06 ‘ 05 Developing the NSI Creation of DST Separation from DAC Defining role of DST Strategic Framework
    4. 4. Science and Technology missions <ul><li>Based on geographic advantage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Palaeontology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antarctic research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key technology platforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biotechnology, ICT, poverty alleviation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leveraging resource-based industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing new knowledge-based industries </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. R&D Strategy <ul><li>Human Capital and Geographic Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Centres of Excellence </li></ul><ul><li>South African Research Chairs Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Prestigious Post-Doctoral Fellowships </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilding Antarctic Research </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment programmes </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Knowledge Economy The Four Pillars of the Knowledge Economy
    7. 7. Towards a Knowledge-Based Economy <ul><li>Knowledge is the basic form of capital for Innovation (Knowledge generation, accumulation and exploitation) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic growth is driven by Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Key driver for Innovation is “high-end” human capital: PhD </li></ul>
    8. 8. Global Knowledge Economy Indices (KEI) Source: World Bank Institute (2004)
    9. 9. Path towards a knowledge-based economy <ul><ul><li>Stages of industrial and economic development </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Ten year innovation plan <ul><li>Investment plan based on strategic priorities </li></ul>International relations and technology transfer strategies Enablers Farmer to pharma Human & social Dynamics Climate change Energy Space science Technology development and innovation Human capital - Centres of excellence, South African research chairs initiative, professional development programme, etc. Cross- cutting enablers Grand challenges Knowledge infrastructure – Science councils, state-owned enterprises, global projects
    11. 11. 5.3. The Five Grand Challenges (TYIP) <ul><li>Farmer to Pharma value chain to strengthen the bio-economy; </li></ul><ul><li>SA one of the top three emerging economies in the global pharmaceutical industry- building on SA indigenous knowledge & biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of the bio-economy over the next decade. </li></ul><ul><li>Space S&T; </li></ul><ul><li>Deploy satellite for scientific, security & specialised services for the government </li></ul><ul><li>National Space Agency (NSA) necessary to foster and promote all space related activities </li></ul><ul><li>Energy security; </li></ul><ul><li>Diversified and equitable supply of clean and sustainable energy </li></ul><ul><li>25% share of global hydrogen and fuel cell catalysis market </li></ul><ul><li>Global-change science (climate change) </li></ul><ul><li>A world leader in climate science & response to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Human and Social Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Meet 2014 Millennium development goals to halve poverty . </li></ul>
    12. 12. Innovation Chasm TIA
    13. 13. Recent policy developments <ul><li>The establishment of the Technology Innovation Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of the South African National Space Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing focus towards provincial innovation systems </li></ul><ul><li>The implementation of the 10 year innovation plan </li></ul>
    14. 14. Recent policy developments (cont.) <ul><li>Innovation Building blocks for socio-economic development Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation Agency (TIA) will, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Address innovation chasm and facilitate the exploration of basic research outputs for socio-economic development. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>address the fragmentation of funding instruments that is currently evident in the NSI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support the development of technology-based enterprises for both public and private. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will stimulate investment (venture capital, foreign direct investment, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. “ Intermediate VC” “ Classic VC” Private Equity “ Early Stage” Bridging the “Chasm” PPP’s Basic Research Applied Research Tech Development Manufacturing Innovation Chain IP Value Science Councils Universities Industry Performers TIA Support
    16. 16. Recent policy developments (cont.) <ul><li>Intellectual Property (IP) for Publicly Financed Institutions – Bill signed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Intellectual Property management Office (NIPMO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offices of Technology Transfer (OTT’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course for managers on Innovation Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Nursery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Centres of Competence (CoCs) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Recent policy developments (cont.) <ul><li>The implementation of number of sector development programmes in the areas of agriculture, mineral processing, forestry, fisheries, agroprocessing and mining as well as cross cutting area of water. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology interventions that can play major role in sustaining or growing important labour intensive sectors of the economy. For example, the post-harvest innovation programme to support SA fresh fruits exports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To sharpen the focus of the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy in light of current economic crisis and long-term growth opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Localization Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of new long-term innovative industries-for instance, the titanium industry is being developed . </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Competency centre Competence Capabilities (in Science Councils, Universities and Private Sector) Technology Platforms Potential products Capability gap
    19. 20. Titanium Centre of Competence SA Ti Industry Market Development Supplier Development Industrialisation & Commercialisation Primary Titanium Metal Production CSIR Mintek UP, Necsa Thermtron Investment Casting of Titanium CSIR UCT US Boeing R&D Platforms Joining of Titanium NMMU NLC CPUT Powder Based Processing of Titanium CSIR NIMS (Japan) ULIM, WITS, SU Mintek, CUT, NLC Technology Development Machining of Titanium US UJ UCT CSIR Forming of Titanium (Later) Simulation and Modelling: ULim(Ab Initio), CSIR(FEM, ProCast, Ab Initio), UCT(FEM, Proc. Mod.), CPUT(Weld Sim), UKZN Laboratories & R&D Facilities: CSIR, UCT, UP, US, NMMU, CUT, Mintek, Necsa, NLC Physical Metallurgy of Titanium: UP, UCT, UKZN Additive Manufacturing of Titanium CUT NLC Aerosud
