What Are Families? • A group of individuals who live together and cooperate as a unit • Filipino families possess a genuine love for family which not simply parents and children but also relatives and grandparents.
What is SOCIETY?• A group of families organized and working together for a common goal, interest and beliefs is called society.• As the people who interact in such a way as to share a common culture.• The term society can also have a geographical meaning and refer to people who share a common culture in a particular location.
How was family in relation to society? – Families are the foundation in society. – The life and reputation of every society depends on the behavior or actions of its families. – When families breakdown and fail to provide the healthy nurturing we need, the effects impact not only our own lives but also in our communities. We suffer the consequences. – The goals of society may not be achieved if the family fails in achieving its goals.
What is CULTURE?• Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.• Culture is everything that people • Have- (material possessions) • Think (values and attitudes) • Do (behavior patterns) as member of a society
How was family in relation to culture?• The family acts as an instrument by which culture is kept alive.• Through the family, the beliefs, customs and traditions of the older generation are passed on to the next generation.
Social and Cultural changes in the family• In the past few decades, the world has seen major changes in the face of the family.• Continuous and constant changes with the time has resulted to what sociologist call socio-cultural changes. Such changes have caused conflicts in the family, resulting to problems like separation, juvenile delinquency, early marriage and drug addiction.
Some of the cultural changes that have influenced the Filipino family are:• Modern Marriage Arrangements- – Filipino marriages based on parental arrangement have declined because of cultural diffusion through mass media. Today, marriages are based on romantic love, compatibility and common interest s. Many young people are becoming more responsible in selecting their life time partner.
• The declining authority of the male – before, the absolute control was exercised by the head of the family, the father. Now, the father and mother share equal authority and responsibility.• The sophisticated division of labor – while the traditional role of the wife is take charge of the domestic affairs of the home and the early education of the children, she has now become an accepted partner in earning the family income
• Migration to urban areas and the frontier areas – There is now a high degree of mobility of the population as compared to the traditional way of life. Better communication, improvement on the means of transportation and mass education has attracted more Filipinos to strike out for a new places.
What Are the Forms of Marriages? MONOGAMY POLYGAMY POLYANDRY
The following are the forms of MARRIAGES:• MONOGAMY- one man marries only one woman at a given time• POLYGAMY- one person marries two or more persons of the opposite sex at a given time. Two forms: – POLYGYNY- marriage of a man to two or more women at a given time in which there is no marriage bond between the wives – POLYANDRY- the woman is legally married to two or more men at the same time
Classification of families • Simple or Nuclear• Conjugal family- a family- a family family composed of composed of husband and wife husband, wife and their children
• Extended Family Families that include relativesother than parents and childrenExtended Is made up of nuclear or single-parent familiesplus other relatives such as grandparents, aunts,uncles, and cousins.
Blended FamiliesA family in which both spouses have children from previous relationships
Step FamiliesFamilies that includechildren from a previous relationship
Adopted Families Familiesthat include childrenthat are not biologically theirs
Single Parent Families Children who live with one parent Single parent Includes only one parent, the mother orthe father, who lives with the children. Singleparents may be divorced, widowed, unwed, orabandoned.
Foster Parent Families Familieswho take in childrentemporarily Foster Includes parents who provide full-time child care for someone else’s child for a designated period of time.
Healthy Families Exhibit the Following Characteristics: LOVE LEARNING LOYALTYLIBERTY LAUGHTER
Unhealthy Families Exhibit the following characteristics: Avoidance Tolerance SecrecyClosed Little Care or Hope
Classification according to origin or descent:• PATRILINEAL FAMILIES- the children is considered apart of his/her fathers family line• MATRILINEAL FAMILIES- will only have a family from his/her mother family line• BILATERAL or BILINEAL FAMILIES- a family where its ancestry comes from both the father and mother sides
Classification according to LOCATION of RESIDENCE:• PATRILOCAL FAMILIES- in which married couple resides with or near the husband’s parents• MATRILOCAL FAMILIES- these were the couples lives with or near the wife’s parents• BILOCAL FAMILIES- in which couples , upon marriage live with or near either the husband’s parents or wife’s parents• NEOLOCAL FAMILIES- is a type when a newly married couple resides separately from both the husbands household and the wife households.
Classification according to degree of AUTHORITY:• PATRIARCHAL FAMILIES- the father exercise the sole authority and descent is trace through him• MATRIARCHAL FAMILIES- the family is controlled or dominated by the wife. Its members live together under the authority of the wife• EQUALITARIAN FAMILIES- equal authority is exercised by the husband and the wife in the family
ACTIVITY: Individual (1/2 crosswise)• Analyze your own family according to: – Classification – Organization – Origin of descendancy – Location of residence – Degree of authority