Intangible Cultural Heritage inScotland: - A Paradigm Shift? MUSEUM NEXT Joanne Orr Museums Galleries Scotland
Museums Galleries Scotland: Who we are• MGS represent over 350 museums and galleries from Scotland’s most northerly island to the most southerly part of the Borders•• MGS represent the largest visitor attraction sector – over 25 million visitors, and over £800 million in value to the Scottish economy•• 158 independent museums including 7 regimentals, as well as 31 local authorities, 11 university museums and 3 national members in MGS membership•• More than 270 Registered or Accredited Museums and Galleries•• 50%+ of workforce are volunteers demonstrating a passion and commitment to their local heritage
350Title / title galleries all over Scotland... museums and Copy
? Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH). . . living practices, representations, expressions knowledge, and skills - as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated therewith - that communities, groups and individuals themselves recognise as part of their cultural heritage . . . central to their identities
Background to ICH inScotland ProjectIn 2008 Museums Galleries Scotland commissioned a research team from Edinburgh Napier University‘s Institute for Creative Industries to:• Scope Intangible Cultural Heritage activities in Scotland• Map support mechanisms in place to safeguard ICH• Review, evaluate and make recommendations: – on best practice in enhancing participation of communities, groups (and individuals) in the management of ICH, and – on the roles of key stakeholders, including public, private and third sector bodies in supporting ICH in Scotland
Recommendations• an ‘inclusive’ definition of ICH should be used in terms of level of participation, diffusion, and ethnicity• recording ICH in an inventory is the first step towards ensuring that ICH is safeguarded• safeguarding of ICH should take the form of supporting through education channels/ community groups
The Approach to ICH in Scotland• Collaboratively inspired and driven• Community centred and owned• Inclusive of all / accessible to all• Unforced / uncontrived• Celebrates community diversity• Promotes community cohesion• Puts heritage in the context of shared spatial & social identity
Different Approaches• Pro-active & aggressive re-presentation of fragile and ‘at risk’ Galician ICH• The result is another version of ‘hyper-reality• Produces pseudo-events as in theme parks• Or prescriptive – Austria 3 generation rule, Croatia 2 generation ruleICH in Scotland uses a participative Wiki-based approach
Online Inventory of ICH in Scotlandwww.ichscotlandwiki.org/ Wiki • Collection of web pages • Flexible: can manage changing priorities • Free software • Ease of data entry • Attractive for end users www.ichscotland.org/
Inventory of ICH in ScotlandWebsitewww.ichscotland.org/ http://ichscotland.org/
Elements and Environment Knitted Fish project, part of the Deirdre Nelson residencyFish and long line held at Taigh Chearsabhaghhooks in early 2008.
Timespan Museum and Art Centre - A Fishtastic FestivalDay and night events inspired by the fishing industry which has shaped thecommunity. Workshops, fish-tasting BBQ, childrens parade and a ‘fishy debate’.
ICH inScotland: a summary(The UK is not signed up to the UNESCO Convention)• ICH is alive and well in Scotland• ICH is embedded at community• People in Scotland are comfortable with ICH• Starting point for the ICH wiki is heritage as a dynamic process not a fixed end product contained in a building.• ICH is reliant on community knowledge and contribution• if institutionalised it ceases to be ICH