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Running head: DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 1
EVALUATION OF DOMINO’S PIZZA
SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN
Katie L. Organ
COM...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 2
Evaluation of Domino’s Pizza social media campaign
Brief history of Domino’s Pizza
...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 3
friendly, and roll out a brutally honest and interactive ad campaign that actively ...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 4
them back — to allow for the reciprocal direct messaging that is used to verify the...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 5
responses). Additionally, the Domino’s Instagram page receives a large quantity of ...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 6
Domino’s needs to make more concessions for their online public relations and marke...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 7
once a severity metric has been assigned, engaged with either the individual, if th...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 8
need to include monetary incentives to participate, in order to obtain a statistica...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 9
ultimately more trust in the brand. “Trust is a relational dimension that may be co...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 10
References
Dennis Maloney. (n.d.) LinkedIn [Profile page]. Retrieved February 20. ...
DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 11
Swallow, E. (2012, January 30). The Content Strategist. In Contently. Retrieved fr...
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Domino's Pizza Social Media Campaign analysis

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Domino's Pizza Social Media Campaign analysis

  1. 1. Running head: DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 1 EVALUATION OF DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN Katie L. Organ COMS62111 Purdue University Author Note Author is a graduate student at the Brian Lamb School of Communication, Purdue University. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to the department chair.
  2. 2. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 2 Evaluation of Domino’s Pizza social media campaign Brief history of Domino’s Pizza In 1960, brother Tom and James Monaghan paid $900 to purchase and open the first Domino’s, then called “DomiNick’s”, pizza in Ypsilanti, Michigan (www.biz.dominos.com, 2016). Tom became the sole owner in 1965 and in 1967 the first franchise store opened. Towards the end of the 1980’s, Domino’s has over 5,000 stores. In the early 1990’s, Domino’s began to expand its menu options by adding bread sticks, chicken wings, and flavored pizza crusts. The 1990’s also saw Domino’s begin the “30-minute guarantee” and the launch of Domino’s website in 1996. In 1999, the company announced record sales with $3.36 billion (www.biz.dominos.com, 2016). In 2007, Domino’s rolled out online and mobile ordering, and in 2008 the Domino’s Tracker allowing customers to track their delivers online. At the end of the 2000’s, Domino’s changed it 49-year-old pizza recipe after years of bad customer reviews. “Third quarter revenues dropped 6.5% in 2009, missing analyst estimates, and its shares posted a steeper-than-expected decline of 8%” (www.reuters.com, 2009). Additionally, Bain Capital sold its interest in Domino’s in 2010. Domino’s order application (app) for iPhone is launched in 2011 and Android in 2012. With the launch of the Domino’s app in 2011 on the iOS platform, the beginning of Domino’s brand image change can be felt. After years of negative reviews and press, particularly when two employees were videotaped blatantly abusing the food product with bodily fluids, Domino’s hired CEO Patrick Doyle in 2010, who knew it was time to take Domino’s into the 21st century. “The company spent eighteen months and millions of dollars to create a completely new recipe for its pizzas, update its online ordering system to become more efficient and user-
  3. 3. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 3 friendly, and roll out a brutally honest and interactive ad campaign that actively utilized the internet and technology” (Le & Pashut, n.d., p. 5). Analysis of the current social media plan Domino’s is currently using Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Tumblr as their chosen social media platforms. Today, Domino’s is enjoying over ten millions “likes” on Facebook, with just under one million followers on Twitter and half a million on Instagram. Dennis Maloney was named the vice president and chief digital officer for Domino’s in May of 2015. Previously, Maloney was the vice president of multimedia marketing for Dominos, and had worked in e- commerce for the Coca-Cola Company (LinkedIn Profile, 2016). In May of 2015, Dominos launched its latest marketing campaign targeted at using social media platforms directly for the purpose of ordering pizza. Customers can place an order via Twitter, a mobile app, android smartwatches, Samsung smart TV’s, and even through Ford Sync cars. How does it work? “With the Domino’s tweet-to-eat process, customers tweet #EasyOrder or a pizza slice emoji to @Dominos. The Twitter purchases are designed to be quick and easy. The customer must have previously created a Domino’s profile and the order must be identical to the default order on file within that profile and it must go to the default address on file and it must be paid by the default payment method. Consumers must also add their Twitter handle to their profiles” (Shaw, 2015). Dominos aims to provide customers a streamlined way to order food, while staying within the media they are currently using. What makes the ‘tweet-to-eat’ campaign so uniquely brilliant is the public nature of the platform being used to place the order; Twitter. “When a consumer uses any of the other means of interacting with Domino's, it's private. But the very nature of a Twitter purchase is in-your- face public, with each purchase a public shout-out for the chain, encouraging all of that person's followers to do the same. The consumer needs to follow Domino's — and Domino's will follow
