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All-Island Atlas
W k h 2Workshop 2
HousingHousing
Justin Gleeson
NIRSA, NUIM, 08/04/14
All-Island Spatial Mapping Toolkits – Census 2011
• INNICCO / INTERREG: Evidence Based Planning
• Develop an All Island on...
Outline
• Housing Stockg
• Housing Completions
• Occupancy and Vacancy
• Tenure• Tenure
• Type
• Age of Housing
• Housing ...
Housing Stock
• Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.75 million units
• 73% in RoI (1.99m)
• 27% in NI (754k)
• Increase of +29...
Housing Stock
• Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.749 million units
• 73% in RoI (1.99m)
• 27% in NI (754k)
• Increase of +2...
Housing Stock
• Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.749 million units
• 73% in RoI (1.99m)
• 27% in NI (754k)
• Increase of +2...
Housing Stock
• Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.749 million units
• 73% in RoI (1.99m)
• 27% in NI (754k)
• Increase of +2...
Housing Stock Growth 2001/02 to 2012
• Highest growth in housing stock (RoI)
• RoI: Commuter counties (Cavan,
Laois, Finga...
Housing Stock per Population
• Housing stock per 1,000 population 2011
• Highest in more peripheral counties and
Upper Sha...
Mapping Vacancy
• On census night 2011 there were 336,209
vacant properties on the island - Vacant houses,
apartments, hol...
Mapping Vacancy
– RoI only
– Excluding holiday homes the vacancy
rate is 11 5%rate is 11.5%
• Leitrim 22%
• Longford 20%
•...
Mapping Vacancy
– RoI only
– Excluding holiday homes the vacancy
rate is 11 5%rate is 11.5%
• Leitrim 22%
• Longford 20%
•...
Mapping Vacancy
– Mapping Holiday homes (Vacant)
• 59,395 in 2011
• +19% from 2006• +19% from 2006
• Half of all of these ...
Housing Tenure
• Tenure analysis based on number of permanent private households
• 2.35 million households on the island i...
Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied
• 1.6m Owner Occupied homes across the
island (69% of households)
• 48.9% are owned outrig...
Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied
• Owner Occupiers with a Mortgage
• 827,810 in 2011 (35.2%)
• Highest rates are in commute...
Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied
• Owner Occupiers with No Mortgage
• 792,621 owner occupied homes are
owned outright (33.7...
Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied
Housing Tenure – Rented Sector
• 703,312 households living in rented accommodation (29% of all tenure)
• 19.3% of househol...
Housing Tenure – Rented Sector
• Private Rented
• Highest rates are all in the main cities
– Galway City (37.5%), Dublin (...
Housing Tenure – Rented Sector
Housing Tenure – Social
• Social Housing
• Social housing is predominantly an urbang p y
phenomenon
• Highest rates are in...
Housing Tenure – Social
Housing Type
• Housing Type can be separated into 3 main categories
• House/Bungalows (Conventional Housing) - 88.9%
– NI:...
Housing Type – Conventional
• The dominant housing type in Ireland
• Number of households living in
houses/bungalows has i...
Housing Type – Flats/Apartments
• Pretty much the opposite of previous
map......
• It’s mainly an urban housing type
– Hig...
Housing Type – Flats/Apartments
Age of Housing - RoI
• Over a quarter of our housing has been built in the last 10 years (26.5%)
• Fingal, Meath, Laois an...
Age of Housing – 2000 to 2005
Age of Housing – Post 2006
Water Facilities – LA Group Scheme
Water Facilities – Public Scheme
Central Heating - Oil
Central Heating – Natural Gas
Central Heating – Electric
Central Heating – Peat
Central Heating – Wood
On-line Housing Data
Thanks
Questions?
