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All-Island Atlas
Workshop 1
Justin Gleeson
Cavan, 30/01/14

Outline
• Population
• Age Cohorts
g
• Dependency Rate
• Relig...
Population
•

6.4 million people living on the island (2011)
•
•

•

72% in RoI (4.58m)
28% in NI (1.81m)

Decrease of 27%...
Population
• Population Change 2001/02 to 2011
•

All-Island +14.25% from 5.6m to 6.4m (+798, 656)

•

RoI +17.2% from 3.9...
Population
•

Population Change 2001/02 to 2011
•

All-Island +14.25% from 5.6m to 6.4m (+798, 656)
–

RoI +17.2% from 3.9...
Population Change
• It’s mostly growth ….
•

Commuter belts of all cities

• But not all growth….
g
•

22% of EDs/Wards wi...
Population Change

Population Change

6
Population – Age Cohorts
• Very different age profile between
two jurisdictions
•

RoI has much higher rate in young
popul...
Population – Age Cohorts
• All-Island v EU27
•

1.27% of total population

•

Much younger population, age
40+ sees a shif...
Population – Age Cohorts (0-14)
• Population 0-14
•

NI: 354k (19.6%)

•

RoI: 979k (21.3%)

•

All-Island: 1.33m (20.9%)
...
Population – Age Cohorts (15-24)
• Population 15-24
•

NI: 252k (13.9%)

•

RoI: 580k (12.6%)

•

All-Island: 832k (13%)

...
Population – Age Cohorts (25-44)
•

Population 25-44
•

NI: 498k (27.5%)

•

RoI: 1.45m (31.6%)
R I 1 45 (31 6%)

•

All-I...
Population – Age Cohorts (45-64)
•

Population 45-64
•
•

RoI:
R I 104k (22.7%)
(22 7%)

•
–

NI: 442k (24.5%)

All-Island...
Population – Age Cohorts (65 plus)
•

Population 65plus
•

NI: 263k (14.6%)

•

RoI:
R I 535k (11.7%)
(11 7%)

•

All-Isla...
Population – Dependency Rates
•

Dependency Ratio is the population 65+
(retired) and population 0-14 (children)
expressed...
Population – Dependency Rates
•

Old Dependency Ratio is the population
65+ (retired) expressed as a % of 15-64
(economica...
Religion
• Census Questions
•

RoI
–

•

What is your religion?

NI:
–

What religion do you belong to?

–

What religion ...
Religion - Catholics
• Catholics
•
•

RoI: 84.2%

•

–

NI: 40.8%

All-Island: 71.9%

Lowest rates in RoI in Dublin/East c...
Religion – Other Christian
• Other Christian
•
•

RoI: 5.5%

•

–

NI: 41.6%

All-Island: 15.7%

Donegal, Wicklow, Monagha...
Religion – Other Religions
• Other Religions
•
•

RoI: 4.4%

•

–

NI: 7.4%

All-Island: 5.3%

Highest rates in Belfast, N...
Religion – No Religion
• No Religion
•
•

RoI: (5.9%)

•

–

NI: (10.1%)

All-Island: (7.1%)

Highest rates in North Down,...
Ethnicity
• Ethnicity
•

Re-classified by CSO

•

White, Irish Traveller, Black, Asian, Other/Mixed

Ethnicity
• Ethnicity...
Ethnicity - White
• White
•

NI: 98.2%

•

RoI: 93.6%
93 6%

•

All-Island: 94.9%

Ethnicity – Irish Traveller
• Irish Tra...
Ethnicity - Black
• Black
•
•

RoI: 1.4% (65,078)
1 4% (65 078)

•
–

NI: 0.2% (3,616)

All-Island: 1.1%

Highest rates ar...
Ethnicity - Asian
• Asian
•
•

RoI: 1.9% (84,690)

•

–

NI: 1.1% (19,130)

All-Island: 1.6% (103,820)

Highest in all cit...
Place of Birth
• Place of Birth codes
•

NI: RoI, UK Countries, 7 EU countries, 7 African, 13 Asian, Other

•

RoI: Irelan...
Place of Birth - RoI
• PoB - RoI
•
•

RoI: 83.1% (3.758m)
83 1% (3 758m)

•

–

NI: 2.1% (37,872)

All-Island: 59.9% (3.79...
Place of Birth – Rest of UK
• PoB – Rest of UK
•
•

RoI: 5.1% (230,157)
5 1% (230 157)

