Asia's largest brackish water lagoon i.e. It is Asia’s largest salt-
water lagoon and is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a
Covers an area more than 1100 sq km along the east coast of
India in the state of Odisha.
The water spread area of the Lagoon varies between 1165 to
906 sq.km during the monsoon and summer respectively.
A 32 km long, narrow, outer channel connects the lagoon to
the Bay of Bengal
Chilika lake is a designated “Ramsar site” in 1981 by The
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
Chilika is one of the hotspots of biodiversity and shelters a
number of endangered species listed in the IUCN red list of
Chilika lake is an important habitat and breeding ground for
both resident and migratory and aquatic birds.
Migratory birds comes from Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral
Sea and Siberia parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Mongolia,
Central and southeast Asia and Himalayas.
Best time for tourism activities Nov-March
Biodiversity in Chilika Lake
Major biodiversities are:
726 species of flowering plants (496 genera and 120 families)
800 species of fauna. ( including 24 mammalian, 37 reptile species)
Nearly 12lakh migratory birds comes in the peak season.
The lagoon hosts over 160 species of migratory birds in the
peak migratory season.
45 percent of the birds are terrestrial in nature, 32 percent
are waterfowl, and 23 percent are waders. The lagoon is also
home to 14 types of raptors.
Eco-tourism in Chilika
Scenic natural flora and fauna of the lake are an
attraction for eco-tourism.
Provide a degree of alternative employment to the local
environmental awareness, among local
residents as well as visitors.
Different conservation activities are taken by local Govt.
as well as other bodies with wise use of the lake’s natural
Eco-tourism points at Chilika
Nalbana Bird Sanctuary and Island
Satpada wetland and Dolphin view point.
Mangalajodi conservation center
Threats to Chilika lake
Siltation due to littoral drift and sediments from the
inland river systems
Shrinkage of water surface area
Choking of the inlet channel as well as shifting of
the mouth connecting to the sea
Decrease in salinity and fishery resources
Proliferation of fresh water invasive species and
Migratory bird poaching.
Excess commercialization and motor boat.
Fights between fishermen and non-fishermen
communities about fishing rights in the lake and
consequent court cases
In 1992, the Government of Odisha, set up the
Chilika Development Authority (CDA).
The CDA was set up for restoration and overall
development of the lake under the administrative
jurisdiction of the Forest and Environment
To protect the Lake ecosystem with all its genetic diversity.
To formulate the management plan for Integrated Resource
Management and wise use of the lake's resources by the
community depending on it.
developmental activities either itself or through other
To collaborate with various national and international
Local people are appointed as guard during the
migratory season of birds.
Plastics and other non degradable items are
banned at the Islands.
Provision of solar streetlight systems to island
Development of a ferry service for isolated
Construction of landing facilities for fisher folk, as
well as education and environmental awareness