  4. 4. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 4 them back — to allow for the reciprocal direct messaging that is used to verify the purchase and the delivery order. The fact that consumers are willing to trumpet that they are purchasing from a specific retailer is arguably the best endorsement of that brand” (Schuman, 2015). The methodology to place the order is simple, tweet the emoji, and the application parameters allows Domino’s to capture customer information which may be use for additional marketing purposes. Beyond spreading the word about the company and the products, social media can, and is, used to entice customers to make a purchase. Coupons and exclusive online only deals are often shared on Domino’s social media platforms. “More people follow brands via social media to receive promotions and deals than for any other reason. Domino’s understands this and successfully runs promotions to increase trial and sales of its products” (Swallow, 2012). Suggestions for improvement Domino’s has worked diligently to improve corporate image and interface more effectively with their customers and publics. However, there is always room for improvement. One main area for improvement comes to mind when reviewing the efforts and applications already undertaken. The improvement suggestion is centered on connectivity with the negative input received via Twitter, and secondarily via Facebook. Twitter is the main vehicle used to order pizza through social media, so the level of interaction is greatly through this channel. The very public and interactive nature of social media and the Twitter platform provides a unique opportunity for Domino’s. As stated, each and every order that is tweeted to the pizza giant is an endorsement of the product to ever user following that tweeter. However, when an ordering experience is less than satisfactory, there is a built-in, and almost instant, opportunity for customers to reach negatively. The images below are a few recent examples of customer tweeting their disappointment with Domino’s. Note that there are no responses from Domino’s to one of the three customers (however, other Tweets during the same timeframe do have
  5. 5. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 5 responses). Additionally, the Domino’s Instagram page receives a large quantity of customer service complaints in the comments section of photos the company posts.
  6. 6. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 6 Domino’s needs to make more concessions for their online public relations and marketing campaigns. Active management of public relations is even more critical when a company or organization is opening inviting its customers to rate and review them in the social space. “The most common problem for individuals and companies is the distribution of a social media message without thinking it through and filtering it in terms of PR strategic planning and goals” (Lipschultz, 2015, p.84). Domino’s social media strategy cannot be limited to posting for posting’s sake. There must be direction and purpose behind each activity logged for the brand. Otherwise, any negative customer service experiences could be linked to a post that was meant to launch a new online coupon deal or service. Engagement on and through social media is defined as “the collective experiences that readers or viewers have with a media brand” (Lipschultz, 2015, p. 16) Domino’s must deploy public relations activities into their social media plan. “…Academics and practitioners share frustration that PR ‘activities are often equated with spin, stonewalling, distortion, manipulation, or lying’ (Coombs and Holladay, 2007, p.1). In response, modern definitions emphasize ‘public interest,’ a ‘management function,’ ‘mutually beneficial relationships,’ and ‘relationships with stakeholders’ (Coombs and Holladay, 2007, p. 22-23)” (Lipschultz, 2015, p. 14). It behooves Domino’s to create a level of trust with its public(s), in order to maintain a level of customer satisfaction whenever an error or incident may occur. Furthermore, creating trust may, eventually, lead to a decrease in negative engagement The social media strategy should cover the following aspects of actively monitoring the social media streams. First, assigning a portion of the public relations team to regularly review the social media feeds to look for negative interactions and/or comments regarding customer services. Second, create a matrix of severity which evaluates the types and frequencies of potential negative comments. This matrix can then be used to assess the response required. Third,
  7. 7. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 7 once a severity metric has been assigned, engaged with either the individual, if the issue is singular, or with the group of individuals who may have engaged with the company from the original negative post. The engagement response should be genuine and thoughtful, and make reference to the issue directly quoted from the customer(s). And finally, the PR team member who is response to the customers should be empowered to make any decisions regarding compensation or reimbursement, based on the severity matrix. Empowering the team to make the customer delighted with the interaction with the company should provide for a higher level of job satisfaction within the team and a quicker resolution time with the customer. Expected outcomes of improvements By deploying the suggestions for improvement, as described above, Domino’s may enjoy varying degrees of improvement in areas such as number of people tweeting about the company/product, the level of positive engagement versus negative engagement shifting, and in turn an increase in new and repeat sales. Ultimately, the goal of any social media strategy and subsequent supporting campaigns is to increase sales and the bottom line for any company. For this reason, many companies include social media responsibilities within the marketing department. Marketing and public relations have a long and lustrous history of working together to accomplish corporate goals. An expected outcome of improving Domino’s social media presence and strategy by assigning a portion of the public relations team to regularly review the social media feeds to look for negative interactions and/or comments regarding customer services may be improved levels of customer satisfaction. Domino’s could attempt to measure customer satisfaction over a period of time through the use of surveys on their social media platforms. The PR professional would then have a baseline measurement to draw from in order to measure any increases or decreases after the installation of the public relations team monitoring the social media feeds. Surveys may
