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The Last Mile – The Charlotte Story 
Dan Gallagher, AICP 
Charlotte DOT – Planning Manager 
Railvolution | September 22, 2...
The Last Mile – used to just happen 
The way we used to build streets…
Somehow – we forgot about the last mile 
The way we built streets from 1950 - 2000…
In many ways…our profession forgot about 
pedestrians
We needed to change - Get your ordinances/polices 
1. Identify what is 
not working and 
quit doing it! 
2. Get it into yo...
Steps toward improving the Last Mile 
It’s not just sidewalks and 
bikeways… 
It’s about creating GREAT PLACES and GREAT 
...
Charlotte’s Movement to Complete Streets 
70 feet wide 
Many tools – 1 tool is road diets
East Boulevard 
16 feet wide 
Charlotte has implemented 25+ road diets in last 8 years!
We Invested! - A lot in 10 years! 
• $46OM LRT (2007) 
• $65M – streets, 
sidewalks, bikeways 
• $1.2B LRT (2017) 
• $110M...
Emphasis on LRT Station Areas - 
our jewels! 
Æb LYNX Blue Line Station 
Light Rail Station 1 Mile Buffer 
Infrastructure ...
Infrastructure for each station 
area…concurrent with LRT 
Æb LYNX Blue Line Station 
SCIP Projects 
Light Rail Station 1 ...
Made pathways to stations - inviting 
Better pedestrian environments 
through capital improvements 
Before After
Rely on the Private Sector 
Better pedestrian environments 
through private development 
Before After
Complement with a Bike Network 
Æb LYNX Blue Line Station 
Bike Lanes 
Signed Bike Route 
Off Street Paths 
SCIP Projects ...
Implemented Charlotte Bcycle 
Entirely privately 
funded!
Bike Lanes on Many Thoroughfares
Growing Our 
Bike Network 
Facility Type Miles 
Bike lanes and paved shoulders (>3') 75 
Signed routes 55 
Greenways and o...
Implemented a big bicycling toolbox! 
Continually 
expanding 
our toolbox… 
1122tthh SSttrreeeett CCyycclleettrraacckk 
Bi...
Buffered Bike Lanes and 
Green Lanes 
Remount Road 
E. 4th Street
Learned from Minneapolis! Imagine 26 
miles! - $35M 
Little Sugar Creek 
Greenway = 4 miles
Improved Connections to 
Center City 
Re-thinking our bridges 
South Blvd. pathway 
10th St pathway
Same model for LRT extension northward - 
Replicate your Successes! 
• $1.2B LRT 
• $107M 
Æb BLE Stations 
BLE Alignment ...
• Sidewalk & Pedestrian 
Safety Program 
– Fix gaps in pedestrian 
network by building 
missing sidewalks and 
key pedestr...
Exciting times -T hOe uLra swt Moirlek 
is just…starting 
Dan Gallagher, AICP 
Charlotte DOT – Planning Manager
RV 2014: Can We Get There from Here? First and Last Miles by Dan Gallagher
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RV 2014: Can We Get There from Here? First and Last Miles by Dan Gallagher

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Can We Get There from Here? First and Last Miles AICP CM 1.5

Pasadena, Charlotte and Boulder have all gotten creative to connect their first and last miles. Learn how as we explore what's often the last piece of the transportation puzzle. See how bicycle and pedestrian improvements can provide access to busy corridors and enable everyone to start and complete their trips. First and last miles can take many forms: Investigate a range of solutions here.