w: www.airo.ie
e: justin.gleeson@nuim.iej g @
twitter: airo_nuim
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All Island Atlas - Housing Seminar

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All Island Atlas - Housing Seminar

  1. 1. All-Island Atlas W k h 2Workshop 2 HousingHousing Justin Gleeson NIRSA, NUIM, 08/04/14
  2. 2. All-Island Spatial Mapping Toolkits – Census 2011 • INNICCO / INTERREG: Evidence Based Planning • Develop an All Island on line Digital Atlas Tool• Develop an All-Island on-line Digital Atlas Tool – All-Island – Cross Border specific L l A th it /L l G t Di t i t– Local Authority/Local Government District • Census Seminars (preliminary analysis) • All-Island 2011 Deprivation Index & All-Island Travel to Work mapping D t f D i i QGIS k h k h i d id i f d• Data for Decisions QGIS workshops: workshops on using data to support evidence informed planning, funding applications etc • Digital Atlas Hard Publication S t l l i ( l ti d ti t t h lth h i i t t )– Sectoral analysis (population, education, transport, health, housing, environment etc) – Expert commentary from NI and RoI academic/policy community – Cross Border case-studies
  3. 3. Outline • Housing Stockg • Housing Completions • Occupancy and Vacancy • Tenure• Tenure • Type • Age of Housing • Housing Characteristics – Heating, Water Systems, Sewerage etc
  4. 4. Housing Stock • Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.75 million units • 73% in RoI (1.99m) • 27% in NI (754k) • Increase of +29.4% from 2001/02 total of 2.12m (+626k) • +36.6% RoI (02 to 06: +21%) • +13.7% NI (02 to 06 :+6%)
  5. 5. Housing Stock • Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.749 million units • 73% in RoI (1.99m) • 27% in NI (754k) • Increase of +29.4% from 2001/02 total of 2.12m • +36.6% RoI (02 to 06: +21%) • +13.7% NI (02 to 06 :+6%)
  6. 6. Housing Stock • Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.749 million units • 73% in RoI (1.99m) • 27% in NI (754k) • Increase of +29.4% from 2001/02 total of 2.12m • +36.6% RoI (02 to 06: +21%) • +13.7% NI (02 to 06 :+6%)
  7. 7. Housing Stock • Total Housing stock in 2011 - 2.749 million units • 73% in RoI (1.99m) • 27% in NI (754k) • Increase of +29.4% from 2001/02 total of 2.12m • +36.6% RoI (02 to 06: +21%) • +13.7% NI (02 to 06 :+6%)
  8. 8. Housing Stock Growth 2001/02 to 2012 • Highest growth in housing stock (RoI) • RoI: Commuter counties (Cavan, Laois, Fingal, Meath.......Longford and Leitrim) • RoI: Lowest growth in larger urban areas – CorkCity, Dublin City, DLR, South DublinSouth Dublin • Highest growth in housing stock (NI) • NI: Ballymoney Craigavon Limavady• NI: Ballymoney, Craigavon , Limavady (+20%) • NI: Lowest growth rate in BelfastNI: Lowest growth rate in Belfast commuter areas (<10% growth)
  9. 9. Housing Stock per Population • Housing stock per 1,000 population 2011 • Highest in more peripheral counties and Upper Shannon Rural Renewal Scheme areas • Dublin commuter counties have the lowest trate – Tipperary South is also very low • In contrast to the RoI – highest stock perIn contrast to the RoI highest stock per population tends to be along east coast and Belfast commuter areas • Lowest stock per population in more peripheral/border parts of NI – Magherafelt,Newry, Dungannon
  10. 10. Mapping Vacancy • On census night 2011 there were 336,209 vacant properties on the island - Vacant houses, apartments, holidays homes • RoI - 14.5% • NI - 6.2% • Highest in RoI • Leitrim, Donegal, Kerry and Mayo >25% – Highest in NI • Dungannon, Fermanagh, Foyle 8-10% – All-Island Mapping – Unoccupied • Visitors, Vacant House, Vacant Flat, Holiday Homes
  11. 11. Mapping Vacancy – RoI only – Excluding holiday homes the vacancy rate is 11 5%rate is 11.5% • Leitrim 22% • Longford 20% • Fingal 6.7% • South Dublin 5.4% – Housing AgencyHousing Agency • Housing Supply Requirement 2014- 2018 79 660 id i l i i d• 79,660 residential units required – 15.9 p/a in 2014 to 20.8 p/a in 2018 – 47% in Dublin Region
  12. 12. Mapping Vacancy – RoI only – Excluding holiday homes the vacancy rate is 11 5%rate is 11.5% • Leitrim 22% • Longford 20% • Fingal 6.7% • South Dublin 5.4% – Housing AgencyHousing Agency • Housing Supply Requirement 2014- 2018 79 660 id i l i i d• 79,660 residential units required – 15.9 p/a in 2014 to 20.8 p/a in 2018 – 47% in Dublin Region
  13. 13. Mapping Vacancy – Mapping Holiday homes (Vacant) • 59,395 in 2011 • +19% from 2006• +19% from 2006 • Half of all of these are within 1km of the coastline
  14. 14. Housing Tenure • Tenure analysis based on number of permanent private households • 2.35 million households on the island in 2011 – Of those 73% are in RoI and 27% in NI – Households have grown by 29% since 2001 » 36% in RoI and 13.5% in NI • 68.9% of households are Owner Occupied • 19.3% rent through the private sector • 10.6% are in social housing