  8. 8. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 8 need to include monetary incentives to participate, in order to obtain a statistically significant number of participants. Domino’s should be cautioned when incentivizing survey participants as bias may be introduced. Statisticians could advise Domino’s how to account for any level of bias if incentives end up being required. Another expected outcome of improving Domino’s social media presence and strategy by creating a matrix of severity which evaluates the types and frequencies of potential negative comments could be an improvement of the overall brand perception. With the PR team actively monitoring the social media feeds and being tasked with engaging the public in customer service issues, having a matrix for those PR team members to understand what level of response is required and appropriate could drive more consistency to customer complaints. This could lead to a more positive overall perception of the brand. Domino’s could then measure the overall brand perception by using social media analytics. One online analytics tool recommended for Domino’s to use is Klout. Klout uses algorithms to measure influence across a brand’s social media network, which is then translated in to a score. “The Klout Score is a number between 1-100 that represents your [brand] influence. The more influential you are, the higher your Klout Score. Influence is the ability to drive action. When you share something on social media or in real life and people respond, that’s influence. The more influential you are, the higher your Klout Score” (www.klout.com, 2016). By using Klout, along with other analytics tools such as Google Analytics, Domino’s will be able to track any changes in brand perception due to the suggested improvements. Additionally, monitoring the brand via analytics will also expose any improvement or activities that fail to realize increased brand perception, and ultimately increased sales. Lastly, and some may argue most importantly, empowering the PR team to handle customer service issues as they see fit may result in increased customer satisfaction and
  9. 9. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 9 ultimately more trust in the brand. “Trust is a relational dimension that may be connected with social interaction and shared values that motivate site usage” (Lipschultz, 2015, p. 14). When the PR team handles situations that may arise quickly and genuinely, then customers are more likely to connect with the brand through that social interaction, elevating the brand trust that was present at only the basic level when the initial purchase was made. Conclusion “The Domino's Twitter system is strong evidence that Domino's understands social media marketing and truly gets its customers. Social media is so much more than posting lots of meaningful, informational and useful updates and responding to customers when they post complaints — although those are both essential. People post to share with friends and they choose what they want to say. The act of posting reflects pride and sometimes even passion” (Shuman, 2015). Domino’s is experiencing great success as a result of its continued and targeted marketing efforts through social media. “Domino's shares soared as much as 10.4 percent to a record high of $129.90 on Thursday, before easing to trade up 9 percent at $128.32. Sales at Domino's U.S. company-owned and franchised restaurants open at least a year rose 10.7 percent in the fourth quarter ended Jan. 3” (Ramakrishnan, 2016). However, while the sales increase may be directly attributed to the social media campaigns, there remains room for improvement in the customer service experience Domino’s offers. By actively monitoring and engaging with the public relations team, with an empowered workforce ready to make the experience ‘right’ for the customer, Domino’s can continue the upward trend in brand popularity and association with quality.
  10. 10. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 10 References Dennis Maloney. (n.d.) LinkedIn [Profile page]. Retrieved February 20. 2016, from https://www.linkedin.com/in/damaloney Domino's shares slide as revenue falls short. (2009, October 13). In Reuters. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/dominos-idUSN1316576920091013 Klout. (2016, February 8). In Klout. Retrieved from https://klout.com/corp/score Le, T., & Pashut, T. (n.d.). Domino's The Turnaround: How DominNO's became DominYES (Master's thesis). Retrieved from http://www.econ.ucla.edu/sboard/teaching/tech/Dominos.pdf Lipschultz, J. H. (2015). Social Media Communications: Concepts, practices, data, law and ethics (First ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. Percy, Larry and Rosenbaum-Elliott, Richard (2012). Strategic Advertising Management (Fourth Edition). Ramakrishnan, S. (2016, February 25). Domino's profit boosted as demand holds up in U.S. pizza price war. In Reuters. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/us- dominos-pizza-results-idUSKCN0VY1LP Schuman, E. (2015, May 21). Domino's tweet-to-eat campaign is sneaky social media at its best. In Computerworld. Retrieved from http://www.computerworld.com/article/2925500/retail-it/dominos-tweet-to-eat-campaign-is- sneaky-social-media-at-its-best.html Shaw, M. (2015, June 9). Domino’s Tweet-To-Eat Social Media Campaign. In Consumer Insight Group, Inc. Retrieved from https://www.customerinsightgroup.com/marketinglibrary/dominos-tweet-to-eat-social-media- campaign
  11. 11. DOMINO’S PIZZA SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN 11 Swallow, E. (2012, January 30). The Content Strategist. In Contently. Retrieved from https://contently.com/strategist/2012/01/30/dominos-social-media-strategy/ Tracy, S. J. (2013). Qualitative Research Methods: Collecting Evidence, Crafting Analysis, Communicating Impact (First Edition ed.). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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