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Chilika lake and ecotourism

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Chilika lake and ecotourism

  1. 1. CHILIKA LAKE and Eco-tourism Rashmiranjan MBA (Tourism)
  2. 2. CHILIKA LAKE
  3. 3. CHILIKA LAKE  Asia's largest brackish water lagoon i.e. It is Asia’s largest salt- water lagoon and is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a sandy ridge.  Covers an area more than 1100 sq km along the east coast of India in the state of Odisha.  The water spread area of the Lagoon varies between 1165 to 906 sq.km during the monsoon and summer respectively.  A 32 km long, narrow, outer channel connects the lagoon to the Bay of Bengal
  4. 4. CHILIKA LAKE  Chilika lake is a designated “Ramsar site” in 1981 by The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.  Chilika is one of the hotspots of biodiversity and shelters a number of endangered species listed in the IUCN red list of threatened species.  Chilika lake is an important habitat and breeding ground for both resident and migratory and aquatic birds.  Migratory birds comes from Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral Sea and Siberia parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Mongolia, Central and southeast Asia and Himalayas.  Best time for tourism activities Nov-March
  5. 5. Biodiversity in Chilika Lake  Major biodiversities are:  Migratory birds  Irawadi Dolphins.  Bottolnose Dolphins  726 species of flowering plants (496 genera and 120 families)  800 species of fauna. ( including 24 mammalian, 37 reptile species)  Nearly 12lakh migratory birds comes in the peak season.  The lagoon hosts over 160 species of migratory birds in the peak migratory season.  45 percent of the birds are terrestrial in nature, 32 percent are waterfowl, and 23 percent are waders. The lagoon is also home to 14 types of raptors.
  6. 6. Eco-tourism in Chilika  Scenic natural flora and fauna of the lake are an attraction for eco-tourism.  Provide a degree of alternative employment to the local community  Generate environmental awareness, among local residents as well as visitors.  Different conservation activities are taken by local Govt. as well as other bodies with wise use of the lake’s natural resources.
  7. 7. Eco-tourism activities at Chilika  Bird watching  Dolphin watching  Boating.  Fishing.  Wetland viewing.  Camping.
  8. 8. Eco-tourism points at Chilika  Nalbana Bird Sanctuary and Island  Satpada wetland and Dolphin view point.  Mangalajodi conservation center  Parikuda Island.  Kalijai Island.  Chilika Ecopark.
  9. 9. Threats to Chilika lake  Siltation due to littoral drift and sediments from the inland river systems  Shrinkage of water surface area  Choking of the inlet channel as well as shifting of the mouth connecting to the sea  Decrease in salinity and fishery resources  Proliferation of fresh water invasive species and  Migratory bird poaching.  Excess commercialization and motor boat.  Fights between fishermen and non-fishermen communities about fishing rights in the lake and consequent court cases
  10. 10. Conservation Activities  In 1992, the Government of Odisha, set up the Chilika Development Authority (CDA).  The CDA was set up for restoration and overall development of the lake under the administrative jurisdiction of the Forest and Environment Department.  To protect the Lake ecosystem with all its genetic diversity.  To formulate the management plan for Integrated Resource Management and wise use of the lake's resources by the community depending on it.  To execute multidimensional and multidisciplinary developmental activities either itself or through other agencies  To collaborate with various national and international
  11. 11. Conservation Activities  Local people are appointed as guard during the     migratory season of birds. Plastics and other non degradable items are banned at the Islands. Provision of solar streetlight systems to island villages. Development of a ferry service for isolated villages Construction of landing facilities for fisher folk, as well as education and environmental awareness activities.
  12. 12. Irrawaddy Dolphin Bottle-nose Dolphin
  13. 13. Thank you

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