    20. 21. Co-investments with Industry <ul><li> Implementation of the DST’s Hydrogen and Fuel Cell II Technologies RDI Strategy (HySA): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PetroSA has invested R10 million for the construction of HySA laboratory for HySA Systems Integration; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forma-tech (German fuel membrane producer) has signed a technology transfer agreement and invested R300 thousand into HySA Systems Integration; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tripartite Partnership between DST, Anglo Platinum and Johnson Matthey for fuel cell development- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anglo Platinum has launched a R100 million Development Fund to promote commercialisation of Platinum Group Metal technologies in South Africa, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anglo Platinum has invested $5 million for design, manufacture and assembly of fuel cells (DST to match). </li></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Indigenous Medicinal Plants <ul><li>Support Community BIO-PROSPECTING of Scientifically-proven plants. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot Grow-Out Protocols (with technology partner institutions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Validate whether cultivated exhibit target molecules (chemo-type) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Grow-Out Models for Roll-Out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lippia Javanica, African ginger, Pelargonium Sidoides, Sutherlandia plantations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2009/10 these sites are being expanded </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grow-Outs (Demonstration) in support of F2Ph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support grow-out trials of “Early Leads” and provide feed-stock (input/supply) for R&D & manufacturing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More than 10 herbs under trials, with uptake agreements (CSIR, UP) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 2009/10 the number of early leads trial grow-out are being expanded </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Community-Based Manufacturing SMME’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Light manufacture (primary processing) – extraction, chipping & drying </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small-scale commercial (post-harvest beneficiatio n) – e.g. supplements </li></ul></ul></ul>commercially production of indigenous herbs scientifically-proven to possess medicinal properties & to upscale to post-harvest primary processing to manufacture supplementary medicines, nutritional supplements, and provide raw materials (inputs) for R&D, leading to further products (extractions, drugs, and molecules) development, and ultimately industry.
    22. 23. Recent Policy Developments Cont. <ul><li>Regional Innovation System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COFISA conducted provincial Foresight exercises in the Eastern Cape, Western Cape, and Gauteng provinces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Localisation Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides overarching generic framework for engagement in technology localisation initiatives including the Competitive Supplier Development Programme. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. 24. Ten year innovation plan <ul><li>The implementation plan for the challenges are under development </li></ul><ul><li>These are also being incorporated into departmental planning </li></ul><ul><li>They are also being used to shape the activities of key role players in the National System of Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The implementation of the space grand challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The implementation of the global change grand challenge </li></ul></ul>
    24. 25. Global change Grand Challenge <ul><li>Global change refers to an interconnected set of phenomena , resulting largely from human actions which have altered the environment over virtually the entire planet at an accelerating rate during modern times. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes changes to the composition of the atmosphere; the nutrient loading of the biosphere; the global, regional, and local climate; the distribution and abundance of species; the cover and use of the land surface and the use of marine resources; the size, location, and resource demands of the world's human population, as well as its patterns of governance and economic activity. </li></ul>
    25. 26. <ul><li>Dynamics of transition at different scales - mechanisms of innovation and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience and capability </li></ul><ul><li>Options for greening the developmental state </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing for rapid change and extreme events </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for sustainable urban development in a South African context </li></ul><ul><li>Water security for South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Food and fibre security for South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Waste minimization methods and technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Conserving biodiversity and ecosystems services </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional integration to manage ecosystems and the services they offer </li></ul><ul><li>Observation, monitoring and adaptive management. </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamics of the oceans around southern Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamics of the complex internal earth system. </li></ul><ul><li>Linking the land, the air, and the sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Improving model predictions at different scales. </li></ul>Innovation for Sustainability Adapting the way we live Reducing the Human Footprint Understanding a changing planet
    26. 27. Centre of Excellence Applied Centre for Climate and Earth Systems Studies ( ACCESS ) Global Change, Society, and Sustainability South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON) Africa Earth Observation Network (AEON) programmes Inkaba ye Africa/ Ikhure Africa Space Agency (Global Change Monitoring Network) South African Risk and Vulnerability Atlas (R&V Atlas) SA Polar Research Entity Bureau on Global Change Science Global Change Performance and Investment Council Knowledge Brokering Support Unit
    27. 28. Conclusion <ul><li>Dankie </li></ul><ul><li>Enkosi Ha khensa Re a leboga Ro livhuwa Siyabonga Siyathokoza </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>
    28. 29. Space Grand challenge Building Blocks Earth Observation Space Science & Exploration Navigation Communication Enabling Technologies Mission Development Space Mission Applications Space Awareness Thematic Areas Functional Programmes Supporting Platforms Public Awareness Safety and Security Environment & Resource Management Innovation & Economic Growth Strategic Goals Human Capital Infrastructure International Partnerships
    29. 30. Space Applications Systems Engineering HUB Down Stream Universities Research Chairs CoCs R&D Institutions Private Sector Optronics/SAR Space Materials Electronics & Software Space Engineering Up Stream Data Processing Earth Observation Communications Navigation Space Science International Partners International Partners
    30. 31. Up Stream Career Decision Pre Grade 9 Post Grade 9 Space School Space Cadet Teacher Training Media Campaigns Promotional Material Exhibitions Schools Public Awareness
    31. 32. Down Stream Professional Development Programme Career Development Winter Sessions Universities Research Chairs CoCs R&D Institutions Private Sector Annual Space Forum
    32. 33. 10 Year Programme of Activities
    33. 34. 10 Year Programme of Activities

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