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The 1987 Philippine Constitution


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The PREAMBLE and an Overview on the Articles

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The 1987 Philippine Constitution

  1. 1. THE 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION The PREAMBLE and an overview of the articles Ryan Cloyd Q. Villanueva, LPT MAEd - Social Science
  2. 2. THE 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION PREAMBLE We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
  3. 3. Article I. National Territory Article II. Declaration of Principles and State Policies Article III. Bill of Rights Article IV. Citizenship Article V. Suffrage Article VI. The Legislative Department Article VII. The Executive Department Article VIII. The Judicial Department Article IX. Constitutional Commissions
  4. 4. Article X. Local Government Article XI. Accountability of Public Officers Article XII. National Economy and Patrimony Article XIII. Social Justice and Human Rights Article XIV. Education, Science & Technology, Arts, Culture & Sports Article XV. The Family Article XVI. General Provisions Article XVII. Amendments and Revisions Article XVIII. Transitory Provisions
  5. 5. The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial, and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines. Article I. National Territory
  6. 6. Article II lays out the basic social and political creed of the Philippines, particularly the implementation of the constitution and sets forth the objectives of the government. Article II. Declaration of Principles and State Policies
  7. 7. Article III enumerates specific protections against the abuse of state power, most of which are similar to the provisions of the U.S. Constitution. of public concern Article III. Bill of Rights
  8. 8. Article IV defines the citizenship of Filipinos. It enumerates two kinds of citizens: natural-born citizens and naturalized citizens. Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect Philippine citizenship. The Philippines follows a jus sanguinis system where citizenship is mainly acquired through a blood relationship with Filipino citizens. Natural-born citizenship forms an important part of the political system as only natural-born Filipinos are eligible to hold high offices, including all elective offices beginning with a representative in the House of Representatives up to the President. Article IV. Citizenship
  9. 9. Article V mandates various age and residence qualifications to vote and a system of secret ballots and absentee voting. It also mandates a procedure for overseas and disabled and illiterate Filipinos to vote. Article V. Suffrage
  10. 10. Article VI provides for a bicameral legislature called the Congress composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It vests upon Congress, among others, the power of investigation and inquiry in aid of legislation, the power to declare the existence of a state of war, the power of the purse, the power of taxation, and the power of eminent domain. Article VI. The Legislative Department
  11. 11. Article VII provides for a presidential form of government where the executive power is vested on the President. It provides for the qualification, terms of office, election, and power and functions of the President. It also provides for a Vice President and for the presidential line of succession. Article VII. The Executive Department
  12. 12. rticle VIII vests the judicial power upon the Supreme Court and other lower courts as may be established by law (by Congress). While the power to appoint justices and judges still reside with the President, the President may only appoint nominees pre-selected by the Judicial and Bar Council, a body composed of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Secretary of Justice, the Chairs of the Senate and House Committees on Justice, and representatives from the legal profession. Article VIII. The Judicial Department
  13. 13. Article IX establishes three constitutional commissions: the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, and the Commission on Audit. Article IX. Constitutional Commissions Article X pursues for local autonomy and mandates Congress to enact a law for the local government, now currently the Local Government Code. Article X. Local Government
  14. 14. Section 1. Public office is a public trust. Public officers and employees must, at all times, be accountable to the people, serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency; act with patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives. Article XI. Accountability of Public Officers
  15. 15. Section 1. The goals of the national economy are a more equitable distribution of opportunities, income, and wealth; a sustained increase in the amount of goods and services produced by the nation for the benefit of the people; and an expanding productivity as the key to raising the quality of life for all, especially the underprivileged. Article XII. National Economy and Patrimony
  16. 16. Section 1. The Congress shall give highest priority to the enactment of measures that protect and enhance the right of all the people to human dignity, reduce social, economic, and political inequalities, and remove cultural inequities by equitably diffusing wealth and political power for the common good. To this end, the State shall regulate the acquisition, ownership, use, and disposition of property and its increments. Article XIII. Social Justice and Human Rights
  17. 17. Section 1. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. Article XIV. Education, Science & Technology, Arts, Culture & Sports
  18. 18. Article XV. The Family Section 1. The State recognizes the Filipino family as the foundation of the nation. Accordingly, it shall strengthen its solidarity and actively promote its total development. Section 1. The flag of the Philippines shall be red, white, and blue, with a sun and three stars, as consecrated and honored by the people and recognized by law. Article XVI. General Provisions
  19. 19. Section 1. Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution may be proposed by: (1)The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members; or (2) A constitutional convention. Article XVII. Amendments and Revisions
  20. 20. Section 1. The first elections of Members of the Congress under this Constitution shall be held on the second Monday of May, 1987. The first local elections shall be held on a date to be determined by the President, which may simultaneous with the election of the Members of the Congress. It shall include the election of all Members of the city or municipal councils in the Metropolitan Manila area. Article XVIII. Transitory Provisions