Caregivers and Poverty  <ul><li>Webinar Session </li></ul><ul><li>Sherri Torjman </li></ul><ul><li>June 3, 2010 </li></ul>
Who Are The Caregivers? <ul><li>  Caregivers are individuals who provide care and assistance  </li></ul><ul><li>  for fami...
What Is Caregiving? <ul><li>Caregiving tasks include:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>personal care such as bathing, grooming, dres...
Caregiving Context <ul><ul><li>Policy rationale: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>smaller families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wo...
Caregiver Concerns <ul><ul><li>Identified issues: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inform...
Financial Pressures <ul><li>  Three ghosts of poverty: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>income security of care receivers </li></ul><...
Income Security <ul><ul><li>Key concerns: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reliance on social assistance  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Income Security   <ul><li>  Policy options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increase/index social assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Employment Status <ul><ul><li>Key concerns: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paid leave <...
Employment Status <ul><li>  Policy options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>raise employer awareness about the need for caregiver le...
Costs of Caregiving <ul><li>  Key concerns:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>access to goods and services varies by province </li></...
Costs of Caregiving <ul><li>  Costs of caregiving: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>medical expense tax credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Costs of Caregiving <ul><li>  Policy options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>make refundable the disability, caregiver and infirm d...
Summary of Policy Options <ul><li>1. Improve income security for persons with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>increase/inde...
Additional Policy Options <ul><ul><li>Selected international measures: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paid care leave </li></u...
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Caregivers and Poverty

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An estimated four million Canadians act as unpaid or informal caregivers to seniors and persons with disabilities. In her June 3 webinar, Sherri Torjman, Vice-President, Caledon Institute of Social Policy, explores three proposals to protect caregivers from financial ruin: 1) expand Employment Insurance (EI) compassionate care leave; 2) extend Canada Pension Plan (CPP) provisions; and 3) make current tax credits for caregivers refundable.

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Caregivers and Poverty

  1. 1. Caregivers and Poverty <ul><li>Webinar Session </li></ul><ul><li>Sherri Torjman </li></ul><ul><li>June 3, 2010 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Who Are The Caregivers? <ul><li> Caregivers are individuals who provide care and assistance </li></ul><ul><li> for family members and friends </li></ul><ul><li>in need of support because of </li></ul><ul><li> a physical, cognitive or mental health condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Caregiver Coalition </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Is Caregiving? <ul><li>Caregiving tasks include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>personal care such as bathing, grooming, dressing, toileting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grocery shopping and meal preparation; laundry; cleaning and home maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>banking, bill paying and legal transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>brokerage, coordination and navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ therapeutic’ interventions </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Caregiving Context <ul><ul><li>Policy rationale: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>smaller families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>women in the labour market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aging population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>geographic dispersion of families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>youth leaving rural areas </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Caregiver Concerns <ul><ul><li>Identified issues: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information and advice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accommodation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>supports and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>respite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>financial pressures </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Financial Pressures <ul><li> Three ghosts of poverty: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>income security of care receivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employment status/income of caregivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cost of health- and disability-related supports and services </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Income Security <ul><ul><li>Key concerns: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reliance on social assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>access to Canada/Quebec Pension Plan disability benefit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge of Registered Disability Savings Plans (RDSPs) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Income Security <ul><li> Policy options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increase/index social assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ideally, remove disability from social assistance and create new federal income program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve access to the CPP disability benefit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inform caregivers of the Registered Disability Savings Plan and its grant and bond components  </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Employment Status <ul><ul><li>Key concerns: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paid leave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>current income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>future income </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Employment Status <ul><li> Policy options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>raise employer awareness about the need for caregiver leave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enhance EI Compassionate Care Leave provisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extend Child Disability Benefit/introduce carer allowance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expand Canada Pension Plan drop-out provisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11. Costs of Caregiving <ul><li> Key concerns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>access to goods and services varies by province </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>access to goods and services varies by condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user fees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>links to social assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>new technologies </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Costs of Caregiving <ul><li> Costs of caregiving: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>medical expense tax credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disability tax credit: $7,239 x .15 = $1,086 (reduces taxable income) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>caregiver tax credit: $4,223 x .15 = $633 (reduces taxable income) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>infirm dependant tax credit: $4,223 x .15 = $633 (reduces taxable income) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Costs of Caregiving <ul><li> Policy options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>make refundable the disability, caregiver and infirm dependant tax credits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>alternatively, convert caregiver and infirm dependant tax credits into a carer allowance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>invest in the supply of disability supports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ensure accommodation for seniors and persons with disabilities </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Summary of Policy Options <ul><li>1. Improve income security for persons with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>increase/index social assistance </li></ul><ul><li>ideally, remove disability from social assistance and create new federal income program </li></ul><ul><li>inform caregivers of the Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP) and its grant and bond components </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Protect caregiver employment/income status </li></ul><ul><li>educate employers about the need for caregiver leave </li></ul><ul><li>enhance EI Compassionate Care Leave provisions </li></ul><ul><li>extend Child Disability Benefit </li></ul><ul><li>expand Canada Pension Plan drop-out provisions </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>3. Reduce the cost of disability supports </li></ul><ul><li>make refundable the disability, caregiver and infirm dependant tax credits </li></ul><ul><li>alternatively, convert caregiver and infirm dependant tax credits into a carer allowance </li></ul><ul><li>invest in the supply of disability supports </li></ul><ul><li>ensure accommodation for seniors and persons with disabilities </li></ul>
  15. 15. Additional Policy Options <ul><ul><li>Selected international measures: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paid care leave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>right to request flexible work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>carer allowance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pension contributions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grants for respite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support for caregiver organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support for tele-help and other forms of advice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Caregiving Strategy </li></ul></ul>

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