•

–

NI: 4.6% (83,517)

All-Islan...
Place of Birth – Outside Ireland/UK

Place of Birth - Poland
• Poland
•

Major influx in last decade, now highest
non nati...
Place of Birth - Poland

Thanks
Questions?
w: www.airo.ie
e: justin.gleeson@nuim.ie
twitter: airo_nuim

29
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AIRO & ICLRD All Island Atlas Seminar 1: Demography

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AIRO & ICLRD All Island Atlas Seminar 1: Demography

  1. 1. All-Island Atlas Workshop 1 Justin Gleeson Cavan, 30/01/14 Outline • Population • Age Cohorts g • Dependency Rate • Religion • Ethnicity • Pl Place of Birth f Bi h 1
  2. 2. Population • 6.4 million people living on the island (2011) • • • 72% in RoI (4.58m) 28% in NI (1.81m) Decrease of 27% f D f from 1841 total of 8.17m t t l f 8 17 • -42% RoI • +9% NI 7,000,000 6,000,000 5,000,000 RoI, 4,588,252 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 NI, 1,810,863 1,000,000 0 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1951 1961 1971 1981* 1991* 2001/02 2011 Population • 10 year Inter-censal change • Increase NI: 1901-1911 onwards • Increase RoI: 1961-1971 onwards 20.0 RoI: 17.1% 15.0 10.0 NI: 7.5% 5.0 0.0 -5.0 -10.0 -15.0 -20.0 -25.0 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1951 1961 1971 1981* 1991* 2001/02 2011 2
  3. 3. Population • Population Change 2001/02 to 2011 • All-Island +14.25% from 5.6m to 6.4m (+798, 656) • RoI +17.2% from 3.9m to 4.58m (+671,049) – – • Natural Increase: 357, 426 (53%) Est. Net Migration: 313,623 (47%) NI +7.45% from 1.68m to 1.81m (+125,596) – Natural Increase: 99,192 (79%) – Est. Net Migration: 26,404 (21%) Population • Population Change 2001/02 to 2011 • All-Island +14.25% from 5.6m to 6.4m (+798, 656) – RoI +17.2% from 3.9m to 4.58m – NI +7.45% from 1.68m to 1.81m Population Change, 01 to 11 50 40 37.1 37.4 39.5 28.3 29.4 30 20 9.8 10 4.8 12.4 13.5 11.0 11.2 11.8 11 0 11 2 11 8 14.7 15.0 15.3 20.5 20.7 18.7 18.8 19.1 19.2 19.9 17.1 17.8 17.8 22.3 23.1 23.3 24.6 25.5 6.4 7.5 0 -3.1 -10 -6.3 3
  4. 4. Population • Population Change 2001/02 to 2011 • All-Island +14.25% from 5.6m to 6.4m (+798, 656) – RoI +17.2% from 3.9m to 4.58m – NI +7.45% from 1.68m to 1.81m 25 21.2 Population Change, 01 to 11 C 20 15.3 15 13.2 13.6 16.1 16.8 14.3 10.5 10.6 9.2 10 6.4 5 2.7 1.1 3.4 3.4 3.9 4.2 4.4 6.6 7.0 7.1 9.3 9.4 7.4 4.9 1.3 0 Population • Population Change 2001/02 to 2011 • All-Island +14.25% from 5.6m to 6.4m (+798, 656) – RoI +17.2% from 3.9m to 4.58m – NI +7.45% from 1.68m to 1.81m 50 Population Ch hange, 01 to 11 40 30 20 10 0 -10 4
  5. 5. Population Change • It’s mostly growth …. • Commuter belts of all cities • But not all growth…. g • 22% of EDs/Wards witnessed population decline since 2001/02 • Mainly rural decline • Lots of urban decline too Population Change 5
  6. 6. Population Change Population Change 6
  7. 7. Population – Age Cohorts • Very different age profile between two jurisdictions • RoI has much higher rate in young population, early working age and lower old age Population – Age Cohorts • Very different age profile between two jurisdictions • RoI has much higher rate in young population, early working age and lower old age • Lot of change since 2001 – RoI: Increase in young p p population and working g populations, Big decrease in 1525 year olds – NI: Decrease in young populations, increases towards the elderly age groups 7
