793 Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages first raid inEngland.844 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages raidSeville in Spain845 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages, led byRagnor, travel up the River Seine in France845 The French King pays a ransom to prevent the sackingof Paris860 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages attackConstantinople862 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle AgesfoundNovgorod in Russia
874 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages settleIceland900 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages raid theMediterranean coasts911 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages underRollo are settled in Normandy981 Erik the Red discovers Greenland986 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages land inCanada1000 Greenland and Iceland are converted to Christianity bythe Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages1001 Leif Eriksson reaches the American coast1050 The Ancient Viking Raiders of the Middle Ages foundthe city of Oslo in Norway which is established as a majortrade center.
There were two distinct classes of Vikingships: the longship and the knarr. The longship, intended for warfare andexploration, was designed for speed andagility, and was equipped with oars tocomplement the sail as well as making itable to navigate independently of thewind. The knarr was a dedicated merchantvessel designed to carry cargo. It wasdesigned with a broader hull, deeper draftand limited number of oars .
: Leif was probably the most famousViking of all time. He was born around the year 970 anddied sometime about 1020. Leif was an explorer whoapparently arrived in North America around the year1000. Leif was often referred to as “Leif the Lucky.” Hewas the son of Eric the Red. Leif went with his father toGreenland and lived there until somewhere near the year1000 at which time he was going to return to Norway.As legend has it, as Leif was sailing back toGreenland, he was blown off course and he ended up inNorth America instead of Greenland. In another versionof the story, Leif was sailing to the lands west ofGreenland that had been sighted 15 years earlier byBjarne Herjulfsson.
: Eric is another one of the most famousVikings in history. Besides being the father of LeifEriksson, Eric the Red discovered Greenland and establishedthe first European settlement in the New World there. He wasborn in Norway sometime during the mid-10th century as adescendant of Viking chieftains. He went to Iceland as achild, when his father was banished from Norway. ApparentlyEric had a penchant for violence. While living in Iceland hecommitted murder and was banished from the country. Upsetwith his expulsion, he sailed westward from Iceland anddiscovered Greenland around 981.Several years later hereturned to Iceland and led an expedition of 25 ships back tothe „new world, settling in southwestern Greenland. Thissettlement survived until the late 15th century. Eric the Reddied sometime around the year 1000.
During many of their attacks, they actually colonized their defeatedopponents, again, giving them access to new art forms and newknowledge of how to work with metals, stone, and other art media. Some experts suggest that the greatest art forms left behind by theVikings are the ships that they built and used in their travels. Thesegreat ships expressed a host of design and art forms that were trulyunique to their time. In addition to their beautiful ships, the Vikings were also known fortheir expertise in crafting brooches, buckles, and knives. Much of theirjewelry contains elements of Celtic art as well as elements from earlierRoman art pieces. The Vikings were also known for their high level of skill when it cameto pottery. Many artifacts have been discovered showing that theNorse peoples understood not only the basics of pottery making butalso understood advanced techniques for pottery design and art forms
1. Vikings didn‟t wear horned helmets. 2. Vikings were known for their excellent hygiene. 3. Vikings used a unique liquid to start fires. 4. Vikings buried their dead in boats. 5. Vikings were active in the slave trade. 6. Viking women enjoyed some basic rights. 7. Viking men spent most of their time farming. 8. Vikings skied for fun. 9. Viking gentlemen preferred being blond. 10. Vikings were never part of a unified group.
Most Vikings were farmers. Those who livednear the sea were fishermen too. In Scandinavia the winters are coldand dark and the land is poor. Thepeople depended on cattle and sheep. Every family grew oats or rye to give them flour forbread. Other important crops were peas, beans, rootvegetables and cabbages Women milked the cows and goats and madebutter and cheese. Children helped to look afterthe poultry and the pigs.