Dhamra Port: Towards creating a sustainable environment <ul><li>Mitigating impacts on Olive Ridley turtles due to port con...
MARINE TURTLES Types <ul><li>7 species of marine turtles: </li></ul><ul><li>Leatherback </li></ul><ul><li>Loggerhead </li>...
THE  OLIVE  RIDLEY
OLIVE  RIDLEY MATING
 
THE   ‘ARRIBADA’ One of the great wonders of the natural world: Thousands of adult female olive ridleys come together  to ...
OLIVE  RIDLEY NESTING
 
BABY OLIVE RIDLEYS The hatchlings must find their way to the ocean before dawn to increase their chances of survival
Brightness is an important cue for olive ridley hatchlings as they attempt to orient towards the ocean.
NESTING SITES IN  ORISSA, INDIA: GAHIRMATHA DEVI RUSHIKULYA Source: Tracking Turtles Through Time and Space - Kartik Shank...
DHAMRA PORT  <ul><li>Developed by Dhamra Port Company Ltd (DPCL) </li></ul><ul><li>50:50 JV of Tata Steel and Larsen & Tou...
CLOSE CALL Port situated 15 kms north of  Gahirmatha
GREENS  SEE  RED <ul><li>Opposition from several environmental groups </li></ul><ul><li>Key concerns re: the port & allied...
DREDGING IMPACTS ON TURTLES A dredger can entrain turtles only when turtles resting on the sea-bed come in the path of the...
The port is constructing a 18 kilometers long navigational channel, further north, with a draught of 18 meters  This will ...
Drag-arm with drag-head
Hopper Inflow pipes Drag-head
DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE DEFLECTOR
DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE DEFLECTOR
DREDGING MITIGATION  INFLOW AND OVERFLOW SCREENS
DREDGING MITIGATION  TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME: TRAINING
DREDGING MITIGATION  TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME: CHECKING PIPES
DREDGING MITIGATION  TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME: CHECKING PIPES
DREDGING MITIGATION  TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME:  FILLING DATA FORMS
RELOCATION TRAWLING PERMITS BY STATE GOVERNMENT WORK IN PROGRESS
LIGHTING IMPACTS ON TURTLES Artificial lighting can adversely affect hatchling sea-finding behaviour in two ways: disorien...
 
 
 
LIGHTING MITIGATION  <ul><li>DPCL and its contractors - L&T and ABB - are designing lights for the port </li></ul><ul><li>...
LIGHTING LEGISLATION <ul><li>Liaising directly with relevant State Government agencies to draft and implement  lighting or...
This is a common sight along the Orissa coast:- turtle carcasses floating on the water or stranded on beaches
More than  10,000  turtles die every year along the Orissa coast A majority are unfortunate victims of fishing activity
CONSERVATION INITIATIVES AWARENESS AMONG FISHERMEN Initial dialogue to allay apprehensions of loss in fish catch due to  T...
CONSERVATION INITIATIVES AWARENESS AMONG SCHOOL STUDENTS On-going awareness programme in high schools More than 9000 stude...
 
CONSERVATION INITIATIVES <ul><li>“ KAINCHCHA” </li></ul><ul><li>A street theatre on turtles commissioned in November 2008 ...
 
LITERATURE REVIEW & GAP ANALYSIS <ul><li>STUDY BY WILDLIFE INSTITUTE OF INDIA (WII) </li></ul><ul><li>To compile a summary...
GAPS IN RESEARCH <ul><li>ON SHORE ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Geo-morphological changes affecting nesting beaches </li><...
GAPS IN RESEARCH <ul><li>OFF SHORE ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Feeding ecology & availability of prey in near-shore wate...
DHAMRA – THE ROAD AHEAD……
<ul><li>THE TURTLE TRUST </li></ul>THE TURTLE TRUST
 
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Dhamra Port Towards Creating A Sustainable Environment

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Dhamra Port Towards Creating A Sustainable Environment

