The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines - Reported by: Nelson Ronquillo


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The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines

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The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines - Reported by: Nelson Ronquillo

  1. 1. The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines Reported by: Nelson Ronquillo
  2. 2. The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines Preamble Article I – National Territory The national territory comprises the Philippines Archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its, terrestrial, fluvial, and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other other submarine areas. The subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The waters around, between, and converting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their, breath and dimensions. Form part of the internal waters of the Philippines. Article II – Declaration of Principles and State Policies.
  3. 3. Article III – Bill of Rights Section 1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws. Section 9. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation
  4. 4. Article IV - Citizenship Section 1. The following are citizens of the Philippines 1.Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of adoption of this constitution; 2.Those whose fathers of mothers are citizens of the Philippines 3.Those born before January 17, 1973, of a Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority; 4.Those who are naturalized in accordance with law.
  5. 5. Article V – Suffrage Article VI – The Legislative Department Artcle VII – Executive Department Article VIII – Judicial Department Article IX – Constitutional Commissions Section 1. The Constitutional Commissions, which shall be independent, are the civil service commissions, The Commissions on Elections, and the Commission on Audit.
  6. 6. Civil Service Commission • as the central personnel agency of the Government, shall establish a career service and adopt measures to promote morale, efficiency, integrity, responsiveness, progressiveness, and courtesy in the civil service. It shall strengthen the merit and rewards system, integrate all human resources development programs for all levels and ranks and institutionalize a management climate conducive to public accountability. CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSIONS
  7. 7. Commission on Elections • enforce and administer all laws and regulations relative to the conduct of an election, plebiscite, initiative, referendum, and recall
  8. 8. Commission on Audit • has the power, authority and duty to examine, audit and settle all accounts and expenditures of the funds and properties of the government. Towards that end, it has the exclusive authority to define the scope, techniques and methods of auditing examination procedures. It also may prevent and disallow irregular, unnecessary, excessive, extravagant or unconscionable expenditures, or uses of government funds and properties.
  9. 9. Article X – Local Government Article XI – Accountability of Public Officers Article XII – National Economy and Patrimony Article XIII – Social Justice and Human Rights Labor Agrarian and Natural Resources Reform
  10. 10. Urban land Reform and Housing Health Women Role and Rights of People’s Organizations Human Rights Article XIV - Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture, and Sports.
  11. 11. Article XV – The Family Section 1. The State recognizes the Filipino Family as the foundation of the nation. Accordingly, it shall strenghten its solidcirity and actively promote its total development. Section 2. Marriage, as an inviolable social institution, is the foundation of the family and shall be protected by the State.
  12. 12. Article XVI – General Provisions Article XVII – Amendments or Revisions Article XVIII – Transitory Provisions
  13. 13. The Philippine Party System
  14. 14. Political Parties • are strengthened, encouraging program and platform based politics instead of weak affiliations between opportunists. This challenges moneyed and patronage politics that have bred corruption and inefficiency, hindering the country’s development.
  15. 15. Party List System • can help create a healthy democracy, providing a citizen’s voice in Congress and in local government. Aims to increase the representation, particularly of “marginalized and underrepresented” sectors and enhance transparency and accountability leading to more efficient government.