The Vikings came from Norway,Sweden and Denmark which areNorth of England.Their land was not fertile. It wasrocky. They found it hard to growcrops.They found that England was richwith plentiful lands and treasures.The climate was much warmer thanwhere they came from, they preferredit and wanted to settle here.
‘Men of war’ is how the Vikings are thought about and indeed they brought violence to England. Over 1200 years ago, sails were seen off the coast of Lindisfarne. The monks in the monastery watched as the longships came closer and landed.The warriors were fierce and frightening. The monks were skilled fighters but could not hold them back. The Viking raiders tookgold from Lindisfarne back to Norway, Sweden and Denmark.‘on 8 june 787 AD ravages of heathenmen miserably destroyed God’s churchon Lindisfarne with plunder andslaughter’ (Anglo Saxon Chronicle) These raids went on for many years as the Vikings stole from the monastery. The word ‘Viking’ means pirate, and these pirates were about to get even greedier….
The Vikings used The Longships longships to raid were powered by and steal from sails or by rowing other lands. with oars.The Viking longships were crafted out of woods and were veryeffective and skimming across the surface of the waves. Theused their boats for transporting cargo, trading and forexploring. The Vikings even travelled to America, which theycalled Vineland, because grapes grew there.
We now know enough to make newArchaeologists have longships that will sail exactly likediscovered many wrecks the Vikings did.of longboats at the bottomof the ocean or buried inthe ground. The evidence found can be studied to reconstruct the boats. Vikings even used their boats to bury great warriors at sea. They used to set fire to the longships.
Constantinople The Vikingswas the main were thecity of the firstByzantine Europeansempire. The to reachVikings traded America.there.The Vikings seemed to get everywhere...Eric the The The French king The VikingsRed Vikings had gave the province settled in anfounded a settlements of Normandy to a area callednew in Iceland Viking duke named Rus. The namesettlement in the ninth Rollo to stop him Russia comesin century. attacking. from this word.Greenland.
A few questions….1. Which monastery was attacked in 787AD?2. Why did the Vikings invade?3. What was a longship made of and how was it powered?4. Where did the Vikings come from?5. What does the word Viking mean?6. Who settled in Greenland?7. What is Rus called today?8. Where else did the Vikings settle? …..to check you’ve been listening!
Sagas and RunesSagasViking children did not go to school so instead, lessons came inthe form of Sagas or long stories. They described the adventuresof great Viking warriors or gods. The Sagas were an importantway to teach History, Geography and navigation. The Vikingsoften decorated buildings with pictures from famous sagas.RunesThe Viking alphabet was called the Futhark. The letters or runeswere carved into wood or stone. The runes are made of straightlines so it is easier to carve them.
The Vikings believed there were many different gods that lived in a place called Asgard.Odin or Woden Loki was halfwas the god of war. god and half fire Thor was the godHe rode an eight spirit. He played of thunder. He hadlegged horse. tricks to cause a quick temper but trouble. was good hearted.
Frey made the sun shine, the rain fall and the crops grow. He kept a magic boat folded in his pocket.Fryja was Frey’s sister and thegoddess of love. She could turn into abird.
Vikings were skilled craftsmen making objects from stone, woodand metal. The blacksmiths were very well respected. Somejewellery was made especially to be buried with someone whohad died. Some was made for rich people as it was the safest wayto keep their wealth.Gold pendants were made to wear around theneck, some were thought to be magical charms.Brooches were used to fasten up tunics as they didn’t have anybuttons. Often they would have keys or combs hanging from themas Vikings did not have pockets either!
Have you been listening! 1. What did the Vikings call long stories? 2. What were these stories supposed to teach? 3. What is the Futhark? 4. Why were runes carved as straight lines? 5. What was Thor the god of? 6. Who used to play tricks on the gods? 7. Which tradesman would make jewellery? 8. What could a brooch be used for?A few questions….just to check!
helmet axe shield Viking weapons were heavy and strong. The blacksmith would make these as well as jewellery. The metal would be heated up and then banged into shape. To make a weapon stronger, it would be plunged into cold water.spear sword
Just one final check….. Bye then!1. Who ruled the Viking countries? Thanks for stopping by.2. Who were the freemen? Hope you learnt3.Where was the food stored? something!4. What was a ‘smithy’ used for?5. What was kept in the longhouse?6. What were their houses made of?7. Give some examples of Viking weapons.8. How were the weapons made?What do you know about the Vikings?