Moderator: Dylan Jones, Architect, Gensler, Los Angeles, California
Carlos Hernandez, AICP, Principal, Fox Tuttle Transportation Group, Boulder, Colorado
Dan Gallagher, AICP, Transportation Planning Manager, Charlotte Department of Transportation, Charlotte, North Carolina
Whitney Pitkanen, Senior Project Manager, CALSTART, Pasadena, California
Genevieve Hutchison, Senior Transportation Planner/Bicycle Program Coordinator, Denver, Colorado

Published in: Engineering
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RV 2014: Can We Get There from Here? First and Last Miles by Dan Gallagher

  1. 1. The Last Mile – The Charlotte Story Dan Gallagher, AICP Charlotte DOT – Planning Manager Railvolution | September 22, 2014 • What we inherited • What we are doing • What’s next
  2. 2. The Last Mile – used to just happen The way we used to build streets…
  3. 3. Somehow – we forgot about the last mile The way we built streets from 1950 - 2000…
  4. 4. In many ways…our profession forgot about pedestrians
  5. 5. We needed to change - Get your ordinances/polices 1. Identify what is not working and quit doing it! 2. Get it into your codes/policies! 3. Some big things… lots of little things right!
  6. 6. Steps toward improving the Last Mile It’s not just sidewalks and bikeways… It’s about creating GREAT PLACES and GREAT STREETS
  7. 7. Charlotte’s Movement to Complete Streets 70 feet wide Many tools – 1 tool is road diets
  8. 8. East Boulevard 16 feet wide Charlotte has implemented 25+ road diets in last 8 years!
  9. 9. We Invested! - A lot in 10 years! • $46OM LRT (2007) • $65M – streets, sidewalks, bikeways • $1.2B LRT (2017) • $110M – streets, sidewalks, bikeways Complete Streets $400M
  10. 10. Emphasis on LRT Station Areas - our jewels! Æb LYNX Blue Line Station Light Rail Station 1 Mile Buffer Infrastructure plans
  11. 11. Infrastructure for each station area…concurrent with LRT Æb LYNX Blue Line Station SCIP Projects Light Rail Station 1 Mile Buffer
  12. 12. Made pathways to stations - inviting Better pedestrian environments through capital improvements Before After
  13. 13. Rely on the Private Sector Better pedestrian environments through private development Before After
  14. 14. Complement with a Bike Network Æb LYNX Blue Line Station Bike Lanes Signed Bike Route Off Street Paths SCIP Projects Light Rail Station 1 Mile Buffer
  15. 15. Implemented Charlotte Bcycle Entirely privately funded!
  16. 16. Bike Lanes on Many Thoroughfares
  17. 17. Growing Our Bike Network Facility Type Miles Bike lanes and paved shoulders (>3') 75 Signed routes 55 Greenways and off-street paths 44 Total 174 YEAR_BUILT YEAR_BUILT Bike Lanes Signed Bike Routes Greenways and Off-Street Paths - Paved Greenways and Off-Street Paths - Unpaved Suggested Bike Routes Bike Lanes In 2003 Signed Bike Routes Greenways and Off-Street Paths - Paved Greenways and Off-Street Paths - Unpaved Suggested Bike Routes
  18. 18. Implemented a big bicycling toolbox! Continually expanding our toolbox… 1122tthh SSttrreeeett CCyycclleettrraacckk Bicycle Detection Bike Box
  19. 19. Buffered Bike Lanes and Green Lanes Remount Road E. 4th Street
  20. 20. Learned from Minneapolis! Imagine 26 miles! - $35M Little Sugar Creek Greenway = 4 miles
  21. 21. Improved Connections to Center City Re-thinking our bridges South Blvd. pathway 10th St pathway
  22. 22. Same model for LRT extension northward - Replicate your Successes! • $1.2B LRT • $107M Æb BLE Stations BLE Alignment Cross Charlotte Bike Trail Existing Proposed Bike Lanes Signed Bike Route NECI Projects Light Rail Station 1 Mile Buffer Æb BLE Stations BLE Alignment Light Rail Station 1 Mile Buffer
  23. 23. • Sidewalk & Pedestrian Safety Program – Fix gaps in pedestrian network by building missing sidewalks and key pedestrian crossings – Bonds: $7.5 million/yr. Over 200 miles of new sidewalk since 2002. Build it right the first time – so much cheaper! Pedestrians are a priority!
  24. 24. Exciting times -T hOe uLra swt Moirlek is just…starting Dan Gallagher, AICP Charlotte DOT – Planning Manager

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