  15. 15. Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied • 1.6m Owner Occupied homes across the island (69% of households) • 48.9% are owned outright • 51.2% have a mortgage • NI v RoI split it much the same – Numbers of Owner Occupiers has increased by >13% since 2011 • Rate has actually decreased from 2001 due to swelling of rented sector – Highest rates are in peripheral areas, lowest rates are in cities
  16. 16. Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied • Owner Occupiers with a Mortgage • 827,810 in 2011 (35.2%) • Highest rates are in commuter areas in RoI – >45% of households in Kildare, Meath and Fingal have mortgages • Highest rates in the north are• Highest rates in the north are Newtownabbey, Carrickfergus and Castlereagh – 40-42%g • Within the large cities (Dublin, Belfast, Cork, Limerick) less than 25% of households have mortgages
  17. 17. Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied • Owner Occupiers with No Mortgage • 792,621 owner occupied homes are owned outright (33.7%) • Highest rates are in peripheral counties h M R K dsuch as Mayo, Roscommon, Kerry and Leitrim > 40% of households with no mortgageg g • Belfast, Derry, Dublin and other main cities have the lowest rates
  18. 18. Housing Tenure – Owner Occupied
  19. 19. Housing Tenure – Rented Sector • 703,312 households living in rented accommodation (29% of all tenure) • 19.3% of households Private Rented (454, 452)( , ) • 10.6% of households in Social Housing (248,860) – Higher proportion of households are in the rented sector in NIg p p • NI 32.5% v RoI 28.8 • Much higher proportion of social housing in NI –g p p g – accounts for 45% of all rented whereas it’s only 30% in RoI – In the last 10 year rented sector has undergone considerable changey g g • Rented households increasing by 60% – Mainly due to growth in RoI +89%Mainly due to growth in RoI +89% » Doubling of private rented (+102%), large increase in social housing (+63%) – Much lower rate in NI » Private rented +114%, decrease in social housing (-21%)
  20. 20. Housing Tenure – Rented Sector • Private Rented • Highest rates are all in the main cities – Galway City (37.5%), Dublin (32%), Cork City (27%) – Belfast City (19 6%) Craigavon (18%)Belfast City (19.6%), Craigavon (18%) • Importance of rent supplement data in RoI – High public expenditure supporting theg p p pp g sector – In 2012, there were approx 87k households in receipt of weekly rent supplement – Major social housing supple issues N t H h ld N d f 89 872 i 2013– Net Household Need of 89,872 in 2013
  21. 21. Housing Tenure – Rented Sector
  22. 22. Housing Tenure – Social • Social Housing • Social housing is predominantly an urbang p y phenomenon • Highest rates are in NI – Belfast (25.6%) and Derry (22.7%) – Highest rate in RoI is in Waterford City (18.8%) and Cork City (16.7%) – Longford has the 7th highest rate in the island at 17.7%
  23. 23. Housing Tenure – Social
  24. 24. Housing Type • Housing Type can be separated into 3 main categories • House/Bungalows (Conventional Housing) - 88.9% – NI: 88.9%, RoI: 88.4 • Flats/Apartments/Bedsits – 10.8% – NI: 9.9%, RoI: 11.3 • Caravans/Mobile Homes/Temporary Units - 0.24% NI 0 2% R I 0 3– NI: 0.2%, RoI: 0.3
  25. 25. Housing Type – Conventional • The dominant housing type in Ireland • Number of households living in houses/bungalows has increased by 21% since 2001 – +25% RoI, +12% NI25% RoI, 12% NI • Most areas > 95% of house types • 26 of 60 LAs/UDs have rates > 95% • Lowest rates are within cities and urban areas – Dublin City 65% – Galway City 77.4% – Belfast 80% – DLR 80%
  26. 26. Housing Type – Flats/Apartments • Pretty much the opposite of previous map...... • It’s mainly an urban housing type – Highest rates in all cities • Number of Apartments/Flats increased by 54% since 2001 – +65% in RoI, +32% in NI » South Dublin +477% » Fingal +416% » Kildare +164% » DLR+120%
  27. 27. Housing Type – Flats/Apartments
  28. 28. Age of Housing - RoI • Over a quarter of our housing has been built in the last 10 years (26.5%) • Fingal, Meath, Laois and Cavan all have more than 35% of their stock built since 2001Fingal, Meath, Laois and Cavan all have more than 35% of their stock built since 2001
  29. 29. Age of Housing – 2000 to 2005
  30. 30. Age of Housing – Post 2006
  31. 31. Water Facilities – LA Group Scheme
  32. 32. Water Facilities – Public Scheme
  33. 33. Central Heating - Oil
  34. 34. Central Heating – Natural Gas
  35. 35. Central Heating – Electric
  36. 36. Central Heating – Peat
  37. 37. Central Heating – Wood
  38. 38. On-line Housing Data
  39. 39. Thanks Questions? w: www.airo.ie e: justin.gleeson@nuim.iej g @ twitter: airo_nuim

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