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Purposes of the Guarantee
1.Encourage the formation of
 voluntary associations for
 advancement of welfare.
2.Relieve the government of a vast
 burden until their assistance is
 invoked.
Basis of Police Power
Salus Populi Est Suprema Lex
– the welfare of the people is the
supreme law

sic utere tuo ut alienum non laedas
– so use your own as not to injure
another’s property
Taxation
- is the power of the State to impose a
financial charge on an individual or a
legal entity for the use and support of
the government and to enable it to do
its appropriate functions.
Theory and Basis of Taxation
 1. The power of taxation proceeds upon the theory
that the existence of government is a necessity; that it
cannot continue without means to pay its expenses;
and that for these means, it has a right to compel all
its citizens and property within its limits to contribute.

2. The basis of taxation is found in the reciprocal
duties of protection and support between the State
and its inhabitants. In return for his contribution, the
taxpayer received benefits and protection from the
government. This is the so-called “benefits received
principle.”
Taxes - are the enforced proportional
   contributions from persons and
 property levied by the law-making
  body of the State by virtue of its
 sovereignty for the support of the
  government and all public needs.
Distinctions among the Three Powers

1.As to authority which exercises
 the power
2.As to purpose
3.As to effect
4.As to persons affected
5.As to benefits received

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Article III Section 8-9

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. Purposes of the Guarantee 1.Encourage the formation of voluntary associations for advancement of welfare. 2.Relieve the government of a vast burden until their assistance is invoked.
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  • 13. Basis of Police Power Salus Populi Est Suprema Lex – the welfare of the people is the supreme law sic utere tuo ut alienum non laedas – so use your own as not to injure another’s property
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  • 15. Taxation - is the power of the State to impose a financial charge on an individual or a legal entity for the use and support of the government and to enable it to do its appropriate functions.
  • 16. Theory and Basis of Taxation 1. The power of taxation proceeds upon the theory that the existence of government is a necessity; that it cannot continue without means to pay its expenses; and that for these means, it has a right to compel all its citizens and property within its limits to contribute. 2. The basis of taxation is found in the reciprocal duties of protection and support between the State and its inhabitants. In return for his contribution, the taxpayer received benefits and protection from the government. This is the so-called “benefits received principle.”
  • 17. Taxes - are the enforced proportional contributions from persons and property levied by the law-making body of the State by virtue of its sovereignty for the support of the government and all public needs.
  • 18. Distinctions among the Three Powers 1.As to authority which exercises the power 2.As to purpose 3.As to effect 4.As to persons affected 5.As to benefits received