Who were the
What was a Drakar?
Why the Vikings
were so feared?
ReligionWhat is a rune?
The Fall of the
Voyages of the
Who were the Vikings?
The Vikings lived 1000 years ago
in Scandinavia, in the territories
that today occupy Denmark,
Sweden and Norway.
Viking means 'warrior of the seas'
and they had a reputation for
adventurous and fearless.
Today we remember them only by
their attacks, but they were great
merchants and navigators.
The Viking villages were often small and were located on the
shores of bays, rivers and lakes. At the end of the Viking Age,
there were big cities with lots of activity.
Leader and wife
and trusted retainers
What was a Drakar?
Warships that much fame gave the Vikings.
They were long and narrow, easy to
maneuver and fast. It could carry up to 70
They sailed by sail or they rowed if there
was no wind.
There are also finds from the
Viking Age discovered in the late
19th century and early 20th century.
The Viking Ship Museum is in
There, we can find two boats:
Why were the Vikings so feared?
The Vikings were wild and courageous people who were not
afraid of anything. For them the honor and fame was more
important than have a long life.
Helmet (metal or skin and with eyes and nose protected )
War Shield (wood and large size)
Axe (most used weapon)
Sword (very long and used by rich)
Spear (for hunting and in close combat)
Viking Age Arms and Armour
The Vikings believed in life after death. The deceased were
buried with everything he needed in the afterlife, only the
wealthy Vikings like chiefs or nobles were buried in ships that
were burnt in the sea.
They believed in many gods who lived
in Asgard, realm above the Midgard
Yggdrasil is the tree that keep united
Most of the Vikings, when they died,
went to Hel, hell.
Religion: Nine Worlds Norse
When the bravest warriors died, they
went to Valhalla where they lived in
company of Odin, the Supreme God.
Thor, son of Odin, was the most
appreciated God. He distributed
thunders and lightnings with his
Runic writing system with which
they communicated, was formed by
These runes were usually carved in
either stone or wood.
It was believed that the runes
had a magical power.
Voyages of the Vikings
In their long journeys, they arrived in Greenland, Iceland, Northern
America, the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and even Eastern Europe
The Fall of theVikings
At the end of the Viking
Age, the kings imposed
Christianity to the people.
The Vikings learned to live
in peace with other peoples
and their customs were
mixed with other religions.
Nowadays archaeologists reconstruct houses and entire cities, to get
closer to the daily life of the Vikings.