  8. 8. Population – Age Cohorts • All-Island v EU27 • 1.27% of total population • Much younger population, age 40+ sees a shift towards higher EU rates Population – Birth Rates • Birth Rates 2011 • Highest birth rate in EU27 – RoI: 16.2 per 1,000 inhabitants – NI: 14 per 1,000 inhabitants 18 16.2 Crude Birth Rate. 2011 16 14 14 12.6 12.8 12 10 8.8 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.7 10 10 10.1 10.1 11.3 11.3 10.9 11 11.1 10.7 10.6 10 7 10.8 10.4 10.4 10 6 11.6 11.8 8.1 8 6 8
  9. 9. Population – Age Cohorts (0-14) • Population 0-14 • NI: 354k (19.6%) • RoI: 979k (21.3%) • All-Island: 1.33m (20.9%) – High rates in new commuter zones – Lower in urban centres Population – Age Cohorts (0-14) 9
  10. 10. Population – Age Cohorts (15-24) • Population 15-24 • NI: 252k (13.9%) • RoI: 580k (12.6%) • All-Island: 832k (13%) – Higher rates in NI, west of the jurisdiction – Distinct hot-spots in cities related to 3rd level education locations Population – Age Cohorts (15-24) 10
  11. 11. Population – Age Cohorts (25-44) • Population 25-44 • NI: 498k (27.5%) • RoI: 1.45m (31.6%) R I 1 45 (31 6%) • All-Island: 1.94m (30.4%) – Largest population cohort – Working population, highest rates both commuter zones and close to main employment zones (urban core in Dublin, Dublin Belfast) Population – Age Cohorts (25-44) 11
  12. 12. Population – Age Cohorts (45-64) • Population 45-64 • • RoI: R I 104k (22.7%) (22 7%) • – NI: 442k (24.5%) All-Island: 1.48m (23.2%) Higher rates in NI • – Highest 7 Districts all in NI Higher rates are generally in rural areas and older suburban areas ld b b Population – Age Cohorts (45-64) 12
  13. 13. Population – Age Cohorts (65 plus) • Population 65plus • NI: 263k (14.6%) • RoI: R I 535k (11.7%) (11 7%) • All-Island: 799k (12.5%) – Smallest population age cohort – Very clear rural/peripheral patterns – Highest 9 districts are in NI Population – Age Cohorts (65 plus) 13
  14. 14. Population – Dependency Rates • Dependency Ratio is the population 65+ (retired) and population 0-14 (children) expressed as a % of 15 64 (economically 15-64 active) • NI: 51.9% • RoI: 49.3% • All-Island: 50% Population – Dependency Rates • Young Dependency Ratio is the population 0-14 (children) expressed as a % of 15-64 (economically active) • NI: 29.7% • RoI: 31.9% • All-Island: 31.3% 14
  15. 15. Population – Dependency Rates • Old Dependency Ratio is the population 65+ (retired) expressed as a % of 15-64 (economically active) • NI: 22.1% • RoI: 17.4% • All-Island: 18.7% Religion • Census Questions • RoI – • What is your religion? NI: – What religion do you belong to? – What religion were you brought up in? 15
  16. 16. Religion • Census Questions • RoI – • What is your religion? NI: – What religion do you belong to? – What religion were you brought up in? Religion • All-Island – – Other Christian (Presbyterian, Church of Ireland, Methodist) – Other Religion (Orthodox, Islam, Other, Not Stated) – 90 Catholic No Religion 84.2 80 70 60 50 40.8 NI 41.6 40 RoI 30 20 10 5.5 10.1 7.6 4.4 5.9 0 Catholic Other Christian Other Religion No Religion 16
  17. 17. Religion - Catholics • Catholics • • RoI: 84.2% • – NI: 40.8% All-Island: 71.9% Lowest rates in RoI in Dublin/East coast, Galway City – Carrickfergus, Ards, North Down all less than 12% – Omagh, D O h Derry and N d Newry hi h t i NI > highest in 65% Religion - Catholics 17
  18. 18. Religion – Other Christian • Other Christian • • RoI: 5.5% • – NI: 41.6% All-Island: 15.7% Donegal, Wicklow, Monaghan and Cavan with highest rates in RoI (8-9%) • High rates also along east coast and south-west Religion – Other Christian 18
  19. 19. Religion – Other Religions • Other Religions • • RoI: 4.4% • – NI: 7.4% All-Island: 5.3% Highest rates in Belfast, Newry and Mourne, Derry and Dublin City Religion – Other Religions 19