  1. 1. Dhamra Port: Towards creating a sustainable environment <ul><li>Mitigating impacts on Olive Ridley turtles due to port construction </li></ul>
  2. 2. MARINE TURTLES Types <ul><li>7 species of marine turtles: </li></ul><ul><li>Leatherback </li></ul><ul><li>Loggerhead </li></ul><ul><li>Hawksbill </li></ul><ul><li>Flatback </li></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul><ul><li>Kemp’s Ridley </li></ul><ul><li>Olive Ridley </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE OLIVE RIDLEY
  4. 4. OLIVE RIDLEY MATING
  5. 6. THE ‘ARRIBADA’ One of the great wonders of the natural world: Thousands of adult female olive ridleys come together to nest on a stretch of beach – this phenomenon is known as ‘Arribada’
  6. 7. OLIVE RIDLEY NESTING
  7. 9. BABY OLIVE RIDLEYS The hatchlings must find their way to the ocean before dawn to increase their chances of survival
  8. 10. Brightness is an important cue for olive ridley hatchlings as they attempt to orient towards the ocean.
  9. 11. NESTING SITES IN ORISSA, INDIA: GAHIRMATHA DEVI RUSHIKULYA Source: Tracking Turtles Through Time and Space - Kartik Shankar in Resonance, June 2002
  10. 12. DHAMRA PORT <ul><li>Developed by Dhamra Port Company Ltd (DPCL) </li></ul><ul><li>50:50 JV of Tata Steel and Larsen & Toubro </li></ul><ul><li>Port being developed at Dhamra in Bhadrak district, Orissa state </li></ul><ul><li>Environment clearance obtained in Jan 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>First phase expected to be operational by 2010 </li></ul>
  11. 13. CLOSE CALL Port situated 15 kms north of Gahirmatha
  12. 14. GREENS SEE RED <ul><li>Opposition from several environmental groups </li></ul><ul><li>Key concerns re: the port & allied activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Turtles will be endangered </li></ul><ul><li>Turtles will be driven away </li></ul><ul><li>The natural habitat of the turtles will be irreversibly damaged </li></ul>
  13. 15. DREDGING IMPACTS ON TURTLES A dredger can entrain turtles only when turtles resting on the sea-bed come in the path of the drag-head
  14. 16. The port is constructing a 18 kilometers long navigational channel, further north, with a draught of 18 meters This will involve dredging of 60 million cubic meters of material, including 5 million cubic meters of sand DREDGING AT DHAMRA
  15. 17. Drag-arm with drag-head
  16. 18. Hopper Inflow pipes Drag-head
  17. 19. DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE DEFLECTOR
  18. 20. DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE DEFLECTOR
  19. 21. DREDGING MITIGATION INFLOW AND OVERFLOW SCREENS
  20. 22. DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME: TRAINING
  21. 23. DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME: CHECKING PIPES
  22. 24. DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME: CHECKING PIPES
  23. 25. DREDGING MITIGATION TURTLE OBSERVER PROGRAMME: FILLING DATA FORMS
  24. 26. RELOCATION TRAWLING PERMITS BY STATE GOVERNMENT WORK IN PROGRESS
  25. 27. LIGHTING IMPACTS ON TURTLES Artificial lighting can adversely affect hatchling sea-finding behaviour in two ways: disorientation or misorientation
  26. 31. LIGHTING MITIGATION <ul><li>DPCL and its contractors - L&T and ABB - are designing lights for the port </li></ul><ul><li>Dhamra to be the first port in the country to install lights that will not impact turtles </li></ul>
  27. 32. LIGHTING LEGISLATION <ul><li>Liaising directly with relevant State Government agencies to draft and implement lighting ordinances which would be applicable to all development, not just at Dhamra, but along the entire Orissa coast, where turtles nest </li></ul>LIGHTING LEGISLATIONS
  28. 33. This is a common sight along the Orissa coast:- turtle carcasses floating on the water or stranded on beaches
  29. 34. More than 10,000 turtles die every year along the Orissa coast A majority are unfortunate victims of fishing activity
  30. 35. CONSERVATION INITIATIVES AWARENESS AMONG FISHERMEN Initial dialogue to allay apprehensions of loss in fish catch due to Turtle Excluder Devices. Demonstrations of TED to follow.
  31. 36. CONSERVATION INITIATIVES AWARENESS AMONG SCHOOL STUDENTS On-going awareness programme in high schools More than 9000 students interacted with Inter-school essay writing competition on turtles
  32. 38. CONSERVATION INITIATIVES <ul><li>“ KAINCHCHA” </li></ul><ul><li>A street theatre on turtles commissioned in November 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Performances at 20 fishing villages in Bhadrak, Balasore & Kendrapara districts </li></ul><ul><li>Reached out to more than 15000 fisherfolk – men, women, children </li></ul><ul><li>Using imagery of the turtle as an incarnation of God </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our turtles, our pride ” slogan to inculcate a sense of belonging among the locals towards the turtles of Orissa </li></ul>
  33. 40. LITERATURE REVIEW & GAP ANALYSIS <ul><li>STUDY BY WILDLIFE INSTITUTE OF INDIA (WII) </li></ul><ul><li>To compile a summary of all past and on-going research on the Olive Ridley turtles in and around the coast of Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>To list future research required after identifying the gaps in research </li></ul><ul><li>This study will be the basis for future efforts in research and conservation of turtles </li></ul>
  34. 41. GAPS IN RESEARCH <ul><li>ON SHORE ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Geo-morphological changes affecting nesting beaches </li></ul><ul><li>Nest site selection by turtles </li></ul><ul><li>Status of sea turtle nesting along the entire coast of Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>Abundance of predators on prime nesting sites </li></ul><ul><li>Improvisation in techniques to estimate nesting turtles </li></ul>
  35. 42. GAPS IN RESEARCH <ul><li>OFF SHORE ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Feeding ecology & availability of prey in near-shore waters </li></ul><ul><li>Movement patters & behaviour of turtles during congregations </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of gill net fishing on incidental capture & mortality of turtles </li></ul><ul><li>Population dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Level of pollutants and its effects on turtles </li></ul><ul><li>Long term satellite tracking programme </li></ul>
  36. 43. DHAMRA – THE ROAD AHEAD……
  37. 44. <ul><li>THE TURTLE TRUST </li></ul>THE TURTLE TRUST

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