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Maps: A “Must Have” Item for
Genealogists
RUSA Genealogy Preconference
Las Vegas, Nevada
June 27, 2014
Katherine Rankin
Sp...
Parts of a map
Scale
Coordinates
Coordinates
Image from Wikipedia
Projection
Relief
Legend
Types of Maps
Political
1861
Types of Maps
Political
1856
Political map--Nevada
1863
Types of Maps
Political
1856
Political map--Nevada
1867
Thematic
Panorama
Cadastral
Cadastral
Image courtesy of the University of Nevada, Reno Libraries
Cadastral
Image courtesy of the University of Nevada, Reno Libraries
Google Earth
Google Earth
Trail Maps
Census District Enumeration Maps
http://stevemorse.org/census/
1940 Census Page
Google Earth
Cemetery location
"Courtesy of the University of Texas
Libraries, The University of Texas at
Austin."
City maps showing cemetery
"Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The
University of Texas at Austin."
Forest Cemetery Map—
Circleville, Ohio
Cemetery maps
Roseville, Ohio
Topographic maps
Geo-rectified maps
Home Owners’ Loan Corporation
Map Mistakes
From blog about strange maps posted by Frank
Jacobs on February 11, 2014
Cartographic tools
Gazetteers
Print:
• U.S. Board on Geographic Names—Gazetteer of Convention Names for
United States. Oth...
Place names
• Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
http://geonames.usgs.gov/
• GEOnet Names Server
http://earth-info...
More cartographic tools
• Topographical dictionaries
Historical; often a lot of information about a locale; like
Victorian...
More map web sites
• Map History/History of Cartography
http://www.maphistory.info
How to locate map collections
Print:
• Map Collections in the United States and Canada: a Directory, edited by David
K. Ca...
Online map gateways
• Cyndi's List - Maps, Gazetteers, & Geographical Information
http://www.cyndislist.com/maps.htm
• Old...
Public libraries
• Library of Congress
http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/
• New York Public Library
http://www.nypl.org/locati...
Academic libraries
• American Geographical Society Library, Univ. of Wisconsin-
Milwaukee
http://www.uwm.edu/Libraries/dig...
Academic libraries--Nevada
University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries’ digital map
collection Southern Nevada: History in M...
Private map libraries
• Newberry Library (Chicago)
http://newberry.org/collections/mapoverview.html
• LDS Family Library C...
Archives
• National Archives and Records Administration. Cartographic
& Architectural Branch
http://www.archives.gov/resea...
Archives
• National Archives and Records Administration. Cartographic
& Architectural Branch
http://www.archives.gov/resea...
Museums, historical societies, private collections
• David Rumsey Historical Map Collection
http://www.davidrumsey.com/
• ...
Where to buy maps
• Can buy maps from federal agencies from U.S. Geological Survey
http://store.usgs.gov/b2c_usgs/b2c/star...
• There is a map store here in Las Vegas:
Gotta Getta Map at 1566 Western Avenue (NW corner of
Oakey and Western) 702-678-...
Learning more about using maps in genealogy
Genealogy “guidebooks’ may have a section on using maps:
• ‘Geographic Tools: ...
Advantages of electronic maps
• Increased access to map collections
• Allow user to select and display information for a p...
Advantages of print maps
• Can see the "whole“
• Nothing replaces the experience of seeing and handling
the “original”
Disadvantages of electronic maps
• Web is not necessarily organized and easy to use; quality and
reliability of content ca...
Disadvantages of print maps
• Can be difficult to handle because of size and
condition
• Can be hard to locate collections...
Credits
Images not otherwise credited are from UNLV’s Special
Collections and most are from our digital map project.
Where to go for more information
• MAGIRT—Map and Geospatial Information Round Table of
ALA
http://www.ala.org/magirt/
• W...
Questions?
Katherine Rankin
Special Collections Catalog Librarian
University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries
katherine.rank...
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Maps: a "Must Have" for Genealogists

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Discusses main parts of maps, types of maps of use to genealogists, where to find maps both in print and online, other map-related online sites, and the pros and cons of print versus online maps.

