Chapter 17Project Management      Saba Bahouth – UCO   1
Project CharacteristicsSingle unit                                             Time                                       ...
Examples of ProjectsA project is a temporarycustomized initiative consistingof smaller activities that must becoordinated ...
Project Stages1. Define: clearly understand the goal of the   project, responsibilities, deliverables, and what must be   ...
Management of Large ProjectsPlanningGoal setting, project definition, team organizationSchedulingRelating activities to ea...
Project Planning, Scheduling, and Control                                     Work Breakdown Structure                    ...
Project Manager RequirementsFour key skills:1. Bias towards task completion,2. Technical and administrative credibility,3....
Project Management Techniques  1. Gantt Charts  2. Network techniques: developed in 1950’s  Consider precedence relationsh...
Project Management Software     Microsoft “Project”          Saba Bahouth – UCO   9
Activity Network, AON & AOA Format                                             Important:                                 ...
When Activity c is Not Required for e                     Wrong!                         Right!                           ...
When activity f does not need activity a to be completed first Saba Bahouth – UCO                                         12
A Comparison of AON and AOA          Saba Bahouth – UCO   13
Relocating an Office – Gantt ChartSaba Bahouth – UCO                                    14
Relocating an Office: NetworkLocate Facilities - 8wInterview Staff – 4wHire and Train – 9wOrder Furniture – 6wRemodel/phon...
AON -> AOA -> !                                          Page 1 of 3     G                                E     F         ...
TRAIN Design AOA - Example    Activity                         Immediate     Activity                                     ...
Methods of Network Graphical Representation                                1. AOA (ADM)                                2. ...
ExampleActivity   Duration       Preceded by  a              12           ---  b               13               ---  c    ...
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C171 chap17 for web-project management

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C171 chap17 for web-project management

  1. 1. Chapter 17Project Management Saba Bahouth – UCO 1
  2. 2. Project CharacteristicsSingle unit Time CostMany related activities Performance/QualityDifficult production planning controlGeneral purpose equipment; high labor skillsProject organization works best when:Work can be defined with a specific goal and deadlineThe job is unique or somewhat unfamiliar to the existing organizationThe work contains complex interrelated tasks requiring specialized skillsThe project is temporary but critical to the organization Saba Bahouth – UCO 2
  3. 3. Examples of ProjectsA project is a temporarycustomized initiative consistingof smaller activities that must becoordinated to finish the entireproject on time, withinbudget, while meetingrequirements.Project management:1. Cost2. Time3. Performance/QualityProjects fail due to scheduleoverruns, use of unproventechnology, poorestimates, weak definitions ofobjectives, and supplier Saba Bahouth – UCO 3problems.
  4. 4. Project Stages1. Define: clearly understand the goal of the project, responsibilities, deliverables, and what must be accomplished.2. Plan: determine the steps needed to execute the project, delegate tasks, and identify start and completion dates.3. Organize: coordinating the resources to execute the plan cost- effectively.4. Control: collecting and assessing status reports and managing changes to baselines.5. Close: compiling statistics, reassigning people, and preparing “lessons learned”. Saba Bahouth – UCO 4
  5. 5. Management of Large ProjectsPlanningGoal setting, project definition, team organizationSchedulingRelating activities to each otherRelating people, money, and supplies to specific activitiesControllingMonitoring resources, schedule, costs, quality, and budgetsRevising plans and shifting resources to meet time and cost demands Saba Bahouth – UCO 5
  6. 6. Project Planning, Scheduling, and Control Work Breakdown Structure 1. Project 2. Major tasks in the project 3. Subtasks in the major tasks 4. Activities to be completed Saba Bahouth – UCO 6
  7. 7. Project Manager RequirementsFour key skills:1. Bias towards task completion,2. Technical and administrative credibility,3. Interpersonal and political sensitivity,4. Leadership ability.• manage people as a team• reinforce excitement of the team• keep everyone informed - Communication• build agreements and consensus• empower the project team• encourage risk-taking and creativity• Have a Project Champion Saba Bahouth – UCO 7
  8. 8. Project Management Techniques 1. Gantt Charts 2. Network techniques: developed in 1950’s Consider precedence relationships and interdependencies CPM by DuPont for chemical plants (1957) PERT by Booz, Allen & Hamilton with the U.S. Navy, for Polaris missile (1958) CPM and PERT are essentially the same (we will see the difference later) © 1984-1994 T/Maker Co. Saba Bahouth – UCO 8
  9. 9. Project Management Software Microsoft “Project” Saba Bahouth – UCO 9
  10. 10. Activity Network, AON & AOA Format Important: AOA Needs dummy activities to show all relationshipsSaba Bahouth – UCO 10
  11. 11. When Activity c is Not Required for e Wrong! Right! Important: AOA Needs dummy activities to show all relationshipsSaba Bahouth – UCO 11
  12. 12. When activity f does not need activity a to be completed first Saba Bahouth – UCO 12
  13. 13. A Comparison of AON and AOA Saba Bahouth – UCO 13
  14. 14. Relocating an Office – Gantt ChartSaba Bahouth – UCO 14
  15. 15. Relocating an Office: NetworkLocate Facilities - 8wInterview Staff – 4wHire and Train – 9wOrder Furniture – 6wRemodel/phones - 11w 6wFurniture set up – 3w 3w 8wMove in – 1w 11w 1w 4w 9w Saba Bahouth – UCO 15
  16. 16. AON -> AOA -> ! Page 1 of 3 G E F CSt A B D H Saba Bahouth – UCO 16
  17. 17. TRAIN Design AOA - Example Activity Immediate Activity Predecessor Duration• a - Design TRAIN - 20• b - Build Prototype a 10• c - Perform Tests on Prototype b 8• d - Estimate Material Costs a 11• e - Refine TRAIN Design c,d 7• f - Demonstrate to Customers e 6• g - Estimate Labor Cost d 12• h - Prepare Technical Proposal e 13• i - Deliver Proposal to Customer g,h 5 Saba Bahouth – UCO 17
  18. 18. Methods of Network Graphical Representation 1. AOA (ADM) 2. AON (PDM) Methods of Network Analysis1. PERT 2. CPMProgram Evaluation and Review Technique Critical Path MethodBooz-Allen Hamilton/Lockheed/Navy DuPont/RandProbabilistic DeterministicR&D ConstructionLess popular with time More popular with timeFocus on time analysis (later also cost) Focus on time and cost analysisPMI (2005)ADM / PERT: Arrow Diagram Method PDM / CPM: Precedence Diagram Method
  19. 19. ExampleActivity Duration Preceded by a 12 --- b 13 --- c 10 --- d 16 c e 4 a f 14 b,d g 7 b,d h 8 c i 22 e,f j 16 e,f k 25 g l 8 b,d,h m 12 i n 14 j,k o 10 l p 8 Saba Bahouth – UCO m,n,o 19

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