  20. 20. Religion – No Religion • No Religion • • RoI: (5.9%) • – NI: (10.1%) All-Island: (7.1%) Highest rates in North Down, Carrickfergus and Ards – Border counties/districts with lower rates Religion – No Religion 20
  21. 21. Ethnicity • Ethnicity • Re-classified by CSO • White, Irish Traveller, Black, Asian, Other/Mixed Ethnicity • Ethnicity • • 100 98.2 Re-classified by CSO White, Irish Traveller, Black, Asian, Other/Mixed 93.6 90 80 70 60 NI 50 RoI 40 30 20 10 0.1 0.7 0.2 1.4 1.1 1.9 0.5 0.9 0 White Irish Traveller Black Asian Other 21
  22. 22. Ethnicity - White • White • NI: 98.2% • RoI: 93.6% 93 6% • All-Island: 94.9% Ethnicity – Irish Traveller • Irish Traveller • • RoI: 0.7% (29,495) • – NI: 0.1% (1,301) All-Island: 0.48% (30,796) Travellers living in only 17% of Small Areas across the island – High rates in Tuam, Rathkeale, Athlone urban areas and Dublin periphery • Galway County, Longford, Galway City with highest rates 22
  23. 23. Ethnicity - Black • Black • • RoI: 1.4% (65,078) 1 4% (65 078) • – NI: 0.2% (3,616) All-Island: 1.1% Highest rates are in Fingal, Galway City, South Dublin and Louth – Very clear spatial distribution in Dublin y p p y City – periphery locations – Dungannon highest in NI (27/60) Ethnicity - Black 23
  24. 24. Ethnicity - Asian • Asian • • RoI: 1.9% (84,690) • – NI: 1.1% (19,130) All-Island: 1.6% (103,820) Highest in all cities • Dublin, Galway, Belfast all > 2% • Central locations in cities Ethnicity - Asian 24
  25. 25. Place of Birth • Place of Birth codes • NI: RoI, UK Countries, 7 EU countries, 7 African, 13 Asian, Other • RoI: Ireland, UK Poland Lithuania Other EU27 Rest of World Ireland UK, Poland, Lithuania, EU27, • All-Island: RoI, NI, Rest of UK, Pol, Lithuania, Rest of EU27, Rest of World Place of Birth • Place of Birth codes • All-Island: RoI, NI, Rest of UK, Pol, Lithuania, Rest of EU27, Rest of World 100 88.8 90 83.1 80 70 60 NI 50 RoI 40 30 20 10 4.6 2.1 5.1 1.3 1.1 2.5 0.8 0.4 1 2.6 2 4.7 0 RoI NI Rest UK Pol Lit Rest EU27 ROW 25
  26. 26. Place of Birth - RoI • PoB - RoI • • RoI: 83.1% (3.758m) 83 1% (3 758m) • – NI: 2.1% (37,872) All-Island: 59.9% (3.796m) Highest rates living in NI are in border areas: Fermanagh, Strabane, Newry, Derry • 4 to 7% Place of Birth - NI • PoB - NI • • RoI: 1.3% (58,470) 1 3% (58 470) • – NI: 88.8% (1.608m) All-Island: 26.3% (1.667m) Border counties in RoI with highest rates • Donegal , Monaghan and Louth the highest with rates 6-8% 26
  27. 27. Place of Birth – Rest of UK • PoB – Rest of UK • • RoI: 5.1% (230,157) 5 1% (230 157) • – NI: 4.6% (83,517) All-Island: 5% (313,674) Highest rates in Mayo, Leitrim, Donegal, North Down and Roscommon >8% – Very clear spatial pattern in rural / p p peripheral / holiday destinations y • South-East, East Clare, Upper Shannon Place of Birth – Outside Ireland/UK • PoB – Outside Ireland/UK • • RoI: 10.6% (478,143) 10 6% (478 143) • – NI: 4.5% (80,621) All-Island: 8.8% (558,764) Highest rates in main cities and urban areas • Galway City, Fingal and Dublin City >16% • Highest in NI is Dungannon 10.3% • Belfast only 6.5% 27
  28. 28. Place of Birth – Outside Ireland/UK Place of Birth - Poland • Poland • Major influx in last decade, now highest non national non-national group in RoI • • RoI: 2.5% (115,193) • – NI: 1.1% (19,658) All-Island: 2.1% (134,851) Mostly concentrated in urban centres across the island – District spatial pattern in main cities 28
  29. 29. Place of Birth - Poland Thanks Questions? w: www.airo.ie e: justin.gleeson@nuim.ie twitter: airo_nuim 29

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