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Maps: a "Must Have" for Genealogists

  1. 1. Maps: A “Must Have” Item for Genealogists RUSA Genealogy Preconference Las Vegas, Nevada June 27, 2014 Katherine Rankin Special Collections [and maps] Cataloger, Libraries’ Genealogy LibGuide creator Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries
  2. 2. Parts of a map Scale
  3. 3. Coordinates
  4. 4. Coordinates Image from Wikipedia
  5. 5. Projection
  6. 6. Relief
  7. 7. Legend
  8. 8. Types of Maps Political 1861
  9. 9. Types of Maps Political 1856 Political map--Nevada 1863
  10. 10. Types of Maps Political 1856 Political map--Nevada 1867
  11. 11. Thematic
  12. 12. Panorama
  13. 13. Cadastral
  14. 14. Cadastral Image courtesy of the University of Nevada, Reno Libraries
  15. 15. Cadastral Image courtesy of the University of Nevada, Reno Libraries
  16. 16. Google Earth
  17. 17. Google Earth
  18. 18. Trail Maps
  19. 19. Census District Enumeration Maps http://stevemorse.org/census/
  20. 20. 1940 Census Page
  21. 21. Google Earth
  22. 22. Cemetery location "Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin."
  23. 23. City maps showing cemetery "Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin."
  24. 24. Forest Cemetery Map— Circleville, Ohio
  25. 25. Cemetery maps
  26. 26. Roseville, Ohio
  27. 27. Topographic maps
  28. 28. Geo-rectified maps
  29. 29. Home Owners’ Loan Corporation
  30. 30. Map Mistakes From blog about strange maps posted by Frank Jacobs on February 11, 2014
  31. 31. Cartographic tools Gazetteers Print: • U.S. Board on Geographic Names—Gazetteer of Convention Names for United States. Other titles for other countries • Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America • Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World • Times Index-Gazetteer of the World Online: • US Gazetteer – Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/gazetteer
  32. 32. Place names • Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) http://geonames.usgs.gov/ • GEOnet Names Server http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/index.html • National Geospatial Intelligence Agency https://www.nga.mil/Pages/default.aspx
  33. 33. More cartographic tools • Topographical dictionaries Historical; often a lot of information about a locale; like Victorian England. Example: Topographical Dictionary of England • Directories Reverse, postal, telephone books • Atlases A book of maps--Current and historical
  34. 34. More map web sites • Map History/History of Cartography http://www.maphistory.info
  35. 35. How to locate map collections Print: • Map Collections in the United States and Canada: a Directory, edited by David K. Carrington and Richard W. Stephenson, 4th ed., Special Libraries Association, 1985 • Guide to U.S. Map Resources, Map and Geography Round Table of the American Library Association, edited by Christopher J.J. Thiry, 3rd ed., Scarecrow Press, 2006 Online: • The John R. Borchert Map Library at the University of Minnesota website: • https://www.lib.umn.edu/borchert
  36. 36. Online map gateways • Cyndi's List - Maps, Gazetteers, & Geographical Information http://www.cyndislist.com/maps.htm • Old Maps Online https://sites.google.com/site/oldmapsonlineorg
  37. 37. Public libraries • Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/ • New York Public Library http://www.nypl.org/locations/schwarzman/map-division Sources of maps: Major map collections
  38. 38. Academic libraries • American Geographical Society Library, Univ. of Wisconsin- Milwaukee http://www.uwm.edu/Libraries/digilib/maps/index.html • Perry Castañeda Map Library, University of Texas (Austin) http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/index.html • Alexandria Digital Library, Univ. of Calif., Santa Barbara http://alexandria.sdc.ucsb.edu/
  39. 39. Academic libraries--Nevada University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries’ digital map collection Southern Nevada: History in Maps http://digital.library.unlv.edu/collections/maps University of Nevada, Reno Libraries’ digital map collection Nevada in Maps http://www.delamare.unr.edu/maps/digitalcollections/nvma ps/Default.htm
  40. 40. Private map libraries • Newberry Library (Chicago) http://newberry.org/collections/mapoverview.html • LDS Family Library Catalog https://familysearch.org/catalog-search
