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OVARIES.pdf

Ovaries are female gonads and are responsible for production of female gametes known as oocytes. This contents will suffice first year physiotherapy students. I hope this will help you in your studies. Thank you for spending your precious time in referring the same.

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OVARIES
Contents
➢Female Reproductive System
➢Ovaries
➢Situation
➢Position
➢External Features
➢Relations
➢Arterial, Venous, and Lymphatic Supply
➢Function
Female
Reproductive
System
External
Organs (AKA
Pudendum
or Vulva)
• Mons Pubis
• Labia Majora
• Labia Minora
Internal
Organs
• A pair of ovaries
• A pair of uterine
• Fallopian tube
• Uterus
• Vagina
Ovaries
▪ Female gonads
▪ Female gametes are formed in them-
‘OOCYTES’
Situation
▪ Lies in ovarian fossa – on lateral pelvic wall
▪ Boundaries:
Anterior:
Obliterated umbilical
artery
Posterior:
Ureter
Internal iliac artery
Position: Variable
Long axis is
VERTICAL.
Has upper and
lower pole.
Nulliparous
Women
Long axis is
HORIZONTAL.
Upper pole points
laterally and lower
pole points
medially.
Multiparous
Women

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OVARIES.pdf

  • 2. Contents ➢Female Reproductive System ➢Ovaries ➢Situation ➢Position ➢External Features ➢Relations ➢Arterial, Venous, and Lymphatic Supply ➢Function
  • 3. Female Reproductive System External Organs (AKA Pudendum or Vulva) • Mons Pubis • Labia Majora • Labia Minora Internal Organs • A pair of ovaries • A pair of uterine • Fallopian tube • Uterus • Vagina
  • 4. Ovaries ▪ Female gonads ▪ Female gametes are formed in them- ‘OOCYTES’
  • 5. Situation ▪ Lies in ovarian fossa – on lateral pelvic wall ▪ Boundaries: Anterior: Obliterated umbilical artery Posterior: Ureter Internal iliac artery
  • 6. Position: Variable Long axis is VERTICAL. Has upper and lower pole. Nulliparous Women Long axis is HORIZONTAL. Upper pole points laterally and lower pole points medially. Multiparous Women
  • 7. External Features BEFORE PUBERTYOvaries have smooth surface. Greyish pink in appearance. AFTER PUBERTY Uneven surface. Colour changes to grey.
  • 8. Each ovary has • Upper pole/ Tubal pole • Lower pole/ Uterine pole 2 Poles/ Extremities • Anterior/ Mesovarian border • Posterior/ Free border 2 Borders • Lateral • Medial 2 Surfaces
  • 9. Peritoneal Relations • Ovaries are entirely covered by peritoneum except anterior border. • Posterior layer of broad ligament of uterus connected via MESOVARIUM which transmits vessels and nerves to and from the ovary. • Suspensory ligament/ Infundibulopelvic ligament- Lateral part of broad ligament of uterus extending from infundibulum of uterine tube and upper pole of ovary to external iliac vessels.
  • 10. Visceral Relations ▪ Upper/ Tubal Pole: Related to uterine tube and external iliac vein. ▪ Lower/ Uterine Pole: Related to pelvic floor. ▪ Anterior or Mesovarian Border: Related to uterine tube and obliterated umbilical artery. ▪ Posterior/ Free Border: Related to uterine tube and ureter. ▪ Lateral Surface: Related to ovarian fossa. ▪ Medial Surface: Covered by uterine tube.
  • 11. Arterial Supply 1. Ovarian artery 2. Uterine artery Venous Supply 1. Emerges from hilus and form pampiniform plexus around artery which condenses into single ovarian vein. 2. Vein ascends to left renal vein on left side and inferior vena cava on right side.
  • 12. Lymphatic Drainage It drains into lateral aortic and preaortic nodules.
  • 13. Nerve Supply • Ovarian Plexus- derived from renal, aortic, and hypogastric plexuses. • Contains sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves. • Root nerves- for Sympathetic: T10, T1 (afferent and efferent vasomotor); and that of Parasympathetic: S2, S3, S4 (vasodilator).