  41. 41. Archives • National Archives and Records Administration. Cartographic & Architectural Branch http://www.archives.gov/research/formats/cartographic.html • Bureau of Land Management. Land & Mineral Records http://www.blm.gov/lr2000/ US General Land Office (GLO) Federal maps • US General Land Office (GLO) http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/Visitors/GLO.asp • National Mapping Information - USGS (United States Geological Survey) http://mapping.usgs.gov/ • Bureau of Land Management. Land & Mineral Records http://www.blm.gov/lr2000/
  42. 42. Archives • National Archives and Records Administration. Cartographic & Architectural Branch http://www.archives.gov/research/formats/cartographic.html • Bureau of Land Management. Land & Mineral Records http://www.blm.gov/lr2000/ US General Land Office (GLO) Archives National Archives and Records Administration. Cartographic & Architectural Branch http://www.archives.gov/research/start/by- format.html#cartographic
  43. 43. Museums, historical societies, private collections • David Rumsey Historical Map Collection http://www.davidrumsey.com/ • Oregon Historical Society http://www.ohs.org/
  44. 44. Where to buy maps • Can buy maps from federal agencies from U.S. Geological Survey http://store.usgs.gov/b2c_usgs/b2c/start/%28xcm=r3standardpitrex _prd%29/.do • International Map Trade Association http://www.imiamaps.org/ • Omnimap.com http://www.omnimap.com • East View Geospatial http://www.geospatial.com/
  45. 45. • There is a map store here in Las Vegas: Gotta Getta Map at 1566 Western Avenue (NW corner of Oakey and Western) 702-678-6277 • Other cities also have independent map stores • Rand McNally has stores in some cities and also sells maps online Buy at a local store
  46. 46. Learning more about using maps in genealogy Genealogy “guidebooks’ may have a section on using maps: • ‘Geographic Tools: Maps, Atlases, and Gazetteers’ by Carol Mehr Schiffman in Printed Sources, a Guide to Published Genealogical Records, edited by Kory L. Meyerink, published by Ancestry in 1998 • Chapter 19, ‘Cartographic Records’ in Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, edited by Anne Bruner Eales and Robert M. Kvasnicka, 3rd ed., published by the National Archives and Records Administration in 2000 • Online maps information • http://geography.about.com/od/understandmaps/Understand_Maps_and_Carto graphy.htm
  47. 47. Advantages of electronic maps • Increased access to map collections • Allow user to select and display information for a particular geographic area or on particular themes • Easier to produce maps and to revise them; genealogists can include them in publications • Computers can also help us manipulate data derived from traditional maps in increasingly sophisticated ways (GIS and historical mapping)
  48. 48. Advantages of print maps • Can see the "whole“ • Nothing replaces the experience of seeing and handling the “original”
  49. 49. Disadvantages of electronic maps • Web is not necessarily organized and easy to use; quality and reliability of content can vary greatly • Usually only a small portion of map can displayed at any give time; can be hard to use without having entire map available • Size of file and download time can cause problems • Image quality can be poor for a number of technical reasons • Map files can take a long time to transmit, especially without a high- speed network
  50. 50. Disadvantages of print maps • Can be difficult to handle because of size and condition • Can be hard to locate collections because of inadequate cataloging • Perhaps less accessible – private collections, visiting foreign libraries, etc
  51. 51. Credits Images not otherwise credited are from UNLV’s Special Collections and most are from our digital map project.
  52. 52. Where to go for more information • MAGIRT—Map and Geospatial Information Round Table of ALA http://www.ala.org/magirt/ • WAML-Western Association of Map Libraries http://www.waml.org/
  53. 53. Questions? Katherine Rankin Special Collections Catalog Librarian University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries katherine.rankin@unlv.edu 702-895-2224

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